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HISTORICAL RECORDS 



OF THE 



79-m QUEEN'S OWN 



CAMERON HIGHLANDERS 



antr (Kiritsft 1m 



CAPTAIN T. A. MACKENZIE, 
LIEUTENANT AND ADJUTANT J. S. EWART, 

AND 

LIEUTENANT C. FINDLAY, 
FROM THE ORDERLY ROOM RECORDS. 



HAMILTON, ADAMS & Co., 32 PATERNOSTER Row. 

JDebonport \ 
A. H. SWISS, 111 & 112 FOUE ,STRSET. ; 

1887. 



Ms 



PRINTED AT THE 

" BREMNER " PRINTING WORKS, 

DEVOXPORT. 



HENRY MORSE STETHEMS 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



THE PHOTOGRAVURES 

are by the London Typographic Etching Company, from 
Photographs and Engravings kindly lent by the Officers' and 
Sergeants' Messes and various Officers of the Regiment. The 
Photogravure of the Uniform Levee Dress, 1835, is from a 
Photograph of Lieutenant Lumsden, dressed in the uniform 
belonging to the late Major W. A. Riach. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGK 

PREFACE vii 

1793 RAISING THE REGIMENT 1 

1801 EGYPTIAN CAMPAIGN 16 

1808 PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN .. 27 

1815 WATERLOO CAMPAIGN .. 54 

1840 GIBRALTAR 96 

1848 CANADA 98 

1854 CRIMEAN CAMPAIGN 103 

1857 INDIAN MUTINY 128 

1872 HOME 150 

1879 GIBRALTAR ... ... .. ... 161 

1882 EGYPTIAN CAMPAIGN 166 

1884 NILE EXPEDITION ... .'. ... 181 

1885 SOUDAN CAMPAIGN 183 

SERVICES OF THE OFFICERS 203 

SERVICES OF THE WARRANT OFFICERS ETC. .... 291 

APPENDIX 307 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS, 



SIR JOHN DOUGLAS Frontispiece 

REGIMENTAL COLOUR To face 

SIR NEIL DOUGLAS To face 56 

LA BELLE ALLIANCE : WHERE THE REGIMENT 

BIVOUACKED AFTER THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO .. ,, 58 

SIR RONALD FERGUSON ,, 86 

ILLUSTRATION OF LEVEE DRESS ,, 94 

SIR RICHARD TAYLOR ,, 130 

COLOURS PRESENTED BY THE QUEEN ,, 152 

GENERAL MILLER ,, 154 

COLONEL CUMING ,, 160 

COLONEL LEITH , 172 

KOSHEH FORT ,, 186 

REPRESENTATIVE GROUP OF CAMERON HIGHLANDERS 196 




PREFACE. 



WANT has long been felt in the Regiment for 
some complete history of the 79th Cameron 
Highlanders down to the present time, and, 
at the request of Lieutenant-Colonel Everett, D-S.O., 
and the officers of the Regiment a committee, con- 
sisting of Captain T. A. Mackenzie, Lieutenant and 
Adjutant J. S. Ewart, and Lieutenant C. Findlay, 
undertook to complete Captain Jameson's Historical 
Record down to the present date. 

The Committee, fully sensible of their own short- 
comings and unfitness for the task, have attempted 
very little original composition, but have merely 
endeavoured to string together, into a consecutive 
narrative, the various books and manuscripts in 
possession of the Orderly Room. 

The Records, as far as the close of the Crimean 
War, are, with a few slight additions, copied entirely 
from Captain Jameson's book, which is the foundation 
of the present work. 

The Officers of the Regiment are much indebted 
to Mr. Mackenzie for his kindness in permitting them 
to use the valuable information contained in his 
" History of the Camerons" from which most of the 
details of the early life of Sir Alan Cameron are 
taken, 



PREFACE. 



The List of Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, 
and Men who fought at the battle of Waterloo is 
taken from the old Waterloo Medal Roll, which is 
still in possession of the Regiment. 

The manuscript Records kept during the Indian 
Mutiny are extremely meagre, and the Committee 
have to thank Quarter-Master Sergeant Mackenzie, 
late paymaster-sergeant of the regiment, for the details 
which they have been able to publish. 

The account of the Campaign in Egpyt in 1882 is 
copied from Major Baynes' " Narrative of the part 
taken by the jqth in the Egyptian Campaign of 1882'' 

The Services of the Officers are taken from the 
record of service books in the Orderly Room, " H art's 
Army Lists" and from " Smith's List of Officers of 
the jqth" and are probably nearly complete, but it is 
a subject of great regret that the services of so few of 
the many distinguished non-commissioned officers who 
have been in the regiment are procurable. 

The Committee are well aware that in a work of 
this description there must be many errors and inac- 
curacies, but they feel sure that all members of the 
regiment, past and present, will regard their efforts 
leniently. 

The publication of the book has been undertaken 
by Mr. A. H. Swiss, of Devonport, who has spared 
no pains to meet the wishes of the officers and to 
produce a book worthy of the regiment. 



HISTORICAL RECORDS 



OF THE 



79th CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 




1793. 

|HE 79th Regiment of Foot (or Cameron Highlanders) 
bears on its colours the following inscriptions and device 
in commemoration of its services : " Egmont-op-Zee," 
"Egypt," with the Sphinx, " Fuentes d'Onor," "Salamanca," 
" Pyrenees, " " Nivelle, " " Nive, " " Toulouse, " " Peninsula, " 
'Waterloo," "Alma," "Sevastopol," " Lucknow," "Egypt, 1882," 
" Tel-el-Kebir," "Nile, 1884-5." 

At a time so highly fraught with momentous events as the early 
part of the long and sanguinary wars of the French Revolution, 
the British Ministry found itself imperatively called upon to make 
a large increase to the standing army of the country with the view 
of repelling the aggressions of revolutionised and republican France. 
Along with many other levies made about the same time, a letter 
of service, dated 17th August, 1793, was granted to Alan Cameron, 
Esq., of Erracht, in the county of Inverness, for the purpose of 
raising a Highland regiment of foot, to be numbered 79, and 
designated the " Cameronian Volunteers." This designation was 
subsequently changed to " Cameron Highlanders," " Cameronian " 
being a name applied to a religious sect of Lowlanders. Mr. 
Cameron received the commission of major in the corps about to be 
raised, together with the local rank of commandant thereof; and from 

B 



4 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

repeal of the statute prohibiting the wearing of the Highland dress, 
which had been in force since 1745. 

On the 17th August, 1793, in answer to several applications he had 
made, he received the following letter of service to raise a Highland 
regiment 



0f zttbitt f0r raising tlj* 
lUgitrant. 

" War Office, 17th August, 1793. 
" SIR, 

" I am commanded to acquaint you that His Majesty 
approves of your raising a Highland Regiment of foot, without any 
allowance of levy money, to be completed within three months, upon 
the following terms, viz : 

" The corps is to consist of one company of Grenadiers, one of 
light infantry, and eight battalion companies. 

"The Grenadier company is to consist of one captain, two 
lieutenants, three sergeants, three corporals, two drummers, two pipers, 
and fifty-seven private men ; the light infantry company of one 
captain, two lieutenants, three sergeants, three corporals, two drum- 
mers, and fifty-seven private men ; and each battalion company 
of one captain, one lieutenant, one ensign, three sergeants, three 
corporals, two drummers, and fifty-seven private men, together with 
the usual staff officers, and with a sergeant-major and quarter-master- 
sergeant, exclusive of the sergeants above specified. 

" The captain-lieutenant is, as usual, included in the number of 
lieutenants above mentioned. 

" The corps is to have one major with a company, and is to be 
under your command as major with a company. 

" The pay of the officers is to commence from the dates of their 
commissions, and that of the non-commissioned officers from the 
dates of their attestations. 

" All the officers, the ensigns and staff officers excepted, are to be 
appointed from the half pay, according to their present ranks ; and 
you will be pleased to transmit to Lord Amherst the names of the 
gentlemen whose appointment to your regiment you conceive will 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 5 

essentially conduce to the more speedy completion of the corps, 
taking care, however, to recommend such officers only as have not 
taken any difference on their being placed on half pay, and that the 
gentlemen recommended for ensigncies are upwards of sixteen years 
of age. 

" In case the corps should be reduced after it has been once 
established, the officers will be entitled to half pay. 

" No man is to be enlisted above thirty-five years of age, nor under 
five feet five inches high. Well made growing lads between sixteen 
and eighteen years of age may be taken at five feet four inches. 

" The recruits are to be engaged without limitation as to the period 
or place of their service, but they are not to be drafted into any other 
regiment, and whenever the reduction is to take place they shall be 
marched into their own country in a corps, and disembodied therein. 

" The non-commissioned officers and privates are to be inspected 
by a general officer, who will reject all such as are unfit for service 
or not enlisted in conformity to the terms of this letter. 

" When established the regiment is to be called the Seventy-Ninth, 
or Cameronian Volunteers. 

" In the execution of this service I take leave to assure you of 
every assistance which my office can afford. 
" I have the honour to be, 
" Sir, 

" Your most obedient servant, 

(Signed) " GEORGE YONGE." 

" To Alan Cameron, Esq." 

On receipt of this communication Major Cameron at once wrote 
to his father-in-law, Mr. Phillips, and was assured by him that the 
necessary funds could be placed at his disposal. This relieved him 
from his principal difficulty. The next consideration was how far it 
would be prudent to make the recruiting ground his own native 
district of Lochaber, remembering how he had left it as a fugitive 
from the vengeance of a considerable portion of its inhabitants. He 
decided to send several copies of the London Gazette, containing his 
authority to raise a Highland Regiment, to his brother Ewen, who was 



6 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



living in Lochaber, stating in a letter to him, " having been favoured 
with the honour of embodying a Highland Regiment for His 
Majesty's service, where could I go but to my own native Lochaber, 
and with that desire I have decided on appealing to their forgiveness 
of byegone events, and their loyalty to the Sovereign in his present 
exigencies. The few commissions at my disposal shall be offered to 
the relatives of the gentleman whose life was unfortunately sacrificed 
by my hand." 

His brother Ewen circulated copies of the Gazette and this letter 
as best he could, but with such effect that, when Major Cameron 
arrived in Lochaber, he had already enlisted a company. 

Thus the credit of raising the nucleus of the Cameron Highlanders 
rests with Ewen Cameron. For this service his brother obtained for 
him a commission as captain and recruiting officer of the regiment in 
Lochaber. 

Major Cameron's first duty, imposed upon him by his letter of 
service, was to select and recommend the officers from the half pay 
list to be associated with him in raising the regiment. In the 
disposition of these he was to a certain extent under the guidance 
of his own inclination to have as many as he could of his old 
American brother officers with him. The following list of officers 
selected was duly submitted to the War office and approved : 



Rank. 


Name. 


Date of Appointment. 


Major Commandant .. 


Alan Cameron ... 


August 17th, 1793 


Major 


George Rowley ... 


April 16th, 1794 


Captain 


Neil Campbell 


August 17th, 1793 





Patrick McDowall 


18th, 1793 


,, 


Donald Cameron 


19th, 1793 





George Carnegie ... 


20th, 1793 


Captain-Lieutenant \ 
and Captain ... / 


Archibald McLean 


17th, 1793 


Lieutenant 


Archibald McLean 


17th, 1793 


j, ... 


Alexander McDonnell . . . 


18th, 1793 





Duncan Stewart ... 


19th, 1793 


,, ... 


John Urquhart ... 


20th, 1793 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



Rank. 


Name. 


Date of Appointment. 


Lieutenant 


Colin McLean 


January 29th, 1794 


> 


Joseph Dover 


March 26th, 1794 





Charles Me Vicar 


27th, 1794 


Ensign 


Neil Campbell 


August 17th, 1793 


3> 


Gordon Cameron 


18th, 1793 


,, 


Archibald McDonnell 


19th, 1793 


,, 


Archibald Campbell 


20th, 1793 


., 


Donald McLean ... 


21st, 1793 


,, 


Archibald Cameron 


22nd, 1793 


,, 


Alexander Grant... 


23rd, 1793 


,, 


William Graham... 


24th, 1793 


Chaplain 


Thomas Thompson 


17th, 1793 


Adjutant 


Archibald McLean 





Quarter-Master 


Duncan Stewart 


j> 


Surgeon 


John McLean 


u 



Reference to this list shows that Major Cameron was not unmindful 
of his old brother officers of the Highland Emigrant Corps, as he 
selected five officers of the Clan Maclean. When the half pay lists 
were exhausted, and he was released from the War office regulations, 
commissions in the regiment were always given to his Lochaber 
relations, as reference to the Army list in subsequent years will fully 
testify. 

The business of raising the regiment, which was done without 
bounty at Major Cameron's own expense, was carried on in real 
earnest during the closing months of 1793, and, as it was Major 
Cameron's desire that the complement should be made up of as 
many men from his own district as possible, he and his officers visited 
every part round about, so that between Lochaber, Appin, Morvern, 
and Mull 750 men were collected at Fort William in less than two 
months. 

The Earl of Breadalbane kindly permitted 70 or 80 men of the 
Breadalbane Fencibles to volunteer to the Cameron Highlanders, but, 
having omitted the perhaps necessary formality of asking the per- 
mission of Lord Adam Gordon (then commanding the forces in 



8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Scotland) before doing so, Major Cameron received a peremptory 
order to return them to their corps. 

In December, 1793, the regiment was assembled at Fort William, 
where it paraded for the first time, the roll being called by its first 
Adjutant, Archibald McLean : the ranks of the regiment were filled 
for the most part with men of the names of Cameron, Gunn, Maclean, 
and Mackay. 

A few days later Major Cameron and his regiment marched out of 
Fort William, the pipers playing the well known air " Gabhaidh sinn 
an rathad mor" * and proceeded to Stirling, a large crowd of the 
inhabitants accompanying the regiment for a considerable distance. 

1794. 

The regiment reached Stirling on the third day of the march at 
noon. 

On the 3rd of January, 1794, it was inspected by Lieutenant- 
General Leslie, in the King's Park, at Stirling, and was passed by him 
as an effective corps, receiving the designation of the " 79th Cameron 
Highlanders : " no less than 100 supernumeraries were present on 
parade. 

On the 10th of January Major Cameron received the following 
letter from Lord Amherst, directing him to augment the regiment to 
1,000 rank and file. 

" St. James's Square, 

" 10th January, 1794. 
" SIR, 

" I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter 
of the 29th, and to acquaint you that the order for augmenting your 
regiment to the same establishment as regiments in Ireland has re- 
ceived the king's approbation, and the particular directions will be 
transmitted to you soon. 

" I am to acknowledge also your favour of the 4th instant, and a 
state of your regiment and a list of officers therewith enclosed, which 
have come to my hands this day. 

"Your supernumerary men will of course make a part of your 

* ' We will keep the high road." 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 9 

augmentation, and you will leave such officers and parties for carrying 
out the recruiting service as you shall think necessary. 

" I have the honour to be, etc., 

(Signed) " AMHERST." 

" To Major Alan Cameron." 

Major Cameron and some of his officers at once repaired to 
Lochaber, and in five-and-twenty days had raised the required num- 
ber of men. When the establishment of 1,000 was completed, Major 
Cameron was advanced to the lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment. 

In the month of February the regiment received its colours, and 
shortly afterwards marched from Stirling to Portpatrick, where it 
embarked for Ireland and was stationed in Belfast until the month of 
June. 

Whilst at Belfast the regiment was fin>t issued with its uniform, 
which was very similar to that worn by other Highland corps, except 
that the facings were green. Lieutenant-Colonel Cameron however 
did not adopt the Cameron tartan proper as the dress of the regiment, 
considering that its prevailing colour red would not be suitable for 
wear with a scarlet tunic. He therefore introduced a tartan designed 
by his mother, now known as the " Cameron Erracht," which has been 
worn by the 79th ever since. 

In June, 1794, the Cameron Highlanders were ordered to England, 
and, landing at Southampton, were quartered at Frome. 

The new regiment was not destined to remain long in a state of 
inactivity, for, on the 14th August, 1794, it formed part of an 
expedition which embarked at Southampton under the command of 
Major-General Lord Mulgrave, proceeding to reinforce the combined 
English and Austrian army then acting against the French in Flanders, 
under the command of His Royal Highness the Duke of York. 

The troops composing this reinforcement landed at Gorcum, near 
Flushing, on the 26th of August, and marched to Arnheim, then the 
head-quarters of the army, from whence the Cameron Highlanders 
were immediately despatched with other troops to reinforce the 
garrison of Nimeguen, then in possession of the allies. Nimeguen, 
however, being soon afterwards evacuated by the allied troops, the 



10 HISTORICAL RECORDS Of THE 

regiment shared in the subsequent disasters which attended the retreat 
of the army through Westphalia till its arrival at Bremen. 

1795-6-7. 

In the spring of 1795 the regiment embarked at Bremen, and 
landed in the Isle of Wight on the 12th of May, having lost in this 
short and inglorious campaign no less than 200 men from privation 
and severity of the climate. 

The regiment was quartered at Newport until June, when orders 
were received by Colonel Cameron for its immediate completion to 
1,000 rank and file, preparatory to its embarkation for India ; but, 
whilst making every endeavour to recruit the regiment to the requisite 
strength, he received a private intimation that directions had been 
forwarded to Major General Hunter, then commanding the troops in 
the Isle of Wight, to draft the Cameron Highlanders into four other 
regiments. Fortunately His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief 
happened to be at this time on a tour of inspection at Portsmouth, 
and Colonel Cameron lost no time in obtaining an interview with 
him, and respectfully but firmly remonstrated on the extreme hardship 
and injustice of the proposed measure, which, besides being a direct 
breach of faith to him personally, was also in open violation of a 
specific clause in His Majesty's " Letter of Service " for raising the 
regiment. 

It is related that at this interview Colonel Cameron plainly told the 
Duke that " to draft the 79th is more than you or your Royal father 
dare do." The Duke then said: "The King, my father, will cer- 
tainly send the regiment to the West Indies." Colonel Cameron, 
losing his temper, replied : " You may tell the King, your father, from 

me, that he may send us to h if he likes, and I'll go at the head 

of them, but he daurna draft us : " a line of argument which, it is 
unnecessary to add, proved to the Royal Duke perfectly irresistible. 

The vexatious order for drafting was rescinded, and the intended 
destination of the regiment changed, directions being given for it to 
be held in readiness to embark for the Island of Martinique in the 
West Indies, which had, during the previous year, been captured 
from the French. The regiment accordingly sailed from Cowes on 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 11 

this service on the 10th of July, 1795, and landed at Fort Royal on 
the 20th of September. It was stationed in this island, performing the 
most laborious duties on board infectious prison ships and in sickly 
quarters, until June, 1797, by which time it had become so much 
reduced in strength from the diseases incidental to such an unhealthy 
climate, that it was proposed by Sir Ralph Abercromby, the general 
commanding the station, who, if the manuscript records in possession 
of the regiment may be believed, was actuated by great personal 
animosity against Colonel Cameron, to send home the skeleton of the 
corps, consisting of the officers, sergeants, and drummers, and to 
draft the remaining rank and file 229 in number to other regiments 
on the station. This proposition of Sir Ralph Abercromby, which 
Colonel Cameron strongly opposed as being most harsh and unfair, 
after much correspondence was peremptorily insisted upon and 
carried into effect as follows : 

To 42nd Royal Highlanders - 217 men. 

38th Foot 1 man. 

53rd Foot 8 men. 

57th Foot 2 men. 

60th Foot 1 man. 

The skeleton of the regiment accordingly embarked on board the 
Coromandel, an armed East Indiaman, commanded by Lieutenant 
Harrison, R.N., and sailed for England. In passing the island of 
Nevis the ship struck on a sunken rock, where she remained fast 
without any assistance for several hours. Some lighters from the 
island being procured, large quantities of her stores were transhipped, 
by which she was enabled to float off, and on arrival soon after at 
St. Kitts she was inspected and declared by her commander fit to 
proceed on her voyage. The ship arrived at Gravesend in the middle 
of August, 1797, when the remnant of the 79th landed and marched 
into Chatham Barracks. Colonel Cameron at once hastened to report 
his arrival to the commander-in-chief, forwarding a complaint of the 
manner he and his regiment had been treated. As a result, immediate 
orders were issued to complete the 79th, and, with a view to facilitate 
the recruiting in the Highlands, the regiment was removed to Inver- 
ness. So indefatigable were Colonel Cameron and his officers in their 



12 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

exertions during the winter of 1797, that, by the month of June, 1798, 
when the corps marched to Stirling, it mustered 780 men on parade 
exclusive of officers. 

1798. 

In July the Cameron Highlanders marched to Leith, where they 
embarked for Guernsey, and landing on the 10th of August occupied 
Vale Castle Barracks. 

1799. 

The regiment remained at Guernsey until the 23rd of June, 1799, 
when it embarked for England in order to form part of a second 
expedition to Holland under the command of His Royal Highness the 
Duke of York. Early in August it sailed with the first division of 
troops from Ramsgate, and landed on the 27th without opposition at 
the Helder, in North Holland, at the entrance of the Zuyder Zee. 
The 79th was brigaded with the 2nd Battalion Royals, 25th, 49th, and 
92nd regiments, under the command of Major-General Moore. A 
portion of the Brigade, including the 79th, was selected to garrison 
the forts and batteries at Helder Point, which had been evacuated by 
the enemy. On the 10th of September the regiment marched to 
Schagen and encamped, and on the 18th joined the army near Hoorn. 

At half-past six a.m. on the 2nd of October, (in pursuance of a plan 
of attack on the whole of the enemy's line), the 4th Division of the 
army, commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby, advanced in column 
along the beach, for the purpose of turning his left flank, protected by 
a wide and broken range of sand hills, amongst which, after a march 
of some hours, and when within a mile of the village of Egmont-op-Zee, 
the enemy was found posted. Major-General Moore's brigade formed 
line to the left of the division, and advanced to the attack ; but the 
hills, consisting of detached knolls of loose sand, in proportion as they 
favoured the enemy, by enabling him to conceal his numbers and 
exact position, were, by the difficulties which they opposed to the 
regular formation and advance of the brigade, highly unfavourable to 
the attacking line. A charge with the bayonet was therefore ordered, 
and this bold attack was executed with the greatest gallantry and 
success by the 79th, 92nd, 1st Royals, and 25th. The enemy was 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 13 

quickly driven from all parts of his position, pursued closely by the 
brigade to a considerable distance over the sand-hills, until darkness 
intervening put an end to the conflict, and the troops bivouacked for 
the night on the ground from which the enemy had been dislodged. 
The second brigade of the division and the columns of Generals 
Dundas and Pulteney, together with the Russian contingent under the 
command of Count D'Essen, were in the meantime enabled to 
continue corresponding movements on the enemy's centre and right, 
and his line being forced at every point of attack, he was compelled 
to retire and take up a new position between Beverwyck and Wyck-op- 
Zee. A complete victory was thus obtained, but, owing to the 
exhausted state of the troops and the difficult nature of the country, 
the army was prevented from following up its success by pursuit. 

The loss of the regiment in this, the maiden-field of the newly raised 
battalion, was Captain James Campbell of the Grenadier company, 
Lieutenant Stair Rose, and 13 rank and file killed; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Alan Cameron, Lieutenants Donald McNeil and Colin 
McDonald, 4 sergeants, and 54 rank and file wounded ; 2 rank and 
file missing. Colonel Cameron was shot through the arm early in the 
action, and later in the day was very severely wounded in the wrist, 
which latter wound deprived him of the use of his arm for the rest of 
his life. 

In General Orders, dated 5th October, 1799, " Head-quarters, 
Alkmaar," the brigade received the thanks of His Royal Highness 
the commander-in-chief, who, in passing it the day after the battle, 
approached the 79th, and addressing Major McLean enquired for 
Colonel Cameron, and expressed a hope that his wound was not 
severe ; then, turning to the officers and men of the corps, he said, 
" Major McLean, nothing could do the regiment more credit than 
its conduct yesterday ! " 

Some days after the thanks of Major-General Moore (who was 
confined from the effects of a severe wound) were communicated to 
the regiment paraded for that purpose accompanied by an expression 
of the general's regret that he was unable to convey them to the corps 
in person. 

For its distinguished conduct in this action the regiment received 



14 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the royal authority to have the word " Egmont-op-Zee " inscribed on 
its colours and appointments. 

In the severe action which followed on the 6th of October in the 
vicinity of Alkmaar, the 79th was not engaged ; and the army having 
retired towards Petten on the 7th, an armistice was concluded between 
His Royal Highness and the French General Brune, by which it was 
stipulated that the allied English and Russian armies should evacuate 
Holland. 

The regiment accordingly embarked at the Texel on the 29th of 
October, and having landed at Yarmouth on the 1st of November, 
marched first to Norwich and afterwards to Chelmsford barracks. 

1800. 

In the month of April, 1800, the regiment was removed from 
Chelmsford to the Isle of Wight, where it occupied Sandown barracks 
until the following June, when it was removed to Southampton and 
encamped with other troops on Netley Common, preparatory to 
joining a combined naval and military expedition, then assembling 
under the command of Rear-Admiral Sir John Borlase-Warren, and 
Lieutenant-General Sir James Pulteney, with the design of destroying 
the Spanish arsenals and shipping in the harbours of Ferrol and Cadiz. 
The fleet, with the troops on board, sailed from Southampton on the 
16th of August, and on the 25th of the same month arrived before 
Ferrol on the coast of Galicia. A debarkation was effected the 
same evening in a small opening near Cape Prior, a few miles north 
of Ferrol, whilst the men-of-war proceeded off and blockaded the 
mouth of the harbour. 

The Rifle corps, then newly-formed by detachments from different 
regiments, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart, acted as an 
advance guard of the army, which was put in motion towards Ferrol, 
and ascending a ridge of hills immediately dislodged a strong body 
of the enemy which was favourably posted to resist its advance. The 
troops were occupied in gaining this position till 1 a.m. on the 26th, 
when, having reached the summit of the ridge, they bivouacked for 
the remainder of the night. 

At daybreak on the following morning Major-General Morshead's 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 15 

brigade, consisting of the 1st and 2nd battalions of the 2nd Foot, 
27th Foot, and 79th Highlanders, moved forward to support an attack 
made by the 52nd regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Kirkman, upon 
a considerable body of the enemy, and were assailed by a brisk fire 
from the Spanish troops, who, however, immediately commenced to 
retreat, and were pursued along the ridge to the mouth of the harbour, 
where, under the protection of the guns of Fort St. Philip, they were 
conveyed in boats to the town. The army was now in undisputed 
possession of the heights of Brian and Balon, which completely com- 
manded the town of Ferrol and the shipping in its harbour ; but, to 
the surprise of all, when complete success appeared to be within his 
grasp, Sir James Pulteney ordered a retreat and the troops re-embarked 
again on the 29th. The fleet then weighed and anchored again in 
Vigo Bay. 

In this indecisive affair the regiment had Captain Robert Travers, 
two sergeants, and two rank and file wounded ; and the staff of the 
regimental colour, carried by Ensign Cooksey, was pierced by a musket 
ball. 

The fleet whilst anchored in Vigo Bay encountered a heavy gale, 
and the Minerva transport, with three companies of the 79th on 
board, narrowly escaped destruction. 

On the 6th of September the fleet left Vigo, and arrived in the Bay 
of Gibraltar on the 19th. Here a combined naval and military 
expedition was organised under Admiral Lord Keith and Lieutenant- 
General Sir Ralph Abercromby, the latter superseding Sir James 
Pulteney in command of the troops, with a view to destroying the 
town and arsenal at Cadiz. The whole fleet then proceeded to Tetuan 
Bay, on the Barbary coast, where it was delayed for some time by bad 
weather ; it eventually appeared before Cadiz on the 4th of October. 

As a summons to surrender met with a prompt refusal from the 
governor of the city Don Thomas de Morla hostilities were resolved 
upon, and the Cameron Highlanders amongst other troops were 
actually in the boats ready to land and assault the town, when the 
enterprise was suddenly abandoned owing to threatening weather and 
a fear that the troops might be infected with the plague which was 
then raging in Cadiz, 



16 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The fleet then put to sea and arrived in Gibraltar bay on the 23rd 
of October, from whence it again sailed on the 4th of November, with 
the troops still on board, on an expedition for the expulsion of the 
French army in Egypt. The fleet stopped for about twenty days at 
Malta, during which time the 79th was encamped on shore. Whilst 
at Malta 279 volunteers from Highland Fencible Corps joined the 

regiment. 

1801. 

In January, 1801, the fleet rendezvoused in Marmorice Bay on the 
coast of Caramania, in Asia Minor, where it remained until the 23rd 
of February. During its stay there the Cameron Highlanders were on 
shore collecting wood and water. When all preparations for the 
descent upon Egypt were made, the fleet sailed, and dropped anchor 
in Aboukir Bay on the 1st of March ; but from the unfavourable 
state of the weather it was found necessary to delay the debarkation 
until the 8th. At 9 o'clock on the morning of that date the troops 
disembarked under a severe fire from the French batteries ; but the 
enemy being quickly repulsed and driven in the direction of Alexandria, 
a position was selected for the army across the peninsula of that name, 
at some distance in advance of the place of landing. 

The period from this date until the 12th was occupied in making 
the necessary dispositions for an attack and in landing artillery and 
stores from the fleet. On the 12th the whole army moved forward in 
a long line extending from the Mediterranean to Lake Mareotis, 
driving in the French picquets, and arrived within sight of the enemy, 
who was occupying an advantageous ridge of sand-hills, with his right 
on Lake Maadie and his left on the sea, and barring the approach to 
Alexandria. 

The 79th was brigaded with the 2nd and 50th regiments, under the 
command of Major-General Lord Cavan. On the morning of the 
13th of March this brigade, with Major-General Craddocks' brigade on 
its right, was directed to attack the enemy's right flank, supported by 
a corresponding movement on his left and centre by the remainder of 
the army. The 90th and 92nd Highlanders, forming the advanced 
guards of the two left columns of attack, met at a short distance from 
the encampment with the enemy's first line, which offered a spirited 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 17 

resistance, causing a severe loss, and at the same time the enemy's 
cavalry charged the 90th, which received and repulsed this charge in 
line with the greatest steadiness. The British then pushed forward 
and charged the enemy, who was posted behind an elevated ridge of 
sand, and drove him from his position with the bayonet. The enemy 
was compelled to retreat, and withdrew, pursued by the British line, 
for several miles over plains of sand ; ultimately he took refuge under 
the walls of Alexandria. 

The loss of the regiment in this action was 5 rank and file killed ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Patrick McDowall, Lieutenants George Sutherland 
and John Stewart, Volunteer Allan Cameron, Surgeon Egan, 2 
sergeants, and 56 rank and file wounded. 

The idea of a renewed attack on the enemy being for the present 
relinquished, the army retired two miles, and took up a position on 
some high ground with its right on the sea at an old ruin called 
Cleopatra's Palace and its left on the Canal of Alexandria and Lake 
Mareotis. The time between this and the 20th was occupied in 
strengthening this position by redoubts and entrenchments. 

During the night of the 20th a false alarm caused most of the 
troops to stand to their arms, and Colonel Cameron decided, as it 
was getting near morning, to remain under arms until daylight. 
Fortunate, perhaps, it was he did so, for in the grey dawn a body of 
the enemy suddenly surprised our advanced battery on the left. The 
report of the firing at once brought Lord Hopetoun, the Adjutant- 
General, to where the Cameron Highlanders were drawn up, and in 
answer to his enquiries Colonel Cameron replied, that, from the 
nature of the ground, it must be a false attack to favour a real one 
elsewhere. 

Almost immediately the firing ceased suddenly on the left, and gave 
place to a general and uninterrupted fire on the right, thus revealing 
the real object of the enemy's attack. The approach of day dis- 
covered the French columns of cavalry and a numerous artillery 
drawn up in the plain at a short distance, when a mutual cannonade 
began. The light companies of the 2nd, 50th, and 79th regiments, 
and some dismounted dragoons were thrown out in front to hold the 
enemy's riflemen in check, and the contest on the right raged with 

c 



18 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the greatest fury, but without any apparent result, until a sudden and 
formidable attack was made on the British centre by the advance of a 
large body of infantry in close column. This attack was most gallantly 
repulsed by the foot guards, under Major-General Ludlow, and the 
enemy, despairing of success, collected his broken and dispersed 
columns and withdrew to his original position. 

In this engagement His Majesty's service sustained a severe loss in 
Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercromby, who was mortally wounded 
towards its close. The loss of the 79th was 1 sergeant killed; 
Lieutenant Patrick Ross,* 2 sergeants, and 18 rank and file wounded. 

The Cameron Highlanders having been transferred to Major- 
General Craddock's brigade, that portion of the army and a division 

* Lieutenant Patrick Ross was a most gallant officer. His wound necessitated 
the amputation of his arm, but so great was his zeal and determination that 
within three weeks he returned to regimental duty and went on outlying picquet. 

His father, Mr. William Ross, late tacksman of Brae, in Ross-shire, evinced 
similar qualities early in life. In the summer of 1746, when so many gentlemen 
who had been engaged in the rebellion were forced to take refuge in the woods and 
mountains, and when the troops were quartered on their estates, Ross of Pitcaluey, 
a chieftain of the clan, was an object of more than ordinary search, having joined 
Prince Charlie in opposition to the remonstrances and threats of his uncle, the Lord 
President Forbes. As no concealment from the people was necessary, Pitcalney 
was in the habit of sleeping in bad weather in his tenants' houses, but always going 
to one or other of his hiding places before daylight in case of a search of the 
house by the troops. One night he slept in the farm house at Brae, and, remaining 
later in the morning than ordinarily, Mr. Ross, then a lad of fifteen, was directed 
by his father to accompany Pitcalney through the most unfrequented parts of the 
woods in case the troops should be stirring at that late hour of the day. The lad 
had performed his task, and was returning home, when he met a party of soldiers 
who knew him, and, suspecting where he had been, questioned him very sharply 
about Pitcalney's retreat. He pleaded total ignorance, and, persisting in doing so, 
they threatened to shoot him or hang him on the next tree a menace which, in 
those times, was the usual mode of extorting confession. But this having no effect 
they proceeded to action, and tied him up to a tree, placing four men before him 
with their pieces ready to fire if he still denied what they were sensible he knew. 
But all in vain, neither the fear of death nor the previous preparation, which, to a 
boy of his age, must have been sufficiently trying, could induce him to betray the 
friend and landlord of his father, so strong were the principles instilled thus early 
by the instruction of his parents and the example of his countrymen. The party 
either respecting the boy's firmness, or not wishing to carry matters to extremity, 
released him and allowed him to go home. When he told the story, he always 
concluded " When I shut my eyes, waiting to be shot, I expected to open them 
again in heaven." Such was the father of the brave Lieutenant Patrick Ross. 

General Stewart's Book, "History of the Highland Regiments," 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 19 

of Turks under the Capitan-Pasha were selected to proceed to Cairo, 
and, after a toilsome march of many days up the left bank of the Nile, 
they were encountered on the evening of the 9th of May by a Frenchr 
force under General le Grange, near the village and fort of Rhamanieh. 
In this affair the light companies only were engaged, and the enemy 
retired towards Cairo during the night, leaving a small garrison in the 
fort, which surrendered at discretion the following morning. In this 
skirmish the regiment had Captain Samuel McDowall and 1 rank and 
file wounded. The division then proceeded to Cairo, where the 
French capitulated under a convention signed by the French General 
Belliard and Lord Hutchinson, and the Cameron Highlanders had 
the honour of being selected to take possession of the advanced gate, 
termed the Gate of the Pyramids, in the fortress of Ghizeh. 

The army of Sir David Baird, which had arrived from India by way 
of the Red Sea, having been left to occupy Cairo, the Cameron 
Highlanders then proceeded to join the army then laying siege to 
Alexandria, which city, being closely invested on all sides, in a few 
days surrendered, and with its fall closed this short but arduous and 
glorious campaign, whereby a second convention was obtained result- 
ing in the total expulsion of the French from Egypt. 

For its distinguished services during the campaign, the 79th received, 
in conjunction with other corps, the thanks of His Majesty George 
III., of both Houses of Parliament, as well as of Lieutenant-General 
Hely Hutchinson, afterwards Lord Hutchinson and Earl of Donough- 
more, who, after the death of Sir Ralph Abercromby, assumed the 
chief command. The regiment also received the royal authority to 
bear the figure of a sphinx with the word " Egypt " on its colours and 
appointments, in commemoration of its services. The French troops 
having been shipped off to Europe, the army prepared to return to 
England; and on the 21st October, one wing of the regiment, with 
many other corps, embarked and had actually sailed, when it became 
known to General Hutchinson that several Mameluke Beys had been 
perfidiously murdered by order of the Capitan-Pasha. The remain- 
ing part of the army which had also embarked, including the second 
wing of the 79th, was instantly re-landed, and forthwith marched to 
the front of the Turkish encampment near Alexandria. The Capitan- 



20 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Pasha was seized and made a prisoner in his tent, while reparation 
was demanded for this atrocious act committed in presence of and 
under the protection of the British flag. Every submission was of 
course tendered, and a justification attempted by alleging that he had 
acted in accordance with orders from his Government. The troops 
then finally re-embarked, and the left wing of the Cameron High- 
landers proceeded to the island of Minorca, where it landed in the 
month of December, and joined the head-quarters of the regiment, 
which had in the meantime been ordered into garrison there. 

1802. 

The regiment was stationed in Minorca till June, 1802, when it 
sailed for England, and landed at Kirkcaldy, in Fifeshire, on the 2nd 
of August. Detachments were forthwith sent to Cupar and Dundee, 
and various recruiting parties despatched to the north to make up 
deficiences, all of which were filled up by the end of the year. 

1803. 

In February, 1803, the regiment moved to Ireland, where it 
remained performing garrison duty in different parts of the country 
till 1805. 

1804. 

In the month of April, 1804, a letter of service was granted to 
Colonel Cameron, at the special request of His Majesty the King, to 
raise a second battalion to the regiment, which was to consist of 1,000 
Highlanders. 



0f ^rirto to ratss t}jt siumifr battaltnn 
Tfltlj lUgitrant 

" War Office, 19th April, 1804. 

"SiR, 

" I have the honour to acquaint you that His Majesty has 
been pleased to approve of a 2nd battalion being added to the 79th 
regiment of foot under your command, to consist of the numbers 



'9'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



21 



mentioned below, and to be raised upon the following conditions, 
viz. 



1 Lieutenant-Colonel 

2 Majors 
10 Captains 

12 Lieutenants 
8 Ensigns 
1 Paymaster 
1 Adjutant 

" The recruiting is 
shall be selected by 
who are respectively 
number of recruits : 



TEN COMPANIES. 

1 Quartermaster 

1 Surgeon 

2 Assistant-Surgeons 
1 Sergeant-Major 

1 Quartermaster-Sergt. 
1 Paymaster-Sergeant 



1 Armourer-Sergeant 
5 Sergeants 

50 Corporals 
20 Drummers 

2 Pipers 
950 Privates. 



to be undertaken by such officers of the line as 
His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief, 
to raise for their promotion the undermentioned 




Major, for Lieutenant-Colonel - - 82 men - 82 

2 Captains for majorities, each - - 90 - 180 

10 Lieutenants for companies, each - 45 450 

12 Ensigns for Lieutenancies, each - 10 - 120 

8 Gentlemen for Ensigncies, each - 21 - 168 

Total 1000 

" It is to be clearly understood that no pecuniary consideration is 
to be given by the officers concerned in the levy for their promotion, 
their personal exertions being all that is required. The men are to 
be enlisted without limitation as to time and place of service. 

" The levy is to be completed within six months of the date of this 
letter. 

"The officers who raise their respective quotas within the said period, 
and whose recruits shall have been finally approved of at the head- 
quarters of the regiment or battalion by the general officer by whom 
the men will be inspected, will be recommended to His Majesty for 
commissions of an equal date with this letter of service. 

" The officers who fail to complete their quotas within the period 
above specified will have no claim to promotion on this occasion, but 
must remain in their former ranks. Whatever recruits they may have 
raised are to be attached to your regiment, and for such recruits the 
charge of levy money as undermentioned will be admitted. 



22 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" The levy money allowed by the public to the officers raising men 
for promotion on this occasion will be as follows : 

Bounty for each approved recruit, including necessaries according 

to regulation 10 10 

Allowance to the recruiting officer for each approved recruit - 2 2 

Allowance to the recruiting party for each approved recruit - 1 ] 

" The bounty above mentioned for the recruit is not, on any occa- 
sion, or under any pretence, to be exceeded ; any officer disobeying 
this injunction, or deviating from the instructions under which he is 
raising men, will, from that circumstance, be considered absolutely to 
have forfeited his claim to promotion. 

" Men enlisted are not to be taken above 35 years of age, nor 
under 5 feet 4 inches high. Growing lads under 18 years of age may 
be taken at 5 feet 3 inches. The greatest care is to be taken that no 
man be enlisted who is not stout and well made, and that the lads are 
perfectly well limbed and open chested. 

" The greatest caution is to be taken in ascertaining that the lads 
who offer themselves are not apprentices ; and every enquiry is to be 
made on this head both by the recruiting officer and by the inspecting 
field officer. 

" It will be advisable in all cases where it is practicable to procure 
a certificate from the parish officer, to be annexed to the attestation, 
setting forth that the lad so enlisted is not, to their knowledge and 
belief, an apprentice ; likewise specifying his age. 

" In all points, not specially adverted to in this letter, you are to be 
guided by the established recruiting instructions of the army. 

" In the execution of this service I have leave to assure you of 
every assistance that this office can afford. 

" I have the honour to be, 

"Sir, 
" Your most obedient humble servant, 

(Signed) " C. BRAGGE." 

" To Colonel Cameron, 

"79th Regiment of Foot." 

No greater proof of Colonel Cameron's great popularity and local 



79lH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 23 

influence in the Highlands is needed than the fact that he raised this 
second battalion in a very few months. 

It was never employed on active service, and merely served annually 
to supply the numerous vacancies occurring in the first battalion from 
the casualties of war. It was inspected and passed as an effective 
corps at Stirling on the 3rd of April, 1805, and was reduced at Dundee 
barracks on the 25th of December, 1815. 

Whilst engaged in recruiting for this battalion, Colonel Cameron 
received the following letter from Henry Thorpe, Esq., then secretary 
to His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief, relative to a proposal 
to abolish the kilt as the dress of the Highland regiments : 

" Horse Guards, 13th October, 1804. 

" DEAR COLONEL, 

" I am directed to request that you will state for the informa- 
tion of the Adjutant-General, your private opinion as to the expediency 
of abolishing the kilt in Highland regiments, and substituting in lieu 
thereof the tartan trews, which have been represented to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, from respectable authority, as an article now become 
acceptable to your countrymen, easier to be provided, and better 
calculated to preserve the health and promote the comfort of the men 
on service. 

" I take this opportunity, by General Calvert's directions, to inform 
you that His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief cannot approve 
of any distinction in the buttons of the two battalions of the 79th 
regiment. Your request, in regard to the title of your regiment, His 
Royal Highness will submit to the King. 

" I have the honour to be, 

"Sir, &c, 

(Signed) " HENRY THORPE." 

" To Colonel Alan Cameron." 

To this letter Colonel Cameron sent the following characteristic 

reply : 

" Glasgow, 27th October, 1804. 
"SIR, 

"On my return hither some days ago from Stirling, I received 
your letter of the 13th inst. (by General Calvert's orders), respecting 



24 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the propriety of an alteration of the mode in clothing Highland 
regiments, in reply to which I beg to state, freely and fully, my senti- 
ments upon that subject, without a particle of prejudice in either way, 
but merely founded on facts as applicable to these corps at least as 
far as I am capable, from thirty years' experience, twenty years of 
which have been upon actual service in all climates, with the descrip- 
tion of men in question, which, independent of being myself a High- 
lander, and well knowing all the convenience and inconvenience of 
our native garb in the field and otherwise, and perhaps, also, aware of 
the probable source and clashing motives from which the suggestion 
now under consideration originally arose. I have to observe progres- 
sively, that in course of the late war, several gentlemen proposed to 
raise Highland regiments some for general service, but chiefly for 
home defence ; but most of these corps were called upon from all 
quarters, and thereby adulterated by every description of men, that 
rendered them anything but real Highlanders, or even Scotchmen 
(which is not strictly synonymous) ; and the colonels themselves being 
generally unacquainted with the language and habits of Highlanders, 
while prejudiced in favour of, and accustomed to wear, breeches, con- 
sequently averse to that free congenial circulation of that pure whole- 
some air (as an exhilarating native bracer), which has hitherto so 
peculiarly benefitted the Highlander for activity and all the other 
necessary qualities of a soldier, whether for hardship upon scanty fare, 
readiness in accoutring, or making forced marches, besides the 
exclusive advantage, when halted, of drenching his kilt in the next 
brook, as well as washing his limbs, and drying both, as it were, by 
constant fanning, without injury to either, but, on the contrary, feel- 
ing clean and comfortable ; whilst the buffoon tartan pantaloon, with 
its fringed frippery (as some mongrel Highlanders would have it), 
sticking wet and dirty to the skin, is not very easily pulled off, and 
less so to get on again in case of alarm or any other hurry, and all 
this time absorbing both wet and dirt, followed by rheumatism and 
fevers, which alternately make great havoc in hot and cold climates ; 
while it consists with knowledge, that the Highlander in his native 
garb always appeared more cleanly, and maintained better health in 
both climates than those who wore even the thick cloth pantaloon. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 25 

Independent of these circumstances, I feel no hesitation in saying 
that the proposed alteration must have proceeded from a whimsical 
idea, more than from the real comfort of the Highland soldier, and a . 
wish to lay aside that national martial garb, the very sight of which 
has, upon many occasions, struck the enemy with terror and confusion, 
and now metamorphose the Highlander from his real characteristic 
appearance and comfort in an odious incompatible dress, to which it 
will, in my opinion, be difficult to reconcile him, as a poignant griev- 
ance to and a galling reflection upon Highland corps, as levelling that 
martial distinction by which they have been hitherto noticed and 
respected, and from my own experience, I feel well founded in say- 
ing that if anything was wanted to aid the rack-renting Highland 
landlord in destroying that source which has hitherto proved so fruit- 
ful in keeping up Highland corps, it will be that of abolishing their 
native garb, which His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief and 
the Adjutant-General may rest assured will prove a complete death- 
warrant to the recruiting service in that respect ; but I sincerely hope 
His Royal Highness will never acquiesce in so painful and degrading an 
idea (come from whatever quarter it may) as to strip us of our native 
garb, (admitted hitherto our regimental uniform,) and stuff us in a 
harlequin tartan pantaloon, which, composed of the usual quality that 
continues as at present worn, useful and becoming for twelve months, 
will not endure six weeks' fair wear as a pantaloon, and when patched 
makes a horrible appearance ; besides that, the necessary quantity to 
serve decently throughout the year would become extremely expensive, 
but, above all, take away completely the appearance and conceit of a 
Highland soldier, in which case I would rather see him stuffed in 
breeches and abolish the distinction altogether. 

" I have the honour to be, Sir, &c., 

(Signed) "ALAN CAMERON." 

" To Henry Thorpe, Esq." 

This ridiculous proposal to abolish the kilt was then dropped. 

1805. 

The first battalion performed garrison duty in various stations in 
Ireland, until the month of November, when it sailed from Monks- 



26 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

town for England, and, landing at Ramsgate, marched to Ospringe 
barracks. 

1806. 

In the month of January, 1806, the regiment marched from 
Ospringe barracks to London, where it formed part of the procession 
attending the funeral of Vice- Admiral Lord Nelson. After the funeral 
the regiment marched to Colchester barracks, which it occupied till 
May following, when it marched to Weeley barracks. 

1807. 

In February the regiment moved from Weeley to Harwich barracks, 
when, on the 8th of April, it had the great misfortune to lose Captain 
Dawson, 3 Sergeants, and 56 rank and file, in crossing from Land- 
guard Fort to Harwich, the vessel conveying them having been upset 
in a sudden squall. 

The regiment having been completed to 1,000 rank and file by a 
draft from the 2nd battalion, which remained in Scotland, embarked 
at Harwich on the 26th of July on an expedition to be employed 
against Denmark, under Lieutenant-General the Earl Cathcart, and 
arrived in Elsinore roads on he 3rd of August. The Cameron 
Highlanders landed at Zealand on the 16th, and marched with other 
troops to Frederickswerk, in the vicinity of Copenhagen. All attempts 
at negotiation having failed, the trenches were opened against the 
City of Copenhagen on the 2nd of September, and a vigorous 
bombardment continued without intermission both by sea and land 
until the 7th, when the proposed terms were acceded to and the city 
capitulated. On the surrender, Colonel Cameron of the 79th was 
directed to take possession of the citadel with the flank companies of 
the army ; and the objects of the expedition being fully accomplished, 
the troops embarked for England in the month of October. The 
regiment sailed in three Danish prizes, the " Mars" the " Fuen" and 
" frega" and landed at Deal and Yarmouth in November following, 
proceeding to Weeley barracks. 

The only casualties in the regiment during the bombardment of 
Copenhagen were 4 rank and file wounded. 

The thanks of both Houses of Parliament were unanimously voted 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 27 

to the army for the manner in which this service was performed, and 
the following letter was received by Colonel Cameron from Lieutenant- 
General Lord Cathcart : 

" Gloucester Place, 

" 1st February, 1808. 
"SIR, 

" I take the earliest opportunity of transmitting to you 
a copy of the resolutions of the House of Lords, and those of the 
House of Commons, dated 28th January, 1808, which contain the 
thanks of both Houses of Parliament to the army lately employed in 
Zealand. In communicating to you this most signal mark of the 
approbation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, allow me to add my warmest congratulations 
upon a distinction which the battalion under your command had so 
great a share in obtaining for His Majesty's Service, together with the 
assurance of the truth and regard with which I have the honour to 

be, etc., 

(Signed) " CATHCART, 

" Lieutenant-General." 
" To Colonel Cameron, 

" 79th Highlanders." 

1808. 

In the month of May, 1808, the regiment embarked at Harwich on 
an expedition to Sweden, consisting of ten thousand troops, under the 
command of Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore, in virtue of a stip- 
ulation of the subsidiary treaty existing between Great Britain and that 
country. On the 17th the fleet with the troops on board dropped 
anchor in Gottenburgh roads, and Sir John Moore proceeded to Stock- 
holm ; but finding from the views of His Majesty, the King of Sweden, 
that the required service was unsuited to the limited army under his 
command, he refused to debark the troops, and returned to Gotten- 
burgh, after narrowly escaping being made a prisoner by the eccentric 
and enraged monarch. The fleet thereupon sailed for England, and 
arrived at Spithead early in July, where, without being permitted to 
land, the Cameron Highlanders were ordered to proceed, with other 



28 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

reinforcements then assembling at Portsmouth under the command 
of Sir Harry Burrard, to join the army in Portugal operating against 
the French in that country. After a delay of several weeks occupied 
in taking in provisions and water, the fleet sailed from Spithead on 
the 31st of July, and on the 26th of August the regiment landed at 
Maceira Bay, and proceeded to join the army then encamped in the 
neighbourhood of Lisbon. The convention of Cintra immediately 
followed, producing a complete cessation of hostilities in that quarter ; 
and the 79th, as part of Major-General Fane's brigade, was incorpo- 
rated in the army, under the command of Lieutenant-General Sir 
John Moore, destined to co-operate with the Spanish army of the 
Marquis de Romana, with a view of rescuing the country from French 
domination. 

This closed the services of Colonel Alan Cameron as a regimental 
officer, the appointment of Commandant of Lisbon, together with 
the rank of Brigadier-General, having been conferred upon him. His 
personal command of the regiment therefore ceased after fifteen 
years of unremitting and unwearied zeal in the public service, sharing 
its every privation, and his almost paternal anxiety for his native 
Highlanders had never permitted him to be absent from their head. 
He finally resigned the command of the regiment into the hands of 
his eldest son, Lieutenant-Colonel Philips Cameron, who henceforth 
assumed command of the corps. 

The army of Sir John Moore having advanced by rapid marches 
into Spain, and being joined at Mayorga by the division of Sir David 
Baird from Corunna, the whole proceeded as far as Sahagun ; but 
here Sir John Moore received reliable information that three several 
French Corps d'Armee, one of them commanded by Napoleon in 
person, and each exceeding his own army in numerical strength, were 
advancing from different points to attack him. This information, 
together with the total dispersion of Romana's army, and the apathy 
of the Spanish authorities, determined Sir John Moore to make a 
retrograde movement through Gallicia, and the ever memorable 
although disastrous retreat to Corunna ensued, throughout which 
severe service the Cameron Highlanders were not exceeded in 
discipline and efficiency by any other corps. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 29 

1809. 

In the brilliant action of Corunna on the 16th of January, 1809, 
the regiment had not the honour to be engaged. It belonged to the 
Division of Lieutenant-General Fraser, which held the heights 
immediately in front of the gates of Corunna, to repel any attack in 
that quarter ; consequently it was not brought into action. The light 
company, however, with the other light troops of the division, was 
engaged in skirmishing with the enemy, near the village of Elvina, 
but suffered no loss. 

The troops embarked successfully after the battle, and the fleet 
sailed that evening for England. 

The gallant Sir John Moore, who was mortally wounded in the 
action, was buried on shore before the troops left. 

When information reached Lisbon that Sir John Moore's army in 
Spain was being hard pressed by an overwhelming force of the enemy, 
Major-General Alan Cameron was ordered to advance with all the 
troops that could be collected to effect a junction with him. General 
Cameron marched on the 27th December, 1808, to Almeida, and 
thence for a considerable distance into Spain, when the news of Sir 
John Moore's retreat on Corunna placed him and his force in a most 
critical position. However, he successfully conducted his force back 
to Lisbon, although it underwent the greatest hardships and privations 
during the retreat. On his return to Lisbon General Cameron was 
confined to hospital for two months by a severe fever, induced, no 
doubt, by exposure. 

The Cameron Highlanders landed in England in February, 1809, 
at Portsmouth, and marched to Weeley barracks. Here fever, 
probably owing its origin to causes connected with the fatigues and 
sufferings undergone in the recent retreat, immediately attacked the 
regiment, and many men fell victims to its ravages. In a few weeks, 
however, after its outbreak it began to decline, and in about a month 
entirely disappeared. 

In June following, the regiment was completed to 1,000 rank and 
file by a draft of 258 men from the 2nd battalion ; and being again in 
the highest order, it embarked at Harwich on the 15th of July on a 
combined naval and military expedition then fitting out under Admiral 



30 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Sir Richard Strachan and Lieutenant-General the Earl of Chatham, 
having for its object the destruction of the French arsenals and 
shipping on the Scheldt. During this service it was brigaded with 
the llth and 50th regiments, under the command of Major-General 
Leith. 

Having landed at Veer (which had just surrendered) on the 2nd 
of August, it marched through Middleburgh to the lines before 
Flushing, where it bivouacked in the open fields. 

After an incessant bombardment from the 13th till the 15th of 
August, the French garrison capitulated, and marched out and laid 
down its arms on the 19th. In the service in the trenches the 
regiment suffered no loss, and on the 19th it proceeded with other 
troops up the Scheldt, with the design of attacking Antwerp and 
the fleet there ; but this having been found from various causes 
impracticable, and the army suffering dreadfully from fever, the 
expedition returned to England. 

During these operations in the Low Countries, a detachment of the 
79th, consisting of the sick left at Lisbon when the army of Sir John 
Moore marched into Spain, and those left behind on the retreat to 
Corunna, amounting to 5 officers, 4 sergeants, and 45 rank and file 
had, together with officers and men of other corps similarly situated, 
been formed into a corps designated the first battalion of detachments. 
This was placed under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Bunbury, 
and was warmly engaged at the battle of Talavera on the 27th and 
28th of July, 1809. The loss of the contingent of the Cameron 
Highlanders was very severe, being 14 rank and file killed; 1 sergeant 
and 27 rank and file wounded, and Lieutenant John Campbell Cameron 
missing, a clear proof that it bore its full share in the brunt of battle 
on that hard-fought field. 

Lieutenant Cameron was taken prisoner by the French, but made 
his escape during the night and returned to his detachment. During 
these operations, Major-General Alan Cameron, who commanded a 
brigade at the battle of Talavera, had the sad misfortune to lose the 
youngest of his three sons Lieutenant Ewen Cameron of the 79th 
who was acting as his aide-de-camp. He died of fever at Lisbon, 
brought on by hardship and exposure, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 31 

The 79th, returning from the Scheldt, disembarked at Harwich in 
the month of September, 1809, and marched to Weeley barracks. 
Notwithstanding the great mortality that prevailed in the army during 
the occupation of the Island of Walcheren, the regiment lost only 
Paymaster Baldock and one private from the effects of the climate ; 
but, upon its return to Weeley, it is remarkable that, for the second 
time in the same year under nearly similar circumstances, the 
regiment was again attacked with fever, which occasioned several 
deaths ; and 2 officers and 42 men not being sufficiently recovered, 
were left behind and transferred to the 2nd battalion when the 
regiment marched to Portsmouth to embark for Portugal in December 
following.* 

1810. 

The regiment, reinforced by a draft of 60 men from the 2nd 
battalion, was ordered to join the army acting in Portugal under the . 
command of Sir Arthur Wellesley, and having accordingly embarked 
at Portsmouth in January, it arrived at Lisbon on the 31st of the 
same month, but had scarcely landed when it was again ordered to 
re-embark for Cadiz to assist in the defence of that city, which was 
closely blockaded on the land side by the French, under Marshal 
Victor. 

The regiment landed at Cadiz on the 12th of February, and was 
quartered in the convent of " Del Carmen," in the town of La Isla de 
Leon, the most advanced position occupied by the British troops. 

* In 1809 the 79th accomplished what no other regiment did. In January of 
that year they were in Spain at the battle of Corunna, and returned to England in 
February, when 700 men and several officers suffered from a dangerous typhus 
fever, yet not a man died. In July they embarked 1,002 bayonets for Walcheren, 
were engaged durit:g the whole seige of Flushing in the trenches, yet had not a 
man wounded, and whilst there lost only one individual of fever Paymaster 
Baldock, the least expected of any one. 

" During the three months after their return to England, only ten men died, and 
in December of the same year again embarked for the Peninsula 1,032 strong." 
Vide Smith's list of officers of the 79th. 

It should, however, be stated that during the disastrous retreat to Corunna 
the 79th lost 90 officers, N.C, officers, and men by death or as prisoners of war, 



32 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the 16th of March Sir Thomas Graham, intending to attack 
the advanced French position of the Trocadero, with a view of dis- 
lodging them from the isthmus of that name, ordered a company of 
the 79th, under Captain Donald Cameron, across a small river called 
the Sancti Pietri to effect a diversion in favour of his main attack ; 
but this having been abandoned in consequence of the General's 
design being betrayed to the enemy, the company was recalled, after 
having Lieutenants Patrick McCrummen and Donald Cameron and 25 
rank and file wounded. 

The 79th continued in garrison at Cadiz until the 16th of August, 
when, the city being considered safe from further attack and the 
services of the regiment being required in Portugal, it embarked on 
that date and landed at Lisbon on the 29th. Having been supplied 
with all necessary field equipment, it was despatched up the country 
on the 8th of September, and joined the army, under Lord Wellington, 
at Busaco on the 25th, when it was brigaded with the 7th and 61st 
regiments under the command of Major-General Alan Cameron. 

The French Army commanded by Marshal Massena having pos- 
sessed itself of Ciudad Rodrigo and Almeida, had penetrated to 
the Sierra de Busaco, where, in order to resist his further advance, 
Lord Wellington had chosen a favourable position. The 79th with 
its division was posted on the extreme right of the line, which 
extended along the Sierra de Busaco. Picquets from the division 
forming an advanced communicating chain were thrown out in 
front, down the steep and rugged declivity on the crest of which 
the army was posted. 

At daybreak on the 27th of September the French columns of 
attack advanced against the right of the English line with great im- 
petuosity, headed by a swarm of skirmishers who quickly drove in the 
advanced posts, and from their numerical superiority had nearly sur- 
rounded and cut off the picquet of the 79th, when Captain Neil 
Douglas gallantly volunteered with his company to go to its support, 
and opening fire from a favourable position checked the enemy's ad- 
vance and enabled the picquet to retire in good order. Unfortunately, 
however, Captain Alexander Cameron, who commanded the picquet, 
was killed. This gallant officer would not withdraw. He was last 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 33 

seen by Captain (afterwards the late Lieutenant-General Sir Neil) 
Douglas, fighting hand to hand with several French soldiers, to 
whom he refused to deliver his sword. His body was found pierced 
with seven bayonet wounds. 

The attack in this quarter was however soon abandoned and 
directed chiefly upon the centre and left of the army. The regi- 
ment therefore had no further share in the subsequent operations 
of this victorious day. Its loss was, nevertheless, very severe in 
proportion to the small number engaged, being Captain Alexander 
Cameron and 7 rank and file killed, Captain Neil Douglas and 
41 rank and file wounded, and 6 rank and file missing. Captain 
Neil Douglas was wounded in his shoulder, the ball being extracted 
on the field. 

The day after the battle, Massena having made a flank march to 
Boyaloa to turn Lord Wellington's left, the army retreated in perfect 
order upon the celebrated lines of Torres Vedras, which it reached 
on the 8th of October, followed by the enemy, who found in them a 
barrier to his further advance. 

This closed the long and honourable military career of that most 
distinguished soldier Major-General Alan Cameron after nearly forty 
years' service twenty-two of which had been spent on active service 
in the field. Finding that his health was utterly shattered, he reluct- 
antly resigned the command of his brigade, and proceeded to England, 
consoling himself with the thought that he left his devoted High- 
landers under the care and guidance of his eldest son, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Philips Cameron. 

The army remained inactive and unmolested in camp till the 14th 
of November, when the French army being excessively straitened for 
provisions, its ranks becoming constantly thinned by disease and 
desertion, and being wholly foiled in his project of turning the posi- 
tion of Torres Vedras, Massena broke up his camp silently at night 
and began to retire upon Santarem. 

The British army followed rapidly in pursuit, by divisions, upon 
Alemquer, Cartaxo, and Elvalle. At Cartaxo the Cameron Highlanders 
were joined by a draft from the 2nd battalion of 2 sergeants and 83 
rank and file, under Captain Andrew Brown. 

' 



34 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The pursuit of the French army was continued with great activity 
until its arrival at Santarem, where Lord Wellington judged it inex- 
pedient to attack it in that precipitous and formidable position. 

1811. 

On the 5th of March, 1811, the enemy broke up his camp at 
Santarem and resumed his retreat, when the army again moved for- 
ward in close and rapid pursuit. Several partial actions occurred with 
the French rear-guard ; and in a severe skirmish at Foz d'Aronce, on 
the 15th of March, the light company of the 79th attached to the 
light division of the army was engaged from 4 p.m. until dark, when 
the enemy was driven across the river Ceira with great loss. In this 
affair, Lieutenant Kenneth Cameron of the 79th captured the lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the 39th French infantry, and conveyed him a 
prisoner to head-quarters. The light company had 2 rank and file 
killed and 7 rank and file wounded. 

The enemy finally re-entered Spain on the 4th of April, and on the 
2nd of May, Massena, desirous of relieving Almeida, which Lord 
Wellington had invested, advanced his army to a position in front of 
the Duas Casas and Fuentes D'Onor. The English position was 
a line whose left extended beyond the brook of Onoro, resting on 
a hill supported by fort Conception ; the right, which was more acces- 
sible, was at Nave d'Aver, and the centre at Villa Formosa. 

On the afternoon of the 3rd of May, Massena made various attacks 
upon several parts of the English position; but it soon became 
apparent that his grand object was to carry the village of Fuentes 
D'Onor, and thereby turn the British right flank. This village, which 
is situated in a valley, with several detached buildings on high ground 
at its upper extremity, was entrusted to the 71st and 79th Highlanders, 
with the 24th regiment and several light companies in support, 
the whole commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Philips Cameron of 
the 79th. The enemy having advanced in great force, succeeded, 
from his numerical superiority, in gaining a temporary possession of 
several parts of the village ; but after a succession of most bloody 
hand-to-hand encounters, he was completely driven from it at night- 
fall, when darkness put an end to the conflict. The various light 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 35 

companies were then withdrawn, leaving it occupied by the 24th, 71st, 
and 79th regiments. 

The whole of the following day was occupied by Massena in making 
dispositions for a renewal of the attack, and early on the morning of 
the 5th the enemy again advanced in great force on several parts of 
the British position ; but his most strenuous efforts were directed 
again on Fuentes D'Onor ; however, notwithstanding that the whole 
sixth French Corps d'Armee was at different periods engaged in the 
attack, the enemy never succeeded in gaining more than a temporary 
possession of the village. Its lower portion was however completely 
carried, and two companies of the 79th, which had become separated 
from the main body in the struggle, were surrounded and made pri- 
soners ; but the troops still held the upper and much larger portion, 
where a fierce and bloody hand-to-hand combat was maintained with 
the French Imperial Guard, part of the Corps d'Elite of Napoleon 
Buonaparte, the Highlanders in numerous instances clubbing their 
muskets and using the butts instead of their bayonets, so close and 
deadly was the nature of the strife maintained. About this period of 
the action a French soldier was observed to step aside into a doorway 
and take deliberate aim at Colonel Cameron, who fell from his horse 
mortally wounded. A cry of grief and revenge arose from the High- 
landers, who called in Gaelic to their comrades of the 71st, " Thuit 
an Camshronach"* and the two Highland regiments, supported by the 
88th Connaught Rangers and 74th Highlanders, hurled themselves 
upon the French. The excitement amongst the 88th and 74th men, 
who also spoke Gaelic, was intense when they heard that it was 
" Cia Mar thds " son,f who was being carried to the rear. The French 
were driven with great slaughter out of the village, and the High- 
landers being then withdrawn were replaced by a brigade of the light 
division. 

During these two sanguinary days, besides Lieutenant-Colonel 

* "Cameron has fallen." 

f Sir Alan Cameron was known amongst the men of the Highland regiments by 
the soubriquet of " Old Cia Mar tha," in consequence of almost invariable habit of 
addressing them with the Gaelic salute of " Cia Mar tha thu" ("How are you ?") 

Mackenzie's "History of the Cameron*." 



36 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Philips Cameron, mortally wounded, the Cameron Highlanders had 
Captain William Imlach, 1 sergeant, and 30 rank and file killed; 
Captains Malcolm Fraser and Sinclair Davidson ; Lieutenants James 
Sinclair, John Calder, Archibald Fraser, Alexander Cameron, John 
Webb, and Fulton Robertson ; Ensigns Charles Brown and Duncan 
Cameron; 6 sergeants and 138 rank and file wounded; 2 sergeants 
and 92 rank and file missing. After this return it was found that most 
of those returned as missing had been killed in the village. Captain 
Sinclair Davidson and 13 rank and file died of their wounds the fol- 
lowing day. 

The brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel and the distinction of a gold 
medal was conferred upon Major Alexander Petrie, who succeeded to 
the command of the regiment after Colonel Cameron was wounded ; 
the senior captain (Andrew Brown) was promoted to the brevet rank 
of major in the army ; and the regiment received the royal authority 
to bears on its colours and appointments the words " Fuentes d* Onor" 
in addition to its other distinctions. For its distinguished services 
the regiment likewise received the particular commendation of Lord 
Wellington, as proved by the following letter from the military 
secretary to the officer commanding : 

"Villa Formosa, 8th May, 1811. 
"SIR, 

"I am directed by Lord Wellington to acquaint you that he 
will have great pleasure in submitting to the Commander-in-Chief, for 
a commission, the name of any non-commissioned officer of the 79th 
regiment whom you may recommend, as his lordship is anxious to 
mark his sense of the conduct of the 79th during the late engagement 
with the enemy. 

" I have the honour to be, etc., 

(Signed] " FITZROY SOMERSET." 
" Major Petrie, commanding 
"79th Highlanders." 

In consequence of the above communication, sergeant Donald 
Mclntosh was recommended for a commission, and was appointed 
ensign in the 88th regiment on the 4th of June, 1811, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 37 

In Massena's despatch to the French war minister, giving an account 
of the battle, the following singular passage occurs, evincing his sense 
of the share borne by the Scotch regiments in his defeat on both days 
of the battle : 

" They (the British) lost 500 prisoners, and had more than 800 
killed, among whom are many officers and Scots." 

The gallant Colonel Cameron, as previously stated, was the eldest 
son of Major-General Alan Cameron, the founder of the corps, and 
an officer of much professional talent and promise. So highly was he 
esteemed by Lord Wellington, that his lordship, with his whole staff, 
and also all the generals within reach, attended his funeral, which was 
conducted with military honours. 

Sir Walter Scott, in his " Vision of Don Roderick" alludes to the 
circumstances of Colonel Cameron's death in the following lines : 

" And what avails thee that, for Cameron slain, 

Wild from the plaided ranks the yell was given ? 
Vengeance and grief gave mountain rage the rein, 
And, at the bloody spear-point headlong driven, 
Thy despot's giant guards fled like the rack of heaven." 

The following note to the above lines, by Sir Walter Scott, is also 
interesting : 

" The gallant Colonel Cameron was wounded mortally during the 
desperate contest in the streets of the village called Fuentes d'Onor. 
He fell at the head of his native Highlanders, the 71st and 79th, who 
raised a dreadful shriek of grief and rage. They charged with irresist- 
ible fury the finest body of French Grenadiers ever seen, being a part 
of Buonaparte's selected guard. The officer who led the French, a 
man remarkable for stature and symmetry, was killed on the spot. 
The Frenchman who stepped out of his rank to take aim at Colonel 
Cameron was also bayonetted, pierced with a thousand wounds, and 
almost torn to pieces by the furious Highlanders, who, under the com- 
mand of Colonel Cadogan, bore the enemy out of the contested 
ground at the point of the bayonet." Note by Sir Walter Scott. 

As Colonel Cameron was much and deeply lamented, and as his 
character and conduct were intimately identified with that of the 



38 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

regiment, the following copies of letters to his father, Major-General 
Alan Cameron, are selected from amongst the many sent to him at 
that time by officers of distinction : 

" Villa Formosa, 

"15th May, 1811. 

" MY DEAR GENERAL, 

" When I wrote to you last week, I felt that I conveyed to you 
information which would give you great pain ; but I hoped that I 
made you acquainted with the fullest extent of the misfortune which 
had befallen you. Unfortunately, however, those upon whose judg- 
ment I relied were deceived ; your son's wound was worse than it 
was supposed to be it was mortal, and he died the day before 
yesterday at two in the morning. 

" I am convinced that you will credit the assurance which I give 
you that I condole with you most sincerely upon this misfortune, of 
the extent of which no man is more capable than myself of forming 
an estimate, from the knowledge which I had, and the just estimate 
which I had formed in my own opinion, of the merits of your son. 

" You will, I am convinced, always regret and lament his loss ; but 
I hope you will derive some consolation from the reflection that he 
fell in the performance of his duty, at the head of your brave regiment, 
loved and respected by all who knew him, in an action in which, if 
possible, the British troops surpassed anything they had ever done 
before, and of which the result was most honourable to his Majesty's 
arms. 

" At all events, if Providence had decreed to deprive you of your 
son, I cannot conceive a string of circumstances more honourable and 
glorious than those under which he lost his life in the cause of his 
country. 

" Believe me, however, that although I am fully alive to all the 
honourable circumstances attending his death, I most sincerely condole 
with you upon your loss, and that I ever am, 

" Yours most sincerely, 
(Signed) " WELLINGTON." 

" Major-General Alan Cameron, etc." 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 39 

" Villa Formosa, 

" 15th May, 1811. 

" MY DEAR SIR, 

" If anything can alleviate the distress of mind you must now 
labour under, it must be the concurrent sentiments of regret and 
approbation of the gallant conduct of your ever-to-be-) amented son 
which reign throughout the whole of this army. I should forbear to 
have intruded upon you at this moment, if I did not believe that the 
expressions of these feelings would afford you a ray of consolation, and, 
in addition to my situation, which affords me an opportunity of 
knowing and detailing to you what we all experience of grief mixed 
with admiration, my personal regard towards you prompts me to 
trouble you even at such a crisis. 

" Your own heroism and fortitude, my dear Sir, is now more than 
ever put to the test, and I fervently hope that they will carry you 
through your severe trial. 

" I was by the side of your intrepid son, and by his equally intrepid 
79th, on the evening of the 3rd, in the gallant defence of Fuentes. 
I witnessed him there in the hottest fire only adding to his men's 
excellent conduct by his coolness, foresight, and bravery. I estimated 
him still higher than I did before ; and when I heard on the 5th of 
his fall at his fatal post, being myself then in another part of the field, 
I hardly know an event that could have occurred to have given 
more pain. 

" We endeavoured, and Lord Wellington was the foremost, to pay 
him those last honours which his heroic life and conduct deserved, in 
the manner that could best mark the opinions we entertained of him 
as a brother soldier, and the loss his country had sustained by his 
fall. 

(Signed) " CHARLES STEWART, 

Major-General and Adjutant-General." 

Mr. Mackenzie in his " History of the Camerons " states that the 
following letter from his father was found in Colonel Cameron's 
pocket after his death. 



40 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" London, 

" 20th February, 1811. 

" I arrived home some few days ago after rather a rough passage to 
Falmouth. Captain Stanhope favoured me with his best cabin, for 
which I was thankful. I am glad to say that I found your sister quite 
well ; and, now my own health has so much improved, I begin to 
regret having resigned my command in the army. 

" Let me, however, charge you to appreciate your own position at 
the head of a fine regiment : be careful of the lives of the gallant 
fellows, at the same time that you will also hold sacred their honour, 
for I am sure they would not hesitate to sacrifice the one in helping 
you to maintain the other. I will not trouble you with more at 
present ; but write when you can." 

Massena being thus baffled in every attempt to relieve Almeida, and 
failing to turn the position of Lord Wellington, withdrew his army 
across the Agueda, leaving that fortress to inevitable capture or 
surrender. 

The army was now put into cantonments, and the regiment occu- 
pied the village of Aldea de Ponte from the 14th of May to the 6th of 
June, when it marched for the camp at St. O'Laya, where it remained 
till the 21st of July ; from thence it marched and again went into 
cantonments at Bemquerenca from the llth to the 22nd of August. 
Here it was so severely attacked by intermittent fever and dysentery 
that upwards of 300 men were sent into general hospital. 

On the 2nd of September the regiment moved to Mealhada de Sorda, 
and on the llth to Muizella, whence it proceeded to Vellades, where 
it remained till the 3rd of October. It was here joined by a draft of 
5 sergeants and 231 rank and file from the 2nd battalion, under 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Fulton, who now assumed 
command of the regiment. 

During this month Lieutenant-Colonel Nathaniel Cameron suc- 
ceeded to the command of the 2nd battalion at home. He was the 
only surviving son of Major-General Alan Cameron. 

On the 4th of October the regiment removed to Trecas, where it 
continued till the 24th of November, when the troops were advanced 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 41 

to quarters more contiguous to the Spanish frontier, to assist in the 
preparations for the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo. 

On the 3rd of December the regiment went into quarters at Alma 
Fala, within four leagues of Ciudad Rodrigo ; but sickness still 
prevailing to a great extent, on account of its weak state, it was re- 
moved on the 1st of January, 1812, to Vizen, a healthier locality, 
where it was stationed till the 19th of February, 1812. 

1812. 

On the 19th of February, 1812, as the men were to a great degree 
recovered, the regiment was ordered into the Alemtejo to assist in 
covering the siege of Badajoz, and on the 14th of March it arrived in 
camp before Elvas. On the 16th of March the 79th, with the first 
division of the army, commanded by Sir Thomas Graham, crossed 
the Guadiana in order to check Marshal Soult, then advancing from 
Seville to the relief of Badajoz. On the morning of the 20th, after 
a forced march of twelve leagues undertaken to surprise a division of 
the enemy, Llerena was entered just as the French were quitting it in 
all haste. The troops being jaded by so long a march were incapable 
of successfully following them up ; notwithstanding, the 42nd and 
79th, with some cavalry and light guns, continued a spirited pursuit 
until the enemy had gained a ridge of hills running in the direction 
of his main body. 

Badajoz having been taken by storm on the 6th of April, the 
regiment returned into the Alemtejo, where it continued till the 20th, 
when it joined the army directed against Marshal Marmont, who had 
made an incursion into Portugal during the siege ; but upon the 
approach of the British to Castello Branco he retired precipitately, 
plundering the district through which he passed. 

On the 2nd of May the 79th went into quarters at Alpalhao, where, 
on the llth, it was joined by a draft of 5 sergeants and 113 rank and 
file from the 2nd battalion, under the command of Captain Peter 
Innes. On the 19th it moved to Castello de Vide, thence to Sardoal, 
which it left on the 1st of June to advance with the army towards the 
Portuguese frontier. 

On the 13th the army crossed the Agueda, and on the 16th of July 



42 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

arrived before Salamanca. In the memorable victory achieved by the 
British army at the battle of Salamanca, on the 22nd of July, the 
Cameron Highlanders can scarcely be said to have participated. They 
were stationed in reserve with Major-General Campbell's division on 
the extreme left of the line, and were not brought into action till the 
close of the day. The loss of the regiment was only 2 rank and file 
wounded, nevertheless the services of the regiment were considered 
of sufficient importance to obtain the royal authority for the word 
" Salamanca " to be inscribed on their colours and appointments, and 
a gold medal was conferred on the commanding officer, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Robert Fulton. 

On the 12th of August the allied army entered Madrid; the 79th 
following on the 14th with Major-General Campbell's division, when 
it was quartered in the Escurial. Lord Wellington having now 
determined to lay siege to Burgos, the army left Madrid on the 1st of 
September, and on the 18th arrived before that city, when preparations 
were at once commenced for the investment of the castle, held by a 
strong French garrison commanded by General Dubreton. 

On the morning of the 19th, the light battalion, formed by the 
several light companies of the 24th, 42nd, 58th, 60th, and 79th, 
commanded by Major the Honourable E. C. Cocks of the 79th, was 
selected for the purpose of driving the enemy from his defences on 
the heights of St. Michael's, consisting of a horn-work and fleches 
commanding the approach to the castle on the right side. 

The attack was made by a simultaneous movement on the two 
advanced fleches, which were carried in a most gallant manner by the 
light companies of the 42nd and 79th ; but a small post close to and 
on the left of the horn-work was still occupied by the enemy, from 
which he opened a fire upon the attacking party. Lieutenant Hugh 
Grant, with a detachment of the light company, was sent to dislodge 
him, but finding himself opposed by ever-increasing numbers, he 
found it impossible to advance, but equally resolved not to retire, he 
drew up his small party under cover of an embankment, and, possess- 
ing himself of a wounded soldier's musket, fired together with his men, 
and gallantly maintained the position. The remainder of the 
company now came up and the enemy was driven within the works ; 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 43 

but this brave young officer was unfortunately mortally wounded, and 
died a few days afterwards, sincerely and deeply regretted. 

The two light companies maintained their position until night-fall, 
when the light battalion was assembled at this point with orders to 
storm the " Horn-work "at 11 p.m. A detachment of the 42nd and 
a Portuguese regiment were directed to enter the ditch on the left of 
the work, and to attempt the escalade of both demi bastions, the fire 
from which was to be kept in check by a direct attack in front by the 
remainder of the 42nd. The light battalion was to advance along the 
slope of the hill, parallel to the left flank of the work, which it was to 
endeavour to enter by the gorge. The attack by the 42nd was to be 
the signal for the advance of the light battalion ; the command of the 
whole was entrusted to Major-General Sir Denis Pack. 

At the appointed hour the troops moved to the assault. The light 
companies, on arriving at the gorge of the work, were received by a 
heavy musketry fire through the loop holes in the palisading, which 
caused severe loss ; they pressed on however, and without waiting to 
use their felling axes and ladders, lifted the foremost men over the 
palisades. The first man to enter the " Horn-work " was Sergeant 
John McKenzie of the 79th. He was lifted over the palisades by 
Sergeant Masterton Mclntosh of the regiment, receiving a bayonet 
thrust through his left arm as he reached the ground inside. He was 
closely followed by Major Cocks and Sergeant Masterton Mclntosh 
and others of the storming party. In this manner, and by means of 
the scaling ladders, the light battalion was, in a few minutes, inside 
the work, and a guard of 12 men under Sergeant Donald McKenzie 
of the 79th having been placed at the gate leading to the castle, a 
charge was made upon the garrison, and a fierce struggle ensued. 
The French overpowered by the light battalion, rushed to the gate 
occupied by the small guard of the 79th. Sergeant McKenzie and 
his party behaved with the greatest bravery in their endeavours to 
prevent the escape of the French garrison. Sergeant McKenzie was 
very severely wounded, and Bugler Charles Bogle of the 79th was 
afterwards found dead at the gate near to a French soldier, the sword 
of the former and the bayonet of the latter through each other's 
bodies ! 



44 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The front attack had in the meantime completely failed, and a 
severe loss was sustained. 

The enemy now opened fire from the castle on to the " Horn-work " 
with showers of grape, and, as this proved most destructive, the light 
battalion was withdrawn to the ditch of the curtain. The storming 
party was then relieved by other troops, who were employed during 
the night in forming a parapet in the gorge. 

Sergeant Donald McKenzie, who was so severely wounded, had 
also, it should be stated, volunteered to command the party carrying 
the scaling ladders, and had himself placed some of them against the 
palisades. He and Sergeant Masterton Mclntosh were brought to the 
notice of Lord Wellington, and recommended for commissions. 
Sergeant McKenzie had previously applied to Major Cocks for the 
use of his dress sabre, which the major readily granted, and he related 
with satisfaction that the sergeant had returned it to him in a state 
which indicated that he had used it with effect. 

" Camp Burgos, 

" 20th September, 1812. 

"LIGHT BATTALION ORDERS. 

" Major Cocks cannot pass over the events of yesterday and last 
night without returning his most hearty thanks to the officers, non- 
commissioned officers, and privates of Colonel Stirling's brigade. To 
praise valour which was so conspicuous is as unnecessary as to 
distinguish merit which was so universally displayed is impossible ; 
but Major Cocks must say, it never was his lot to see, much less his 
good fortune to command, troops who displayed more zeal, more 
discipline, or more steady intrepidity." 

After the capture of the " Horn- work," the measures taken to 
reduce the castle of Burgos consisted of a succession of assaults, 
ending, with one exception, in repulses, owing to the absence of a 
battering train. 

In one of these assaults Major Andrew Lawrie of the 79th, a most 
gallant and able officer, was killed whilst entering the ditch and in the 
act of encouraging his storming party of Guards and Germans to the 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 45 

assault by escalade; and Major the Honourable E. C. Cocks met 
with a like fate whilst in the act of rallying his picquet during a night 
sortie by the French garrison. 

Lord Wellington, by whom this officer was much esteemed for his 
bravery and early military talent, attended the funeral with his staff ; 
and the deep sorrow which his lordship expressed was participated in 
by all who had known the deceased officer. 

Major Cocks had been recommended for the brevet rank of 
lieutenant-colonel for his conduct in command of the light battalion 
on the 19th of September, but his death deprived him of the gratifi- 
cation of seeing his promotion in the Gazette. 

Besides Majors Lawrie and Cocks, the Cameron Highlanders, in 
the various operations during the siege, had 1 sergeant and 27 rank 
and file killed ; Captain William Marshall, Lieutenants Hugh Grant, 
Kewan Leslie, and Angus McDonald, 5 sergeants, 1 drummer, and 
79 rank and file wounded. Lieutenant Hugh Grant died of his 
wounds. 

The enemy, having received strong reinforcements from France, 
advanced from different points to raise the siege, which was now 
relinquished ; and the British army, having broken up camp at Burgos, 
commenced a hasty retreat into Portugal, which it entered on the 19th 
of November and immediately went into winter quarters. 

On the 1st of December the regiment was quartered at Vodra, 
where on the 25th it was joined by a draft from the 2nd battalion of 
2 sergeants and 42 rank and file, under Captain William Bruce. 

1813. 

The regiment occupied quarters at Vodra till the 9th of February, 
1813, when it moved to Sameice. On the 20th of February 
Lieutenant-Colonel Neil Douglas joined from the 2nd battalion, and 
assumed command of the regiment in succession to Lieutenant- 
Colonel Fulton retired, and he personally commanded it until the 
termination of the war. 

On the 30th of April the regiment was removed to Medoens, where 
it was joined by a draft of 2 sergeants and 39 rank and file from the 
2nd battalion, under the command of Captain Malcolm Fraser. 



46 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

About the middle of May the army broke up from winter quarters 
to resume active offensive operations. At this time the enemy, 
occupying various strongly-fortified positions on the left bank of the 
Douro, the 79th with the left wing of the army commanded by Sir 
Thomas Graham, crossed the river at Torre del Moncorvo, then 
marched along the northern bank, while the remainder of the army 
advanced upon Salamanca, upon which the enemy precipitately 
evacuated his strong posts on both banks of the river. The army 
continued to advance, and on the 4th of June was concentrated 
between Valladolid and Palencia. 

The works of Burgos, which had been so gallantly defended the 
preceding year, had been destroyed by the enemy, and the army moved 
to the left and crossed the Ebro unopposed near its source, when it 
advanced directly to Vittoria, where, in the general action which 
followed on the 21st of June, the enemy was completely routed, with 
the loss of all his guns, ammunition waggons, baggage, and camp 
equipage of every description. His flight was followed up to 
Pampeluna, where he left a strong garrison, and then continued his 
retreat to the frontiers of France. 

In the honours of the battle of Vittoria the 79th had no share, as 
it formed part of Major-General Sir E. Pakenham's division, which 
was detained at Medina del Pomar to cover the train of ammunition 
and stores. This division immediately after the battle was directed to 
march upon Salvatierra, in order to intercept a strong French corps, 
under Marshal Clauzel, which was endeavouring to form a junction 
with the main body of the French army in its retreat. 

Marshal Clauzel effected his escape and his desired junction with 
the main body of the French army, and the enemy having now con- 
centrated his forces, and formed what he denominated FArmee 
d'Espagne, again advanced in great force to the relief of Pampeluna, 
then closely blockaded by Lord Wellington. 

Major-General Pakenham's division was therefore recalled, and, 
having re-joined the army on the 28th of July, took up a position 
across the valley of the Lanz, immediately in rear of the left of the 
4th division, with its right resting on the village of Oricain and its left 
on the heights on the opposite side of the valley. It was scarcely 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 47 

formed in order of battle when it was attacked by a very superior 
French force, which it repulsed with severe loss. The action spread- 
ing soon became general along the heights occupied by other divisions, 
nearly every regiment charging with the bayonet ; and the result of 
the battle of the Pyrenees, as this action was called, was a repulse of 
the enemy at all points. 

The loss of the regiment was 1 sergeant and 16 rank and file killed ; 
Lieutenant J. Kynoch, 2 sergeants, 1 drummer, and 37 rank and file 
wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Neil Douglas had his horse killed 
under him. 

For this battle the regiment received the royal authority to bear the 
word " Pyrenees " on its colours and appointments. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Neil Douglas had a gold medal conferred upon him, and 
Major Andrew Brown was promoted to the brevet rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel for gallantry displayed when in command of the brigade 
picquets at the commencement of the action. 

The 79th with its division followed up the enemy by Alta Biscar 
and Alduides, until the army finally encamped near the Pass of Mayo. 
Here, on the 12th of September, the regiment was joined in camp by 
a draft from the 2nd battalion of 2 sergeants and 40 rank and file 
under the command of Lieutenant Ewen Cameron. Whilst the 
regiment remained here the strong fortresses of St. Sebastien and 
Pampeluna fell. On the 9th of November the army was put in 
motion, and, passing the French frontier on the 10th, the regiment 
shared in the battle of " Nivelle," when the enemy was completely 
driven from the strong line of entrenchments thrown up to resist the 
passage of the allied army. The fine line formed by the Cameron 
Highlanders, when ascending the hills to meet the enemy, excited the 
admiration of Sir Roland Hill, who was pleased to remark the steady 
advance of the regiment under fire. The conduct of the regiment 
gained a clasp for Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Neil Douglas, who 
commanded it in action, and it subsequently received the royal 
authority to have the word " Nivelle " inscribed on its colours and 
appointments. Its loss was 1 rank and file killed, Ensign John 
Thomson and 5 rank and file wounded. 

On the 16th the regiment encamped at Ustaritz, where it was joined 



48 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

by a draft of 4 sergeants and 46 rank and file from the 2nd battalion, 
under the command of Captain J. H. Christie. 

On the 9th of December it advanced from Ustaritz, and on the 
10th it shared in the successful attack upon the enemy's fortified line 
of entrenchments on both banks of the river Nive, when it had 5 
rank and file killed ; Lieutenant Alexander Robertson, 2 sergeants, 
and 24 rank and file wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Neil Douglas 
had an additional clasp conferred upon him for this service, and the 
regiment by royal authority received permission to have the word 
" Nive " added to the other inscriptions on its colours and appoint- 
ments. 

The enemy being no longer able to cover Bayonne retired to a 
position on Gave d'Oleron, when the inclemency of the weather 
suspended all further operations. The regiment then went into 
quarters at St. Pierre d'Yurbe till the 20th of February, 1814, when it 
marched to St. Jean de Luz to receive its clothing, of which it stood 

greatly in need. 

1814. 

At this time the enemy, being compelled to abandon his position on 
the Gave d'Oleron, retreated upon Orthes, from which he was driven 
on the 25th of February with great loss, after an obstinate resistance, 
retreating, closely followed by the allies, on Toulouse. In the honours 
of the battle of Orthes the 79th did not participate, as it had not 
rejoined the division from St. Jean de Luz at the time. 

At daybreak on the morning of the 10th of April the 6th division, 
under the command of Lieutenant-General Sir H. Clinton, crossed the 
Garonne, and, following the route of the 4th division, after a march of 
some hours arrived within two leagues of the enemy's encampment, 
when the troops were halted to cook provisions. Having by this flank 
movement turned the enemy's position, which was a height between 
and running parallel to the canal of Languedoc and the river Ers, 
fortified by entrenchments and redoubts, the army again resumed its 
march and crossed the Ers at Croix d'Orrade. Shortly afterwards the 
division halted near the northern extremity of the height, and arrange- 
ments were made for an attack. The 6th division, still following Sir 
Lowry Cole's the 4th advanced by the left bank of the Ers, and 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 49 

soon after the attack on the redoubts de 1'Est and de 1'Ouest was 
made by General Don Manuel Freyre's corps of Spaniards, which was 
drawn up in close column, headed by a complete rank of officers. 
These troops advanced to the attack with great steadiness, but on a 
near approach to the glacis of the works which were occupied by the 
enemy, they met with so warm a reception that they retired in the 
greatest disorder. 

The 6th division still continued its movement, filing by threes at the 
double close under the enemy's guns, from which a heavy cannonade 
of round and grape shot was now opened, occasioning considerable 
loss. The Highland brigade, under Sir Denis Pack, consisting of the 
42nd, 79th, and 91st regiments, to which were added the 12th Portu- 
guese, halted about mid-way to the position, formed line to the right, 
and proceeded to ascend the hill. The Light companies were now 
ordered out to cover the brigade, General Pack bravely leading them 
on in person. The Grenadier company of the 79th was brought up 
as a reinforcement to the light troops ; and after a vigorous resistance 
the enemy was driven to a considerable distance down the opposite 
slope of the ridge. The pursuit was then discontinued, and a slack- 
ened and desultory fire of advanced posts succeeded. 

The brigade had, in the meantime, formed on the Balma road 
across the height, the light companies were recalled, and final arrange- 
ments made for an attack on the two centre redoubts of the enemy's 
position, designated respectively " La Colombette " and " Le tour des 
Augustins." 

The attack of the former, or most advanced redoubt, was assigned 
to the 42nd, and the latter to the 79th, the 91st and 12th Portuguese 
being in reserve. Both these redoubts were carried at the charge in a 
most gallant style in the face of a terrific fire of round shot, grape, 
and musketry, by which very severe loss was sustained. About 100 
men of the 79th, headed by several officers, now left the captured 
work to encounter the enemy on the ridge of the plateau ; but, 
suddenly hearing a discharge of musketry in the redoubt captured by 
the 42nd in their rear, and also seeing it again in the possession of 
the enemy, they immediately fell back on the redoubt des Augustins. 
The Colombette had been suddenly attacked and entered by a fresh 



50 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

and numerous column of the enemy, and the 42nd was compelled to 
give way and retire, closely followed by the enemy, along a deep 
narrow road leading through the redoubt des Augustins occupied by 
the 79th. The 79th joined in the retreat, and both regiments for a 
moment quitted the works. 

Lieutenant Ford and seven men of the 79th were cut off in 
their retreat, and must have been taken prisoners but for the 
presence of mind of one of the privates who called out "sit down," 
which hint was immediately acted on, and they were mistaken for 
wounded a French officer expressing his regret that he could not 
assist them. 

At this critical juncture, Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas having re- 
formed the 79th, the regiment again charged the enemy, and succeeded 
not only in re-taking the Augustins redoubt but also the Colombette. 
For this service Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas received, on the field, 
the thanks of Generals Clinton and Pack commanding the division 
and brigade ; and the regiments in reserve having now come up, 
the brigade was moved to the right, for the purpose of carrying, 
in conjunction with the Spaniards, the two remaining redoubts on 
the left of the position. While, however, the necessary preparations 
were being made for this attack, the enemy was observed to be in 
the act of abandoning them, thus leaving the British army un- 
disputed masters of the field. The 79th spent the night in the 
Colombette work. 

The conduct of the regiment was so highly distinguished on this 
occasion as to call forth the particular commendation of the Marquis 
of Wellington in his despatch, in which it will be observed that only 
four regiments are specially mentioned, all of them belonging to the 
sixth division ; and when it is considered that the rear face of the 
Colombette, captured by the 42nd, commanded the city of Toulouse 
within half cannon-shot, and that the front face of the Tour des 
Augustins, captured by the 79th, commanded the valley of the Ers, 
the importance of the services performed by these two regiments will 
be at once admitted. The following extract from the despatch above 
alluded to will confirm these observations. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 51 

Extract from the Marquis of Wellington's despatch to Earl Bathurst, 
dated 

"Toulouse, 12th April, 1814. 

" Marshal Beresford continued his movement along the ridge, and 
carried, with General Pack's brigade of the sixth division, the two 
principal redoubts and fortified houses in the enemy's centre. The 
enemy made a desperate effort from the canal to regain these redoubts, 
but they were repulsed with considerable loss ; and the sixth division 
continuing its movement along the ridge of the height and the 
Spanish troops continuing a corresponding movement upon the front, 
the enemy was driven from the two redoubts and entrenchments on 
the left, and the whole range of heights was in our possession. We 
did not gain this advantage, however, without severe loss, particularly 
in the brave sixth division. The 30th, 42nd, 79th, and 61st regiments 
lost considerable numbers, and were highly distinguished throughout 
the day. 

"The loss of the 79th was Captains Patrick Purvis and John 
Cameron, Lieutenant Duncan Cameron, and 16 rank and file killed ; 
Lieutenant Colonel Neil Douglas had a horse shot under him ; 
Captains Thomas Milne, Peter Innes, James Campbell, and William 
Marshall ; Lieutenants William McBarnet, Donald Cameron, James 
Fraser, Ewen Cameron (i), Ewen Cameron (2), John Kynoch, Duncan 
McPherson, Charles McArthur, Allan McDonald; Ensign Allan 
McLean, and Lieutenant and Adjutant Kenneth Cameron, 12 ser- 
geants, 2 drummers, and 182 rank and file wounded; 1 rank and file 
missing. Lieutenants William McBarnet, Ewen Cameron (2), and 23 
rank and file died of their wounds within a few days of the battle. 

" ' We found the heroes on the plain, 
Their eyes were fixed, their hands were ohill ; 

Still bore their breasts the life-blood stain, 
The blood was on their bonnets still, 

They died as hearts like theirs should die, 
In the hot grasp of victory.' 

"The regiment went into action 36 officers, 31 sergeants, 13 drum- 
mers, and 414 rank and file, and came out 18 officers, 19 sergeants, 
11 drummers, and 215 rank and file." 



52 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Mr. Mackenzie, in his " History of the Camerons" publishes the 
following interesting letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan Cameron 
of the 79th to Major-General Alan Cameron, written a day or two 

after the battle : 

" Toulouse, France, 

" 13th April, 1814. 
" MY DEAR GENERAL, 

"I take the very first opportunity I could command since 
our coming to this place on the 10th, to write you. We fought a 
heavy battle that day (Sunday) with Soult, which we fervently trust will 
finish this interminable contest. I am sorely grieved at the loss of so 
many dear relatives and comrades in this action in which I know 
you will join. Your two nephews John and Ewen, my cousin Duncan, 
and Captain Purvis were killed, and Lieutenant McBarnet is not likely 
to outlive his wounds. Adjutant Kenneth Cameron is also severely 
wounded ; indeed I think Colonel Douglas and myself are the only two 
among the officers that escaped. We buried Captain Purvis, John, 
Ewen, and Duncan in one grave, in the citadel of Toulouse, and I have 
ordered a memorial slab to mark their resting place. News is about 
that Napoleon has abdicated, but not confirmed. I will, however, 
write again and acquaint you of anything. I hope your own health 
has improved. My best regards. 

" I am, yours ever sincerely, 

" DUNCAN CAMERON, 

11 Brevet Lieut-Colonel." 
" To Major-General Cameron, 

Gloucester Place, London." 

In a French work, entitled "Precis Histotique de la bataille de 
Toulouse" the loss of the Highland regiments of the 6th division is 
thus noticed ; and, although much exaggerated, is worthy of observa- 
tion, as showing the degree of importance attached by the enemy 
to the services performed by these troops : 

" Les Ecossais sur tout y firent des pertes enormes. Des debris de 
trois regiments n'on forma plus qu'un seul. 700 furent enterres daus 
un de ces retranchements." 

yeutenant-Colonel Neil Douglas received the decoration of a gold 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 53 

cross for this action, in substitution of all his former decorations ; 
Major Duncan Cameron, the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel in the 
army ; and the regiment by royal authority was permitted to bear on 
its colours and appointments the word " Toulouse," in addition to its 
other inscriptions. As a proof, likewise, of the distinction earned by 
it during the successive campaigns in the Peninsula, and for its gen- 
eral services throughout the war, it was subsequently authorised to 
have the word " Peninsula " inscribed on its colours and appointments. 
The news of the abdication of Napoleon Buonaparte and the 
restoration of the Bourbons having been received the day after the 
battle, hostilities were suspended, and the regiment was quartered in 
several villages in the South of France. While in cantonments, it 
received a draft of 2 sergeants and 64 rank and file from the 2nd 
battalion, under the command of Captain Robert Mackay. 

On the 3rd of July it embarked at Pauiliac, a small port on the 
Gironde, to return to England ; and on the 26th of the same month 
it landed and marched into barracks at Cork.* 

On the 25th of December following it was joined by a draft of 
4 sergeants and 257 rank and file from the 2nd battalion, under the 
command of Captain John Sinclair ; and on the 27th of January, 
1815, it embarked at the Cove of Cork, together with several other 
regiments, destined to reinforce the army then acting in North 
America under the command of Lieutenant-General Sir Edward 
Pakenham. 

1815. 

On the 8th of February the expedition sailed, but was driven back 
the same day by contrary winds. On the 1st of March it again sailed, 
but adverse winds once more compelled it to put back. 

On the 3rd of March the expedition to America was counter- 
ordered, and on the 17th the regiment sailed for the North of Ireland. 

It disembarked on the 27th at Warren's point, near Newry, and 
from thence marched to Belfast. 

The escape of Napoleon Buonaparte from Elba, and his triumphal 
entry into Paris, again necessitated Great Britain taking up arms against 

* During the Peninsular war the 79th lost 650 officers, non-commissioned officers, 
and men, in action, from wounds, disease, &c. 



54 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

France, and in the month of May the Cameron Highlanders were 
ordered to Flanders. The regiment marched from Belfast to Dublin, 
embarked on board some small craft, and sailed for the Downs, 
where transports were in readiness to receive it. From the Downs it 
sailed to Ostend, where it landed, and was conveyed along the line 
of canal from Bruges to Ghent. From Ghent the regiment marched 
to Brussels and there joined the army of the Duke of Wellington. 

The 79th was brigaded with the 28th and 32nd regiments, under 
the command of Major-General Sir James Kempt, forming the first 
brigade of the 5th, or Sir Thomas Picton's, division. 

At 10 o'clock on the night of the 15th of June the troops in 
Brussels received orders to hold themselves in readiness to march at 
a moment's notice. About 12 o'clock the bugles were sounding 
throughout the city for the troops to assemble, rations were issued for 
three days, and the division began its march about 4 o'clock on the 
following morning along the road leading to Charleroi. The muster- 
ing of the troops on this eventful night has been celebrated in one of 
the ablest epics our age has produced, Byron's " Childe Harold;" 
and an individual prominence has been given to the 79th in the 
touching and magnificent stanzas descriptive of the marshalling of the 
hardy warriors destined to do battle on the morrow : 

" And wild and high the ' Cainerons gathering ' rose 

The war note of Lochiel, which Albyu's hills 
Have heard, and heard too have her saxon foes ; 

How in the noon of night that pibroch thrills 
Savage and shrill ! but with the breath which fills 

Their mountain-pipe, so fill the mountaineers 
With the fierce native daring which instils 

The stirring memory of a thousand years, 
And Evan's, Donald's fame rings in each clansman's ears." 

At 8 o'clock a.m. the division halted in the Forest of Soignes, 
near the village of Waterloo, three leagues from Brussels, and soon 
after the Duke of Wellington, accompanied by his staff, was observed 
passing to the front. The troops began to cook their provisions, but 
before this was done orders were given for the division to resume its 
march at once. Cannonading was now heard distinctly in front, and 
the troops pressed forward under a burning sun and amidst clouds . of 




79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 55 

dust through Gemappes to Quatre Bras, where the column halted on 
the road and piled arms for a quarter of an hour. From a rising 
knoll at the head of the column a full view could be obtained of the 
enemy, who appeared to be advancing obliquely to the left, about half- 
a-mile off. A brisk cannonade was going on in the direction of the 
Prussian army on the left. In front a battalion of Belgians was 
retiring before the enemy and exchanging shots with him. In support 
of this battalion two companies of the Rifle brigade, attached to the 
division, were sent out. 

The two brigades then moved to the left, lining the Namur road, 
the banks of which were here ten or fifteen feet high on either side. 
The Cameron Highlanders formed the extreme left of the British 
army, and the 92nd Highlanders the right of the division, being 
posted immediately in front of Quatre Bras. Scarcely had the 
division got into position when the enemy advanced to the attack. 
The light companies of the first brigade, with the 8th company and 
marksmen of the 79th, were ordered out to skirmish and keep down 
the fire of the enemy's sharp-shooters, which was causing a heavy loss 
particularly amongst the officers. It was now a quarter to three 
o'clock. The light companies in front maintained their ground for 
an hour against the ever-increasing number of the enemy ; but as his 
sharp-shooters had by this time picked off nearly all the artillerymen 
who were serving the only two British guns which had as yet come 
into action, and as he was becoming very threatening in front, the 
Duke of Wellington, who was present with his staff, directed Sir 
Thomas Picton to detach a regiment to the front, in order to cover 
the guns, and drive the enemy from his advanced position. Sir 
James Kempt thereupon rode up to Colonel Douglas and said that 
the honour of executing his grace's orders would devolve on the 
Cameron Highlanders. 

The regiment accordingly cleared the bank in front, fired a volley 
as it advanced, and, charging with the bayonet, drove 'the French 
advanced troops with great precipitation and in disorder to a hedge 
about one hundred yards in rear, where they attempted to re-form, but 
were followed with such alacrity that they again gave way, pursued to 
another hedge about the same distance, from which they were again 



56 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

driven in great confusion upon their main column, which was formed 
on the rising ground opposite. The regiment, now joined by number 
8 company, halted and formed up behind the last hedge and fired 
volleys at the enemy until all the ammunition was expended. Whilst 
in this critical position it was ordered to retire, which it accomplished 
without confusion, although it had to re-pass the first hedge and cross 
a deep ditch, and formed line about fifty yards in front of its original 
position. Here it was ordered to lie down as it was much exposed to 
the enemy's fire, and it remained lying down for about an hour, when 
it was again ordered to its original position in the Narnur road. 
Being afterwards repeatedly threatened by cavalry it had to move 
forward a little and form square. 

In the meantime the other regiments of the division were warmly 
engaged. The Royals, 42nd, 28th, 44th, and 92nd, were repeatedly 
charged by the enemy's cuirassiers, who were everywhere repulsed ; 
but, amongst the killed were Colonels Sir Robert Macara and Cameron 
of Fassiefern, the commanding officers of the 42nd and 92nd. Every 
regiment, from the sudden and peculiar nature of these attacks, was 
compelled to act quite independently for its own immediate defence. 

The enemy's columns at length began to suffer much from the well- 
directed fire of the British artillery, which was now coming into 
action ; and, as he had failed in every attack, at dusk he desisted 
from further fighting, and by 9 p.m. all firing had ceased. 

The troops of the division proceeded to form their bivouac for the 
night on an open space in advance of the Namur road and the 
position they had occupied during the battle. 

The loss of the 79th was Captain John Sinclair, Lieutenant and 
Adjutant John Kynoch, and 28 rank and file killed ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Neil Douglas, Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonels Andrew Brown 
and Duncan Cameron ; Captains Thomas Milne, Neil Campbell, 
William Marshall, Malcolm Fraser, William Bruce and Robert 
Mackay ; Lieutenants Thomas Brown, William Maddock, William 
Leaper, James Fraser, Donald McPhee, and William A. Riach ; 
Ensign James Robertson, Volunteer Alexander Cameron, 10 ser- 
geants, and 248 rank and file wounded. All the field officers, in 
addition to severe wounds, had their horses killed under them. 



79lH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 57 

At daylight on the 17th the troops were in full expectation of a 
renewal of the attack, but a few shots only were exchanged by the 
picquets. At 1 o'clock p.m. a retreat was ordered by the Brussels 
road, and, in order to mask this movement, the light companies of 
the division were thrown out some distance in front. The army 
continued to retire, covered by the artillery and cavalry, till it had 
passed Genappe, when it began to rain heavily. The division then 
halted for about half-an-hour, and at dusk filed off the road to the right, 
at the farm of La Haye Sainte, and took up its position in corn 
fields under cover of some rising ground. From the summit of this 
ground a few shots were fired by the divisional artillery at the enemy's 
columns, as they occupied the heights opposite to the British position. 
The division bivouacked in the corn fields, the remainder of the army 
occupying the continuation of the ridge to the right and left of the 
division. The divisional artillery (in advance of which were strong 
picquets) remained posted in front for the night. The left of the 
division extended towards Ohaim, its right resting on the Brussels 
road. 

It rained heavily all night, and rain was still falling when daylight 
broke on the morning of Waterloo. 

About 8 o'clock a.m. on the 18th it began to clear up, and 
about 10.30 the enemy was observed to be falling in and preparing 
for the attack. The division awaited the approach of the enemy 
lying down in close column at deploying interval. The French 
advanced in columns under cover of a tremendous cannonade, which 
was answered with great spirit by the British artillery, who were 
posted in advance of a road which ran along the crest of the rising 
ground in front of the division, and on either side of which there was 
a hedge. Kempt's brigade then deployed into line, threw out its light 
troops, and advanced up to where the artillery were posted. The light 
companies and Rifles descended into the valley, and maintained a 
severe contest with very unequal numbers, until a heavy column of 
the enemy's infantry, driving them in, advanced direct against that 
portion of the line occupied by the left wing of the 79th and right 
wing of the 28th. Picton allowed this column to approach quite close, 
and then, after one volley, he charged at the head of the two regi- 



58 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

ments and drove back the French down the hill at the point of the 
bayonet. It was in this charge that the gallant Picton fell, shot 
through the temple, his last words (to his aide-de-camp) were 
" Thornton, rally the Highlanders ! " At this moment Sir William 
Ponsonby's brigade of cavalry (the 1st, 2nd, and 6th Dragoons), 
the Union brigade, came up, and passing through the intervals in 
the division, charged the broken and flying column of the enemy, 
capturing one eagle and many prisoners. 

The Greys passed through the 92nd with loud shouts of " Scotland 
for ever !" the enthusiasm being so great that many of the 92nd men 
joined in the charge with them. 

Bodies of the enemy's cavalry now advanced to the support of his 
infantry, and the several regiments of Kempt's brigade formed square. 
During this formation piper Kenneth Mackay of the 79th, a brave 
Highlander, stepped outside the bayonets and continued to play round 
the outside of the square the popular air, " Cogadh na Sith" Soon 
afterwards the brigade was ordered to retire to its former position on 
the road, when it again lined the hedge nearest the enemy. Here it 
was exposed for some time to a galling and destructive fire, both 
from his artillery, directed on the British guns, and from a numerous 
body of sharp-shooters placed behind a bank running oblique to the 
right of the brigade near the Brussels road. 

The enemy having failed in his former attempt, about 6 p.m. sent 
forward by the Brussels road large bodies of cuirassiers and other 
cavalry, followed by large masses of infantry. This formidable effort 
was principally directed against the British centre. Orders were now 
received by the brigade, in the event of being attacked by cavalry, 
to retire on the 2nd line; and the several regiments being now without 
a round of ammunition, exhausted by excessive fatigue and reduced 
to skeletons, although not actually attacked by cavalry, did fall back 
to the second hedge on the opposite side of the road. General Pack's 
brigade, however, advanced to their support, and a supply of ammu- 
nition being obtained, the regiments of Kempt's brigade again 
advanced and lined the front hedge. The enemy's right was now 
hotly pressed by the advancing Prussians, and as that just made by 
his cavalry and infantry on the British centre had also been brilliantly 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 59 

repulsed, Napoleon launched his magnificent old guard against the 
British position at La Haye Sainte in hopes of still saving the battle. 
The overthrow of the old guard was the signal for a general retreat of 
the whole French army, and at about 8.20 p.m. the British line moved 
forward amidst loud and universal cheering. 

The shattered remnant of the 79th still occupied the position it had 
held throughout the day ; but, notwithstanding the exhausted state 
of the regiment, no sooner were the orders for a general advance 
heard than the same unconquered spirit of enthusiasm appeared to 
animate both officers and men. Lieutenant Alexander Cameron, who 
had commanded the regiment for the last two or three hours, waving 
his sword, called on the men to advance ; and with loud cheers the 
debris of the regiment pressed forward, determined to maintain to the 
end the position it had held throughout the day. 

The pursuit was continued by the Prussian cavalry ; but the British 
halted on the ground which the enemy had occupied during the 
action. The Cameron Highlanders bivouacked for the night at the 
farm of La Belle Alliance. 

The loss of the 79th was Captain John Cameron, Lieutenants 
Duncan McPherson, Donald Cameron, and Ewen Kennedy, 2 ser- 
geants, and 27 rank and file killed. Captains James Campbell and 
Neil Campbell; Lieutenants Alexander Cameron, Ewen Cameron, 
Alexander Forbes, Charles McArthur, and John Fowling ; Ensigns 
A. J. Crawford and J. Nash; 7 sergeants, 4 drummers, and 121 rank 
and file wounded, being a total numerical loss on both days of 479, 
exceeding by one that of any other regiment in the army, the 3rd 
battalion of the 1st Foot Guards alone excepted, which was almost 
annihilated. Captain Neil Campbell, Lieutenants Donald Cameron 
and John Fowling, and 43 men, wounded at Quatre Bras or Waterloo, 
died of their wounds soon afterwards. 

Officers. Sergeants. Drummers. Rank & file. 

Numbers engaged 41 40 11 684 

Killed at Quatre Bras 2 28 

Wounded at Quartre Bras 17 10 248 

Killed at Waterloo 420 

Wounded at Waterloo 9 7 4 121 

Remaining unwounded at the | Q 91 7 ofiO 

close of the battle ) ' 



60 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" La Haye, bear witness, sacred is its height, 
And sacred is it truly from that day ; 
For never braver blood was spent in fight 
Than Briton here has mingled with the clay. 
Set where thou wilt thy foot, thou scarce can'st tread 
Here on a spot unhallowed by the dead. 
Here was it that the Highlanders withstood 
The tide of hostile power, received its weight 
With resolute strength, and stemmed and turned the flood ; 
And fitly here, as in that Grecian strait, 
The funeral stone might say Go traveller, tell 
Scotland, that in our duty here we fell." 

Southey's "Pilgrimage to Waterloo.'' 

The high character which the regiment acquired at Fuentes d'Onor, 
Toulouse, and Quatre Bras was nobly maintained throughout this 
eventful day; and its conduct was mentioned in highly flattering 
terms in the Duke of Wellington's despatch to Earl Bathurst, dated 
"Waterloo, 19th June, 1815;" and it is worthy of observation, that 
in this despatch, as in that of the battle of Toulouse, the division of 
the British army to which the Scottish regiments were attached, is the 
only one especially mentioned. The following is an extract from the 
despatch above alluded to : 

"The troops of the fifth division, and those of the Brunswick 
corps, were long and severely engaged, and conducted themselves 
with the utmost gallantry. I must particularly mention the 28th, 
42nd, 79th, and 92nd regiments, and the battalion of Hanoverians." 

In the Prussian official despatch by Marshal Prince Blucher, dated 
18th June, 1815, the distinguished conduct of the Scotch regiments 
is thus adverted to : 

"The English army fought with a valour which it is impossible to 
surpass ; and the repeated charges of the old guard were baffled by 
the intrepidity of the Scotch regiments." 

From the great loss it sustained amongst the superior officers, the 
command of the regiment eventually devolved upon Lieutenant 
Alexander Cameron, who was promoted to a company in the gazette 
subsequent to the battle, and afterwards to the brevet rank of major, 
for his very conspicuous gallantry on that occasion. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



61 



The distinction of a companionship of the Order of the Bath was 
conferred upon the commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Neil 
Douglas, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Brown, and Brevet 
Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan Cameron ; Captain Thomas Milne, the 
senior captain, was promoted by brevet to be a major in the army ; 
each surviving officer and soldier engaged either at Quatre Bras or 
Waterloo received the decoration of the silver "Waterloo" medal, 
and was allowed to reckon two additional years' service, whilst it is 
almost superfluous to add that the regiment received the royal 
authority to bear the word " Waterloo " on its colours and appoint- 
ments, in commemoration of its services on this glorious day. 

The following is a complete list of the officers, non-commissioned 
officers, and men who served in the ranks of the Cameron High- 
landers at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo : 

STAFF. 



Lieutenant-Colonel 


Neil Douglas 


Severely wounded. 


Major and Brevet Lieutenant- Colonel Andrew Brown... 


Ditto 


>j > 


Duncan Cameron ... 


Ditto 


Lieutenant and Adjutant 


John Kynoch ... 


Killed. 


Quarter-Master 


Angus Cameron 




Surgeon 


John Ridesdale... 




Assistant- Su rgeon 


W. G. Burrell 




M 


David Perston ... 




Paymaster 


John McArthur 




Acting -Adjutant-Lieutenant 


George Harrison 




Sergeant-Major 


Masterton Mclntosh 




Quarter-Master-Sergeant 


James Hay 




Paymaster-Sergeant 


William Lane 




Armourer-Sergeant 


John Morris 




Schoolmaster- Sergean t 


William Gray 




GRI 

Captain Neil Campbell ... 
Lieutenant Alexander Cameron 
,, William Leaper 
Duncan McPherson 

SerV^t f James McQueen 


:NADIERS. 


Died of wounds. 
Wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Killed. 

Killed. 





62 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

GRENADIERS (continued). 

Sergeant Thomas Campbell ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Gordon Cowie 

Alexander Gunn ... 

Colin McDonald ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Corporal William Astbury Killed. 

,. John Mowat ... ... ... ... ... Killed. 

,, Rose Campbell 

George MeNie 

John Walton ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Private Donald Andrew 

George Beekie ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Black 

Ebenezer Brown ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

David Buckley ... .. .. Severely wounded. 

Henry Burns 

Donald Cameron (1st) .. .. ... ... Severely wounded. 

Donald Cameron (2nd) Killed. 

Duncan Cameron ... ... ... ... Killed. 

Donald Campbell (1st) ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Donald Campbell (2nd) Killed. 

Neil Campbell 

Mark Clarke ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, William Cormick ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

,, Daniel Dillon 

,, Peter D unbar ... ... .. ... Dangerously wounded. 

Samuel Fervel ... ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

John Fraser 

John Gall ... .. ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

Daniel Gibbons ... ... ... .., Killed. 

., Alexander Gow ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Alexander Gray 

John Hayter 
,, David Henderson 

Walter Henderson Killed. 

John How Killed. 

Peter Hutton 

William Harvey ... . ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Kerr ... .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Robert Jeffrey Killed. 

Thomas Kirkwood ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, John Kennedy ... ., .. .,. Severely wounded, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



63 



GRENADIERS (continued). 

Private Peter McArthur 

Charles Luss 

, , Alexander McLennan 

., ' Hugh McCaskill 

Alexander McDonald 

John McDonald 

Donald Mclntosh 

Charles Mclntosh 

Peter Mclnroy 

Robert Mclnnes 

Donald McGillivray 

Kenneth McKay 

Robert McKay (1st) 

Robert McKay (2nd) 

James McGill 

John McKechnie 

John McLean 

John McMillan 

John McPherson 

Peter McLaren 

Allan McLachlan 

Neil McPherson 

John McPhee 

William Manson 

Donald Munro 

Alexander Moss 

., John Moorhead 

John Mowat ... 

Thomas Murray ... 

Andrew Noble 

Thomas Noble 

Robert Phillips 

James Raggs 

John Reid 

Alexander Ritchie 

David Ross 

Alexander Stewart 

,, Donald Sutherland 

,, Hugh Sutherland 

James Sutherland 

Daniel South wale 




Slightly wounded. 

Killed. 

Died of wounda 

Severely wounded. 

Killed. 

Dangerously wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Died of wounds. 



Killed. 

Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Killed. 

Severely wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Severely wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

Killed. 

Severely wounded. 



Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Killed. 

Killed. 



64 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

GRENADIERS (continued. ) 



Private William Swanson 
Archibald Taylor 

William Williamson 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



No. I. 

Captain William Bruce Severely wounded. 

Lieutenant A. Forbes Slightly wounded. 

Donald McPhee ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Ensign A.S.Crawford Slightly wounded. 

Sergeant Hugh Bannerman 

Ewen Mackenzie ... 

George Sinclair 

William Swanson ... 

David Taylor 

Corporal John McLellan (1st) Severely wounded. 

John McLellan (2nd) ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

John 'Neil .. .. Severely wounded. 

Private William Adams ... Slightly wounded. 

William Allan ... ., ... ... Slightly wounded. 

James Anderson 

Thomas Armstrong ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

George Bain ... ... ... .. ... Killed. 

Charles Boag 

George Brian 

John Bruce Dangerously wounded. 

Alexander Cameron ... Slightly wounded. 

John Cameron 

., Angus Campbell 

George Coghill 

William Coleman Severely wounded. 

James Coventry 

James Diver ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Angus Dickson 

James Givan ... ... ... ... .. Severely wounded. 

John Grant Severely wounded. 

Archibald Hamilton 

Archibald Henderson 

., James Hume .. Slightly wounded. 

Stephen Hunt Slightly wounded. 

William Johnston Severely wounded. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



65 



No. I. (continued). 

Private James Jack.., 

George Jeffray ... 

,, David Kinnaird 

Hugh McBinnie 

,, John McCetrick 

William McReady 

Colin Mclntosh 

George McKay (1st) 

George McKay (2nd) 

Neil McKay 

George Mackenzie ... 

,, James McLellan 

Angus McLeod 

,, Hugh McLeod .. 

,, James McLeod 

,, Roderick McLeod 

John McLongish ... 

., James Marshall 

William Martin 

Samuel Mitchell 

,, Henry Munro 

,. Thomas Moon ... 

Thomas Mully .. 

., James Nesbit ... 

Thomas Owens 

John O'Neil 

James Rae ... 

James Robertson 

., James Scott 

,, Andrew Sheddon 

,; John Wemyss 

Thomas Whiteside 



No. II. 



Lieutenant John Fowling 

James Cameron 
Ensign McPhee 

Colour- ) -r, , 
Sergeant } Peter Grant ... 

Lachlan MacLachlan 
John McCrumman 
James McGowan 



Killed. 

Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 

Severely wounded. 
Killed. 



Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Killed. 

Severely wounded. 

Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Died of wounds. 




66 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



No. II. (continued). 

Sergeant Hugh Cameron . . ... ... ... Killed. 

Corporal Colin Henderson ... ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

Hugh Love ... ... ... .. ... Dangerously wounded. 

John McLeod Slightly wounded. 

Angus Bruce ... ... .. ... Slightly wounded. 

Drummer James McKay 

Private James Atkins 

Gilbert Ayre 

Thomas Brakenridge ... 

Angus Bince ... ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

George Burgess 

Robert Calder 

Alexander Campbell ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

John Campbell (1st) Slightly wounded. 

., John Campbell (2nd) Severely wounded. 

Alexander Clowes 

William Cummings ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Daniel Ewart ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Fairweather 

David Fish ... 

Alexander Fraser Severely wounded. 

John Hastie Killed. 

David Harden Severely wounded. 

,, John Hayes 

Charles Heathy 

,, Jonathan Hazel 

James Killoch 

David Laird Severely wounded. 

William Lithgow ... Severely wounded. 

William Lane Killed. 

Magnus Larnoch ... ... ... ... Killed. 

Donald McBain .. Severely wounded. 

John McCulloch Severely wounded. 

Donald McKay 

Peter McKinnon Killed. 

., Donald Mackenzie 

James Mackenzie Severely wounded. 

John McLeod Severely wounded. 

Norman McLeod Severely wounded. 

Angus McMillan , 

John McMillan Killed. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



67 



No. II. (continued). 



Private Alexander Morton 

David McWhinnie 

, ; Henry Neil 

Edward Roberts 

James Robertson (1st) 

James Robertson (2nd) 

Thomas Robertson 

Joseph Southall 

John Stark 

Charles Stewart 

Donald Sutherland 

,, Thomas Train 

,, Robert Varmen 

,, John Westwood 

Alexander Weir 

Robert Young 

William McKay ... 

Robert Ashton 



No. III. 



Captain 
Lieutenant 

j 

Ensign 
Sergeant 



Corporal 



Drummer 



Private 



Thomas Mylne 
W. Maddock 
Ewen Cameron 
C. J. McLean 
John Cummings 
John Gray 
Alexander Lamont 
William Gurney 
Andrew Horn 
James Mowatt 



Slightly wounded. 



Severely wounded. 



Slightly wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Killed. 



Killed. 

Severely wounded. 
Severely weundcd. 
Severely wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Died of wounds. 

Severely wounded. 



William Newbigging ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 



Peter Ross 
James Marshall 
John Broughall 
Peter Campbell 
William Allan 
Alexander Anderson 
William Anderton 
William Baird 
James Barr 
John Blunt 
Thomas Bryson 



Slightly wounded. 
Killed. 



Slightly wounded. 



Dangerously wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 



68 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Private 



No. III. (continued). 

Matthew Boyd 

David Binst 
Duncan Cameron 

William Campbell 

Michael Connell 
George Drysdale 
John Easton 
James Fisher 
John Guyler 
McBain Hamilton 
Thomas Henderson 

William Horton 

John Johnston 

Edward Kelly 

Norman Leslie 
John Lumsden 

Donald McColl 

Murdoch McCraw ... 

Charles McDonald 

Dugald McDonald 

John McDonald 
Malcolm McDonald 
Norman McDonald 
Murdoch McFarlane 

Hugh McGillivray 

John McGregor (1st) 
John McGregor (2nd) 

Peter Mclntosh 

Donald McKain 
John McKay 
George McKenzie 

William McKenzie 

John McKinnon 
Alexander McMillan 
John McNaughten 
Archibald Martin ... 

William May 

John Miller 
James Mills 

William Miller 

Thomas Mitchell 



Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 



Slightly wouoded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

Dangerously wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 



Dangerously wounded. 
Dangerously wounded, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



69 



No. III. (continued.) 



Private 



Hugh O'Donnelly 
John Patterson 
James Penman 
Robert Petrie 
James Rogers 
James Shaw 
John Shaw 
Norman Shaw 
John Smith 
John Taylor 
Andrew Thompson 
Neil Turner . . . 
James Walsh 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 

Dangerously wounded. 
Dangerously wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Taken prisoner. 



Captain 



Lieutenant 
Ensign 



Colour- \ 
Sergeant J 

Sergeant 



Corporal 



Private 



No. IV. 

John Sinclair Died of wounds. 

Robert Mackay ... . .. ... Severely wounded. 

Ewen Kennedy Killed. 

James Robertson ... ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

Alexander Cameron .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Willam McKay 

John Malcolm 

John Murray ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Samuel Owens 

John Donald 

Gavin Hamilton 

Alexander McKay ... . . ... Severely wounded. 

George McPherson 

William Abercrombie ... ... 

Michael Alexander 

Peter Angus 

Donald Banks ... Died of wounds. 

James Barton ... ... Severely wounded. 

Samuel Bergam 

John Birnie ... ... . . ... Severely wounded. 

Joseph Bogle 

Donald Cameron ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Campbell 

William Campbell (1st) 

William Campbell (2nd ) 



70 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

No. IV. (continued). 

Private William Cooper ... ... ... ... Severely woitoded. 

Thomas Crawford Killed. 

John Fitton 

,, Andrew Flockart ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Roderick Fraser ... 

,, John Graham .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Adam Gray 

,, David Glasgow 

Donald Grant 

John Hamilton 

William Harley ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Heatley ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Heath ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

George Henderson 

,, William Henderson 

John Innes ... ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

James Jamieson ... .. .. .. Slightly wounded. 

Peter Johnson 

John Kennedy 

John King 

Michael Loftus 

Samuel McCunne 

John McDonald ... 

Thomas McDonald 

James Mclntosh ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

, , William Mclntosh 

Donald McKay 

William McKellar Killed. 

James McKenzie Slightly wounded. 

Kenneth McKenzie ... .. ... ... Severely wounded. 

Angus McLean Severely wounded. 

James McPherson 

,, Archibald Mills ... ... ,., ... Severely wounded 

,, James Paton Slightly wounded. 

Alexander Paterson ... ,.. ... Slightly wounded. 

John Pirrie 

Peter Pringle ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

John Ross (1st) 

John Ross (2nd) Slightly wounded. 

Robert Russell Severely wounded, 

Thomas Shaw 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



71 



No. IV. (continued). 

Private David Sinclair Slightly wounded. 

James Sutherland ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, William Sutherland ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Archibald Taylor 

George Wardrop 

Matthew Young 



No. V. 



Captain Peter Innes 
Lieutenant James Fraser 
W. A, Riach 



Sergeant 



Corporal 



Severely wounded. 
... Severely wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

NeilMcIntosh 

George Manuel .., ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James White 

John Barnett ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Archibald Clelland 

Donald Fraser Severely wounded. 

Hugh Love ... ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 



Drummer Robert Baldwin 

John Manners 

Private Alexander Alexander 

John Adam 

George Adams 

John Bain 

Alexander Bannerman 

William Binnie 

George Black 

,, John Blair 

James Brown 

Thomas Brown 

Matthew Brand ... 
William Calder 

Donald Cameron 

,, George Cameron 

,, Alexander Campbell 

., William Clarke 

George Coghill 

James Dyke 
James Fairlie 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



Severely wounded. 



Slightly wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 

Killed 

Slightly wounded. 



72 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

No. V. (continued). 

Private Andrew Falconer 

William Farms 

William Finnic 

Angus Ferguson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

,, Robert Fletcher 

John Forbes ... ... ... .. Killed. 

John Gibson ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

., James Galloway ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Peter Grant 

Donald Guun ... ... Severely wounded. 

Alexander Henry 

William Kelly 

Alexander Johnson | Severely^wounded. 

Alexander Johnstone 

., John Laurie ... ... ... .. . Severely wounded. 

Andrew Lee 

William Lyall 

,, Alexander McDonald 

James McDonald 

Kenneth McDonald ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, Duncan McGibbon 

Timothy McGunigall 

Michael Me Kale ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

, , Alexander McKay 

Holt McKenzie ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

John Mel jeod 

,', John McLaren ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Malcolm ... 

John Manuel ... ... .. ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

,, John Miller ... ... ... .. Died of wounds. 

Douglas Mills ... ... ... ... ,.. Slightly wounded. 

James Paterson ... ... ... .. Slightly wounded. 

John Reid 

William Reid 

George Shaw ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

., Nathaniel Scott 

William Stewart Severely wounded. 

John Watson 

Adam Wars 

JohnWildie ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

Robert Winton ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



73 



No. VI. 

Captain James Campbell . ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Lieutenant John Thompson ... 

Donald Cameron ... ... ... ... Died of wounds. 

Ensign Archibald Cameron 

Colour- | JamesBlack 
Sergeant J 

Sergeant William Lambell ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

., Sinclair Henderson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, William Lever ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Corporal John Gardiner .. 
John Kennedy 

Duncan McGregor Slightly wounded 

Angus Morton 

James Rowan ... .. Severely wounded. 

Drummer Thomas McDonald ... 
Private Thomas Archibald 

John Atkins ... ... ... .. Severely wounded. 

,, Thomas Bramner 

Alexander Campbell 

David Campbell Severely wounded. 

Peter Carrick Killed. 

Neil Campbell 

Matthew Cowan Severely wounded. 

John Fife 

Frederick Finlay Slightly wounded. 

, , William Finlay son 

John Forster ... ... ... . . 

, , Donald Gollan Severely wounded. 

Thomas Gibbing 

Donald Grant Severely wounded. 

George Gray 

John Gray Severely wounded. 

George Gwilliam Slightly wounded. 

William Gunn Severely wounded. 

,, John Harley 

John Hogg Slightly wounded. 

,, John Houston 

,, William Humphries 

William Kerr 

Duncan McCuig 

Charles McDonald .. Severely wounded. 



74 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

No. VI. (continued). 

Private Daniel McGinnerty Severely wounded. 

Denis McGinnerty , ... 

Alexander Mclntosh ... ... ... ... Killed. 

Alexander McKay ... 

Angus McKay (1st) Severely wounded. 

Angus McKay (2nd) 

George McKay ... 

Donald McKenzie ... 

Donald McLeod 

John McPherson ... 

David McQuattie Killed. 

Andrew Morgan 

William Morland 

James Mowat ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Charles Munro ... 

Angus Murray Severely wounded. 

,, James Robertson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Robert Shaw ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Archibald Smith Severely wounded. 

Alexander Smith 

William Smith ... ... ... ... .. Severely wounded. 

Noble Sproul 

Lachlan Stewart ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, John Stewart ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Stratton ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, James Stone ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Donald Taylor ... ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Henry Travers Severely wounded. 

Dixon Vallance ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Walton .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

David Watt Severely wounded. 

Alexander White 

William Wilson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

John Reid .. Severely wounded. 

No. VII. 

Captain John Cameron Died of wounds. 

Lieutenant Charles McArthur Slightly wounded. 

John Mackenzie 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 75 

No. VII. (continued). 

Sergeant Donald Mackenzie ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

Charles Rose Dangerously wounded. 

,, John Sutherland 

Corporal James Barclay ... Severely wounded. 

Duncan Grant 

David Kerr 

John McDonald Dangerously wounded. 

Drummer William Christmas 

,. James McColl Severely wounded. 

Private Robert Anderson ... 

Travers Baillie 

Andrew Barrie 

William Bee Dangerously wounded. 

,, Joseph Brothers 

William Brummage 

William Carradice 

Thomas Chrystal 

James Culross ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Charles Craig 

John Dempster Dangerously wounded. 

John Donnelly .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Colin Fletcher ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Hugh Fraser 

John Fletcher 

Jesse Fulton Severely wounded. 

,. Charles Gore ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

., Adam Gordon ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Andrew Greig Dangerously wounded. 

Edward Hieson 

Robert Hill 

,, John Hutchison ... ... ... ... Killed. 

James Jamieson Dangerously wounded. 

Robert Keldy ... ... ... .. .. Dangerously wounded. 

,, Andrew Kennedy 

William Kennedy Killed. 

Angus Kerr ... 

Thomas Kirkbride Slightly wounded. 

., John Macbain Slightly wounded. 

Gilbert Me Arthur Killed. 

Donald McColl Dangerously wounded. 

Duncan McFarlane ... . ... 



76 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



No. VII. (continued). 

Private David McGregor 

Robert McGregor Died of wounds. 

David Mclntosh 

Peter Mclntyre ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

John Mclvor Slightly wounded. 

George McKay 

Hugh McKay 

Ewen McKenxie 

Donald McKercher Severely wounded. 

James McLaren 

Hugh McLennan ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Donald McLeod 

Donald McPhersou ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, Robert Munro 

Peter Munool 

William Mitchell 

Alexander Mulligan 

Charles Paterson 

James Pollock 

Alexander Reid . Slightly wounded. 

William Reid Dangerously wounded. 

Allan Scott 

William Sutherland 

William Swanson 

John Watson ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

Henry Wheeler Severely wounded. 

Robert White 

No. VIII. 

Captain Malcolm Fraser Severely wounded. 

Lieutenant Kewan Leslie 

Ensign John Nash ... ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Colour- \ Wim Baxter Severely wounded. 

Sergeant J 

Sergeant Peter McLaughlin Severely wounded. 

,, Donald Sutherland ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

John Wright ... ... . ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Corporal Thomas Birch ... Slightly wounded. 

,, James Campbell ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

Alexander Clarke 

Jeffrey Goddard .. Severely wounded. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



77 



No. VIII. (continued). 

Corporal George McKenzie 
Alexander Stewart 

Henry Fogerberry 

Private David Allan 
William Athos 

William Calder 

Donald Campbell 

Thomas Clifton 

James Cooper 

Archibald Gumming ... 

,, Henry Dargan 

David Duncan 

Robert Elliot 

,, Donald Faulkner 

Robert Ferguson ... 

,, Thomas Finner 

Roderick Grant 

,, James Hill 

Samuel Hinney 

,, James Inglis 

Allan Irons 

Thomas Jackson 

James Kerr 

John Lamont 

William Lightbody 

,, Abraham Keshaw 

John McDonald (1st) 

., John McDonald (2nd) 

James McDonald 

Robert McGillivray 

Robert Mcludoe 

,, William Mclntosh 

James McKay 

Robert McKay .. 

William McKay .' 

John McKenzie (1st) 

John McKenzie (2nd) 

William McKechnie 

Isaac McKenzie 

Lachlan McLachlan 

Ewen McLachlan 



Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 



Severely wounded. 



Killed. 

Slightly wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

Severely wounded. 

Killed. 

Slightly wounded, 

Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Killed. 

Severely wounded. 
Killed. 

Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Killed. 
Slightly wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Killed. 



Severely wounded. 
Killed, 



78 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



No. VIII. (continued). 

Private John McLeod 

Neil McMillan 

Donald McPhee 

John Mulchrist 

John Neil 

,. Robert Neil 

William Paul 

David Ross 

William Robertson 

Robert Sinclair 

Thomas Stewart 

John Walker 

John Wands 

Daniel Weir 

Donald Williamson 

William White 

Colin Cameron 

LIGHT COMPANY. 



Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 

Slightly wounded. 
Killed. 

Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Severely wounded. 
Slightly wounded. 



Captain William Marshall ... .. ... .., Severely wounded. 

Lieutenant Thomas Brown ... ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

Fulton Robertson .. 

WilliamDe 

Sergeant Donald McPhee 

Donald McLeod ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Finlay Robertson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Charles Campbell 

Angus McKay Severely wounded. 

Corporal James Aitchison ... . . ... ... Severely wounded. 

John Burns ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Angus Kennedy 

Matthew Lithgow ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

John McKenzie 

George Sutherland 

Drummer Thomas Bently ... 

Private James Atcherson 

,. David Bannerman .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James Bramer Severely wounded. 

John Blithe Killed. 

,, John Brockie ,,. ... ... .,. Severely wounded, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



LIGHT COMPANY (continued). 



79 



Private John Bruce ... .. ... ... ... Killed. 

Lachlan Campbell ... 

,, Archibald Campbell ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Chambers 

,, Kobert Clelland ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

William Clunes 

Henry Cormich ... ... ... . . Severely wounded. 

Alexander Cruikshauk 

George Co wie Severely wounded. 

Benjamin Davidson ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Matthew Dickie 

James Duffy ... . ... ... Severely wounded. 

John Doyle ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

John Dunn ... 

,. Thomas Gardner ... ... ... . . Severely wounded. 

John Gibson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, Donald Gunn ... 

John Gunn ... ... ... .. ... Severely wounded. 

Matthew Hayes 

George Hill 

,, Murdoch Jack ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Henry Jolly 

John Lachlan Severely wounded. 

William Lennox Severely wounded. 

John Lloyd 

Donald McDonald (1st) Slightly wounded. 

., Donald McDonald (2nd) ... ... ... Slightly wounded. 

,, James McDonald .. ... ... ... Dangerously wounded. 

., Andrew McEwen 

., Duncan McFarlane ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Alan McGillivray 

Swain Mclntosh 

Murdoch Mclntyre 

., Donald McKay 

Charles McKay Severely wounded. 

William McKay (1st) Severely wounded. 

William McKay (2nd) 

,, Donald McKenzie ... 

Lachlan McKinnon 

Donald McLeod Severely wounded. 

, : Duncan McLeod Severely wounded. 



80 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



LIGHT COMPANY (continued). 

Private John McLeod (1st) 

John McLeod (2nd) ?.. .. ... .. Severely wounded. 

William McMillan ... ... ... Severely wounded, 

Charles McPherson .. ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

James McPheaters ... .. ... Slightly wounded. 

,, Alexander McTavish .. 

;) James McMiller 

,, George Moor 

Peter Mungan 

Allan Nesmyth 

Jamea Pocock ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

William Poole 

Donald Ross 

John Ross ... ... ... ... 

David Scott 

., William Sherrat 

William Shaw Killed. 

Matthew Shepherd Killed. 

James Smith ... ... Severely wounded. 

Donald Sutherland Severely wounded. 

John Sutherland Slightly wounded. 

William Thorburn ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Peter Wardrop Severely wounded. 

David White Slightly wounded. 

., James Young ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

Connor McColl ... ... . . 

., Andrew Fyne ... ... ... ... Killed. 

., William Rose ... ... .. .. ... Slightly wounded. 

,, John Smallbrook ... ... ... ... Severely wounded. 

,, George Sutherland ... . ... ... Slightly wounded. 

On the 19th the regiment advanced with the army in pursuit of the 
enemy, and on the 8th of July it arrived at Clichy, near to which it 
encamped within a league of Paris, the capitulation of which, together 
with the surrender of Napoleon to Captain Maitland, R.N., closed a 
war which, for its duration, its sanguinary character, and the combi- 
nation of events it involved, is unparalleled in history. 

On the 24th of July, 1815, the army was reviewed by the Emperors 
of Austria and Russia, the King of Prussia, the distinguished allied 
Commanders, and a great concourse of English and Foreign nobility. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 81 

On the 5th of August a draft of four sergeants and 88 rank and file 
joined from the 2nd battalion, under the command of Captain James 
Campbell. In compliance with a special request from the Emperor of 
Russia, who was personally desirous of examining the dress and 
equipments of the Highland regiments, on the 17th of August 
Sergeant Thomas Campbell of the Grenadiers, a man of gigantic 
stature, with Private John Fraser and Piper Kenneth Mackay, all of 
the 79th, accompanied by a like number of each rank from the 42nd 
and 92nd Highlanders, proceeded to the Palace Elysee in Paris, then 
the residence of the Emperor Alexander. The following is Sergeant 
Campbell's account of what took place at this presentation : 

"In the month of August, 18 L5, I was ordered to proceed, with 
Private John Fraser and Piper Kenneth Mackay, to the Palace Elyse'e 
in Paris, then the residence of the Emperor of Russia, where we were 
joined by Sergeant McGregor, Private Munro, and Piper McKenzie, 
of the 42nd Highlanders, and Sergeant Grant, Private Logan, and 
Piper Cameron, of the 92nd Highlanders. About half-an-hour after 
our arrival at the Palace, Lord Cathcart sent a valet to conduct us to the 
grand hall, where we met his lordship, whom I immediately recognised. 
He was pleased to order me to take charge of the party while he 
went to the Emperor to acquaint him of our arrival, and in about ten 
minutes after the Emperor entered the hall accompanied by his two 
brothers, as well as Prince Blucher, Count Plutoff, and several other 
distinguished personages. The Emperor made a very minute inspec- 
tion of us, and his curiosity led him to call upon me, as being the 
most robust of the party, to step to the front, when he ordered the 
rest to sit down. As soon as I stepped to the front I was surrounded 
by the astonished nobility, and the Emperor commenced his inspection 
and questions as follows : First, he examined my appointments and 
drew my sword ; inquired if I could perform any exercise with that 
weapon, which I told him I could not, and at the same time Lord 
Cathcart made a remark that it was a deficiency in the British army 
which he had never taken into consideration before. 

" Second, he examined my hose, gaiters, legs, and pinched my skin, 
thinking I wore something under my kilt, and had the curiosity to lift 

G 



S2 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

my kilt up to my navel, so that he might not be deceived. The questions 
were : If I was present at the actions of the 16th, 17th, and 18th of 
June? How many officers and men the regiment lost on the 16th, 
17th, and 18th of June? Whether I was in Egypt? If I wore the 
kilt in winter, or if I did not feel cold in that season ? If I was 
married ? If my parents were alive ? 

"The Emperor then requested Lord Cathcart to order me to put 
John Fraser through the "manual and platoon" exercise, at which 
performance he was highly pleased. He then requested the pipers to 
play up, and Lord Cathcart desired them to play the Highland tune, 
" Cogadh na Sith" which he explained to the Emperor, who seemed 
highly delighted with the music. 

" After the Emperor had done with me, the veteran Count Plutoff 
came up to me, and, taking me by the hand, told me in broken 
English that I was a good and brave soldier, as all my countrymen 
were. He then pressed my hand to his breast, and gave me his to 
press to mine. After all was over, I was ordered to take the party to 
Lord Cathcart's quarters, where we had refreshment, and received a 
piece of money each from his lordship, and also his approbation for 
our appearance. 

(Signed) "THOMAS CAMPBELL, 

"Sergeant, 79th Highlanders." 

Finally, the 79th having been one of those regiments selected to 
remain in France for three years with the army of occupation, it was 
formed into a brigade with the 4th and 52nd regiments, under the 
command of Sir Denis Pack, and added to the 2nd division of the army, 
commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir H. Clinton. 

On the 10th of December, 1815, it proceeded to occupy canton- 
ments in the Pas de Calais, where it remained for the three following 
years in perfect harmony with the inhabitants. 

On the 25th of December, 1815, the second battalion was reduced 
at Dundee barracks. 

During the residence of the regiment in France as a part of the 
British contingent it was successively reviewed with the other corps 



70 I M CXMF.RON HICMI, \\I-ERS. 83 

of the army of occupation by the Emperor of Russia, the King of 
Prussia, their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Kent and Cambridge, 
and the Duke of Wellington. 

1818. 

At length so profound a tranquillity pervaded France, that the 
allied Sovereigns agreed to withdraw their respective contingents. 
On the 29th of October, 1818, the Cameron Highlanders arrived at 
( \ilais, where they embarked for England, and the following day 
landed at Dover, and marched to Chichester, arriving there on the 
8th of November. 

1819. 

The regiment remained at Chichester till the month of March, 1819, 
when it was removed to Portsmouth. In the month of June in the 
same year it proceeded to the island of Jersey, where it was quartered 
until the month of March, 1820. 

1820. 

In March, 1820, the regiment embarked for Plymouth, and 
d< < upied Cumberland and Granby barracks. 

Soon after the arrival of the regiment in Plymouth the following 
letter and enclosure was received by the officer commanding from 
Colonel de Butts, R.E., commanding the troops in Jersey : 

" Government House, Jersey, 

"15th April, 1820. 
"SIR, 

" In transmitting the enclosed address of the States of Jersey, 
I have great pleasure in congratulating you and the battalion under 
your command upon so flattering a testimony to their conduct in this 

island. 

" I have the honour to be, etc., 

(Signed) " AUG DE BUTTS, 

" Colonel Commanding." 

" The officer commanding 

" 79th Highlanders, Plymouth," 



84 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" At the States of the Island of Jersey, 

" The 5th day of April, 1820. 

" The States being informed that the 79th regiment of foot 
quartered in this island, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Brown, is called to another part of His Majesty's dominions, view its 
departure with those feelings of regret which the happy experience of 
its exemplary conduct must necessarily produce. 

" The discipline and order which have uninterruptedly distinguished 
this excellent corps have excited the admiration and deserved the 
approbation of the States and the inhabitants, who have observed 
with peculiar satisfaction that not one single violation of the laws, not 
even the slightest irregularity, has occurred during its abode in this 
island. 

" To the bravery and gallantry so repeatedly displayed in the field 
by the regiment in the late war, it has now added, in a most eminent 
degree, the no less useful qualities which characterize good soldiers in 
the days of peace. 

" Under these impressions, the States think it incumbent upon them 
to return their warmest thanks to Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, the 
officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of the 79th regiment, 
forming part of this garrison, and they take this opportunity of 
wishing them all manner of success and prosperity wherever their 
King and country may require their services. 

(Signed) " FRANCIS GODFRAY, 

"Greffr., L.S." 

In the month of May, 1820, the regiment embarked at Plymouth 
for Ireland, and, having landed at Balnacurry, it marched to Fermoy 

barracks. 

1821. 

In the month of June the regiment moved to Limerick, furnishing 
detachments to Newport and Kildimo. 

1822. 

The regiment was quartered in Limerick until May, 1822, when 
it was moved to Templemore, furnishing detachments to Cashel, 
Nenagh, and Thurles. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 85 

When the Cameron Highlanders were about to leave Limerick, an 
address, signed by the Magistrates and Council, was presented by a 
deputation from that body to Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas, command- 
ing the regiment, of which the following is a copy : 

" To Colonel Neil Douglas, 79th regiment (or Cameron High- 
landers). 

" With emotions of regret we have heard that you are to 
march hence to-morrow, and we cannot allow you to depart from this 
city without offering you the respectful and heartfelt tribute of our 
regard and admiration. 

" During a residence amongst us of nearly two years, you have, 
with little intermission, commanded this garrison, and your 
important duties you have performed with the temperate energy and 
calm dignity of the accomplished soldier. 

" The mild manners and military deportment of the officers, as well 
as the excellent discipline and moral order of the brave men whom 
you so well command, are happily evinced in the general esteem 
which their uniform good conduct has excited in this city ; and we 
beg of you to convey to them the expression of our highest approba- 
tion. On leaving Limerick, you will carry with you our best wishes 
for your glory and safety, and we sincerely desire for you what your 
virtue and valour so justly entitle you to enjoy the blessing of 
private happiness, and the well-merited reward of public honour." 

1823. 

In the month of April, 1823, the regiment was removed from 
Templemore to Naas, from whence it furnished detachments to 
Drogheda, Dundalk, Baltinglas, Irim, and Kilcock. 

In October of the same year it moved to Dublin, and was quartered 
in the Royal barracks. 

1824. 

In October, 1824, the Cameron Highlanders marched from Dublin 
to Kilkenny, supplying detachments to Carlow and Cullen. 



86 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1825. 

In April, 1825, orders were received for the augmentation of the 
regiment from eight to ten companies, with a strength of 740 rank 
and file, preparatory to its proceeding on foreign service to Canada, 
leaving four companies on home service as a regimental depot. In 
the month of May the regiment was removed from Kilkenny to Cork 
with a view to its embarkation. 

On the 25th, 26th, and 27th, of August the service companies 
embarked accordingly under command of Colonel Sir Neil Douglas, 
in three divisions, on board H.M.S. Romney and the Cato and Maria 
transports, the depot companies remaining at Cork under the com- 
mand of Major William Marshall. The various divisions arrived in 
safety at Quebec in the month of October, and were quartered in the 
Jesuit barracks. 

In September the depot companies moved from Cork to Glasgow, 
where they remained until February, 1826. 

1826. 

In February, 1826, the depot companies embarked at the Broomie- 
law for Ireland and sailed to Belfast, where they were billeted for ten 
days. They then proceeded to Armagh, occupying barracks there for 
fourteen days only, when they marched to Newry barracks. Here 
they remained until May, when they moved to Cavan. 

1827. 

In May, 1827, the depot proceeded from Cavan to Belfast barracks, 
detaching one company to Downpatrick and one to Carrickfergus. 

1828. 

In February, 1828, the depot was removed on board two steam 
vessels from Belfast to Dublin, where it landed and marched into 
barracks at Birr. On the 9th of March Sir Alan Cameron, K.C.B., 
the first colonel and founder of the corps, died at Fulham. 

The following paragraph appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
from the pen of Colonel Sir William Napier, on the occasion of Sir 
Alan's death : 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 87 

" Died at Fulham, on the 9th ult, at an advanced age, 
General Sir Alan Cameron, Colonel, 79th regiment. By birth a 
Highlander ; in heart and soul a true one ; in form and frame the 
bold and manly mountaineer. His adventurous career in early life, 
and subsequent distinguished gallantry in the field, gained him 
considerable celebrity, together with the unbounded admiration of his 
countrymen. The son of a private gentleman, but ardent and 
determined in accomplishing whatever he undertook, he brought to 
the ranks of the British army more men and in less time than any 
other who, like himself, was commissioned to raise regiments in 1793-4. 
During the American war he had the misfortune of being taken 
prisoner, but from which he escaped after two years confinement by 
an act of desperate daring. Fate, however, brought him in the course 
of his life the rare distinction of being successively commandant of 
the capitals of two countries, Denmark and Portugal, 1807-8. 
Although of late years he was not able to go among his friends, yet 
they were always, and to the last, found at his house and around his 
hospitable table. The number of this man's acts of friendship to his 
countrymen cannot be estimated, therefore the blank his death has 
created will be better understood than described." 

Mr. Mackenzie says : " In the army he was held universally popular, 
where, in consequence of his familiar habit of addressing the Irish 
and Highland soldiers with his gaelic salute of " Cia Mar tha thu" 
How are you ? he was known as " Old Cia Mar 



On the 24th of March, 1828, Lieutenant Sir Ronald Ferguson, 
G.C.B., was appointed colonel of the regiment, in succession to 
Lieutenant-General Sir Alan Cameron, K.C.B. 

In the beginning of June, the same year, the service companies 
proceeded from Quebec to Montreal, from whence they furnished 
small detachments to occupy St. Johns, Coteau-du-lac, and Isle Aux 
Noix. 

On the 18th of June, 1828, the regiment was presented with new 
colours, the gift of its gallant colonel, Lieutenant-General Sir R. C. 
Ferguson, G.C.B. The presentation took place on the Champ-de- 



88 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Mars, in presence of a very numerous assemblage of the inhabitants 
of Montreal and its vicinity, who were eager to witness the ceremony. 
At a quarter to one o'clock the parade was formed, and the troops 
wheeled into line to receive his Excellency the governor, Lieutenant- 
General the Earl of Dalhousie, the Montreal troop of Volunteer 
cavalry being on the right, the Montreal Volunteer rifle company in the 
centre, and the 79th Highlanders on the left. Precisely at one o'clock 
His Excellency came on the ground accompanied by his staff, and 
was received with a general salute. The Grenadier company, com- 
manded by Captain Young, marched to the quarters of Colonel Sir 
Neil Douglas, received the new colours whilst the drums beat the 
" point of war," and planted them in front of the saluting flag, in 
charge of two sentries. The regiment then formed three sides of a 
square. His Excellency, with his staff and Lady Douglas, then came 
forward, the colours were unfurled, and the ceremony of consecration 
performed by the Rev. Mr. Stevens. After which, Lady Douglas, 
placing the colours in the hands of Sir Neil Douglas, addressed him 
as follows : 

" The honour has this day devolved upon me of presenting to the 
79th Highlanders a new set of colours. I need not say how nobly 
and gloriously the regiment has supported those which are now so 
decayed, and which like veteran warriors have been worn and 
shattered in their country's cause ; the deeds of the regiment are 
again emblazoned on those which I now present to you. Take them 
to your hearts ! and while the breasts of soldiers glow with honourable 
zeal for their beloved country, I am confident that the 79th will ever 
protect these with a devotion worthy of their native land, with steady 
courage and fidelity to their beloved Sovereign." 

Lieutenants Thomas and Lachlan Cameron of the Grenadiers, 
having advanced, received the colours. Sir Neil Douglas then 
addressed Lady Douglas, His Excellency, and the 79th, in the follow- 
ing terms : 

" It affords me great pleasure in this ceremony passing through your 
hands ; and I thank you very much for the handsome manner in 
which you have performed it. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 89 

" My Lord, in my own name, and that of the 79th, I beg to return 
our warmest thanks for the kind support you have this day afforded 
us, and to assure your lordship that every individual in the regiment 
feels most grateful for this additional favour to the many which we 
have already received at your lordship's hands. 

" Soldiers ! on this great anniversary I am proud to receive these 
new standards, and to your keeping I with confidence commit them, 
feeling assured, from the experience of many trying and difficult 
occasions, how safe the precious deposit will remain in the keeping of 
men, who, with pride I say it, have ever conducted themselves in the 
most gallant and intrepid manner. Receive them then 79th, continue 
to signalise yourselves for order and regularity in quarters, as you have 
ever done for courage in the field ; and be assured, that your reward 
will be the favour of your Sovereign and the esteem and goodwill of 
your fellow citizens." 

His Excellency the Earl of Dalhousie, addressing Sir Neil Douglas, 
replied as follows : 

"While the 79th continues to perform its duty as it has hitherto 
done under my own observation, I shall ever feel gratified in my 
expression of the approbation of its conduct." 

His Lordship then addressed the regiment as follows : 

" 79th, the colours which you have now received bear upon them 
the names of bright and chivalrous deeds. I would desire to impress 
upon you, on this momentous occasion, the obligation you are under 
to protect these standards with your lives, to remain by them in cir- 
cumstances of difficulty and danger, as well as in the bright hour of 
victory ; and as you have every reason to be proud of the reputation you 
have acquired for valour in the field, let it be your emulation to hand 
down that reputation untarnished to your successors. This end you 
will most assuredly attain by obedience to your superiors, gallantry in 
the field, steadiness in quarters, and devotion to the person of His 
Majesty the King." 

The Grenadier company, with the new colours, now marched round 
the square, while the band played the National Anthem the regiment 



90 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

presenting arms as they passed along ; the same company also 
marched to the barracks, and deposited the old colours in Sir Neil 
Douglas's quarters. At the conclusion of these ceremonies, the regi- 
ment marched past in slow and quick time, and then returned to 
barracks. 

1829. 

In the month of April, 1829, the depot of the regiment marched 
from Birr to Dublin, embarked for Liverpool, and, upon arrival there, 
proceeded to Burnley, in Lancashire. 

In the month of May the regiment moved from Montreal to Kings- 
ton, from whence it supplied detachments to Fort Henry, Point 
Frederick, and Prescott. 

In the month of October the regimental depot moved from Burn- 
ley to Liverpool, where it embarked for Scotland, and, landing at 
Glasgow, marched to Stirling Castle. 

1830. 

On the 3rd of August, 1830, Sir Neil Douglas left Kingston to 
return to England for the recovery of his health, which was much 
impaired by the effects of several severe wounds. On this occasion 
a tribute, most gratifying to his feelings, was paid to this highly-dis- 
tinguished soldier by the corporation of Kingston, which presented 
him with the following address, whilst many of the veteran soldiers 
of the regiment were moved to tears at the departure of their warm- 
hearted and much-loved commander, who had so often led them to 
victory, and who had been in uninterrupted command of the regi- 
ment for the previous eighteen years of his life : 

"To Colonel Sir Neil Douglas, K.C.B., A.D.C. to His Majesty. 

11 SIR, 

" We, the undersigned inhabitants of the town of Kingston, 
cannot witness your departure from among us without testifying to 
you in this public manner our unfeigned respect and esteem. We 
deeply regret that ill-health deprives the town of Kingston of the 
presence of an officer, distinguished, not more by his merits in the 
service of his king and country, than for the kindness of his dis- 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 9l 

position, the urbanity of his manners, and his uniform endeavours 
to promote cheerfulness and happiness around him. In returning 
to your native country, we trust you will derive much benefit from 
a change of air and of climate, and hope that, with health 
restored and undiminished happiness, we shall again shortly see you 
at the head of the distinguished corps which you have so long 
commanded. 

" Wishing yourself and Lady Douglas and children the best pro- 
tection of a kind Providence, and a safe and pleasant voyage, 

" We remain, with much regard, &c., &c., 

(Signed) 
" THE MEMBERS OF THE CORPORATION OF KINGSTON." 

In the month of September, 1830, the depot of the regiment 
marched from Stirling to Glasgow, and in the following month it again 
marched from Glasgow to Edinburgh Castle. 

1831. 

The regiment was removed from Kingston in the month of May, 
1831, and ordered to Toronto, where it was called upon to furnish 
the following detachments : No. 3 company, under Captain Riach, 
to Amherstburgh ; No. 4 company, under Captain Forbes, to Fort 
George ; and 2 sergeants and 40 rank and file, under Lieutenant 
Matheson, to Penitanguishine. 

In the same month the depot companies marched from Edinburgh 
Castle to Granton, and proceeded by steamer to Aberdeen, where 
they landed and occupied barracks. 

The undermentioned non-commissioned officer and men died whilst 
the regiment was quartered in Kingston and Toronto in 1830 and 
1831 : 




Corporal Donald Keith 
Private William Sinclair 
John Cockburn 
William Blissett 
James Chisholm 
John Walker 



Private John McGarraty 
Samuel McGarraty 
., William Brown 
Donald McPhee 
Hugh Cameron 
Alan Cameron 



92 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1832, 

In the month of May, 1832, the depot of the regiment marched 
from Aberdeen, in two divisions, to Perth, where it occupied barracks. 

On June 5th Lieutenant-Colonel McDougall joined from England, 
and assumed command of the regiment. 

During the months of July and August cholera appeared in the 
regiment, and there were several deaths ; but, by the 10th of Septem- 
ber it had entirely disappeared. The following officers, non-commis- 
sioned officers, and men were publicly thanked in regimental orders 
for their courage and devotion in attending to the sick : Captains 
Young and Forbes ; Doctor Fraser ; Sergeants Begg, McGregor, and 
McGee; Corporal Rennie; Privates George Thompson (who died 
of the disease), William Gould, James Deans, James Mitchell, John 
Wilson, and John Neilson. 

In November, 1832, the flank companies of the regiment were 
detached to Montreal, under Lieutenant-Colonel McDougall, in aid 
of the civil authorities, in consequence of a succession of political 
riots in that city. 

1833. 

In May, 1833, the regiment was removed from Toronto to Quebec, 
where it was quartered in the Jesuit barracks. On this occasion it 
furnished detachments to Grosse Isle and Sorel. 

In the same month the depot of the regiment was removed from 
Perth to Dundee barracks ; and in the month of December, in the 
same year, it again moved from Dundee to Perth. 

On the 18th of May, Captain Riach's detachment, No. 3 com- 
pany, was ordered to return to head-quarters from Amherstburgh ; and, 
on the occasion of his leaving that station, he was presented with the 
following flattering address from the magistrates and residents of the 
town : 

" To Captain Riach, commanding at Amherstburgh. 
" SIR, 

" Understanding that the detachment of the 79th regiment 
under your command is about to be removed from this post, we can- 
not refrain from expressing our regret at the loss which our little 









79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 93 

society will sustain by being deprived of you and your amiable lady, 
who, by your courtesy, have added so much to its happiness, have 
recommended yourselves to the affections of all, and will leave a 
pleasing and lasting memorial in every heart. We hope you will 
receive this, inadequate though it is, as a testimony of our esteem, 
and a token of our sense of your worth. 

" To the other officers under your command we must also pay our 
deserved tribute of praise, on account of their affability of deport- 
ment and agreeable manners. 

"The uniform, peaceable, and orderly conduct of all under your 
orders non-commissioned officers and privates claims our highest 
approbation ; and may we request that you will communicate to them 
our sense of their merits, and our hope, that, in addition to the glory 
which your regiment has acquired by its arms in the tented field, it 
will ever, by the same propriety of conduct which those stationed 
here have observed, merit the good wishes of all in time of peace. 

"Wishing yourself, lady, and family, long life, prosperity, and 
happiness, 

" We have the honour to be, 

" Sir, 

" Your obedient humble servants, 
(Signed) 
" THE MAGISTRATES AND GENTLEMEN OF AMHERSTBURGH." 

As the detachment was returning down Lake Erie, to Quebec, a 
sad accident occurred ; the boiler of the steamer burst, causing the 
death of two of the crew and serious injuries to several men of the 
79th. 

On the 6th of September, 1833, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan 
McDougall succeeded to the command of the regiment, by the retire- 
ment of Sir Neil Douglas, K.C.B., A.D.C., on half pay. 

1834. 

In June, 1834, the depot of the regiment marched from Perth bar- 
racks to Stirling Castle. 

On January 23rd the old Chateau (Castle of St. Louis) at Quebec, 




94 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

was burnt to the ground. The 79th and other troops in the garrison 
did their utmost to subdue the flames ; but the cold was so intense 
that all the water in the engines was frozen, and it was found 
impossible to save the building. 

1835. 

On the 13th of March, 1835, Major Robert Ferguson was pro- 
moted to the lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment, in succession to 
Lieutenant-Colonel McDougall, retired. 

In June, 1835, the regimental depot embarked on board two steam 
vessels at Stirling, and proceeded to Aberdeen, where it landed and 
went into barracks. In July, cholera broke out in Quebec, and there 
were several fatal cases in the regiment. 

1836. 

In May, 1836, the depot was removed from Aberdeen to Edinburgh 
Castle ; and in the month of August of the same year it marched 
from Edinburgh to Paisley barracks. 

The Cameron Highlanders were stationed in Quebec during the 
remainder of their foreign service. In the month of September, 1836, 
the regiment embarked for England, under the command of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Robert Ferguson, and on the llth of October landed 
at Leith and marched to Glasgow, where it was joined by the regi- 
mental depot from Paisley. Whilst stationed at Glasgow the regiment 
furnished a detachment to Dumbarton Castle. 

Previous to its embarking for England, the following general order 
was issued by Lieutenant-General Sir John Colborne, K.C B., com- 
manding the forces in North America : 

"Quebec, 3rd September, 1836. 

"The 79th Highlanders being about to embark for home, after a 
long absence from their native land, the Lieutenant-General com- 
manding thinks it his duty, on their embarkation, to express in general 
orders his satisfaction at their exemplary conduct during the period 
they have served in Canada. 

" The Lieutenant-General offers them his best wishes for their wel- 
fare, and is persuaded that in whatever service they may be employed 









79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 95 

they will always continue to maintain the high reputation which they 
have ever so justly borne. 

(Signed) " JOHN EDEN, Lieutenant-Colonel, 

" D.A. General." 

1837. 

In the month of June, 1837, the regiment marched from Glasgow 
to Edinburgh Castle, where it furnished a small detachment to Green- 
law barracks. It remained at Edinburgh till the month of June in the 
following year, when it was ordered to Dublin. The regiment 
accordingly marched to Glasgow by divisions, where steamers being 
in readiness for their conveyance they embarked immediately, and 
upon landing at Dublin were quartered in Richmond barracks. 

1839. 

In consequence of the disturbed state of several of the manufac- 
turing districts in England in the month of May, 1839, the regiment 
received orders to proceed with all possible despatch to Liverpool, 
there to await further orders. It accordingly embarked in two divi- 
sions on the 30th and 31st, and landed at Liverpool on the following 
days respectively, when it was billeted throughout the town. On the 
3rd of June it was conveyed by rail to Manchester, where it was again 
billeted detachments being ordered to Halifax and Newcastle-under- 
Lyne. After a month's residence in billets, the regiment occupied 
a temporary barrack prepared for its reception in Tib Street, when it 
furnished an additional detachment to Rochdale. 

1840. 

In the month of June, 1840, the head-quarters of the regiment 
moved to Haydock Lodge near Warrington with detachments at 
Bolton, Liverpool, Wigan, and Stockport. 

In the month of August following the regiment received orders to 
hold itself in readiness to proceed on foreign service to Gibraltar, 
and consequently a regimental depot was formed at Stockport on the 
10th of September, under Major Andrew Brown. On the 9th of 



96 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

November the detachments at Wigan and Bolton, consisting of two 
companies, were withdrawn, and having formed a junction at Warring- 
ton, proceeded under the command of Captain T. L. Butler by railway 
to Deptford, where they embarked, together with the service 
companies of the first battalion Rifle Brigade, under orders for Corfu, 
on board the transport Abercrombie Robertson, and landed at Gibraltar 
on the 2nd of January, 1841. 

On the 26th of November, 1840, the head-quarters marched from 
Haydock Lodge, and, with the several detachments forming the service 
companies, assembled at Warrington on the morning of that date, 
and proceeded by railway to Weedon barracks, which the regiment 
occupied until the 31st of December following, when it was removed 
in two divisions by railway to Deptford, and embarked on board the 
Boyne and Prince Regent transports, under the command of Major 
the Honourable Landerdale Maule. In a few days both vessels 
proceeded to sea, and arrived at Gibraltar on the 25th and 26th of 
January, 1841, respectively. 

1841. 

On the 27th of April, 1841, Major-General the Honourable John 
Ramsay was appointed Colonel in succession to General Sir Ronald 
Ferguson, G.C.B., deceased. 

In the month of May, 1841, the depot moved from Stockport to 
Paisley barracks, where it remained until June, 1842, when it proceeded 
to Aberdeen. 

On the 8th of June, 1841, Major Andrew Brown succeeded to 
the lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment, vice Lieutenant-Colonel 
Robert Ferguson, retired. 

On the 29th of October, 1841, Colonel John Carter, K.H., from the 
1st Royals, obtained the command of the 79th by exchange with 
Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Brown. 

1842. 

On the 14th of June, 1842, Major the Honourable Landerdale 
Maule was promoted to the lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment, in 
succession to Colonel Carter, K.H., retired on half pay. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



97 



On the 14th of July, 1842, Lieutenant - General Sir James 
Macdonnell, K.C.B., was appointed colonel, vice Major-General the 
Honourable J. Ramsay, deceased. 

1844. 

In February, 1844, the depot companies were removed from 
Aberdeen to Stirling Castle, and in April following proceeded to 
Londonderry in Ireland. In the month of July in the same year 
they again changed stations, having been removed from Londonderry 

to barracks at Naas. 

1845. 

In the Month of September, 1845, the regimental depot was 
moved from Naas to Belturbet barracks. 

On the 1st of September the undermentioned non-commissioned 
officers and men were publicly thanked by the Governor of Gibraltar, 
in orders, for their great gallantry in saving the lives of two soldiers, 
who had been capsized in a boat in the harbour. 

Corporal John Ross - - - - 
Private John Aitkeu - - - 

., Archibald Livingston 

,, Robert McDiarmid 

Thomas Scotland - - 




Hugh Hamilton 
William Martin 
William Craig . 
Lewis Gagely - 
Thomas Robinson 
Mclvor - - - 
McMahon - - 
Gray ... 



79th. 



Sappers and Miners. 



1st Royals. 



1846. 

The depot companies were ordered from Belturbet to Mullingar in 
July, 1846, from whence in August following they proceeded to 
barracks at Castlebar. 

1847. 

In May the depot was removed from Castlebar to Boyle barracks, 
and in November of the same year its station was again changed from 
Boyle to Mullingar. 

H 



98 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



1848. 

On the 7th of June the regiment embarked on board H.M.S. 
Resistance at Gibraltar for Canada, under the command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel the Honourable Landerdale Maule ; and, after a prosperous 
voyage, arrived at Quebec on the 27th of July following. On the 28th 
the regiment disembarked and occupied the Citadel barracks. 

Previous to the embarkation of the regiment for Canada a 
handsome marble tablet was erected by voluntary contribution of the 
officers and men in the Wesleyan Chapel at Gibraltar (where divine 
service was held for the Presbyterian soldiers of the garrison), to the 
memory of those non-commissioned officers and soldiers, who died 
during their period of service on the Rock. The following is the 
inscription thus recorded on the tablet : 

TO THE MEMORY 

OF THE UNDERMENTIONED 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

OF THE 

CAMERON HIGHLANDERS, 
A.D. 18411847. 

Cuimhne 
Nan Sonn Nach Maireann. 



79th REGIMENT. 



918 Sergeant 


W. Brodie 4th Company 


At .H f Colour- 1 
467 1 Sergeant/ 


T. Mercer Light ,, 


1163 Private 


S. Gardner 2nd ,, 


1661 


J. Taylor Gr. 


1869 


D. Stewart 2nd ,, 


406 


W. Abbot 1st 


1724 


D. Gumming Light ,, 


1865 ,, 


D. Ross 4th 


1081 


J. Robertson 3rd ,, 


251 


R. Fowls 4th 


889 


J. Kerr 2nd 



Obit 23rd February 1841 
24th May 

,, 24th August ,, 

,, 19th November ,, 
,, 19th December ,, 

7th January 1842 
19th March 

31st May 

,, 3rd July ,, 

,, 20th August ,, 

21st October 



79'fH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



99 



1131 Private 


G. Cloriac 


Gr. Company 


Obit 9th November 


1842 


1400 


W. Dickson 


3rd 


24th February 


1843 


1578 


T. Millar 


1st 


7th April 


,, 


1031 


Wm. Connell 


1st 


20th May 


ii 


325 Corporal 


G. Hall 


3rd 


22nd August 


ii 


1318 


A. Gemmell 


1st 


10th April 


1844 


904 Private 


A McDonald 


Gr. 


17th February 


1845 


1791 


J. Leadine 


3rd 


,, 27th February 


ii 


IftQQ 


G. McGregor 


Gr 




1846 


|| 

595 


Samuel Young 


1st 


24th August 




833 


J. McPherson 


Light 


22nd October 


ii 


818 


D. Spence 


2nd 


,, 3rd November 





1475 


Chas. Dunnet 


2nd 


,, 10th February 


1847 


1830 


G. Litster 


Gr. 


,, 17th March 


ii 


885 


W. Baxter 


1st ,, 


,, 5th April 


ii 


1152 


J. Stirling 


1st - 


,, 14th June 


M 


1646 


H. Muir 


1st 


,, 13th September 


,, 



In the month of November, 1848, the station of the regimental 
depot was changed from Mullingar to Nenagh. 

1849. 

On the 8th of February, 1849, Major-General James Hay, C.B., 
was appointed colonel in succession to Lieutenant-General Sir James 
Macdonnell, K.C.B., appointed to the colonelcy of the 71st Foot. 

Sergeant Donald Mackenzie, who was discharged from the 79th 
Highlanders in 1832, died in France in 1849, where he was residing 
with the relations of his wife, a Frenchwoman. He left an orphan 
daughter totally destitute, and Sir Duncan McDougall, with that kind 
interest he always manifested in everything connected with the 79th, 
not only whilst the lieutenant-colonel of the corps, but also since he 
ceased to command it, received the child into his own family, and 
originated in London a subscription for the purpose of purchasing the 
right of admission for an orphan, during a period of 21 years, into the 
Royal Caledonian Asylum. The sum of one hundred guineas was 
accordingly subscribed for this purpose by officers lately belonging to 
the 79th and those serving in the regiment. 

In the month of July there was one case of cholera in the regiment 
at Quebec. 



100 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1850. 

In the month of April, 1850, the depot of the regiment was 
removed from Nenagh to Kinsale ; in May following it was ordered 
to Cork, and in June, the same year, it embarked at Cork for England, 
landed at Liverpool, and proceeded by railway to Preston. The 
depot occupied barracks at Preston until the month of November, 
when it proceeded by railway to Berwick-upon-Tweed. 

1851. 

In April, 1851, the depot companies were removed from Berwick- 
upon-Tweed by railway to Stirling Castle. 

In the month of June, 1851, the service companies received orders 
of readiness to embark for England, and on the 4th of August they 
embarked accordingly, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel the 
Honourable Landerdale Maule, in the freight-ship Herefordshire, and, 
after a highly favourable voyage, arrived in Leith Roads on the 30th 
of the same month. On the 1st of September the regiment dis- 
embarked, the head-quarters proceeding to Stirling Castle and forming 
a junction with the depot, whilst three companies were detached to 
Perth and three to Dundee. 

When the regiment was about to embark for England a highly 
complimentary letter was addressed to Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon- 
ourable Landerdale Maule by the Magistrates and Council of Quebec, 
of which the following is a copy : 

"Quebec, 29th July, 1851. 

"To Lieutenant-Colonel the Honourable Landerdale Maule, 
" Commanding the 79th Highlanders. 

"The Magistrates of this city have learned with regret that the 
expiration of your period of service here will shortly cause the removal 
of yourself and your distinguished regiment from amongst them. 

"They avail themselves of this occasion to acknowledge their 
obligation to you for your willing and efficient co-operation with them 
upon all occasions when your aid was required to assist them in the 
performance of their duties, nor can they pass over without acknow- 
ledgment the cordial manner in which you and your officers have at 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



101 



all times contributed to the amusements of the citizens of Quebec. 
"It is with great pleasure that the Magistrates bear testimony to the 
excellent conduct of the men of your regiment during their sojourn in 
Quebec, where they will be long and favourably remembered. 

" With our warmest wishes for your welfare, and that of the officers 
and men of your corps, we beg to subscribe ourselves, &c. 
" SIGNED BY THE WHOLE OF THE 

" MAGISTRATES AND COUNCIL." 

Previous to the embarkation of the regiment at Quebec for England, 
a handsome marble tablet was erected by voluntary contributions of 
the officers and men in the Scotch Presbyterian Church of St. 
Andrew's in that city, to the memory of those non-commissioned 
officers and soldiers who died during their period of service in Canada, 
bearing the following inscription : 

LXXIX. 

CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 

To THE MEMORY OF 
THEIR COMRADES, 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE WHILST SERVING 
IN CANADA, 

A.D. 18481851. 

Cuimhne 
Nan sonn nach Maireann. 



1179 Drummer 


John Tabram 


Gr. Company Obit 5th August 


1848 


701 f Lance- I 
\ Corporal / 


J. McLeod 


4th ,, 


23rd September 


ii 


1369 Private 


Peter McLean 


2nd ,, 


,, 30th September 


ii 


827 


Archd. Fletcher 


4th 


,, 6th January 


1849 


1189 


Robert Kerr 


3rd - 


8th July 


ti 


937 


James Porter 


3rd ,, 


llth July 





2137 


Wm. Drummond 


3rd - 


13th July 


i) 


1602 Corporal 


James Ewart 


3rd 


13th July 





1104 Private 


John Keith 


2nd 


14th July 


n 


2431 


Wm. Jarvie 


4th 


17th July 


,, 


1240 


Alex. McLachlan 


1st 


18th July 


tt 



102 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



2327 


Private 


Wm. Kitchen 


Gr. 


Company 


2395 


,, 


John McKinnon 


1st 


,, 


2123 


,, 


James Fleming 


1st 





792 


,, 


John Garn 


4th 


>> 


836-| 


f Lance- \ 
[ Sergeant J 


Wm. Fairley 


2nd 


,, 


1401 j 


f Qr.-Mr. ) 
[ Sergeant / 


Jas. Wilson 


Gr. 





2655 


Private 


Neil Campbell 


4th 





894 


Sergeant 


Archd. Ewing 


Gr. 





1731 


Private 


G. L. Dickinson 


4th 


,, 


828 


,, 


Duncan Matheson 


Gr. 








ii 


Wm. Fleming 


Gr. 





976 


ii 


Angus Gunn 


3rd 


,, 


2508 


,, 


Angus Gunn 


1st 


,, 



Obit 6th August 1849 

,, 7th September ,, 

,, 8th December ,, 

22nd February 1850 

,, 19th March 

30th May ,, 

25th December 

5th February 1851 

,, 18th March 

,, 28th April 

21st May 

,, 26th May ,, 

10th June 



1852. 



On the 25th of February, 1852, the regiment moved from Stirling 
to Edinburgh, from whence it supplied a small detachment to Green- 
law barracks, leaving detachments at Stirling, Perth, and Dundee. 
In the month of May the three latter detachments were withdrawn, 
and joined at Edinburgh Castle. 

On the 24th of December, 1852, Major Edmund James Elliot 
succeeded to the command of the regiment as lieutenant-colonel, 
by the retirement of the Honourable Landerdale Maule on half pay. 

1853. 

In April, 1853, the regiment proceeded by railway from Edinburgh 
to Bury, in Lancashire, where the head-quarters with two companies 
were stationed, having detachments at Burnley, Ashton-under-Lyne, 
Stockport, and the Isle of Man. On the 13th of June following the 
regiment changed quarters from Bury to Preston, where the several 
detachments joined, with the exception of one company at the Isle of 
Man. On the 28th of June the regiment was again removed from 
Preston to Weedon, and the detachment from the Isle of Man having 
re-joined on the 14th of July, the 79th proceeded by railway from 
Weedon to Staines and marched to the encampment at Chobham, 
where it was brigaded with the 19th and 97th regiments, under the 
command of Colonel Lockyer, K.H. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 103 

The regiment remained for some time under canvas at Chobham, 
performing various field operations with the other troops consisting 
of three brigades, with artillery and cavalry, forming one division 
under the command of General Lord Seaton, G.C.B. During the 
period of its service at Chobham camp, the division had, on more 
than one occasion, the honour of being reviewed by Her Majesty the 
Queen, their Royal Highnesses Prince Albert and the Duke of 
Cambridge, the General commanding-in-chief, and many other dis- 
tinguished persons. On the 20th of August the encampment was 
broken up, when the 79th marched to Farnborough station and 
proceeded by railway to Portsmouth, where it occupied the Cambridge 

and Colewort barracks. 

1854. 

In consequence of the declaration of war with Russia, on the 1st 
of March, 1854, the 79th received orders to hold itself in readiness 
to embark for Turkey to join the army assembling under the command 
of General Lord Raglan, G.C.B. 

Immediate preparations were accordingly made to complete the 
regiment to the requisite strength by the admission of volunteers from 
other corps. 

On the 24th of March, 1854, Lieutenant-General W. H. Sewell, 
C.B., was appointed Colonel, vice Lieutenant-General James Hay, C.B., 
deceased. 

Before embarking for active service new colours were supplied to 
the regiment at Portsmouth, and were formally delivered over on 
parade by Lieutenant-Colonel Elliot on the 21st of April, but the 
ceremony usually observed on such occasions was in this instance 
dispensed with by Lieutenant-Colonel Elliot, who unfurled and 
delivered the colours without comment on the private parade ground 
of the regiment in the Cambridge barracks. 

The 79th having been completed to its numerical strength, and all 
necessary arrangements made to proceed on active service, it em- 
barked at Portsmouth, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
E. J. Elliot, in Her Majesty's ship Simoom, on the 4th of May, and after 
a most prosperous voyage arrived at Scutari on the 20th. On the 
following day the regiment disembarked and encamped on the plain 



104 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of Scutari, near the Turkish barracks, where it was brigaded with the 
93rd Highlanders, under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Colin 
Campbell. 

On the embarkation of the regiment for Turkey two companies 
were left at Portsmouth as a depot, which very soon afterwards joined 
the depot battalion stationed at Winchester. 

On the 1st of June the whole army then at Scutari had the honour 
of being reviewed by the Sultan Abdul Medjid, with the Grand Vizier 
and several other Turkish Ministers of State, the English and Foreign 
Ambassadors to the Porte, Marshal St. Arnaud, the French Com- 
mander-in-Chief, and a very numerous staff, when His Majesty the 
Sultan was pleased to express himself to Lord Raglan in terms of the 
highest approbation regarding the appearance and equipment of the 
troops. 

On the 7th of June the arrival of the 42nd Royal Highlanders in 
the Hydaspes completed the Highland brigade, which with the brigade 
of Guards under General Bentinck formed the 1st division of the 
eastern army, which was commanded by H.R.H. the Duke of 
Cambridge. 

On the 13th of June the 1st division embarked at Scutari for 
Varna, the 79th embarking on the steamer Cambria, the 42nd on the 
Hydaspes, and the 93rd on the Melbourne. 

On the 14th the division arrived in Varna Bay, and on the 15th the 
Highland brigade disembarked in the boats of H.M.S. London, 
Bellerophon, Arethusa, and Sidon, and encamped on a magnificent 
plain overlooking Lake Devno, situated a mile south of Varna, on 
ground just vacated by the light division, which had moved to Aladyn. 

The regiment here received a great acquisition in the person of 
Dr. Richard James Mackenzie, a gentleman of the highest professional 
acquirements, who resigning a lucrative practice in Edinburgh with 
true professional zeal, embarked for Turkey, provided with an intro- 
ductory letter from the Earl of Aberdeen to Lord Raglan. Returning 
from visiting the Turkish hospitals on the banks of the Danube, Dr. 
Mackenzie was offered by his lordship the temporary rank and pay of an 
army surgeon, which he accepted, and at his own request he was at- 
tached to the 79th, Dr. Scot, the surgeon, being an early college friend. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 105 

On the 1st of July the division marched from the camp at Varna 
and moved to Aladyn, where it again encamped on ground recently 
vacated by the light division, which had proceeded seven miles further 
to the village of Devno. 

On the 6th of July the division was reviewed by His Excellency 
Omar Pasha, the Turkish commander-in-chief, who expressed himself 
highly pleased with the appearance and discipline of the troops. 

The division remained encamped at Aladyn till the 28th, when, 
owing to the prevalence of fever and the appearance of Asiatic 
cholera, it was removed to a new encampment at a distance of six 
miles, on an elevated table land near the village of Givrakla, in close 
proximity to a large forest. 

Whilst stationed at Givrakla the regiment had the misfortune to 
lose its two senior field officers, Lieutenant-Colonel E. J. Elliot, who 
commanded the regiment, and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel James 
Ferguson, both of whom died of fever. 

Colonel the Honourable Landerdale Maule, assistant-adjutant- 
general to the 2nd division, who for many years commanded the 
regiment, also died about the same time. These three deaths, which 
occurred within a few days of each other, caused deep feelings of 
regret in the regiment. 

On the 13th of August Major John Douglas was promoted to the 
lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment, in succession to Lieutenant- 
Colonel E. J. Elliot, deceased. 

The division remained in this encampment until the 20th of August 
following, during which time the men were employed in making 
gabions and fascines and throwing up entrenchments. 

On the 16th of August the Guards and 42nd Highlanders moved 
from Givrakla to Varna, and on the 22nd the 79th and 93rd followed 
them. On the 23rd the regiment encamped at Galata Bornou, on the 
western side of the Bay of Varna, four miles from the town. 

On the 29th of August the division embarked for the invasion of 
the Crimea, the 79th, under Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas, on board 
the sailing transport Dunbar, the 42nd in the Emu, and the 93rd in 
H.M.S. Terrible. 

Other portions of the army continued to embark until the 4th of 



10G HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

September, when the whole fleet of transports and men-of-war 
rendezvoused at Baltschik Bay, where it formed a junction with the 
French army under Marshal St."Arnaud and the Turkish contingent 
under Suleiman Pasha. On the 7th the combined expeditionary 
army of the allies sailed from Baltschik Bay, each steam-vessel taking 
two sailing transports in tow, and arrived at Kalamita Bay, on the 
coast of the Crimea, on the 13th. 

On the 14th of September at daybreak, orders were issued to 
prepare for landing, which was effected during the day without 
opposition. At 2 p.m. the 1st division had completed its disembark- 
ation, and at 4 o'clock it marched four miles inland from the place of 
landing, and bivouacked for the night near to Lake Touzla. On the 
following day a portion of the tents were landed, and the time from 
this date until the 18th was occupied in disembarking cavalry, artillery, 
and stores from the fleet, and in making preparations for an advance. 
On that day the tents were struck and shipped on board the Orinoco, 
as it was found impracticable lo convey them with the army for want 
of transport. Consequently the troops bivouacked on the night of 
the 18th, and at midnight orders were issued to march at 6 o'clock on 
the following morning. Accordingly the troops were under arms at 
the appointed hour, but, from some delay in embarking the sick, the 
army did not start until 8 a.m., when it proceeded on its march across 
immense plains in the direction of Sebastopol. The order of march 
was in double columns of companies from the centre of divisions at 
half or sub-division distance, the front and left flank being covered by 
skirmishers of the 2nd battalion Rifle brigade, the 8th and llth 
Hussars, 13th Light Dragoons, and the 17th Lancers. This order of 
march was adopted in order that, by wheeling suddenly to the right or 
left, a line of four-deep could at once be formed to either flank. The 
artillery formed by divisions and marched on the right of the infantry. 
The Turks were nearest to the sea, with their right flank protected by 
the men-of-war, which steamed along parallel to the army ; the French 
were in the centre, and the British furthest away from the sea on the 
left. 

After several halts to allow the stragglers to re-join, at half-past three 
o'clock the army arrived at the Bulganak River, a small stream 



79lH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 107 

intersecting the road to Sebastopol, traversed by a bridge which was 
found to be in good repair. As the column approached the bridge a 
distant cannonade was heard, and the galloping of horse artillery to 
the front indicated that the enemy was in view. 

Upon arriving at the crest of some rising ground about a mile 
beyond the river, the brigades of the 1st Division formed line, and 
were ordered to lie down. The horse artillery were in advance of the 
infantry, and the cavalry were posted in some hollow ground still 
further to the front. The glistening of sabres and bayonets reflected 
in the sunshine now brought to view a dark mass of the enemy, 
which was drawn up upon some high ground about a mile in advance, 
with a battery of artillery in position on its left. 

Fire was now opened between the English artillery and that of the 
enemy, and was maintained for upwards of half-an-hour, when a strong 
column of French infantry advanced in order to turn his left flank, 
upon which he withdrew in perfect order. 

The brigades then withdrew over the summit of the ridge nearer to 
the Bulganak, and, piling arms, prepared to bivouac for the night. 
Strong picquets were thrown out in front, and, as it was now six 
o'clock, watering parties were ordered, and the troops prepared to 
refresh themselves with tea and biscuit, it being found impossible to 
cook the ration meat, the only fuel procurable being weeds, as not a 
bush was visible along the whole line of march. Thirteen miles of 
ground had been traversed, and the army was now within five miles of 
the strong position which the Russians had taken up upon the river 
Alma. 

At dawn on the 20th the army got under arms, and at 6 a.m. it was 
announced to the troops that the position occupied by the enemy was 
to be attacked. The sick being embarked on board the fleet at 8 a.m., 
the army advanced in two columns, having the 2nd division on the 
right (communicating with the French left), supported by the 3rd ; 
the light division on the left, supported by the 1st ; with the 4th 
division in reserve. The advance was covered by the 2nd battalion 
Rifle Brigade in extended order, and the left flank by the cavalry and 
reserve artillery. 

After several halts to enable the staff to reconnoitre the enemy's 



108 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

position, the army came within full view of the enemy, occupying a 
ridge of heights on the left bank of the Alma, completely commanding 
the road to Sebastopol and disputing the passage of the river. 

The right bank of the Alma was now approached by the village of 
Burliuk, which is intersected by a road passing to a ford at the river, 
flanked by vineyards to the right and left, and edged by trees and 
brushwood. Opposite to the ford, a rugged and winding mountain 
road ascends to the crest of the hill, with ravines diverging to the right 
and left ; and below the village a good bridge was left standing, 
connecting the Sebastopol road. On the plateau near the summit 
of the ridge, and nearly opposite to the bridge, a very powerful redoubt 
was occupied by the enemy in force, and to the right and left of this 
there were two others on commanding points, the spaces connecting 
all three being filled by columns of infantry. At half-past one p.m. 
the action commenced by the redoubt on the enemy's left opening fire 
on the French columns, which were destined to attack and turn his 
left flank ; the other two redoubts the attack upon which was assigned 
to the British army opening fire as the troops came within range. 
The fire was returned with spirit by the field batteries, which were in 
position close to the stone wall of the vineyard, but with little effect 
on the heavily armed redoubt ; however, from the accuracy of the 
artillery practice, the round shot and shell directed against the enemy's 
infantry, dropped right into his columns, causing much disorder and 
inflicting severe loss. The village of Burliuk was all this time in 
flames, having been fired by the enemy on the approach of the 
British ; and the skirmishers of the Rifle Brigade, rushing through the 
burning village, and entering the vineyard beyond, spread themselves 
along the margin of the river, and engaged the Russian riflemen on 
the opposite side of the bank. 

The several divisions now formed line, and the light and 2nd 
proceeded to the attack, whilst the 1st division advanced close to the 
vineyard wall and was ordered to lie down under a heavy cannonade 
for a quarter-of-an-hour, when it received orders to advance in support 
of the light division. The 1st division, clearing the stone wall at a 
bound, entered and traversed the vineyards ; and, fording the river, 
crossed to the opposite bank. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 109 

Sir Colin Campbell, with much judgment, availed himself of the 
overhanging brow of an abrupt rising ground to the right of the 
mountain pass, by which the Highland brigade was directed to ascend, 
and forming the troops in quarter distance column, advanced in this 
formation, thereby gaining ground for a considerable distance under 
cover, and avoiding one of the most conspicuous points on which the 
guns of the enemy were trained. On reaching the slope of the hill, 
the three regiments rapidly formed in echelon lines, and in admirable 
and imposing array advanced to the attack. On the right the 42nd 
Royal Highlanders preserved the communication with the brigade of 
Guards, in the centre were the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders, and the 
79th formed the extreme left of the whole allied line. The magnificent 
mile of line displayed by the Guards and Highlanders, the prominent 
bearskins, the undulating waves of the clan tartans, the stalwart frames 
and the steady and confident bearing of those young and eager soldiers 
can never be forgotten by those who witnessed the scene, whilst it 
contributed materially to the discouragement of the enemy, whose 
columns perceptibly wavered as the line approached. To waver is to 
be defeated, and the enemy's masses of four-and-twenty deep absolutely 
reeled and staggered to and fro under the murderous fire of the 
Scottish line, which was delivered with great effect at a distance of 
200 yards. 

Kinglake, in his Invasion of the Crimea^ thus describes the advance 
of the 79th : 

" Above the crest or swell of ground on the left rear of the 93rd, 
yet another array of the tall, bending plumes began to rise up in a 
long, ceaseless line, stretching far into the east, and presently, with all 
the grace and beauty that marks a Highland regiment when it springs 
up the side of a hill, the 79th came bounding forward. Without a 
halt, or with only the halt that was needed for dressing the ranks, it 
sprang at the flank of the right Sousdal column, and caught it in its 
sin caught it daring to march across the front of a battalion 
advancing in line ! Wrapped in the fire thus poured upon its flank, 
the hapless column could not march, could not live. It broke, and 
began to fall back in great confusion ; and the left Sousdal column 



110 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

being almost at the same time overthrown by the 93rd, and the two 
columns which had engaged the ' Black Watch ' being now in full 
retreat, the spurs of the hill and the winding dale beyond became 
thronged with the enemy's disordered masses. A cheer now burst 
from the Highlanders, and the hill-sides were made to resound with 
that joyous assuring cry, which is the natural utterance of a northern 
people as long as it is warlike and free." 

In fifteen minutes the centre or great redoubt was stormed and 
captured by the troops of the light division, and the enemy simul- 
taneously abandoned the one on his right, which was occupied by 
two companies of the Cameron Highlanders, commanded by Major 
Clephane, the guns being withdrawn by the enemy. The French 
troops had now succeeded in turning the enemy's left, and he 
retired in confusion from all parts of his position. The allied 
line then advanced, and the horse artillery galloping up the ravine 
opened fire upon his columns, which were in full retreat down the 
opposite side of the ridge, which was crowned on all parts by the 
British infantry. At 5 p.m. all firing ceased, when the army moved 
forward and occupied a second chain of hills in advance of the first, 
leaving the ground recently covered by the enemy considerably in rear, 
and the troops proceeded to form their bivouac. 

The loss of the Cameron Highlanders in the battle of the Alma was 
2 rank and file killed and 7 rank and file wounded. The distinction 
of a Companionship of the Bath was conferred upon Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Douglas, who commanded the regiment ; Captain 
Andrew Hunt was promoted by brevet to be Major in the army, and 
the 79th subsequently received, with other regiments, the royal 
authority to have the word "Alma" inscribed on its colours and 
appointments. The whole of the 21st and 22nd was occupied in the 
interment of the allied and Russian dead, and in conveying the 
wounded on board the fleet. At 7 a.m. on the 23rd the combined 
armies again advanced, and at 3 p.m. arrived at the Katscha river and 
villages, both of which were found deserted by the inhabitants. As 
both the bridges had been left entire, the British army crossed by them 
at the village of Eskel, and bivouacked on a chain of hills beyond 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. Ill 

the river. The French and Turkish armies passed by the lower 
bridge, near the embouchure of the river with the sea, and bivouacked 
on the high ground to the British right. 

At 7 a.m. on the 24th the army marched with the French and 
Turkish troops on the right flank, but were halted in a wide plain 
until nearly noon, when, the sick being embarked, it again advanced, 
and arrived at 3 p.m. at the Belbec river and village ; and, crossing by 
the bridge which was left entire, ascended by a precipitous and wind- 
ing mountain road to a high table land, where it bivouacked a mile 
beyond the river. In its onward march to Kalamita Bay the army 
continued to suffer from Asiatic cholera ; and it is with deep regret 
that the writer has to record the loss from this cause of Doctor R. J. 
Mackenzie, who died on the heights of the Belbec at 8 a.m. on the 
25th, sincerely and deeply regretted by all ranks of the 79th, and by a 
wide circle of private friends, who were much attached to him for his 
personal qualities and disinterested motives in serving with the army. 
The victim of his ardent love of his profession, Doctor Mackenzie 
followed the army on foot, undergoing much fatigue and sharing its 
every privation. So highly were his services appreciated by the 79th, 
that after the battle of Alma, on his coming up to the regiment from 
attendance on the wounded, several of the men called out " Three 
cheers for Dr. Mackenzie ! " which was promptly and warmly responded 
to. As an instance of the important services rendered to the army 
generally by Dr. Mackenzie, it may be here stated that, after the battle 
of Alma, he performed no fewer than twenty-seven capital operations 
with his own hands, two of them being amputations at the hip joint. 
The relatives of the unfortunate gentleman will be pleased to learn, that 
after the notification of peace a neat tombstone, with an appropriate 
inscription and fenced in by a stone wall, was erected to his memory by 
the regiment on the heights of the Belbec, near to his resting-place. 

The army prepared to move at 7 a m. on the 25th, but counter- 
orders were issued, and it remained inactive until 1 1 in the forenoon, 
when it proceeded on its march, in columns of divisions, through a 
dense forest of underwood, which harassed the men and greatly im- 
peded the march of the troops. The order of the previous day's 
march was reversed, the French and Turkish troops being on the 



112 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

British left whilst the artillery, cavalry, and commissariat covered the 
only road which led through the wood. Precisely at noon Sebastopol 
came in view, distant about three miles directly in front, when the 
line of march was suddenly changed to almost due south-east, leaving 
Sebastopol to the right and rear. The army continued to struggle 
onwards under a fierce sunshine, and at 4 p.m. the 1st division, fol- 
lowing the route of the light division, debouched from the wood upon 
the highway from Simpheropol to Sebastopol, at a spot marked in the 
map as " Mackenzie's Farm." At an angle in the road were numerous 
carriages, a few prisoners, and two ammunition waggons, captured by 
the cavalry advance guard from the rear of a Russian division half- 
an-hour previously. Proceeding on the march down a very precipi- 
tous mountain road, a most magnificent and extensive plain came in 
view, surrounded by very high mountains, intersected by numerous 
ravines, and covered with dwarf trees and brushwood. Numerous 
traces of the late brush with the enemy, in the shape of clothing, 
bridles, and saddlery, with broken carriages and their contents, were 
strewed along the road, encumbering the march ; and at nightfall the 
division crossing the Tchernaya by the Traktir bridge, about 8 o'clock 
arrived at its bivouac on a high hill overlooking the valley it had just 
left. 

At 7 a.m. on the 26th the march was resumed, the various divisions 
descending to the high road, and advancing in columns of sections of 
companies till they crossed the Woronzoff road and entered the plain of 
Balaclava, where they formed in columns of divisions and advanced, 
preceded by the Rifle Brigade in extended order. About noon the 
column halted in the plain, while the skirmishers of the Rifle Brigade 
ascended the steep acclivities on both sides of the harbour, and a 
troop of Horse Artillery entered Balaclava by the lower road. At 
1 p.m. the sharp crack of the Minie rifle, with the fire from the 
Horse Artillery and booming of guns from the fleet outside the har- 
bour, intimated that the old Genoese fort, held by the enemy, had 
been attacked. In fifteen minutes it surrendered, when the fleet 
entered the harbour, and the army at once proceeded to form its 
bivouac. 

A base of operations being thus secured, the army proceeded by 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 113 

divisions and encamped together with the French troops on the south 
side of Sebastopol, as it had been resolved to proceed with the siege 
of that important fortress. 

On the 1st of October the 1st division marched from Balaclava 
and encamped on the right of the light division before Sebastopol, to 
assist in the duties of the siege. The 93rd Highlanders were detached 
from the brigade, and encamped on a rising ground to the right of the 
road leading from the valley to the town and harbour of Balaclava, 
1,200 men of the Royal Marines were landed from the fleet and 
encamped on the opposite height, numerous batteries were erected, 
and a chain of redoubts constructed across the entrance to the plain 
commanding the Woronzoff road. The defence of these redoubts 
was entrusted to Turkish artillery and infantry. On the 3rd and 4th, 
tents were landed and distributed to the army in sufficient proportion 
to afford cover to the troops, and all necessary preparations for the 
siege proceeded with vigour. 

With a view to facilitating the recruiting of Scotchmen for the 
Highland regiments serving in the Crimea, the Highland depots 
attached to the battalion at Winchester, were, in the month of Sep- 
tember, removed to several stations in Scotland. The 79th depot, 
under the command of Captain T. B. Butt, proceeded by railway from 
Winchester to London, and again by rail from London to Aberdeen, 
where it occupied barracks. 

On the 8th of October Sir Colin Campbell was appointed to the 
important command of the troops and position of Balaclava, and was 
succeeded in command of the Highland brigade by Colonel D. A. 
Cameron of the 42nd, as colonel on the staff, and subsequently as 
major-general with local rank. 

Early in this month Lieutenant F. A. Grant died of cholera before 
Sebastopol. 

On the 9th the army again broke ground before Sebastopol, when 
the 79th and other regiments of the division furnished strong covering 
and working parties to guard the trenches and batteries. 

On the 17th the English and French batteries opened fire upon the 
Russian defences, and the regiment furnished, along with others, ten 
volunteers, and the brigade one subaltern officer, to act as sharp- 

l 



114 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

shooters in picking off the enemy's gunners and engaging his riflemen. 
Lieutenant Edward William Cuming of the 79th was the volunteer 
officer from the brigade, and he rendered good service in the 
performance of this very important duty. 

At 7 a.m. on the 25th the report of guns from the plain of 
Balaclava, followed by the galloping of numerous staff officers, and 
the order for the 1st division to " fall in," apprised the army that an 
attack was meditated in the direction of Balaclava. The 1st, and 
afterwards the 4th divisions, with their field batteries under the 
command of Lieutenant-General Sir George Cathcart, moved rapidly 
to the scene of the attack, witnessing the events of the battle as they 
proceeded to the valley by the heights along the rear of the French 
position. 

From a hill on the left bank of the Tchernaya, a heavy battery of 
the enemy's guns was playing upon the Turkish redoubts at the head 
of the valley, from which the fire was returned with spirit at a distance 
of three-quarters of a mile. Heavy columns of Russian infantry, 
with a numerous artillery, emerging from the defile of Tchorgoum, 
crossed the low ground and advanced in beautiful order, preceded by 
a cloud of skirmishers, towards the Woronzoff road, covered by the 
fire of their artillery, which slackened as they approached the road. 
Before, however, the sharp-shooters had neared the redoubts, the 
Turks abandoned them and fled across the plain towards Balaclava, 
the recreant Moslems in their rapid flight rushing through the 93rd 
Highlanders, who were formed in line on a rising ground in front of 
the village of Kadikoi, with the Jnvalid battalion commanded by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Daveney on their left. Suddenly from six to 
eight squadrons of Russian cavalry dashed up the slope, crossed 
the road, and galloping through the plain, sabred many of the fugitive 
Turks. Onward they swept in the direction of the 93rd, which 
opened fire in line at a distance of 400 yards, when they wheeled 
about, and, galloping off, disappeared in the gorge of a chain of hills 
in the direction of the village of Kamara. 

The repulse of this attack upon the 93rd was followed by the 
splendid charge of the British heavy cavalry brigade, commanded by 
General Scarlett, upon another formidable body of the Russian 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 115 

cavalry. It was a fearful shock, but the combat was short and 
decisive, and in seven minutes the enemy broke and retired across 
the plain in great disorder, leaving numbers of killed and wounded 
on the ground, 60 prisoners, and 40 horses. 

The 1st division now arrived on the battle-field, and soon 
afterwards the 4th division and a brigade of French infantry. They 
immediately formed in two lines in order of battle, while the light 
cavalry brigade, under the Earl of Cardigan, took post rather in 
advance of the left of the line of infantry. The guns of the 4th 
division now opened fire on the captured redoubts, which the enemy 
soon abandoned ; and Liprandi, declining the proffered battle, with- 
drew his infantry in the direction of Kamara. The light cavalry 
brigade was then ordered to advance and endeavour to prevent the 
Russians from carrying off the guns taken from the Turks, but, from 
some fatal mistake, it was led at a gallop along the valley, swept by 
the Russian guns, to the left of the ridge of hills occupied by the 
Turkish redoubts, and was directed against a Russian battery at the 
extreme end of the valley. The brigade rushed on under a 
murderous fire from all arms, and actually rode through the spaces 
between the guns, sabring the enemy's artillerymen ; but, alas ! the 
triumph was short-lived, and the splendid light brigade now found 
itself exposed to a front and flank fire of musketry, to a cross fire 
from several masked batteries, and to an attack in flank by a large 
force of the enemy's cavalry. In fifteen minutes after reaching the 
enemy's guns, it was obliged to retire, after suffering a loss of more 
than half its numbers in men and horses. 

The infantry divisions now piled arms in the plain to await events ; 
and, as Liprandi evinced no disposition to renew the combat, the 
4th division and the brigade of Guards of the 1st division were 
withdrawn at nightfall to their encampment before Sebastopol. The 
42nd and 79th were moved to a new position on the heights on the 
north side of the valley of Balaclava, communicating with the Royal 
Marines, the 93rd occupying their former encampment on the left of 
the road leading into the town and harbour, whilst three Turkish 
battalions were posted at intervals to complete the communication at 
various points. Preparations to throw up a strong line of entrench- 



116 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

ments along the heights above Balaclava were immediately commenced, 
and several batteries of heavy guns were erected by the Royal Marine 
artillery. 

At 6 a.m. on the 5th of November, the enemy having ascended 
by several ravines leading to the heights opposite Inkerman, under 
cover of a dense fog, attacked the right of the English line before 
Sebastopol in overwhelming force, covered by a powerful artillery, 
which he had placed unperceived in position during the previous 
night, whilst a sortie was directed against the left flank of the allies to 
divert the French troops from reinforcing the English right. A 
feigned attack was simultaneously made upon .the rear of the French 
position by the valley of Balaclava, the troops occupied in its defence 
being menaced by a complete division of cavalry and infantry, with 
two batteries of artillery drawn up in column on the left bank of the 
Tchernaya, and a squadron of Cossack cavalry was thrown out from 
this division in extended order to nearly within musket shot of the 
line of entrenchments. 

After a bloody and obstinately contested action of six hours' 
duration, the division of General Bosquet arrived to the support of 
the British, and the battle of " Inkerman " terminated in a repulse 
of the enemy with heavy losses and the withdrawal of his forces 
within the walls of Sebastopol. 

1855. 

The Highland brigade, in conjunction with the Royal Marines and 
Turkish infantry, and latterly with 600 Zouaves in support, continued 
encamped on the heights of Balaclava until the 21st of May, 1855. 

Although the Highland brigade was thus at an early period of the 
campaign unavoidably withdrawn from the siege operations before 
Sebastopol, it had all important duties to perform besides those 
inseparable from the unremitting vigilance imperatively called for in 
the defence of the base of operations of the army. In the month of 
December, 1854, and January and February, 1855, all the available 
duty men of the Highland brigade were usually employed at daylight 
every morning in the severe fatigue of conveying to the army before 
Sebastopol round shot, shell, and provisions, the load assigned to each 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 117 

man being generally a 32-lb. shot, carried in a sack, or 56 Ibs. of biscuit. 
The preparation of gabions and fascines for the works of the siege, 
numerous public fatigue duties in the harbour of Balaclava and else- 
where, as well as the labour required for strengthening the entrench- 
ments, likewise devolved upon the brigade. 

In the month of January, 1855, the arrival of numerous vessels 
from England freighted with wooden huts for the army enabled the 
Cameron Highlanders to proceed with their erection, and on the 10th 
of January the first hut was finished and occupied by the sick. Others 
were completed in succession, and on the 28th of February the 
regiment was fully hutted. 

On the 20th of February the brigade, one wing of the 2nd battalion 
Rifle Brigade, the 71st Highlanders, and the Royal Marines were 
employed in a reconnaissance of the position and force of the enemy 
near Tchorgoum. The troops were ordered to fall in at midnight, 
but the weather, which had been fine for the previous week, suddenly 
changed, rain falling in torrents as midnight approached. The 
movement was therefore deferred till 2 a.m. on the 21st, at which 
hour the rain was succeeded by a drifting snowstorm, accompanied 
with a piercing north-east wind, which blew right in the faces of the 
men, and the morning being intensely dark, objects were scarcely visible 
at the distance of a few yards. Notwithstanding these unfavourable 
circumstances, and the non-appearance of General Vinoy's French 
brigade, which was to have co-operated, Sir Colin Campbell moved 
the troops into the plain and advanced cautiously, preceded by the 
71st in extended order, until close upon the Tchernaya, where day- 
break found them benumbed with cold and blinded by snowdrift, at 
the same time that the French troops were perceived coming up in 
support. The delay enabled the enemy's picquets to give the alarm, 
and the intended surprise proving a failure, the troops returned to 
their encampment at 10 a.m. utterly exhausted, and in numerous 
instances frost-bitten in the ears and tips of the fingers. 

In the months of January, February, March, and April, sickness 
prevailed in the regiment to a great extent, appearing principally in 
the shape of low fever and dysentery, arising in the first instance 
from privation and exposure, subsequently aggravated by the moist 



118 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

nature of the ground on which the huts were erected, small springs 
oozing to the surface underneath the flooring, generating fungi and 
grasses. At length the sick list became so numerous that it was 
decided to vacate the huts, and encamp the regiment under canvas 
about 300 yards higher up the slope, at the foot of the Marine heights, 
on a beautiful plateau, having a south-western aspect, and pervaded 
in all parts by the sea breezes. As soon as this change was effected a 
remarkable decrease occurred in the sick list, and fever ceased to 
develop itself. 

On the 22nd of May an expedition, commanded by Lieutenant- 
General Sir George Brown, G.C.B., consisting of the Highland Bri- 
gade, the 71st Highlanders, 800 men of the Royal Marines, with 
artillery and Land Transport, together with the French division of 
Lieutenant-General D'Autemarre, and a division of Turkish infantry, 
embarked at Balaclava and Kamiesch for the purpose of capturing 
Kertch and Yenikale, and of acting in concert with a fleet of gunboats, 
intercepting the enemy's communications by the sea of Azof. The 
79th embarked under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Douglas, in H.M.S. Furious, which, with other vessels of the expedition, 
arrived off Ambalaki bay, six miles from Kertch, at 2 p.m. on the 24th. 
The troops landed without opposition, and inarching for three miles 
ascended a ridge of hills, and bivouacked for the night. 

As the troops were disembarking, a succession of explosions, 
occurring at intervals, informed the expedition that the enemy had 
blown up his magazines. 

At sunrise on the 25th the troops advanced towards Kertch, where 
they halted until guards were established and several government 
buildings set on fire. The Russian troops had previously evacuated 
and fired their barracks on the approach of the expedition. The 
column then proceeded on its march to Yenikale at the entrance to 
the sea of Azof, where no resistance being offered the town was 
taken possession of by the allied forces at 4 p.m., and the troops 
proceeded to bivouac on high ground in its immediate vicinity. 

On the 20th the tents were landed, and strong working parties were 
immediately employed, under the able superintendence of Colonel 
Gordon, R.E., in throwing up entrenchments and constructing redoubts 










79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 119 

at various points for the defence of the position of Yenikale. On the 
29th the 79th was detached to occupy the Quarantine barracks, four 
miles equidistant from Kertch and Yenikale, in order to keep open 
the communications between these two stations. The barracks thus 
occupied were situated close to the water's edge, on the east side of 
the bay of Kertch, having a fine pier for small craft, and vast piles of 
buildings, consisting of hospitals, store-houses, stabling, &c., in 
excellent condition. The outer wall was loopholed for musketry and 
a breastwork erected exterior to the main gate by Lieutenant Anderson, 
R.E., and a party of sappers. 

The regiment continued in undisturbed possession of the Quarantine 
barracks until the 12th of June, when it received orders to burn the 
barracks and other buildings and embark for Balaclava. It accordingly 
proceeded in boats from the Quarantine station to the bay of Kertch, 
where it embarked on board the Colombo, the last company previous 
to pushing off having fired the various buildings, which soon blazed 
fiercely, sending forth vast columns of smoke across the bay as long 
as the Colombo remained in sight. 

At 4 p.m. the fleet of transports sailed, having the whole of the 
British expeditionary force on board, excepting the 71st Highlanders, 
who were left, with some French troops and a large force of Turkish 
artillery and infantry, to defend the entrenched position of Yenikale 
and Pavlovskaya. On the 14th the Colombo anchored off Balaclava, 
and the regiment, landing on the 15th, marched to its old encampment 
for the night ; but the position of Balaclava and the line of the 
Tchernaya being now held by the Sardinian army, the Highland 
Brigade marched the following day and joined their old companions 
in arms, the brigade of Guards before Sebastopol again re-uniting the 
division, the command of which was assumed by Major-General Sir 
Colin Campbell. 

The 79th with its division was hereafter employed in the siege 
operations before Sebastopol. During the assault of the advanced 
works, styled respectively the Malakoff and the Redan, by the French 
and English troops simultaneously on the 18th of June, the division 
was drawn up in reserve in advance of Picquet House Hill, ready to 
act as circumstances might require ; but upon the failure of both 



120 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

attacks its services were not called for, and it returned to its encamp- 
ment at 4 p.m. having been sixteen hours under arms. 

On the 28th of June Lord Raglan, the commander-in-chief of the 
British army, expired, universally and deeply regretted, and was 
succeeded in command by Lieutenant-General Sir James Simpson, 
the chief of staff. 

The formation of an additional division to the army having been 
determined on in consequence of the accession of several regiments 
as reinforcements, on the 16th of August the 9th, 13th, 31st, and 56th 
regiments of the line were incorporated with the brigade of Guards 
into the 1st division, commanded by Major-General Lord Rokeby; 
the 1st and 2nd battalions of the Royals, and the 72nd Highlanders, 
joining the 2nd brigade, who were, together with the old Highland 
brigade, now designated the Highland division, and continued under 
command of Lieutenant-General Sir Colin Campbell. 

The 79th continued to share in the operations of the siege of 
Sebastopol. On the 16th of August the enemy attacked the French 
and Sardinian positions on the Tchernaya in great force, but were 
repulsed at all points with severe loss. On the 24th of August 
information was received from spies by General Simpson to the effect 
that the enemy meditated a renewal of the attack on the French and 
Sardinian positions. The 1st brigade of the Highland division, and 
the 72nd Highlanders from the 2nd brigade, were therefore ordered 
as a reinforcement to proceed to the vicinity of Kamara and await 
orders. At 1 a.m. on the 25th it accordingly marched from its 
encampment before Sebastopol, and arrived before dawn at the 
appointed locality ; but, the anticipated attack not being realised, it 
was withdrawn, when it received orders to proceed on the following 
morning and occupy the position it had previously left. The brigade 
therefore marched at dawn on the 26th with tents and baggage, and 
encamped on a beautiful slope beyond the village of Kamara in close 
proximity to the Sardinian head-quarters. 

The brigade continued encamped at Kamara until arrangements 
were made for a second assault on the exterior defences of Sebastopol. 
At 7 a.m. on the 8th of September it marched to take part in the 
assault, crossed the valley of Balaclava, ascended by the Karanyi road, 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 121 

and reached the Guards' encampment at 10.30 a.m., where the men 
were relieved of their knapsacks and feather-bonnets, which were 
piled by companies and delivered in charge to a guard of the 
71st Highlanders. The brigade resuming its march at 11.30 a.m. 
entered the first parallel by the middle or French ravine, and 
gradually moving onward by the approaches under a tremendous fire, 
at 4 p.m. reached the fifth or most advanced parallel fronting the 
great redan, where it was disposed of in the following order : the 
79th under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel R. C. H. Taylor on 
the right, with the 72nd on its left, both in line in the fifth parallel. 
The 42nd and 93rd in the same order in the fourth parallel, the 
42nd supporting the 79th and the 93rd the 72nd. The works of 
the redan had by this time been stormed by details from the light 
and 2nd divisions, the officers and men of which, after exhibiting 
a devotion and courage not to be surpassed, were compelled to 
retire with severe loss, whilst the simultaneous attack, executed by 
the French troops against the works of the Malakoff, was crowned 
with success. 

The brigade continued to occupy the advanced trenches under a 
heavy fire throughout the remainder of the day, and at 9 p.m. it 
was intimated to officers commanding regiments that it was to assault 
the redan at dawn on the following morning. At 10 p.m. the 
enemy's fire slackened, and only a dropping fire of musketry 
succeeded until midnight, when it ceased altogether. From 11 
p.m. until 1 a.m. on the 9th, a succession of explosions occurred 
within the city, and by 2 a.m. Sebastopol was one vast sheet of 
flame and smoke, rendering objects distinctly visible in the town and 
harbour. At about 5 a.m. it was accurately ascertained that the 
enemy had abandoned all his works and was in full retreat across 
the harbour by a bridge of boats. At 6 a.m. two companies of 
the 79th, under Captain Hodgson, took possession of the redan 
and its works, and at 8 a.m. the Highland brigade was relieved 
by several regiments of the 4th division, when it returned to its 
encampment, which it reached at 3 p.m., having been thirty-three 
hours under arms. 

The loss of the Cameron Highlanders on the day of the assault 



122 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

and in the various operations during the siege, was 17 rank and file 
killed ; Lieutenant D. H. McBarnet, Assistant-Surgeon Edward Louis 
Lundy, 3 sergeants, 1 drummer, and 39 rank and file wounded. For 
its services during the siege the distinction of a Companionship of 
the Bath was conferred upon the junior Lieutenant-Colonel, R. C. H. 
Taylor ; Majors R. D. Clephane and McCall were promoted by brevet 
to be lieutenant-colonels in the army ; Captains W. C. Hodgson and 
H. W. Campbell were promoted to the brevet rank of major ; and it 
received, in conjunction with other regiments engaged, the royal 
authority to have the word " Sebastopol " inscribed on its colours and 
appointments. 

The division remained under canvas until the 17th of November, 
when the 79th, with the other regiments of the 1st brigade, struck 
tents and occupied wooden huts erected on new ground contiguous 
to the old encampment at Kamara. 

1856. 

The regiment continued to occupy its hutted encampment at 
Kamara, organising its camp equipment and preparing for the 
anticipated campaign when the season for active operations again 
commenced ; but on the 2nd of April the signature of the treaty of 
peace with Russia was announced to the army by a salute of 100 guns, 
and a friendly interchange of civilities was established between the 
allied and Russian armies. 

On the 17th of April, 1856, the Highland division marched from 
its encampment to the heights before Sebastopol, where the English 
and French armies were reviewed by His Excellency General Luders, 
the Russian commander-in-chief, and a very numerous staff. After 
the review it marched back to its encampment, which it reached at 
9 p.m. 

On the 8th of May it became known that Sir Colin Campbell was 
about to return to England, and at 9 a.m. on the 9th the old Highland 
brigade, consisting of the 42nd, 79th, and 93rd regiments, was formed 
up in three sides of a square of close columns, on ground contiguous 
to the encampment at Kamara, when General Sir Colin Campbell, 
G.C.B., and Major-General D. A. Cameron, C.B., with their respective 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 123 

staffs rode up, and Sir Colin, taking off his hat, delivered the following 
farewell address to the troops : 

" Soldiers of the 42nd, 79th, and 93rd ! old Highland brigade ; 
with whom I passed the early and perilous part of this war, I have 
now to take leave of you ; in a few hours I shall be on board ship, 
never to see you again as a body a long farewell ! I am now old, and 
shall not be called to serve any more, and nothing will remain to me 
but the memory of my campaigns and of the enduring, hardy, 
generous soldiers with whom I have been associated, whose name and 
glory will long be kept alive in the hearts of our countrymen. When 
you go home, as you gradually fulfil your term of service, each to his 
family and his cottage, and you tell the story of your immortal 
advance in that victorious echelon up the heights of Alma, and of the 
old brigadier who led you and loved you so well ; your children and 
your children's children will repeat the tale to other generations, when 
only a few lines of history will remain to record the discipline and 
enthusiasm which have borne you so stoutly to the end of this war. 
Our native land will never forget the name of the Highland brigade, 
and in some future war the nation will call for another one to equal 
this which it can never surpass. 

" Though I shall be gone, the thought of you will go with me 
wherever I shall be and cheer my old age with a glorious recollection 
of dangers confronted and hardships endured a pipe will never sound 
near me without carrying me back to those bright days when I was at 
your head, and wore the bonnet you gained for me, and the honour- 
able decorations on my breast, many of which I owe to your conduct. 
Brave soldiers ; kind comrades ! Farewell ! " 

At the conclusion a spontaneous cheer burst from officers and men, 
which was continued until Sir Colin, much affected, withdrew, 
accompanied by Major-General Cameron and their respective staffs, 
when the troops returned to their several encampments. 

On the evening of the 9th of May Sir Colin was entertained at a 
farewell dinner given in his honour by the officers of the Highland 
division, 




24 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



On the 6th of June the division paraded and marched to the head- 
quarters of the general commanding at the camp before Sebastopol 
in order to attend the ceremony of an investiture of the Order of the 
Bath, held by General Lord Gough as the representative of Her 
Majesty the Queen. After the conclusion of the ceremony the troops 
were reviewed by Marshal Pelissier, the French commander-in-chief, 
and Lord Gough, when the division returned to its encampment. 

In terms of the treaty of peace, the evacuation of the Crimea was 
now rapidly proceeded with. On the 15th of June the Cameron 
Highlanders embarked at Balaclava on board the steam-transport 
Victoria, which sailed immediately. After touching at Malta and 
Gibraltar, the vessel arrived in safety at Spithead on the 3rd of July. 
On the 5th, at 4 a.m., the regiment disembarked in the dockyard 
at Portsmouth, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Douglas, C.B., and proceeded immediately by rail to the camp at 
Aldershot. 

For their services in the Crimea every officer, non-commissioned 
officer, and man of the regiment engaged received the Crimean and 
Turkish War Medals ; and, in addition to the distinctions already 
mentioned the following decorations were conferred on members of 
the regiment : 

THE LEGION OF HONOUR. 

Lieutenant-Colonel McCall 
Brevet -Major Hodgson 
Captain H. W. Campbell 
Lieutenant and Adjutant J. Young 
Sergeant W. Davie 



THE MEDJIDIE. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Douglas, C.B. - 
Lieutenant-Colonel R. C. H. Taylor, C.B. 
Captain A. C. McBarnet 
Captain E. W. Cuming 
Captain H. H. Stevenson 
Lieutenant J. M. Leith 
Lieutenant W. McGill .... 
Surgeon T. Goldie-Scot 



4th class 
5th class 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 125 

SARDINIAN MEDAL. 

Lieutenant-Colonel J. Douglas, C.B. 
Lieutenant-Colonel R. C. H. Taylor, C.B. 
Major R D. Clephane 
Captain H. H. Stevenson 
Qnarter-Mattca 1 R- Jameson 

FRENCH WAR MEDAL. 
(Elected by their Comrades. ) 

Colour-Sergeant James Spencer 

Colour-Sergeant Alexander Goodbrand 

Sergeant William Gunn 

Sergeant William Davie 

Private James Wilkie 

Private Robert Bruce 

Private James Sloane 

MEDAL FOR DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT IN THE FIELD, WITH 
ANNUITY OR GRATUITY. 

Sergeant-Major Thomas Bunyan - - 20 annuity 

Qr. -Master-Sergeant Duncan Mclntyre 15 gratuity 

Lance-Sergeant James Smith - - 10 ,, 

Lance-Sergeant William Thorn - 10 ,, 

Lance-Sergeant Daniel Baker - - 10 ,, 

Sergeant James Johnston 10 ,, 

Private Alexander Sandison 5 ,, 

Private George Kirk 5 ,, 

Private Robert Andrew - 5 ,, 

Private Donald Angus ... 5 , , 

Private John Morton - - - 5 ,, 

Private Charles Webb 5 

Private Thomas Gow - - - - 5 ., 

Private James Douglas 5 ,, 

Private Robert Buchanan - - 5 ,, 

Private James Dow - 5 ,, 

A monument was erected in the Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, by 
the regiment to the memory of their comrades who fell in the 
campaign. The monument is of granite, and has the following 
inscription upon it ; 




126 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

IN MEMORY OF 

COLONEL THE HONOURABLE LANDERDALE MAULE, 
LIEUT. -COLONEL E. J. ELLIOT, LIEUT. -COLONEL JAMES FERGUSON, 

CAPTAIN ADAM MAITLAND, 
LIEUTENANT F. A. GRANT, LIEUTENANT F. J. HARRISON, 

DR. R. J. MACKENZIE ; 
ALSO 369 NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND MEN 

OF THE 

79TH HIGHLANDERS, 

Who died in Bulgaria and the Crimea, or fell in action during 
the Campaign of 1854-55 

On the 8th of July the whole of the troops then encamped at 
Aldershot had the honour of being reviewed by Her Majesty the 
Queen, their Royal Highnesses Prince Albert and the Duke of 
Cambridge, besides numerous other persons of distinction. At the 
termination of the review Her Majesty addressed a selected number 
of officers, non-commissioned officers and men from each of the 
regiments present which had served in the Crimea, in highly com- 
plimentary terms, thanking them for the devotion and gallantry they 
had displayed in her service and their country's cause. At the 
conclusion of the Royal speech Her Majesty was loudly cheered by 
the officers and men she addressed. 

On the 10th of July the regiment was removed by railway from the 
camp at Aldershot to Dover Castle, in order to join the division 
assembling at Shomcliffe and Dover under the command of Major- 
General Sir H. W. Barnard, K.C.B. It was again brigaded with 
the 42nd and 93rd Highlanders, under the command of its former 
brigadier, Major-General D. A. Cameron, C.B. 

On the 30th of September the 79th was removed to barracks at 
Canterbury, within the divisional command, in consequence of the 
breaking up of the encampment on Dover heights rendering a new 
distribution of the troops necessary. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 127 

On the 5th of December the regimental depot was removed from 
Aberdeen to Stirling Castle, where it joined the depot battalion formed 
there under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel E. A. G. Muller. 

1857. 

On the 28th of February the 79th was called upon to furnish 70 
volunteers to the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders. 

On the 31st of March the regiment marched from Canterbury to 
the camp at Shorncliffe, where it joined the brigade of Lieutenant- 
General Lord West, consisting of the 44th, 72nd, and 98th regiments, 
but its services in camp were of brief duration for on the 23rd of 
June orders of readiness for its removal to Dublin were received. 

On the 25th the regiment accordingly proceeded by railway from 
Shorncliffe to London, where it was temporarily quartered by wings 
in Portman Street and St. John's Wood barracks, preparatory to its 
being present at a review to be held in Hyde Park by Her Majesty 
the Queen for the inauguration of the new order of the Victoria Cross, 
and for the purpose of presenting the same to several officers and men 
of the Crimean army. 

At 9 o'clock on the morning of the 26th, in presence of an 
immense assemblage from the metropolis and surrounding neighbour- 
hood, the troops were formed in Hyde Park in review order. They 
consisted of the Household Brigades of Cavalry and Infantry, 6th 
Dragoons, llth Hussars, one troop of Horse Artillery and two Field 
Batteries, one battalion of Royal Marines, 79th Highlanders, 2nd bat- 
talion Rifle Brigade, one company Royal Sappers and Miners, and 
one troop of Military Train, the whole representing a division of 
10,000 men, commanded by General Sir Colin Campbell, G.C.B. 
Precisely at 10 o'clock a royal salute from the Field Batteries an- 
nounced the approach of Her Majesty, who arrived on horseback, 
accompanied by their Royal Highnesses Prince Albert and the Duke 
of Cambridge, and followed by a brilliant staff. As Her Majesty 
advanced towards the line she was received by a royal salute, and 
she then proceeded to distribute the much-coveted decoration of the 
new order, in which she was assisted by the Adjutant-General, who 
called out the rank, name, and corps of each recipient in succession, 



128 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the termination of the ceremony of presentation the troops 
marched past in slow and quick time, formed line, advanced, halted, 
and performed the royal salute by presenting arms, which closed the 
proceedings on this eventful and interesting occasion. 

On the morning of the 27th the regiment marched from Portman 
Street and St. John's Wood barracks to the Euston Square station, 
from whence it proceeded by railway to Liverpool, and embarked for 
Dublin on the same day. On the 28th it landed at Kingstown, and 
was quartered in the Royal barracks, Dublin. 

The alarming intelligence of the revolt of several Sepoy regiments, 
and of the existence of disaffection amongst others, now reached Her 
Majesty's government, and reinforcements of European troops being 
urgently called for, the officer commanding the 79th received pressing 
orders on the 1st of July to make immediate preparations for the 
embarkation of the regiment for India. By the accession of 
volunteers from several line regiments, the 79th was completed to 
1,000 rank and file, and on the 25th the regiment was inspected by 
General Lord Seaton, commanding the forces in Ireland. 

On the 31st of July, being within a month of the receipt of the 
order, the head-quarters, band, grenadiers, 1st and 2nd companies, 
and light company embarked at Kingstown, under the command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel John Douglas, C.B., on board the Walmer Castle, 
and sailed the following day ; the left wing, consisting of the 3rd, 4th, 
5th, 6th, and 7th companies, under Major Butt, embarked on the 1st 
of August in the Louisiana and Tyburnia transports, and both vessels 
proceeded to sea on the following day. The men were in the highest 
spirits, and their good conduct, and the rapid and exemplary manner 
in which the embarkation was conducted, elicited the following 
garrison order from the General Officer commanding the Dublin 
division. 

" Town Major's Office, Dublin, 

"31st July, 1857. 

" The Major-General commanding the division considers it only due 
to the 79th Highlanders to express his satisfaction at the very soldier- 
like manner in which the head-quarters of the regiment marched from 
the barracks and effected their embarkation at Kingstown this 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 129 

morning ; and he trusts this notice of his approbation may serve as 
an inducement to the troops generally, under similar circumstances, 
to effect their removals in a like creditable manner. 

(Signed) " G. MYLIUS, 

" Town Major." 

The following officers embarked with the regiment : 

Colonel John Douglas, C.B. ; Majors T. B. Butt and Hodgson ; 
Captains Maitland, McBarnet, Miller, Stevenson, Percival, Turner, 
Currie, Leith, Scovell, and McDonald ; Lieutenants Mackesy, 
Durant, Allen, McNair, Crawford, de Carteret, Cleather, F. Campbell, 
McMurdo, Gawne, Everett, Neil Campbell, Alleyne, Walker, and 
Wimberley ; Ensigns McGuire, Stewart, Dougal, J. Campbell, Duff, 
Holford, McCausland, and Kerr ; Paymaster Cant ; Adjutant Young ; 
Quarter-Master McGill ; Surgeon J. Goldie Scot ; Assistant-Surgeons 
Drysdale, Roberts, and Kilgour. 

The detachments on board the Louisiana and Tyburnia, under 
Majors Butt and Hodgson respectively, arrived after a prosperous 
voyage at Point de Galle, Ceylon, within a day of each other, and 
were transhipped there to H.M.S. Simoom. 

The Simoom arrived at Calcutta on the 17th of November, and the 
six companies of the 79th disembarked the following day, being 
quartered in the Town Hall, which was the largest building in the city. 

Lieutenant-Colonel R. H. C. Taylor, C.B., who had come to India 
by the overland route, now assumed command of the six companies. 

Seven young officers of the H.E.I.C. service were on the 1st of 
December attached for duty to the 79th, and continued to serve with 
the regiment until the termination of the campaign. 

During their stay in the Town Hall at Calcutta the six companies, 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor, C.B., were reviewed 
by the Governor- General of India, the steadiness of the men eliciting 
his warmest approbation. They were on this occasion brigaded with 
the 42nd Highlanders and the Calcutta Volunteers. 

After a voyage of 90 days the Walmer Castle ', with the head- 
quarters of the regiment, dropped anchor in Madras Roads on the 
1st of November, 1857 ; here the first intimation of the frightful 

K 



130 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

atrocities committed by the revolted Sepoys at Meerut, Delhi, 
Cawnpore, and other stations in the Bengal Presidency, was received 
by the regiment, creating a thrill of horror and indignation, and 
giving rise to a desire for vengeance among all ranks. Notwith- 
standing that the services of the regiment under these circumstances 
were most urgently required in Bengal, the Walmer Castle was 
detained at Madras until the 3rd, when orders being received to 
proceed to Calcutta it put to sea, and arrived and dropped anchor 
there on the 27th of November, 1857. 

The head-quarters and right wing disembarked on the 28th, and 
occupied barracks in Fort William, where they were joined by the left 
wing from the Town Hall. 

After remaining at Fort William for four days the Cameron 
Highlanders received orders to proceed by rail without delay to 
Raneegunge, for which place they started on the 2nd of December, 
under the command of Colonel John Douglas, C.B. ; at Raneegunge 
they occupied temporary straw huts whilst waiting for transport to 
convey them to the front. On the 16th of the same month the 
regiment proceeded by detachments to Allahabad by bullock train, 
and all were assembled there again by the 25th. 

1858. 

On the 4th of January, 1858, Brigadier-General Campbell, com- 
manding at Allahabad, received information that a large body of the 
mutineers had assembled at Munseala, in the Secundra district, twelve 
miles from Allahabad. 

Immediate orders were therefore issued for the 79th, some Rifles, 
and a battery of Artillery to parade at midnight, carrying one day's 
cooked rations, and to march as rapidly as possible to dislodge 
the enemy. 

The force arrived at Secundragunge at daybreak, where the enemy 
was found in position with three guns on the opposite side of a ravine. 
The attack was commenced by the Grenadier and No. 1 companies, 
which were thrown out in skirmishing order. The defence was very 
feeble, and the enemy after a few rounds from their guns abandoned 
them and took to flight, being pursued by the regiment from village 




79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 131 

to village. Numbers of the mutineers were cut down by a troop of 
Horse Artillery acting as cavalry. 

At the village of Papahmow a halt was made, as it was ascertained 
that the rebels had dispersed in all directions and that further pursuit 
was useless. 

During the engagement large numbers of the enemy were taken 
prisoners, and his loss in killed and wounded amounted to 600. 

In this affair the 79th had no casualties. 

The regiment returned to Allahabad the same day, having accom- 
plished a remarkable march of forty-eight miles in twenty-three hours. 
Much praise has been given to British soldiers, and justly so, for their 
power of marching long distances, but it is open to question if the 
same amount of ground was ever before covered by a regiment in such 
a short space of time. 

The Governor-General in Council was pleased to express in general 
orders his approbation of the conduct of Colonel Douglas, Colonel 
Taylor, and the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of the 
79th on this occasion. 

On the 21st of January, 1858, the regiment proceeded by rail to 
Mahazeepore, 50 miles from Allahabad, where the railway ended, from 
whence it marched by wings to Futtehpore ; the right wing making the 
journey in two marches, and the left wing in one. After a halt of two 
days the 79th, with the 7th Hussars and "E" troop R.H.A., marched 
towards Cawnpore, arriving there on the 27th of January. 

On the 4th of February the 79th crossed the Ganges at Cawnpore, 
and marched to Bunnee, on the 5th it moved on to Oonaoo, and on 
the 6th to Busseeretgunge. From that date until the llth the regiment 
was employed continuously in escorting convoys to the front, and on 
the completion of this duty it moved to Bunnee, and joined the 
division under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Hope Grant. 
As Colonel Douglas, C.B., was now appointed to the command of a 
brigade, the command of the 79th devolved upon Colonel Taylor, C.B. 

On the 2nd of March the 79th moved to Camp Bunterah, near 
Lucknow, where it joined the force assembling under Sir Colin 
Campbell for the siege of that city. 

The defences of the city of Lucknow consisted of three successive 



132 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

lines, all facing east ; the first running along the canal, supported by 
a strong battery at the Hazret Gunge ; the second from the 
Imambara on the right, round the mess house, to the Moti Mahul on 
the right bank of the Goomtee; the third protected the Kaiserbagh. 
Still further to the west the Residency formed an inner line of defence 
for the mutineers. The southern and western sides of the city were 
covered by impenetrable masses of building, which rendered them 
practically unassailable, but the enemy had apparently neglected the 
defences on the northern side, which was skirted by the river Goomtee. 

Sir Colin Campbell therefore resolved to direct a front attack upon 
the eastern defences with a portion of his force, whilst the remainder, 
crossing the Goomtee, effected a turning movement on the northern 
side of the city. 

On the 2nd of March a portion of Sir Colin's force, including the 
42nd, 79th, and 93rd Highlanders, marched to the Dilkoosha, just out- 
side Lucknow, and commenced to erect batteries to shell the enemy's 
first line of defence on the canal. On the 3rd the remainder of 
the force closed up to the Dilkoosha, and Sir Colin took up a position 
with his right resting on the Goomtee at the village of Bibiapore, 
and his left on a point about two miles beyond the Dilkoosha. 
On the 4th he directed that two pontoon bridges should be thrown 
across the Goomtee at Bibiapore to effect his flanking movement 
on the opposite bank. These bridges were completed on the 5th, 
and the same night the 3rd division (Lieutenant-General Walpole's) 
and some cavalry, the whole under General Sir James Outram, 
G.C.B., crossed to the left bank of the river. 

The 3rd division comprised the 5th brigade, consisting of the 23rd 
Fusiliers, 79th Highlanders, and 1st Bengal Fusiliers, under the 
command of Brigadier-General Douglas, C.B., of the 79th, and the 
6th Brigade, consisting of the 2nd and 3rd battalions of the Rifle 
brigade, and the 2nd Punjaub Infantry, under the command of 
Brigadier-General Horsford. 

Sir James Outram's orders were to push up the left bank of the 
Goomtee and to turn and render untenable the enemy's strong 
positions on the right bank, thus preparing the way for Sir Colin's 
direct attack from the Dilkoosha. 



79lH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 133 

On the 6th Sir James Outram's force advanced, and the 2nd 
Dragoon Guards engaged some of the enemy's cavalry. The 79th, 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor, C.B., advanced in line in support of 
the Bays, and were for some time under fire of the enemy's guns, 
having Ensign Thain of the regiment wounded. 

The force bivouacked for the night at Chinhat, throwing out strong 
picquets. These were attacked at daylight on the 7th by the enemy, 
who brought out several guns. The regiment turned out immediately 
in support of the picquets, and advanced in line for about a mile, but 
as the enemy retired again into Lucknow it returned to camp. 

On the 8th of March Outram erected several batteries to fire across 
the river and shell the enemy on the right bank. 

On the 9th, Lieutenant-General Walpole drove the enemy from his 
position on the left bank, and occupied a building called the Yellow 
House, which was carried at the point of the bayonet by two companies 
of the 79th and Bengal Fusiliers ; then, pressing on in pursuit of the 
rebels, he seized the Badshahbagh, which enabled him to place 
heavy guns in position to enfilade the enemy's works. The remaining 
eight companies of the 79th advanced through the Badshahbagh and 
occupied the chief buildings in the vicinity ; the Grenadiers and No. 1 
company being located in a large house which commanded the road 
leading to the Iron Bridge by which the city of Lucknow is entered. 

Outram, having now occupied the left bank of the Goomtee as far 
as the Badshahbagh, signalled the success of his operations to Sir 
Colin Campbell at the Dilkoosha. 

On the morning of the 10th the rebels made a most determined 
attack on a picquet from the most advanced companies of the 79th, 
but were repulsed with considerable loss, being unable to get nearer 
than 50 yards. They then withdrew to a respectful distance, and kept 
up a galling fire upon the picquet. Brigadier-General Douglas there- 
fore gave orders that they should be cleared out at the point of the 
bayonet, which was done in a most gallant manner by the Grenadiers 
and No. 1 company under Captain Stevenson and Lieutenant M'Nair. 
In this brilliant encounter the party of the 79th had Sergeant W. Davie 
and Private J. Rankine killed ; Privates J. Miller and J. Ritchie 
dangerously wounded, and two men slightly wounded. 



134 HISTORICAL RECORDS Of THE 

Whilst Outram was thus engaged, Sir Colin remained quiet at the 
Dilkoosha; but on the 9th his force advanced and took the Martiniere, 
and this success was followed up later in the day by the capture of 
the Secundrabagh, Shah Nujeef, and Begum Kothie. 

At daybreak on the llth the 79th advanced and cleared the enemy 
from the remaining portions of the suburbs on the left bank of the 
Goomtee, seizing the buildings in the vicinity of the Iron and Stone 
Bridges. On the same day Sir James Outram opened a heavy fire 
with the artillery across the river on to the Kaiserbagh. 

On the evening of the 12th it was resolved to seize the Iron Bridge 
and throw a breastwork across it, from which the fire of the enemy 
could be kept under. Volunteers to construct this breastwork were 
called for, and Captain Stevenson, Lieutenant Wimberley, Sergeant 
Mackenzie, and 10 men were selected. At midnight the party 
proceeded carrying with them gabions and sand bags, and placed 
them about half way across the bridge at a point indicated by 
Lieutenant Wynne, R.E., who was in charge of the party. Sand bags 
were passed rapidly on to the bridge, and the breastwork was completed 
in a very short time. A party of the Bengal Fusiliers then rushed up 
and occupied the work, opening fire upon the enemy under cover of 
which the volunteers withdrew. This little affair was admirably carried 
out and called forth the praise of General Outram in his despatch. 

On the 12th, 13th, and 14th, Outranks force kept up a continuous 
fire against the Kaiserbagh, and on the 14th it was carried by storm 
by the 10th regiment and Brasyer's Sikhs. During these days the 
79th was posted at the Yellow House. 

On the 16th of March Sir James Outram, with the 23rd Fusiliers, 
79th, and Bengal Fusiliers, re-crossed the Goomtee by a bridge of 
casks near the Secundrabagh, and joined the Commander-in-Chief in 
the city at the Kaiserbagh, leaving General Walpole with the remainder 
of his division to prosecute the attack from the left bank. On the 
same day Sir James, acting under Sir Colin Campbell's orders, left the 
Kaiserbagh and stormed the Residency, which was evacuated in great 
haste by the mutineers. 

On the 17th of March Outram continued his advance, occupying 
the Hussein Mosque and Deolat Khana without opposition, whilst the 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 135 

79th captured the Great Imambara. Nine carts, full of powder, were 
left behind by the enemy in a courtyard adjoining the latter place, and 
orders were given for its destruction. By some accident, which can 
never now be explained, the powder exploded, killing and wounding 2 
officers and 30 men of the brigade ; amongst the killed was Sergeant 
James Blythe of the 79th. 

On this occasion Private Kerr of the regiment, who was acting as 
hospital orderly, was honourably mentioned in regimental orders by 
Colonel Taylor for rendering assistance to the wounded under a 
heavy fire. 

On the 19th the 79th, 23rd, and 2nd Punjaub Infantry, with three 
companies of the 20th regiment moved against the Musaghbagh, which 
was evacuated as they approached, whilst the light company of the 79th, 
under Lieutenant Everett, stormed and captured the house of Nawab 
Ali Khan. The regiment had Lance-Corporal James Malcolm and 
Privates T. Munro and J. Harrison killed during the day's operations. 
Four of the enemy's guns and the colours of the 7th Oude Irregular 
Infantry (which are still in the possession of the regiment) fell into 
the hands of the 79th. 

All resistance in the city was over by the 22nd of March, on which 
day Sir Colin Campbell published the following congratulatory order 
to the troops : 

" The Commander-in-Chief congratulates the army on the reduction 
and fall of Lucknow. From the 2nd to the 21st of March, when the 
last body of the rebels was expelled from the town, the exertions of all 
ranks have been without intermission, and every regiment employed 
has won much distinction. The attack on both sides of the river 
Goomtee has been conducted by the General and Commanding 
Officers of the brigades and regiments with vigour and perseverance, 
the consequence being the great result which has been achieved with 
comparatively moderate loss. His Excellency returns his warmest 
thanks to the troops. Every man who has been employed either in 
the old garrison of Lucknow, in the relieving force, or at the siege 
which has now been terminated may rest assured that he has deserved 
well of his country." 






136 - HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

During the siege of Lucknow the Cameron Highlanders had 
2 sergeants and 5 rank and file killed ; Brevet-Major Miller, Ensign 
Thain, 1 sergeant, and 20 rank and file wounded. For its conduct 
on this occasion the regiment received the royal authority to have the 
word " Lucknow " inscribed on its colours and appointments. 

Brigadier-General Douglas, C.B., Colonel Taylor, C.B., Captains 
Maitland and Stevenson, and Lieutenants Walker and Everett were 
mentioned in general orders for conspicuous conduct during the siege. 

The 79th occupied the Imambara until the 2nd of April, when, 
leaving behind the sick and wounded, it marched to the Dilkoosha, 
where it was once again brigaded with the 42nd and 93rd Highlanders, 
under the command of Brigadier-General the Honourable Adrian 
Hope. 

On the 7th of April the Cameron Highlanders with the 9th 
Lancers, 2nd Punjaub Cavalry, the 42nd and 93rd Highlanders, the 
4th Punjaub Rifles, and some Artillery, forming a division under the 
command of Lieutenant-General Walpole, left Lucknow with orders 
to advance up the left bank of the Ganges, penetrate into Rohilcund, 
and disperse the scattered bodies of mutineers there. The march 
was uneventful until the 15th of April, when the force reached 
Roodemow, close to the fort of Rooyah, which was occupied by the 
enemy under Nurput Singh. 

On the morning of the 16th an attack was made upon the fort, but 
no reconnaissance had been made, and the attack was delivered against 
its strongest and most inaccessible face. 

The 42nd, 93rd, and 4th Punjaub Rifles were in advance, the 79th 
being held in reserve. Throughout the day gallant efforts were made 
to gain an entrance to the fort, but to no purpose, and at sunset the 
force, after losing its Brigadier-General, Adrian Hope, and many 
officers and men, was withdrawn, and bivouacked about a mile from 
the fort. 

The Cameron Highlanders had two men wounded, one of whom 
died of his wounds. 

During the night the enemy evacuated the fort, which was destroyed 
by the troops on the 17th. 

On the 18th the division marched to Bilgwan, on the 19th to 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 137 

Sandhee, on the 20th to Mungoor, on the 21st to Kakladapore, and 
on the 22nd it arrived at Sirsa, 40 miles from Rooyah, near the 
village of Allygunge which was occupied by the rebels. Their 
position was at once attacked, and they were driven from it with a loss 
of four guns, the 9th Lancers pursuing them for six miles. 

In this engagement the 79th had no casualties. 

On the 27th of April Sir Colin arrived at Allygunge and assumed 
command of the force, which advanced at once upon Bareilly. 
Shahjehanpore was reached on the 30th of April, and on the 3rd of 
May the force bivouacked at Fareedpore, one march from Bareilly. 
Early on the morning of the 5th of May, Sir Colin, with the Highland 
brigade, General Stisted's brigade, and a heavy battery of Artillery, 
advanced from Fareedpore, covered by the 2nd Punjaub Cavalry. 

The enemy was found strongly posted in front of Bareilly with a 
stream in his rear; the Highland brigade accordingly advanced in 
line, supported by two native regiments, the artillery and cavalry being 
on the flanks, and the enemy was quickly driven from his position 
across the stream. This the 79th crossed by a bridge, and the 
regiment advanced for about three-quarters of a mile towards the town. 
A halt was then made for the artillery to come up, as the suburbs of 
Bareilly were full of the enemy. During this halt Sir Colin, observing 
that some of the enemy were trying to turn his left flank, directed one 
company of the 79th, under Captain McBarnet, to occupy a wood to 
the left front and to hold it at all costs. This company was almost 
immediately attacked in the wood, but repulsed and drove back the 
enemy. A very vigorous charge was also made on the 42nd High- 
landers, who bayoneted the whole of their assailants. 

The left wing of the 79th, the 42nd, and 4th Sikh infantry now 
advanced towards the cantonments, where they took up a position for 
the remainder of the day ; the right wing, with the 93rd Highlanders, 
was directed to seize the suburbs in front, the enemy evacuating them 
and retiring out of range. The force remained under arms for the 
remainder of the day, and, as evening approached, picquets were 
thrown out and the troops bivouacked for the night. 

In this action the 79th had Privates John Balmain and Alexander 
Thomson killed, and two men wounded. 






138 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

His Excellency Sir Colin Campbell, referring to the conduct of the 
troops during the progress from Lucknow to Bareilly, thus expresses 
himself in his despatch to the Governor-General of India : 

" I have the greatest reason to be satisfied with all the troops under 
my own immediate command. Their alacrity to meet the enemy on all 
occasions is of course what your Lordship would expect from them, 
but I must not lose this opportunity of bearing testimony to the con- 
stancy displayed by all ranks of the force in the performance of their 
duties during the great and incessant heat of this season of the year. 
It is difficult to speak too highly of that cheerful endurance of intense 
fatigue to which we are indebted for the victories gained at com- 
paratively trifling loss on the day of battle." 

Colonel Taylor, C.B., was very favourably mentioned in general 
orders for his conduct in the action of Bareilly. 

News now reached Sir Colin that the garrison which had been left 
behind at Shahjehanpore was being assailed by a large body of Sepoys. 
He accordingly despatched the 60th Rifles, 79th Highlanders, and 
22nd Punjaub Native Infantry, under the command of Brigadier- 
General Jones, to its relief. This force left Bareilly on the 8th of May 
and proceeded by forced marches to Shahjehanpore, where it arrived 
on the llth at daybreak, when it was found that the fort and town 
were both in the enemy's possession, and that the British garrison was 
holding out in the Gaol. Swarms of the enemy's cavalry at once came 
out of the town, and, crossing by a bridge of boats, attempted to work 
round the right flank of the relieving force, but a few well-directed 
shells fired by the artillery stopped the movement and sent them back 
again. After a halt of about two hours, to obtain shelter from the 
scorching mid-day sun, the troops again advanced, and entering 
Shahjehanpore, which was hastily deserted by the enemy, opened 
communications with the garrison. The 79th continued its march 
through Shahjehanpore, and at 9 p.m. halted on the side of the town 
facing Mahomdie. Picquets were thrown out in front for the night, 
and the regiment breakfasted, for no one had had any food during 
the day. The regiment had no casualties in this engagement, but 
twenty-three men were struck down by sunstroke, many of whom died. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 139 

Tents were pitched on the 12th, and the force remained inactive 
until the 15th, when spies brought in word that the enemy meditated 
an attack. The troops at once got under arms, but nothing occurred 
till noon, when two bodies of the enemy's cavalry, debouching from a 
wood, charged the 79th and two guns which were in a position close 
to the regiment. The 79th at once formed square and received the 
enemy with volleys, which drove him back with considerable loss. 
The enemy displayed great courage, charging right up to the muzzles 
of the two guns, and the artillerymen were fortunate in reaching the 
79th square before the cavalry were upon them. 

The force remained in position all day and bivouacked for the 
night, returning to camp the next morning, when it was ascertained 
that the enemy had retreated to Mahomdie. 

On the 24th of May the 79th marched to Remi, a large fort 
situated half-way to Mahomdie, which was in the hands of the rebels. 
It was evacuated as the regiment approached. On the following day 
the regiment advanced to Mahomdie, and drove the enemy from the 
position which he had taken up, losing two rank and file wounded. 
During this day's march the regiment suffered terribly from the heat, 
and 110 men were struck down by the sun, several of whom died by 
the road. Ten deaths occurred on the 25th of May, eight on the 
26th, and four on the 27th ; many others were afterwards invalided. 
The indefatigable exertions of Surgeon-Major Goldie Scot in at- 
tending to the sick on this trying occasion were beyond all praise. 
By his kindness and attention, and that of the medical officers under 
him, many lives were saved. 

As Colonel Taylor, C.B., had been appointed to the command of 
a brigade, the command of the regiment at Mahomdie devolved upon 
Major Butt. 

As the relief of Shahjehanpore and the capture of Mahomdie had 
now been effected, it was resolved to suspend all active operations 
until the close of the hot season. The 79th therefore returned to 
Shahjehanpore, arriving there on the 29th of May. On the 30th 
Lieutenant Robertson and 22 men joined head-quarters from the 
depot at Stirling. 



140 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the 3rd of June the regiment marched to Futtehghur, where it 
went into summer quarters, occupying the fort and barracks. 

On the 25th of June one company, under command of Major 
Maitland, moved from Futtehghur to Maguls-Ki-Serai. 

On the 16th July four companies marched to Cawnpore, being 
followed by the remainder of the regiment on the 28th of the same 
month. 

On the occasion of the departure of the regiment from Futtehghur, 
Brigadier-General McCausland, commanding the troops at that station, 
issued the following garrison order : 

" Brigadier-General McCausland cannot permit Her Majesty's 79th 
Highlanders to leave the station without recording the high opinion 
he has formed of the regiment for its steady and soldier-like behaviour 
in quarters, and he requests Colonel Taylor, C.B., commanding, to 
accept and convey to the officers and men under his command his 
thanks for their uniform good conduct. They leave the station 
without having a single complaint made against them from the day 
they entered it." 

On the 23rd of August the left wing, under Major Butt, marched 
to Allahabad. 

Whilst at Cawnpore the regiment was inspected by Brigadier- 
General the Honourable Percy Herbert, C.B., who expressed his 
approval of the discipline, interior economy, and soldier-like appear- 
ance of the corps. 

On the 18th of October the head-quarters, with the remainder of 
the regiment, moved by rail from Cawnpore to Allahabad, where 
preparations were now made for a renewal of the campaign. 

On the 21st of October the 79th marched to Soraon, and 
joined the field force assembling in Oude under Brigadier-General 
Weatherall, C.B. 

On the 1st of November the force advanced against Rampore 
Kussia, which was held by a body of the enemy strongly entrenched, 
arriving there on the 3rd of the month. Four companies of the 79th 
were at once directed to storm the enemy's position, the remainder of 
the regiment following in support. So rapidly did the storming party 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 141 

move to the attack that the enemy was completely surprised, and very 
small loss was incurred by the regiment, viz : 2 rank and file killed, 
and 1 sergeant and 6 rank and file wounded. 

For its conduct in the attack on this place the 79th was specially 
complimented in general orders by the Commander-in-Chief. 

On the 6th of November the force marched to Ameetha, which 
was occupied without opposition. Here Sir Hope Grant assumed 
command, and, as Colonel Taylor, C.B., was again appointed to the 
command of a brigade, Major Butt took over command of the 79th. 

The next move of the regiment was to Fyzabad, where it crossed 
the Gogra, capturing the enemy's works erected on the banks. The 
bed of this river contained many quicksands, from which Major Miller 
and several of the men were extricated with the greatest difficulty, 
and which presented a serious obstacle to the passage of the artillery. 

From the banks of the Gogra the force advanced to Muchligan, 
where it had another skirmish with the mutineers, driving them into 
a dense jungle where pursuit was an impossibility. The 79th halted 
on the outskirts of the jungle, where they destroyed great quantities 
of the enemy's ammunition and equipment, which he had left 
behind in his flight. On this occasion Private Robert Winning of 
the regiment greatly distinguished himself. Coming alone in the 
jungle upon six of the enemy, he shot one of them down and 
bayoneted two, the remainder taking to flight. 

Continuing its march the 79th passed through Sultanpore, and 
encamped on the banks of the Raptee river. The passage of this 
river was effected on the 25th December, and the pursuit of the 
flying mutineers was resumed. 

1859. 

On the 3rd of January the regiment was present in the engagement 
with the rebels at Bundwa Kote, when 27 guns were captured. 

The troops were now on the frontier of Nepaul where the remainder 
of the rebels found refuge. 

This terminated the Indian Mutiny campaign, and, as tranquillity 
was restored in the country, the field force was broken up, and the 
regiments were ordered to return to different stations. 






142 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Colonel Taylor, C.B., accordingly gave up his brigade and resumed 
command of the 79th. 

On the 22nd of January the regiment arrived at Lucknow, where it 
was met at the station by Sir Colin Campbell. 

The following day he inspected the regiment, congratulating it on 
its gallantry during the recent campaign, and praising its dash and 
bravery at the storming of Rampore Kussia, intimating futhermore 
that the regiment would now be sent to Mean Meer in the Punjaub. 
At the close of his address His Excellency was greeted with hearty 
cheers from both officers and men, after which he bade good-bye to 
the regiment with evident emotion. 

During the Indian Mutiny campaign the Cameron Highlanders 
lost 158 non-commissioned officers and men from disease or in action. 

For its conduct during the suppression of the mutiny the regiment 
received the thanks of Her Majesty the Queen and both Houses 
of Parliament. Colonel Douglas, C.B., was appointed a Knight 
Commander of the Order of the Bath ; Major Butt was promoted by- 
brevet to the rank of lieutenant-colonel ; Captains Maitland, 
McBarnet, and Miller received brevet majorities, and every officer, 
non-commissioned officer, and man was granted the Indian Mutiny 
medal. 

On the 8th of April, 1859, the regiment arrived at Mean Meer, and 
on the 15th of the same month Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor, C.B., 
proceeded on leave to Europe, being succeeded in command by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Butt. 

1860. 

On the 16th of March, 1860, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Douglas, 
K.C.B., retired upon half pay, and on the 10th of May Lieutenant- 
Colonel Taylor, C.B., also retired from the regiment. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Colonel Butt and Major Hodgson to be regimental 
lieutenant-colonels, and Brevet-Majors Maitland and McBarnet suc- 
ceeded to the vacant majorities. 

On the 1st of November, 1860, a detachment of 100 rank and file, 
under Captain Harrison, proceeded to Fort Kangra, where it remained 
until the 21st of January, 1862, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 143 

On the 5th of November, 1860, the right wing, 287 of all ranks, 
under the command of Major McBarnet, proceeded to Umritzur. 

On the 6th of December the 79th lost its first officer by death since 
its arrival in India, viz., Captain Newport, who died of cholera at 
Dum Dum. He had never joined the regiment, having exchanged 
from the 39th only a short time before his death. 

1861. 

On the 19th of January, 1861, the 79th left Mean Meer for 
Ferozepore, where it arrived on the 21st of the same month, being 
joined on arrival by the wing from Umritzur. 

On the 19th of May Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson, who had 
succeeded Lieutenant-Colonel Butt in command of the regiment, 
proceeded to Europe on leave of absence, making over the command 
temporarily to Major Maitland. 

1862. 

On the 13th of February the regiment marched from Ferozepore to 
Nowshera, arriving there on the 18th of March. From here the 
regiment furnished a detachment of three companies to Fort Attock 
on the Indus. 

On the 13th of March General W. H. Sewell, C.B., colonel of the 
regiment, died in England, and the 79th passed into the hands of 
General the Honourable Hugh Arbuthnott, C.B. 

The 79th remained at Nowshera until the 23rd of November, 1862, 
when it was joined by the three companies from Fort Attock and 
moved to Peshawur, where it arrived on the 24th of the same month. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson, having re-joined from leave of 
absence, again assumed command of the regiment on the 20th of 
December. 

1863. 

Whilst at Peshawur the 79th had the misfortune to lose two of 
its officers Lieutenants Dougal and Jones. They had volunteered 
their services and were permitted to proceed with the expedition 
against the Sitana fanatics, under the command of Brigadier-General 




144 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Sir N. Chamberlain, K.C.B. ; the former was killed when on picquet 
on the 6th of November, 1863, the latter in action on the 18th 
of the same month. They were both doing duty with the 71st 
Highlanders. 

During the month of December, 1863, four companies of the 79th, 
under Major Miller, were moved from Peshawur to the Shubkudder 
Pass, at the entrance to the Khyber, to join a force under Colonel 
Macdonell assembling to resist a threatened inroad of the Mohmunds. 
These companies were not engaged with the enemy, but in 1884 the 
officers, non-commissioned officers, and men received the Indian Medal 
for the North- West Frontier Campaigns. They returned to Peshawur 
early in January, 1864. 

A small detachment of the regiment, under Lieutenant Neil 
Campbell, was engaged with the Mohmunds in the affairs of Michnie 
and Shubkudder. Private Burnett of the 79th was slightly wounded. 

1864. 

On the 7th of January the Cameron Highlanders marched from 
Peshawur to Rawul Pindee, arriving there on the 17th of the same 
month. On the 4th of March the regiment was inspected by His 
Excellency General Sir Hugh Rose, G.C.B., commander-in-chief in 
India, who expressed himself much pleased with the high state of 
efficiency in which he found it. 

In April the 79th was called upon to furnish volunteers for a 
working party on the Murree and Abbottabad road, and on the 
28th a party of 300 of all ranks, under the command of Captain 
Conway Gordon, proceeded to Camp Durrgaw Gully, where it 
remained until the 18th of July, on which date it was moved into 
huts at Khyra Gully. It re-joined the regiment on the 2nd of 
November. 

In the month of October the 79th lost by exchange its senior 
lieutenant-colonel, Colonel Butt, who had been employed as Chief 
Inspector of Musketry in Bengal ; he exchanged with Colonel Best of 
the 86th regiment. By this exchange Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson 
became the senior lieutenant-colonel. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 145 

For some time after its arrival at Rawul Pindee the regiment con- 
tinued to suffer from Peshawur fever, and a considerable number of 
men were invalided. 

1865. 

On the 5th of April a draft, consisting of 1 captain, 3 subalterns, 
and 20 rank and file, joined head-quarters from the depot companies. 

On the 8th of May the head-quarters and 650 of all ranks proceeded 
as a working party to the Murree hills, where the head-quarters went 
under canvas at Camp Gora Gully, whilst a detachment of 300 men, 
under Major Maitland, were stationed at Camp Grogur Gully. 

On the 2nd of June the camp was visited by a fearful thunderstorm, 
and a large tree, which had been struck by lightning, fell upon the 
Sergeants' Mess, killing Sergeant Angus upon the spot. 

The health of the men greatly improved during its stay in the 
Murree hills, and all traces of Peshawur fever disappeared. 

On the 2nd of June the regiment went into huts for the rainy season 
at Khyra Gully, and remained there until the 24th of October, when 
it returned to Rawul Pindee. 

On the 10th of July Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson received his 
promotion by brevet to be full colonel in the army. 

1866. 

In February the service companies were augmented by a draft from 
the depot companies, consisting of 2 colour-sergeants, 3 corporals, and 
44 privates. 

In the same month a detachment of 104 rank and file, under 
Captain Everett, was sent to Fort Attock, being relieved about a 
month afterwards by a similar detachment under Captain Leith. 

On the 21st of March Colonel R. M. Best took over temporary 
command of the regiment from Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson, who 
proceeded home on fifteen months' leave of absence. 

A detachment of 170 of all ranks was again sent as a working party 
to the Murree Hills on the 28th of April, under the command of 
Captain McNair; this detachment returned to Rawul Pindee in 
October. 






146 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the 28th of October the regiment was moved from Ravvul 
Pindee ; the head-quarters and left wing, under Colonel Best, marching 
to Roorkee, and the right wing, under Major Maitland, to Delhi. 

1867. 

In January the regiment was augmented by a draft from the depot 
companies, consisting of 1 captain (Captain Allen), 2 lieutenants, and 
52 rank and file. 

The regiment suffered greatly from fever during the spring of 1867, 
six deaths occurring at Roorkee and three at Delhi, and it was con- 
sidered desirable to encamp the wing at Roorkee five miles away from 
the town. 

On the 24th of December Lieutenant-Colonel Hodgson returned 
from leave of absence and resumed command of the regiment. 

About the end of the year the wings changed places, the head- 
quarters remaining at Roorkee. 

1868. 

On the 27th of April a draft of 2 lieutenants, 3 sergeants, and 78 
rank and file joined head-quarters. 

In the winter months of 1868 the wings again exchanged stations, 
the left wing returning to head-quarters and the right wing moving to 
Delhi. 

1869. 

On the 31st of January, 1869, the service companies were augmented 
by a draft from the depot companies, consisting of 1 lieutenant, 
1 ensign, 1 sergeant, and 130 rank and file. 

The regiment left Roorkee for Umballa on the 19th of March, 1869, 
having received orders to join a force collecting at that station to take 
part in the ceremonial on the occasion of the meeting between 
Earl Mayo, governor-general of India, and Shere Ali Khan, Ameer of 
Cabul. The head-quarters and left wing, under the command of 
Colonel Hodgson, arrived at Umballa from Roorkee on the 21st of 
March, and were joined on the following day by the right wing from 
Delhi, under the command of Major G. M. Miller. The 79th was 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 147 

encamped near the Viceroy's tent, having been appointed part of His 
Excellency's personal escort, and on the 24th of March it furnished 
the Guard of Honour in front of the Durbar tent on the occasion of the 
meeting of the Viceroy and the Ameer of Cabul, the remainder of the 
regiment being employed in lining the streets. It was similarly 
employed a few days later when the Viceroy paid his return visit to 
the Ameer. 

The head-quarters and left wing left Umballa on the 5th of April, 
1869, for Roorkee, and on the 7th the right wing returned to Delhi. 

In May the 79th was detailed to form part of the force ordered to 
assemble at Agra in December, 1869, for the Grand Durbar in honour 
of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, but on account of the 
prevailing famine the orders were cancelled. 

On the 7th of December the head-quarters and left wing, under the 
command of Colonel W. C. Hodgson, left Roorkee en route to 
Kamptee. They were joined on the 15th of December by the right 
wing from Delhi at Camp Jubbulpore. Here the regiment remained 
until the 24th of December, when it commenced to move by companies 
towards Kamptee, at which station the head-quarters arrived on the 
1st of January, 1870. 

1870. 

During the month of January, 1870, the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders 
passed through Kamptee en route for home, and the following letter 
was received by the President of the Officers' Mess of the 79th 
Highlanders : 

" At a meeting held at Camp Nagpore by the officers 93rd Sutherland 
Highlanders, on the 30th of January, 1870, it was proposed, and 
carried unanimously, that a letter be written the officers 79th Cameron 
Highlanders, proposing that, in consideration of the friendship and 
cordiality which has so long existed between them, the officers of the 
two corps be perpetual honorary members of their respective messes, 
and the same should be formally recorded in the regimental records. 

" In accordance with the above resolution, the officers of the 93rd 
Sutherland Highlanders have much pleasure in informing the officers, 
79th Cameron Highlanders, that they are henceforth perpetual 



148 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

honorary members of the 93rd mess, and that a formal entry to that 
effect has been made in the records of the 93rd Highlanders. 

(Signed) " R. S. WILLIAMS, Major, 
" President Mess Committee 

" 93rd Sutherland Highlanders." 
"Camp Deolali, 

"6th February, 1870." 

The following reply was sent : 

"At a mess meeting held at Kamptee, India, on the 12th of Feb- 
ruary, 1870, a letter was read from the officers of the 93rd Sutherland 
Highlanders, dated Camp Deolali, 6th of February, 1870, and the 
proposition contained in it, to the effect that, * in consideration of the 
friendship and cordiality which has so long existed between the two 
corps, the officers should be perpetual honorary members of their 
respective messes,' was accepted as a high compliment to the 79th 
Highlanders and carried unanimously. The officers of the 79th 
Cameron Highlanders have therefore the pleasure of informing the 
officers of the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders that they are henceforth 
perpetual honorary members of the 79th mess, and that the above 
resolution has been duly entered in the records of the regiment. 

(Signed) "A. B. MURRAY, Lieutenant, 

" P.M.C., 79th Highlanders." 
" Kamptee, India, 

" 10th March, 1870." 

The following officers were present at this important mess meeting: 

Colonels W. C. Hodgson and Best; Lieutenant-Colonel K. R. 
Maitland ; Major G. M. Miller ; Captains J. M. Leith, D. McDonald, 
J. E Allen, E. Everett, A. N. Clay, N. Campbell, H. Currie, and 
C H. Miers ; Lieutenants R. M. Borthwick, A. B. Murray, W. D. S. 
Campbell, J. Busfield, G. Quin, C. R. K. Fergusson, A. L. H. Holmes, 
J. Angus, J. D. K. McCallum, and O. B. Gordon ; Ensigns R. II. C. 
Dalzell, J. M. Brown, N. G. Chalmers, H. McLeod, G. L. C. Money, 
C. C. Mackenzie, and J. F. Shaw-Kennedy ; Paymaster, Major D. Cant; 



79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 149 

Quarter-Master W. Simpson; Surgeon A. S. Lithgow ; Assistant- 
Surgeons A. Doig and J. F. Beattie. 

The regiment remained at Kamptee for nearly two years furnishing 
a detachment to Fort Nagpore, and sending many parties of con- 
valescents to the Sanitariums of Wellington and Chindwarrah. 

1871. 

In 1871 the regiment was called upon to send a detachment to 
Puchmurree. 

On the 2nd of August the junior lieutenant-colonel of the regiment, 
Colonel R.M. Best, was appointed to the command of the Nagpore 
Field Force, with the rank of brigadier-general. 

In the same month the 79th received orders to be in readiness to 
proceed to England, and about 177 non-commissioned officers and 
men availed themselves of the permission given to volunteer into 
regiments remaining in India. 

A sad event occurred whilst the regiment remained at Kamptee. 
On August 28th Captain Donald McDonald fell down suddenly on 
parade, when at great gun drill at the Artillery Barracks, and died 
instantaneously. He was by birth and habits a Highlander, and 
was most warmly attached to the regiment, in which he had served for 
seventeen years. Great sorrow was felt by all ranks at his untimely 
and unexpected death, and a monument was erected by his brother 
officers over his grave at Kamptee. 

On the 22nd of September, 1871, the left half battalion, under 
the command of Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland, marched from 
Kamptee to Nagpore, and from thence proceeded by rail to Deolali. 
The head-quarters and right half battalion, under the command of 
Colonel W. C. Hodgson, followed the next day. The regiment 
remained a few days only at Deolali, where the men were supplied 
with sea kits, and on the 30th of September the 79th, preceded by 
a baggage guard of 200 men, moved by rail to Bombay and embarked 
for England on board Her Majesty's Indian troopship Jumna. The 
undermentioned officers embarked with the regiment : 

Colonel W. C. Hodgson; Lieutenant-Colonels K. R. Maitland 
and G. Miller; Captains J. M. Leith, J. E. Allen, A. N. Clay, 



150 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

W. H. McCausland, and H. Currie ; Lieutenants R. Me. G. Borthwick, 
W. D. S. Campbell, C. R. K. Fergusson, S. C. Bucknall, and J. Angus ; 
Ensigns R. H. C. Dalzell, J. M. Brown, N. G. Chalmers, H. T. 
McLeod, G. L. C. Money, C. C. Mackenzie, J. F. Shaw-Kennedy, 
and P. J. Graeme ; Paymaster, Major D. Cant ; Lieutenant and 
Adjutant A. Hume ; Quarter-Master W. Simpson ; Surgeon S. A. 
Lithgow ; Assistant Surgeons A. Doig and J. F. Beattie ; Chaplain 
Rev. C. Morrison. 

The Jumna sailed for England at 12 noon on the 1st of October, 
and, after a prosperous voyage by the Suez Canal, arrived at Spithead 
on the 6th of November. On the following day the regiment was 
transhipped to H.M. Ships Pigmy >, Camel, and Grinder ; and conveyed 
to West Cowes, where it disembarked and marched to the Albany 
barracks at Parkhurst. 

During the fourteen years that the regiment had been stationed in 
India it was inspected by many distinguished general officers, including 
Sir Colin Campbell, Sir William Mansfield (afterwards Lord Sandhurst), 
Sir Hugh Rose, Sir Hope Grant, Sir Percy Herbert, Sir Sydney 
Cotton, and Sir John Garvock, all of whom expressed themselves 
highly pleased with the appearance, conduct, and discipline of the 
Cameron Highlanders. 

1872. 

In February, 1872, Her Majesty the Queen, who was at Osborne, 
was pleased to express her desire to see the 79th Highlanders in 
inarching order. The regiment accordingly paraded at 10 a.m. on 
the 16th, and proceeded towards Osborne. When the 79th was 
within a short distance of the approach to the house, Her Majesty, 
with several members of the Royal Family, appeared at an angle of 
the road, and watched the regiment march past with great interest. 
The regiment, after making a detour towards East Cowes, was return- 
ing to Parkhurst by way of Newport, when Her Majesty re-appeared, 
paying particular attention to the dress and appearance of the men as 
they marched past her for the second time. 

This was the last occasion on which Colonel Hodgson was destined 
to command the regiment on parade. He died, after a very short 
illness, on the 1st of March, to the great grief of all ranks of the 79th 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 151 

Highlanders. He had served in the regiment for 32 years and 
commanded it for 12 of them, endearing himself to everyone by his 
invariable kindness. 

Colonel Maitland, in announcing Colonel Hodgson's death in 
regimental orders, thus speaks of him : 

" The officers have to lament the loss of one who was always to 
them a kind and considerate commanding officer ; and the non-com- 
missioned officers and men have been deprived of a true friend, who 
was ever zealous in guarding their interests and promoting their 
welfare. Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland feels that this day will be 
regarded by all ranks of the 79th Highlanders in after years as a day 
on which the regiment sustained a loss as sad as it was unexpected." 

The funeral took place on the 5th of March and was very 
numerously attended. Every officer, non-commissioned officer, and 
man, off duty, of the 79th Highlanders and 103rd Fusiliers was 
present, and, in addition, the officers of the Isle of Wight Militia and 
Volunteers, the officials of Parkhurst prison, and many pensioners 
followed to the grave. 

By Colonel Hodgson's death Colonel Maitland succeeded to the 
command of the regiment, but he retired on half pay on the 19th of 
October following, and Lieutenant-Colonel Miller was selected to 
succeed him. 

On the 17th of September the Cameron Highlanders had the 
honour of being reviewed by the ex-Emperor of the French, 
Napoleon III., and the Prince Imperial, who lunched with the officers. 
His Majesty made a very minute inspection of the men, and afterward 
witnessed the regiment perform some manoeuvres under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Miller. At the termination of the inspection he expressed 
his admiration of the splendid appearance and physique of the 
men, and of the magnificent manner in which the drill had been 
performed. 

On the 27th of September a detachment, consisting of 1 captain, 
1 subaltern, 3 sergeants, and 61 rank and file, was sent to Cliff End 
Fort, near Freshwater. This detachment re-joined head-quarters on 
the 1st of November. 



152 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1873. 

On January 14th a detachment of 1 captain, 1 subaltern, 
3 sergeants, and 67 rank and file was furnished to Marchwood 
Magazines, near Southampton. 

During Her Majesty's stay at Osborne the 79th always furnished a 
Guard of Honour at East Cowes. On the 17th of April, 1873, Her 
Majesty the Queen bestowed upon the regiment one of the highest 
honours in her power, when on that day she was graciously pleased to 
attend at Parkhurst barracks and present it with new colours. 

On this occasion the town of Newport was tastefully decorated, and 
many triumphal arches were erected in the streets. The presentation 
took place in the drill field, and was witnessed by a large number of 
spectators. 

At 11 a.m. the regiment was formed up on parade under the 
command of Colonel Miller, the other officers present on parade 
being : Majors Cuming and Percival ; Captains Leith, Allen, Everett, 
Clay, McCausland, Miers, Oldham, Borthwick, and Murray ; Lieut- 
enants Busfield, Methuen, Bucknall, Forbes-Gordon, Annesley, Brown, 
Chalmers, Money, Mackenzie, Smith, and Graeme ; Sub-Lieutenants 
Smythe and Hunt ; Paymaster, Major Cant ; Lieutenant and Adjutant 
Hume ; Surgeon-Major Lithgow and Surgeon Doig. 

The ground was kept by the 102nd Fusiliers, which regiment also 
furnished a Guard of Honour for Her Majesty. General Viscount 
Templetown, K.C.B., commanding the district, and Sir John Douglas, 
K.C.B., commanding in Scotland, (with his A.D.C., Lieutenant 
O. B. Gordon of the 79th,) were present. The Mayor and Corporation 
of Newport attended officially in their robes of office. 

At 11.45 a.m. Her Majesty arrived, attended by their Royal 
Highnesses Prince Leopold and Princess Beatrice, the Countess of 
Errol, and other ladies. The Royal party having driven along the 
line the usual order of presentation was proceeded with. 

The old colours were in front of the left of the line under double 
sentries, the new colours were in rear of the centre of the line in charge 
of the two senior colour-sergeants Taylor and Mackin. The old 
colours were then trooped and carried off parade by Lieutenants 
Annesley and Money to the strains of "Auld Lang Syne." When 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 153 

this ceremony was over the regiment was formed into three sides of a 
square, with the drums piled in the centre, the new colours being 
uncased and placed against the drums by the majors. The prayer of 
consecration was then offered by the Rev. Charles Morrison, formerly 
chaplain of the 79th in India, who came from Aberdeen expressly for 
this duty. When this was concluded, Major Cuming handed the 
Queen's colour, and Major Percival the regimental colour, to Her 
Majesty, who presented the former to Lieutenant Campbell and the 
latter to Lieutenant Methuen, saying at the same time : 

" It gives me great pleasure to present these new colours to you. 
In thus entrusting you with this honourable charge, I have the fullest 
confidence that you will, with the true loyalty and well-known devotion 
of Highlanders, preserve the honour and reputation of your regiment, 
which have been so brilliantly earned and so nobly maintained by the 
79th Cameron Highlanders." 

Colonel Miller then replied : 

" I beg permission, in the name of all ranks of the 79th Cameron 
Highlanders, to express our loyal and most grateful acknowledgment 
of the very high honour it has pleased your Majesty this day to confer 
upon the regiment. 

" The incident will ever remain fresh in the memories of all on parade, 
of those who are unable to have the honour of being present on this 
occasion, and of others who have formerly served with the 79th ; and 
I beg to assure your Majesty that, wherever the course of events may 
require these colours to be borne, the remembrance that they were 
received from the hands of our most gracious Queen will render them 
doubly precious, and that in future years, as at present, the circumstance 
of this presentation will be regarded as one of the proudest episodes 
in the records of the Cameron Highlanders." 

After Colonel Miller's address the regiment re-formed line, and the 
colours were received with a general salute, after which they were 
marched to their place in line in slow time, the band playing " God 
save the Queen." The ranks having been closed, the regiment broke 
into column and marched past Her Majesty in quick and double 



154 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

time. Line was again formed, and Lieutenant-General Viscount 
Templetown called for three cheers for Her Majesty, which was 
responded to by the regiment in true Highland style. An advance in 
review order and a royal salute concluded the parade, after which Her 
Majesty drove away. 

After the parade was dismissed the old colours, carried by Lieutenants 
Annesley and Money and escorted by all the sergeants, were carried 
round the barracks, and afterwards deposited at the officers' mess. 

At the unanimous request of the officers the old colours were 
offered by Colonel Miller to Her Majesty, and as she was pleased to 
accept them they were conveyed to Osborne on the 22nd of April. 
The regiment paraded in review order at 12 noon on that day and was 
formed in line for the colours to pass along it, each man presenting 
arms as they passed him, whilst the band played " Auld Lang Syne." 
The old colours then proceeded by train from Newport to Cowes, 
being received at Osborne by a Guard of Honour, under Captain Allen 
and Lieutenants Bucknall and Smith; carried by Lieutenants Annesley 
and Money, and escorted by Quarter-Master-Sergeant Knight, Colour- 
Sergeant Clark, two sergeants, and four privates, they were then 
marched, with the pipers in front, to the door. 

The officers then advanced, and kneeling placed the colours 
at Her Majesty's feet, when Colonel Miller read the following 
statement : 

" I beg to inform your Most Gracious Majesty that these colours 
were presented to the 79th Highlanders at Portsmouth in the month 
of April, 1854, by Mrs. Elliot (the wife of the officer at that time 
colonel of the regiment), a few days before the regiment embarked for 
the Crimea. They were carried at the Alma, Balaclava, Kertch, and 
during the operations which led to the capture of Sebastopol, also 
throughout the campaign of the Indian Mutiny, from November, 1857, 
when the regiment landed at Calcutta, including the siege and capture 
of Lucknow, the attack on Fort Rooyah, actions of Secundragunge, 
Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, the capture of the fort of 
Rampore Russia and Mahomdie, the passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, 
and the operations in Oudh across the Gogra and Raptee Rivers. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 155 

After the submission of the rebels they were borne by the regiment at 
Mean Meer, Ferozepore, Nowshera, Peshawur, Rawul Pindee, 
Roorkee, and Kamptee, and were brought home by the corps on its- 
return in November, 1871." 

He then added : " It having graciously pleased your Majesty to accept 
these colours from the Cameron Highlanders, I beg permission to 
express the gratification which all ranks of the 79th feel in 
consequence, and to convey most respectfully our highest appreciation 
of this kind act of condescension on the part of your Majesty." 

The Queen replied : " I accept these colours with much pleasure, 
and shall ever value them in remembrance of the gallant services of 
the 79th Cameron Highlanders. I will take them to Scotland and 
place them in my dear Highland home at Balmoral." 

The guard then presented arms and the colour party withdrew. 
Her Majesty afterwards addressed a few words to each of the colour- 
sergeants. 

On the 24th of April Colonel Miller received orders for the troops 
of the Parkhurst garrison to march towards Osborne on the following 
day for Her Majesty's inspection. They accordingly paraded at 10 a.m. 
in review order, and on arriving at Osborne, the brigade was drawn 
up in line on the road, with the 79th on the right and the 102nd on 
the left. Her Majesty was received with a royal salute and the troops 
twice marched past her carriage in fours. 

It may here be stated, that, on the day of the presentation of colours 
to the regiment, Colonel Ponsonby, by command of the Queen, wrote 
to His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief as follows : 

"Osborne, 17th, April 1873. 

"Sift, 

" I am directed by the Queen to let your Royal Highness 
know that Her Majesty this morning presented new colours to the 79th 
Highlanders at Parkhurst. The usual ceremony took place, and at 
the conclusion the legiment gave three cheers tor the Queen. Her 
Majesty was extremely pleased with the appearance of the men, and 
the manner in which they moved, and hopes that your Royal Highness 



156 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

may think it right to communicate the Queen's opinion to Lieutenant- 
Colonel Miller, the commanding officer. Lord Templetown and Sir 
John Douglas were present ; and the prayer was made by the Rev. 
Mr. Morrison, formerly Presbyterian chaplain to the corps. 

(Signed) " HENRY F. PONSONBY." 
" The Field Marshal, 

" Commanding-in-Chief." 

Shortly after the presentation of colours the Queen again showed 
her regard for the regiment by presenting to it four copies of her book. 
" Leaves from our Journal in the Highlands :" one for Colonel Miller, 
one for the officers, one for the non-commissioned officers, and one for 
the men. 

On the 2nd of June the regiment furnished a detachment to Fort 
Victoria, consisting of one company, and on the following day the 
Marchwood detachment re-joined head-quarters. 

On the llth of July, 1873, the following letter was received from 
the Horse Guards : 

"Horse Guards, 10th July, 1873. 
"SIR, 

" By direction of the Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chief, I 
have the honour to acquaint you that Her Majesty has been pleased 
to command that the 79th regiment be in future styled ' 79th Queen's 
Own Cameron Highlanders,' that the facings be accordingly changed 
from green to blue, and that the regiment be also permitted to bear in 
the centre of the second colour, as a regimental badge, the ' Thistle 
ensigned with the Imperial Crown,' being the badge of Scotland as 
sanctioned by Queen Anne in 1707, after the confirmation of the act 
of Union of the Kingdoms. 

(Signed) " J. W. ARMSTRONG, 

" Deputy- Adjutant-General." 
" Lieutenant-Colonel Miller, 

" Commanding 79th regiment." 

On the 12th of July Colonel Miller sent the following acknowledg- 
ment to Major-General Ponsonby : 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 1^7 

" Parkhurst Barracks, 

" Isle of Wight, 12th July, 1813. 
" SIR, 

" A letter having been received by me this morning, dated 
Horse Guards, War Office, 10th July, 1873, intimating by command 
of His Royal Highness, the Commander-in-Chief, that Her Majesty 
had been pleased to command that the regiment under my command 
be styled * The 79th Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders,' I have the 
honour to request that you will convey to the Queen, in the name of all 
ranks of the 79th, our most respectful and grateful acknowledgments 
for so distinguished a mark of royal condescension, and I beg that 
you will assure Her Majesty of the gratification felt throughout the 
regiment in consequence of the above announcement. 
" I have the honour, etc, 

(Signed) " G. M. MILLER, 

" Lieutenant-Colonel, 
" Commanding 79th Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders." 

" To Major-General Ponsonby, 

" Equerry in waiting, 

" Osborne." 

On the 13th of August Lieutenant- Colonel Miller received a notifi- 
cation that Her Majesty had expressed a wish that the regiment should 
be drawn up as a Guard of Honour at East Cowes on her departure 
from the Isle of Wight the following day. It accordingly marched to 
East Cowes the following afternoon and presented arms as Her 
Majesty left for Balmoral. 

On the 18th of September the 79th left Parkhurst for Aldershot, 
where it arrived the same day, occupying " A " and " B " lines, South 
Camp. It was attached to the 1st, Major-General Parke's brigade. 

On the 25th of November this regiment was called upon to give 
2 officers and 130 rank and file as volunteers to the 42nd Black Watch, 
under orders to form part of an expedition proceeding on active service 
to the Gold Coast under Major-General Sir Garnet Wolseley. 

More than half the regiment volunteered, eager for active service, 
and the required number were selected. 



158 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the 4th of December the volunteers, under Lieutenants Annesley 
and McCallum, joined the 42nd at Portsmouth, embarking the same 
day on the SS. Sarmatian. 

They arrived at Cape Coast Castle on the 16th of December and 
disembarked on the 3rd and 4th of January. 

1874. 

The 79th Volunteers were divided amongst the companies of the 
42nd, and with them were present on the 31st of January at the battle 
of Amoaful, at the attack and burning of the town of Becquah, on 
Sunday, the 1st of February, at the battle of Ordahsu, and at the 
capture of Coomassie. The capture of Coomassie and the flight of 
the King of Ashantee brought hostilities to a close, and the 42nd 
re-embarked on board the Sarmatian and arrived at Portsmouth on 
the 22nd of March. 

On the 30th of March the whole of the troops engaged in the 
Ashantee War were reviewed by Her Majesty the Queen at Windsor ; 
the men of the 79th, under Lieutenants Annesley and McCallum, 
forming a company by themselves, marched past with the 42nd, and 
afterward re-joined the 79th at Aldershot. The officers and men 
engaged in this campaign received the war medal and clasp for 
Coomassie. 

The 79th contingent had 6 rank and file killed, and Lieutenant 
Annesley and 31 rank and file wounded. 

Medals for distinguished conduct in the field were awarded to 
Privates William Bell (who lost his right arm), George Cameron, and 
Henry Jones of the Cameron Highlanders. 

On the 7th of March, 1874, the regiment proceeded to Windsor, 
and lined the streets on the occasion of the arrival of their Royal 
Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, returning to 
Aldershot the same evening. 

On the 19th of the same month, the 79th took part in a review 
before the Czar of Russia, being brigaded with the 42nd, 78th, and 
93rd Highlanders, under the command of Major-General Parke, C.B. 

In the months of June and July the regiment participated in the 
summer manoeuvres at Aldershot, being attached at different periods 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 159 

to the 1st and 3rd brigades, under Major-General Herbert and Colonel 
Anderson respectively. 

1875. 

During the summer manoeuvres for 1875, the 79th again formed 
part of the 1st brigade 1st division 2nd Army Corps, under the 
command of Major-General Sir John Douglas, K.C.B. 

On the 28th of July the regiment left Aldershot for Portsmouth, 
where it embarked on board H.M.S. Himalaya^ and sailed for Scotland. 
It arrived at Leith on the evening of the 30th, and, disembarking on 
the 2nd of August, occupied quarters in Edinburgh Castle. On 
arrival at the Castle, Sir John Douglas, K.C.B. , commanding the North 
British district, who was accompanied by Colonel Butt, late of the 
79th, briefly addressed the regiment, complimenting the men on the 
high character they bore, and urging them, on their return to their 
native land, after an absence of 20 years, not to forget that the 
regiment was always noted for its general good bearing in quarters, 
and to remember that it was the duty of each individual one of them 
to do his utmost to maintain the credit of the Cameron Highlanders. 

The streets were densely crowded as the regiment marched from 
Granton to the Castle. 

A detachment of 1 captain, 1 subaltern, 3 sergeants, and 41 rank 
and file were ordered almost immediately on arrival to Greenlaw. 

On the 16th, 17th, and 18th of August the regiment furnished 
Guards of Honour to Her Majesty the Queen at Holyrood, and on the 
17th it lined the streets when she unveiled the statue of the Prince 
Consort. 

On the 25th of September, " H " company, consisting of 1 captain, 
1 lieutenant, and 35 non-commissioned officers and men, proceeded 
on detachment to Dundee, and the same evening " A " company, 
under the command of Brevet-Major J. M. Leith, with 2 subalterns 
and 55 of all ranks, left for Ballater to form a Guard of Honour to Her 
Majesty. 

" B " company, consisting of 1 captain, 1 subaltern, and 44 non- 
commissioned officers and men, was sent on detachment to Stirling 
on the 2nd of October. 



160 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1876. 

On the 12th of October the head-quarters and five companies left 
Edinburgh and embarked at Granton pier on board H.M.S. Assistance. 
The Assistance arrived off Fort George the following morning, and 
the regiment landed and occupied quarters in the fort. On the 24th 
of November Major Leith's company re-joined from Ballater. 

1877. 

On the 16th of May, 1877, "A" company, under Brevet-Major 
Leith, again went to Ballater as a Guard of Honour. 

On the 5th of June the detachment from Dundee re-joined head- 
quarters, and on the 25th " A " company returned from Ballater. 

The annual inspection of the battalion was held by Major-General 
Ramsay Stuart, C.B., commanding the North British district, on the 
6th and 7th of July, on which occasion he informed the regiment on 
parade that he considered it " in splendid order." 

On the 25th of July a large draft of 13 corporals, 2 drummers, and 
271 privates was sent by the 79th to join the 42nd at Malta, the 42nd 
being linked to the regiment under the brigade depot system. 

On the 22nd of August " C " company, consisting of 1 captain, 
2 subalterns, 3 sergeants, 1 piper, t drummer, and 49 privates, went 
to Ballater as a Guard of Honour to Her Majesty. 

The regiment embarked on board H.M.S. Orontes on the 18th of 
October, under the command of Major and Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel 
Cuming, and arrived at Greenock on the 21st of the same month. 
The following day it moved to Glasgow, where the head-quarters and 
" A " and " B " companies occupied the Gallowgate barracks, the 
remainder of the regiment going to Maryhill, being joined the same 
day by " C " company from Ballater. 

On the 31st of October Colonel Miller was placed upon half pay, 
after commanding the regiment for five years. He was succeeded in 
command by Lieutenant-Colonel E. W. Cuming. 

1878. 

On the 15th of March the head-quarters moved from the Gallowgate 
barracks to Maryhill, 




>#> 




79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 161 

On the 20th of the same month ' *F " company, under Captain 
Busfield, proceeded to Ballater as a Guard of Honour to Her 
Majesty. 

On the 1st of April the establishment of the regiment was raised 
to 1 colonel, 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 major, 8 captains, 8 lieutenants, 
8 second-lieutenants, 1 adjutant, 1 quarter-master, 48 sergeants, 
40 corporals, 23 drummers and pipers, and 960 privates, exclusive of 
the depot companies. On the 28th, 167 of the Royal Ayr and Wigton 
Militia Reserve were posted to the regiment during the mobilization 
of the reserves. These reservists remained out with the regiment 
until the 31st of July. 

On the 1st of August the establishment of the regiment was 
reduced again. 

On the 24th of August a Guard of Honour, under Captain A. N. 
Forbes-Gordon, consisting of '2 lieutenants (Lieutenants Chalmers and 
Money) and 54 non-commissioned officers and men, proceeded to 
Ballater. 

1879. 

On the 14th of January Lieutenant-General Sir John Douglas, 
G.C.B., was appointed to the full colonelcy of the regiment in suc- 
cession to General Sir Alfred Horsford, G.C.B., transferred to the 
14th regiment. 

On the 15th of May the regiment was placed under orders for 
immediate embarkation to relieve its linked battalion, the 42nd 
Highlanders, at Gibraltar, and it embarked on board H.M.S. Himalaya 
at Greenock on the 3rd of June, under the command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel E. W. Cuming. Strength : 3 field officers, 17 captains and 
subalterns, 35 sergeants, 18 drummers, and 485 rank and file. 

During the period that the regiment was stationed at Glasgow 
270 recruits were raised at head-quarters and 208 at the brigade depot 
(42nd and 79th) at Perth. 

The 79th landed at Gibraltar on the llth of June and occupied the 
Buena Vista barracks. 

On the 6th of November the regiment was inspected by His 
Excellency the Governor, Lord Napier of Magdala, who expressed 
his entire satisfaction at the appearance of the corps. 

M 



162 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

1880. 

On the 10th of March, 1880, the regiment moved from Buena Vista 
to the Town Range barracks, relieving the 93rd Highlanders. Two 
companies were detached for duty to the North front. 

On the 23rd of September a draft of 2 sergeants, 2 corporals, and 
153 privates joined the regiment from the 42nd Royal Highlanders. 
Many of these men had served before in the 79th. 

On the 24th and 25th of November the Cameron Highlanders were 
inspected by Major-General Anderson, commanding the infantry 
brigade, who expressed great satisfaction at the state in which he 
found the regiment. 

On the 27th of December, on the departure of the 97th regiment 
for Natal, the head-quarters and four companies occupied the South 
barracks, leaving three companies at Wellington front and 1 company 
at the musketry camp at the North front*. 

1881. 

On the 3rd of January the three companies at Wellington front 
re-joined the head-quarters at the south barracks. 

During the month the establishment of the regiment was raised 
from 600 to 700 privates. 

It was early in this year that the scheme of army reorganization was 
framed. This scheme proposed the abolition of the existing system 
of linked battalions and regimental numbers, and the substitution of 
territorial regiments of the line ; each territorial regiment to consist 
of two line battalions, with the Militia and Volunteers of the district. 

As the 79th was at this time linked to the 42nd Black Watch, it was 
proposed to make it the 2nd Territorial battalion of that regiment, and 
the following telegram was received on January the 28th by the 
officer commanding from the Adjutant-General : 

" If 79th is linked to 42nd will your regiment adopt tartan of 42nd 
regiment? Linked regiments must wear the same tartan. Wire 
reply." 

Although the Cameron Highlanders would have been proud to be 
associated with the old Black Watch, by whose side they have so 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 163 

often stood on many a hard-fought field, yet such a proposal meant 
the practical extinction of the former, and all ranks were unanimous 
in declining to entertain it. Lieutenant-Colonel Leith (who was in 
command of the regiment during the absence of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Cuming on sick leave) accordingly sent the following telegram in 
reply : 

" No. The Cameron Highlanders will not adopt 42nd tartan." 
At the same time he wrote and despatched this letter by post : 

To the Adjutant-General, Horse Guards, Pall Mall, London. 

" Gibraltar, 30th January, 1881. 

" SIR, 

" I have the honour to forward a copy of a telegram 
despatched by me this morning in reply to your telegram received 
yesterday evening, which, in transmission through Spain, had become 
somewhat illegible. 

" It was with the greatest sorrow that the officers of the 79th 
Cameron Highlanders heard of the proposal to deprive the regiment 
of the Cameron tartan, worn by them for so many years and regarded 
with pride and affection by all ranks. No one serving in the 79th 
would willingly adopt the tartan of the 42nd regiment, which would 
virtually mean the extinction of the 79th Cameron Highlanders as a 
regiment. 

" May I most respectfully request that you will have the goodness 
to move His Royal Highness the commander-in-chief to preserve, 
if possible, for the regiment that tartan which has been the distinctive 
dress since they were raised in 1793 by Sir Alan Cameron, and, as 
the inscriptions on the colours testify, has been worn with honour in 
many hard-fought battles. 

" I have the honour to be, Sir, 

" Your obedient servant, 

(Signed} " J. M. LEITH, 

" Lieutenant-Colonel, 
" Commanding 79th Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders." 



4 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Nothing further was heard of the matter until Mr. Childers, the 
Secretary of State for War, in his comprehensive speech in the House 
of Commons on the new scheme, announced that the 79th would be 
the only single battalion regiment in the army, and a short time 
afterwards the following letter was received : 

" Horse Guards, War Office, S.W. 

"5th April, 1881. 

" SIR, 

" With reference to your letter of the 30th of January last, I 
have the honour, by desire of the Field Marshal Commanding-in- 
Chief, to acquaint you that> as the regiment under your command is 
to have a separate existence under the new linking, it is presumed that 
the regiment will now retain its tartan. 

" I have the honour to be, Sir, 

" Your obedient servant, 

" R. BLUNDELL, A.A.G." 
" To the Officer Commanding 

" 79th Regiment, Gibraltar." 

On the 1st of April the establishment of the regiment was increased 
from 700 to 800 privates. 

On the 1st of July, 1881, the day on which the Army Reorganization 
Scheme came into effect, the time honoured old number 79th was 
discontinued, and the regiment was designated by its title alone " The 
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders." It became the Territorial 
regiment of the county of Inverness, in which it was first raised, being 
joined as such with the " Highland Light Infantry Militia," which 
now became the 2nd battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron 
Highlanders. 

The depot was located at Inverness, but, as the barracks there were 
not yet completed, it was sent temporarily to Fort George. 

The following officers were at this time serving in the 2nd 
battalion : 



Colonel Simon Lord Lovat 
Major W. M. Bankes 
T. A. Macdonald 
W. Donaldson 



Captain G. A. Duff 
J. T. Shaw 



G. R. McKessack 

H. L. B. Langford-Brooke 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



165 



Captain A. D. Mackintosh of Mackintosh 
C. J. Merry 
H. W. Kemble 
W. H. Garforth 
W. G. S. Meuzies 
Lieutenant G. T. B. Mostyn 
C. L. McKenzie 

E. G. F. Tytler 
Lieutenant J. M. Hanbury 
,, C. Aytouii 

A. A. S. Anderson 



Lieutenant E. Grant 

R. W. E. Grant 
C. Marjoribanks 

A. G. Ferguson 

N. C. Greenhill-Gardyue 

R. A. Paterson 

W. D. Wolrige-Gordon 

Quarter-Master P. Forbes 

Surgeon D. McFadyen 

Adjutant H. J. Knight, Captain, Sea- 
forth Highlanders 



W. T. Fraser-Tytler 

On the 1st of July Lieutenant-Colonel E. W. Cuming was placed 
upon the retired list ; he was succeeded in command by Lieutenant- 
Colonel J. M. Leith. 

On the 17th of November the regiment was inspected by Major- 
General Adams, who expressed himself thoroughly satisfied with its 

efficiency. 

1882. 

On the 1st of May, 1882, the rank of Warrant Officer was introduced 
in the line regiments. 

On the 15th of March a draft of 1 sergeant and 119 rank and file, 
under the command of Major O. B. Gordon, joined the regiment from 
the depot. 

Before leaving Gibraltar a handsome mural tablet, with the following 
inscription, was erected by the regiment in the Presbyterian Church, 
in memory of their comrades who died during the stay of the regiment 

on the Rock : 

THE 79TH 
QUEEN'S OWN CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 

TO THE MEMORY 

OF THE UNDERMENTIONED 
OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND PRIVATES, 

WHO DIED WHILST THE REGIMENT WAS 
STATIONED AT GIBRALTAR, 

187982. 



Cuimhne 
Nui Sonn Nach MaAwann, 



166 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Lieutenant Colin C. Mackenzie - - - Died at Gibraltar, 15th Sept., 1880 

2nd Lieutenant Hon. Charles Cathcart - - London, 21st May, 1880 

1172 Sergeant Thomas Sim "G" Company Gibraltar, 29th Jan., 1880 

1592 Corporal David Eoss "F" 30th July, 1882 

1485 Drummer William Wallace " C " ., 20th Sept., 1881 

1988 Private William Wigham " H " 15th Sept, 1879 

1595 Robert Graham "F" 20th June, 1880 

899 John Gorman " B " ,, 22nd June, 1881 

2357 Thomas Scott "E )! 23rd July, 1881 

165 James Foster "D" 10th May, 1882 

In June, 1882, events in Egypt proclaimed a state of war imminent; 
and the refusal of Arabi Pasha to discontinue working at the fortifica- 
tions around Alexandria resulted in the bombardment of the forts by 
the fleet on the llth of July. The first intimation that the Cameron 
Highlanders were likely to be sent out was received on the 8th of 
July, when the Quarter-Master-General telegraphed to Lord Napier, 
the General Commanding at Gibraltar, enquiring whether they could 
be furnished with regimental transport if they should be required to 
embark. 

An affirmative reply was sent, and the 79th at once prepared for a 
campaign. On the 14th the regiment was ordered to embark, and 
from this time until the day of embarkation everybody was busily 
engaged in making preparations, every telegram was scanned and 
eagerly discussed, and an intense feeling of excitement and enthusiasm 
ran throughout the regiment. Bitter regrets were expressed when an 
order arrived for no man under 20 years of age to embark, and 
application after application was sent in for this to be modified, but 
it was only done in the case of drummers, who were all permitted 
to go. 

The Queen's colour only was taken. Lieutenant Halkett was 
detailed to remain in charge of women, children, men pronounced 
unfit for service, and those under 20 years of age. Lieutenant Racket- 
Thompson was appointed Transport Officer, and commenced his 
duties. 

On the 7th of August the regiment marched from the South barracks 
to the New Mole for embarkation on board H.M.S. Orontes. It was 
drawn up on the parade at the New Mole for inspection by Lord 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 167 

Napier of Magdala. A wing of the 95th regiment, which had 
received sudden orders to embark for Egypt at the same time, paraded- 
on its right. 

After the inspection, Lord Napier addressed the regiment in the 
following terms : 

" Colonel Leith, and the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. 
You are about to leave Gibraltar for active service, after having been 
quartered here for more than three years. Perhaps we take a special 
interest in you from having seen your young striplings grow up into 
fine men during the time you have been here. You have a very noble 
list of campaigns on your colours, commencing with Holland, then 
Egypt, the country to which you are again going ; and there are few 
parts of the world where your colours have not been borne, and on every 
occasion they have gained honour, and I am sure it will be the same 
now, if you have the opportunity. 

"Your conduct during the long time you have been here has been 
most satisfactory, your steadiness and regularity in barracks and 
elsewhere have been remarkable ; this is the foundation of a good 
regiment, and these qualities combined in the fine men I see in your 
ranks make me confident that the Cameron Highlanders can go any- 
where and do anything. I shall have the pleasure and honour of 
reporting to Her Majesty that the Cameron Highlanders embarked in 
the best order, and not a single man absent. I now bid you farewell, 
wishing you every success, being sure that you will upon all occasions 
do your duty, and that if the opportunity should occur you will cover 
yourselves with glory." 

The regiment then embarked, and at 12 noon amidst a burst of cheer- 
ing, and the strains of " Auld Lang Syne," the Orontes started. 
The following officers embarked with the regiment : 
Lieutenant-Colonels J. M. Leith and St. Leger j Majors McCausland, 
Gordon, and Chalmers ; Captains Hunt and Reid ; Lieutenants 
Hacket-Thompson, Blackburn, Hon. Ivan Campbell, Scott, Mackenzie, 
Malcolm, Grant, D. F. Davidson, Macleod, C. Davidson, Scott-Elliot, 
Cavaye and J. S. Ewart; Captain and Adjutant K. S. Baynes; Quarter- 



168 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Master Howard ; Paymaster, Major McNair ; Surgeon-Major Will ; 
Warrant Officer, Sergeant- Major J. Campbell. 

The regiment was to form one of the Highland brigade, under 
Major-General Sir Archibald Alison, Bart, K.C.B., in the 2nd 
division, under Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Hamley, C.B., 
K.C.M.G. 

After an uneventful voyage the Orontes arrived off Alexandria about 
7 a.m. on the 14th, and it was reported that the regiment would not 
disembark until the arrival of Sir Garnet Wolseley. 

On the 19th of August the regiment disembarked, and proceeded 
to Ramleh, outside Alexandria, where it went under canvas. The 
75th was already encamped, but the other two regiments of the 
Highland brigade, the 42nd and 74th, were yet to come. 

On the 20th and 22nd of August the regiment took part in recon- 
naissances against the enemy's position at Kafr Dowar. On each 
occasion it was exposed to a heavy fire of big guns, but there were no 
casualties. 

On the 22nd the Black Watch and 74th Highland Light Infantry 
arrived, and encamped beyond the 79th lines. Their arrival com- 
pleted the Highland brigade and the 2nd division. 

On the 29th it was announced that the Highland brigade would 
proceed to Ismailia, and form part of the force which Sir Garnet 
Wolseley was assembling there. 

Orders were given to strike camp on the 30th, and at 2.30 p.m. all 
arrangements having been completed, the regiment marched to the 
station, and was conveyed to Alexandria, and proceeded to embark 
on board the hired transport Lusitania, on which were also Lieutenant- 
General Sir Edward Hamley and his staff. 

On the 1st of September anchor was dropped in Lake Timsah, but 
disembarkation was postponed, and until it took place the regiment 
was employed on fatigue duties landing stores. 

On the 4th, H.M.S. Malabar came in, and a draft of reservists in 
charge of Captain Chapman, Lieutenant Urquhart, and Lieutenant S. 
Macdougall (93rd Highlanders), joined the regiment. Its strength 
was 3 sergeants, 9 corporals, 3 drummers, and 150 privates. Amongst 



7IMH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. !<<'> 

them thf:re were a few old 79th men, but the majority were from the 
'.J.'JH, 91st, and other regiments. 

On the 8th, orders were given for the brigade to disembark on the 
following day; all baggage was to go by train with the tents; two days' 
r .it ions were to be carried in the carts. Valises were to go by train, 
;nifl etcfa rnan was to carry his blanket rolled in place of his great coat, 
hi men tin, and 70 rounds of ammunition. 

At about 1.30 p.m. the regiment disembarked in three tugs, and 
;i slight delay on shore the Highland brigade started on its march 
across the desert. 

After marching for about half-an-hour a slight halt was made, and 
the march again resumed, and, with frequent halts, 1 Magfar, 
<li:,t;mt nine miles, was reached about 9 p.m. Numbers of men fell 
out. ( luring the last few miles, but all were present when the march 
began next day. 

Here the brigade bivouacked, the regiment furnishing a picquet, 
ling of half of " E" Company, under Lieutenant D. Davidson. 

At 4 o'clock next morning the march was continued two miles to 
Tel-el-Mahuta, where the brigade halted for the day. The heat was 
terrific, and, as there was no shelter from it, it was quite over- 
powering. At 5 p.m. the brigade moved on to Mahsameh, which was 
reached about 10 p.m. 

Starting at 4 o'clock the next morning, Kassassin was reached about 
8 a.m., and after the tents had been brought from the station and 
pitched, the regiment rested, to prepare for the decisive battle which 
was now daily expected. 

At 10 a.m. on the 12th the following brigade order was issued ; 

" Commanding officers are to be very particular about the fitness of 
water-carts, which will be filled and follow in rear of the battalions, 
and to make sure, by the personal inspection of company officers at 
r> p.m. to-day, that every man has his water-bottle filled, if possible, 
with cold tea. 

" Commanding officers, through officers commanding companies, 
must impress upon their men the absolute necessity of carrying and 



170 HISTORICAL RtCORPS OF THE 

husbanding rations, which will be issued to them to-day, as, until the 
period for which these rations are issued expires, nothing more can 
be obtained from the Commissariat 

As many spare water-bottles as possible will be sent to the brigade 
from head-quarters, so that a certain number of each company will 
carry two water-bottles. To-night the men will carry 100 rour 
ammunition in their pouches, but no blankets. Officers commanding 
must arrange regimentally as to the best mode of carrying this i 
ammunition. 

" In each corps the mode must be uniform. 

" In the event of a night march taking place the utmost attention 
must be paid to perfect silence in the ranks : the slightest sound 
when near the enemy might cause the miscarriage of the best planned 
enterprise. 

" Reserve ammunition of each battalion will follow it into action, 
and the most careful arrangements must be made by officers com- 
manding for the bringing up of ammunition from the mules to the 
companies engaged. 

"The stretchers assigned to each regiment must follow it in charge 
of the medical officer, who is responsible for the best arrangements 
that circumstances will permit for the care of the wounded. 

" The Major-General will see commanding officers at head-quarters 
at 3 p.m." 

At about 4 p.m. Lieutenant-Colonel J. M. Leith returned to camp 
and gave out the following orders : 

"Camp to be struck at 5.4o p.m.; tents, blankets, great-c 
valises, and band instruments to be piled alongside the railway and 
left in charge of a guard. 

" The regiment to fall in at 6.30 p.m. Each man to carry 100 
rounds of ammunition. 

" The position of Tel-el-Kebir is to be attacked with the bayonet ; 
no one is to load : not a shot is to be fired until over the entrench- 
ments," 



7'JlH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 171 

Arabi's strongly entrenched position was to be stormed, and the 
old 70th was to go into battle for the first time since the Indian 
Mutiny. 

The camp was struck at 6.30 p.m., and the Highland brigade 
formed up in line of quarter columns near the railway the 42nd on 
the right, 74th on the left, the 75th next to the 42nd, then the 79th. 

The strength of the regiment on parade was 



2 Lieutenant-Colonels 

3 Majors 

3 Captains 
14 Subaltern* 
1 Adjutant 
I Quarter-Master 



1 Surgeon-Major 
1 Chaplain 
48 Sergeants 
47 Corporals 

23 Drummers and Pipers 
660 Privates 



The following officers were with the regiment : 

Lieutenant-Colonels J. M. Leith and St. Leger; Majors McCausland, 
Gordon (on staff of Sir E. Hamley), and Chalmers ; Captains Hunt, 
Reid, and Chapman ; Lieutenants Racket-Thompson, Blackburn, 
Hon. Ivan Campbell, Mackenzie, Malcolm, Grant, D. F. Davidson, 
Macleod, C. Davidson, Scott-Elliot, Cavaye, Ewart, and Macdougall ; 
Captain and Adjutant Baynes ; Quarter-Master Howard; Surgeon- 
Major Will ; the Rev. David Arthur ; and Sergeant-Major J. Campbell. 
The advance was begun by the 74th, and the remainder followed in 
echelon to Nine Gun Hill. Here the brigade deployed into two lines, 
each regiment having four companies in the front line, and four in 
support. 

The march upon Tel-el-Kebir was continued at 1 a.m. The right 
of " A " company (Captain Hunt) was the flank of direction of the 
brigade. Lieutenant R. Macleod was the right guide ; he was 
directed by Lieutenant Rawson, R.N., who steered by the stars. 

The weird night march, long to be retained in the annals of the 
regiment and the country, can never be forgotten by those who took 
part in it ; the monotonous tramp, the sombre lines, the dimly 
discerned sea of desert faintly lighted by the stars, were at once 
ghostly and impressive. The pace was necessarily slow ; one halt 
was made, and shortly afterwards the directing star having become 



172 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

concealed another one was chosen, and the direction slightly changed 
to the right. The 42nd, 74th, and 75th, did not at once conform, and 
the consequence was that a halt had to be made as these regiments 
found themselves almost facing each other. 

This line was quickly and silently re-formed, and the advance 
continued. 

Just as dawn was breaking two shots were fired from the left front, 
and Private James Pollock of the regiment fell dead. It was now 
evident that the regiment was close upon the enemy. Bayonets were 
at once fixed. 

In a few seconds these two shots were followed by others ; the 
bugles of the Egyptians rang out, shells screamed above, and a line of 
fire poured from the enemy's trenches. The 79th moved steadily on 
in an unbroken line, not a shot was fired in reply ; but on the 
" advance " for the brigade being sounded by Sir Archibald Alison's 
bugler, drummer John Alcorn of the 79th, Lieutenant-Colonel Leith 
galloped to the front, waving his sword and crying, "Come on, 79th! " 
and breaking into double time, to the shrill music of the pipes, 
and cheering as they ran, the regiment charged the enemy's lines. 
Private Donald Cameron was the first to gain the top of the trench ; 
but fell dead at once, shot through the head. The trench was now 
full, and, mounting on each other's shoulders and scrambling up, the 
front line gained the fiery top. Lieutenant Malcolm jumped down 
amongst some gunners, one of whom wounded him on the head, but 
he cut his assailant down with his claymore. 

Flash after flash continued along the line until the bayonets of the 
79th had done their work, and the inside of the trench was full of 
dead and dying. 

The Egyptians retired straight to the rear, kneeling to fire as they 
ran. 

The front line followed the enemy in a confused mass, Pipe- 
Major Grant playing the March of the Cameron Men lustily. 

The second line had now mounted the works, and became mixed 
with the first. An attempt was made by the Colonel and Adjutant to 
form up the regiment, but a double cross fire from shelter trenches 
on each side had to be silenced, as it was creating havoc in the ranks. 



79'i'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 173 

Daylight was breaking, and the regiment moving to the left cleared 
the trench, and drove back the enemy in confusion through a small 
camp in rear of it. 

Colour-Sergeants Newell, Young and McLaren, with Corporal 
Syme, advanced to a redoubt on the left, and, killing three gunners in 
it, drove across the canal some Egyptian cavalry who were meditating 
a charge. Following them up they took a Krupp gun, and turning it 
round fired it upon the retreating foe. 

The remainder of the regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Leith, 
with the 42nd, 74th, and 75th, pushed on, and, driving all before them, 
arrived at the crest of the hill, overlooking Arabi's camp and the 
railway station. Here a terrible scene of confusion appeared ; the 
Egyptians were leaving the camp by hundreds, some running across 
the desert, some on the railway, and some in their excitement jumping 
into the canal. 

The Highland brigade, with some of the 46th and 60th Rifles, who 
had now come up, cleared the camp of all remaining Egyptians, and 
Arabi's army melted in the distance never to form up again. 

Major-General Sir Archibald Alison was greeted with a hearty cheer 
as he passed, and Lieutenant-Colonel Leith, anxious to find shade for 
his men, marched the regiment into some of the tents, where it rested. 

Sergeant-Major Joseph Campbell at once set out with volunteers to 
give such assistance as they could to the wounded, and they found 
their services most acceptable to Surgeon-Major Will, who, in spite of 
dysentery, from which he had been suffering since the regiment left 
Ramleh, was lending his entire energies to the care of the wounded, 
and trying to alleviate their sufferings. 

In the storming of Tel-el-Kebir the Cameron Highlanders had 
Lieutenant A. G. Blackburn, (dangerously) Lieutenant H. H. L. 
Malcolm, and Lieutenant S. Macdougall (very severely) wounded ; 13 
rank and file killed ; 4 sergeants and 40 rank and file wounded. 

The following is a complete list of casualties : 

2049 Private William Bodle . "H" Company ... Killed. 

2304 Robert Brown ... " E " ., ... .. 

1455 Donald Cameron ... "E" 

127 George Crawford ... "B" 



174 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



117 


Private 


Alexander Denniston 


" A " Company 


2051 


55 


John Hyslop 


"A" 


80 


j 


Patrick Kenny 


"C" 


2300 


,. 


Thomas King 


"C" 


1483 


55 


Alexander Paterson 


" F " 


2156 


55 


James Pollock 


"F" 


2087 


,, 


George Rugg 


"A" 


2354 





William Simon 


"A" 


299 


55 


William Smith ... 


"E" 


Lieutenant Adam G. Blackburn 




|| 


H. H. L. Malcolm 






II 


S. Macdougall 





wiaj 


f Colour- 


(-Francis Chapman ... 


" G " Company 


2125 


Sergeant 


Donald Gunn 


"B" 


999 


55 


Kennedy Hewitt ... 


"G" 


1378 





Alexander Mackenzie 


"C" 


2099 


Corporal 


William Cattanach 


"C" 


1873 


tt 


John McKay 


"B" 


1418-] 


[corporal] 


I James Cuming... 


TJ1 55 

55 


2062 


M 


Francis Tillie 


"E" 


2299 


Private 


David Alexander ... 


"C" 


1536 


55 


David Bell 


"B" 


1261 


5) 


Thomas Bottomley 


"E" 


1055 


M 


Thomas Brown 


"D" 


83 


55 


Martin Burns 


"E" 


2247 


55 


William Chapman ... 


"B" 


455 


; 


James Chassels 


"B" 


84 


55 


William Cockcroft ... 


"E" 


2175 


55 


James Dick 


"H" 


124 


55 


Charles Drummond 


"B" 


2192 


M 


John Duff 


"C" 


1406 


55 


James Hart 


"E" 


2338 


55 


Henry Herd 


"H" 


292 





Peter Kynoch 


"G" 


1424 


?J 


Archibald McAlister 


"G" 


1500 




John McAlister 


"D" 


446 


?1 


John McKale 


" F " 


908 


; 


William Mackenzie 


"C" ", 


1472 


., 


Thomas McRae 


"G" 


376 


?) 


Thomas Meers 


"D" 


146 


55 


Alexander Murray 


"B" 



Killed. 



Wounded. 



Died of wounds. 
Wounded. 



Died of wounds. 
Wounded. 

Died of wounds 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 175 

1565 Private David Murray ... " H " Company ... Died of wounds. 

2197 David Nelson ... "E" ... Wounded. 

901 John Page " F " 

68 George Quemby . "A" ., 

146 Robert Robertson ... "F" ... 

550 James Rodgers .. "A" ... 

426 John Sheppard ... "A" ... ,, 

2266 John Smith ... "C" ... 
1026 Robert Spers ... "D" 

215 Archibald Telford "E" .. 
2343 James Walker .. "C" 

312 Michael White ... "E" ... 

1439 William Wilson ... "H" ... ., 

1662 William Witherspoon "H" , ... 

108 Luke Young ... "E" 

The following officers, non-commissioned officers, and men were 

reported to Major-General Sir Archibald Alison for having specially 
distinguished themselves during the action : 



Captain and Adjutant K. S. Baynes 
Lieutenant H. H. L. Malcolm 
Lieutenant S. Macdougall 
Surgeon-Major Will 
Sergeant-Major J. Campbell 
Colour- Sergeant Newell 
Colour- Sergeant Young 
Colour- Sergeant McLaren 
Colour-Sergeant Gunn 



Colour-Sergeant McNeil 
Sergeant- Piper Grant 
Sergeant-Drummer Sanderson 
Sergeant Souter 
Sergeant Donald Gunn 
Corporal Syme 
Private D. Taylor 
Private T. Chalmers 
Private Sheehan 



For its conduct during the day the regiment received the royal 
authority to have the word " Tel-el-Kebir " inscribed on its colours 
and appointments. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Leith, Major McCausland, Captain Hunt, 
Sergeant-Major Campbell, and the non-commissioned officers and 
men above-named, were mentioned in Sir Garnet Wolseley's des- 
patches, dated the 2nd of November. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Leith was appointed a Companion of the Bath, 
and received the 3rd Class of the Medjidie. 

Major McCausland was promoted Brevet-Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
received the 4th Class of the Osmanieh. 



176 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Captain Hunt was promoted Brevet-Major, and received the 4th 
Class of the Medjidie. 

Lieutenant Blackburn received the 5th Class of the Medjidie. 

For their gallant services, Sergeant-Major Campbell, Colour-Sergeant 
Young, and Sergeant Donald Gunn received medals for " distinguished 
conduct in the field." 

Sergeant Souter was promoted to be lieutenant in the Black Watch. 

At 4.30 p.m. the same day the regiment, with the 74th and 
75th, marched about five miles towards Zagazig and bivouacked for 
the night. The following day it moved on to Zagazig, 13 miles 
distant. 

On entering Zagazig, about 6 p.m., the 72nd Highlanders were 
seen encamped on the other side of the canal, and raised many a 
cheer as the regiment passed. They formed part of the Indian 
contingent, and had pushed on in front of the Highland brigade. 

The Cameron Highlanders were quartered in a cotton manufactory 
close to the 75th. 

Late that evening orders were received for the regiment to start 
for Benha by train at 6 a.m. on the following day ; it accordingly 
paraded at 5 a.m., but did not leave till about 9 a.m. " F " company, 
under the command of Lieutenant Hon. Ivan Campbell, was left as 
a guard for the baggage, which, with the officers' chargers, was to 
follow by road. 

Arriving at Benha at about 9.30 a.m., a large building in the 
enclosure of the palace was occupied as a barrack, but, as there was 
nothing but stones to sleep on, some sugar-canes were cut to make a 
rough sort of bedding. 

At 7 p.m. that day, the 15th, orders were received for the 79th 
to go to the station and line the railway, to capture a train of 
men and guns which was expected from Kafr Dowar, but there 
was no opposition offered, and it was therefore dismissed without 
marching off. 

At 3 p.m. on the 16th Major-General Alison sent up to say that 
at 4 p.m. the 79th was to go by train to Cairo, and marching to the 



79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 177 

station, after a short delay caused by the entraining of the 74th, it 
started, and reached Cairo station about 7.30 p.m. 

There the staff officer in charge, Major Fraser, R.E., directed the 
colonel to march to the Citadel, which was entered about 9 p.m., but 
no one knew where the regiment was to be quartered, so they slept 
in some unoccupied rooms, on the stones. No one had been in since 
the Egyptians marched out, and the smell and dirt was beyond 
description, but they had to remain there until the 21st, when 
the regiment marched to Ghesireh and encamped on the right of 
the 74th. 

On the 23rd, the 42nd arrived from Belbeis, and the brigade was 
completed on the 28th by the arrival of the 7 5th from Tantah. 

On the 1 3th the brigade was inspected by Sir Garnet Wolseley who 
expressed himself well pleased with the appearance and drill of 
the 79th. 

On the 15th a draft of reservists, consisting of 4 sergeants, 10 
corporals, 2 drummers, and 132 privates, under the command of 
Major Miers and Lieutenants Abercrombie and Toogood of the 
21st Royal Scots Fusiliers, joined from Cyprus. 

On the 21st Major-General Sir Archibald Alison handed over the 
command to Major-General Graham, V.C., and at a parade the same 
day made the following address : 

" Officers and men of the Highland brigade : 

"The exigencies of the service require that I should this day lay 
down that command, which three short months ago I took up 
with so much pride. I cannot quit the brigade without returning 
to the officers commanding battalions my most sincere thanks for 
the warm and uniform support which I have ever received from 
them, and which has made my command to me a period of constant 
pleasure. 

" I have to thank the officers for the admirable way in which they 
have always discharged their duties. 

" I have to thank the non-commissioned officers and men for their 
excellent conduct in quarters, and their brilliant gallantry in the 
field, 

N 



178 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

" It was the dream of my youth to command a Highland brigade ! 
It has been granted to me in my old age to lead one in battle. 

" This brigade has been singularly fortunate in having had assigned 
to it so important a part in what must ever be considered one of the 
most brilliant victories which have been won by our arms in modern 
times. 

" There is one thing which I wish to impress upon you, and that 
is it was not the fiery valour of your rush over the entrenchments of 
Tel-el-Kebir, but the disciplined restraint of the long night march 
over the desert preceding it, which I admired the most that was one of 
the most severe tests of discipline which could be exacted from men, 
and by you it was nobly borne. When in the early dawn we looked 
down from the summit of the ridge upon the camp of Arabi lying 
defenceless at our feet, and upon his army dissolving before us, the 
first thought that came into my mind was, that had my old chief, Sir 
Colin Campbell, risen from his grave he would have been proud of 
you. He would have thought that you had well maintained the 
reputation of the Highland regiments, and the honour of the Scottish 
name ; he would have deemed you the worthy successors of that now 
historic brigade which he led up the green slopes of Alma ! I cannot 
do better than wish that you may afford to that distinguished officer, 
Major-General Graham, to whom I have this day handed over the 
brigade, the same satisfaction that you have given to me. And now, 
to every commanding officer, to every officer, to every non-commis- 
sioned officer, and to every man of the Highland brigade, I wish 
1 God speed.' " 

On the 29th the regiment moved back to the Citadel, of which 
Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Leith became commandant. It was destined 
to form part of the Army of Occupation in Egypt. 

1883. 

On the 21st of February, 1883, the regiment paraded at 11.30 a.m. 
for the presentation of the war medals by Lady Alison, who was 
accompanied by Major-General Graham, V.C. 

Whilst the regiment was waiting drawn up in line at open order, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 179 

Lord Napier of Magdala, who was travelling in Egypt, came up, and 
was received with a field marshal's salute. It did the regiment good 
to see him, and they would have liked to have raised a cheer for the 
fine old soldier who had so much endeared himself to them at 
Gibraltar, and whose name will never be forgotten by the 79th 
Cameron Highlanders. 

Previous to the distribution, General Graham addressed the 
regiment, complimenting them on their past career, and regretting the 
absence of Sir Archibald Alison, who, he said, having been with them 
in action, would have spoken more accurately of the exemplary 
services which they had rendered during the recent campaign, and 
especially as to their gallant storming of Tel-el-Kebir. 

He concluded by saying "You men who have survived that gallant 
charge, and who are about to receive your medals, must not forget 
those intrepid comrades whose lives were sacrificed, and especially 
would I mention Private Donald Cameron, who was first into the 
trenches, and died shot through the head." 

Colonel Leith replied, thanking General Graham for the kind 
manner in which he had referred to the regiment, and expressing a 
hope that it would in the future maintain the high reputation which it 
had hitherto enjoyed. 

The medals were then distributed, Lady Alison pinning them on 
the breasts of those who had specially distinguished themselves. 

On the 2nd of June His Highness the Khedive presented his bronze 
stars to the regiment on Abdin Square. 

In the month of June the establishment of the regiment was 
reduced to 2 lieutenant-colonels, 3 majors, 5 captains, 12 subalterns, 
2 staff-officers, 2 warrant-officers, 40 sergeants, 21 drummers, 40 cor- 
porals, and 480 privates, and all recruiting for the regiment at home 
was stopped. 

In July the cholera, which had been raging for some time past in 
Egypt, seized the troops, those who were sick in hospital being the 
first to be attacked, and in most cases the first to succumb. 

Four men of the Cameron Highlanders died on the 24th of July, 
and on the following day the regiment went into camp on Mokkattam 



180 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

heights, about, a mile from the Citadel, leaving " G" company, under 
Captain Napier, in charge of the barracks. 

The effect of the change from the foul atmosphere of the Citadel 
to the fresh ground was an almost complete cessation of the epidemic, 
and whilst the regiment was under canvas only two other cases 
occurred. 

The undermentioned men of the regiment died during this 
outbreak : 



Sergeant- Piper J. McGregor Grant 
Private John Smith 

James Cameron 

Thomas Dodds 

Michael Carrigan 



Private William Morrison 
Hugh McKay 
Robert McRae 
John McLaggan 
John Grant 



On the 1st of September the regiment returned to its old quarters in 
the Citadel. 

1884. 

In January, 1884, recruiting was again opened for the regiment, but 
recruits came in slowly, and, on the departure of the first expedition 
to Suakim, under Major-General Sir Gerald Graham, V.C., K.C.B., 
the regiment was so weak in numbers, having fallen below home 
establishment, that it could not take part in it. 

Captain and Adjutant Baynes, as assistant-military-secretary ; Lieu- 
tenant Scott, A. B.C. to Sir Gerald Graham ; Lieutenant C. Davidson, 
as a volunteer with the Gordon Highlanders ; and about fifteen 
non-commissioned officers and men of the regiment accompanied the 
expedition, being present at the engagements of El Teb and Tamaii. 
Captain Baynes and Lieutenant Scott were mentioned in Sir Gerald 
Graham's despatches, and Captain Baynes, in recognition of his 
services, was promoted to the rank of brevet-major. 

During the absence of Sir Gerald Graham at Suakim the command 
of the Cairo brigade devolved upon Colonel Leith, C.B. 

From the 1st of April the establishment of the regiment was raised to 
2 lieutenant-colonels, 3 majors, 5 captains, 16 subalterns, 2 staff- 
officers, 2 warrant-officers, 48 sergeants, 21 drummers and pipers, 
40 corporals, and 760 privates. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 181 

On the 30th of April "A," " B," "C," " D," " E," and "H" 
companies, under Lieutenant-Colonel St. Leger, proceeded -on- 
detachment to Ramleh, and on the 17th of May " C," " D," and " E " 
companies returned to Cairo. 

On the 9th of June "A," " B," and " H " companies, under the 
command of Major Chalmers, embarked at Ramleh on board H.M.S. 
Alexandra, and were conveyed to Port Said, where they were quartered 
in the Dutch House. 

On the 5th of August the regiment moved from the Citadel to 
Abdin barracks, and on the 19th "C" company, under Captain 
Napier, proceeded to Assioot in Upper Egypt. 

On the 15th of September a draft, consisting of 1 sergeant, 
1 corporal, and 54 rank and file, under Captain Smith, joined head- 
quarters from the depot at Fort George. 

On the 9th of this month Lord Wolseley arrived in Egypt to assume 
command of an expeditionary force to proceed up the Nile to the 
relief of General Gordon, who, early in the year, accompanied by 
Colonel Stewart only, had undertaken to attempt the withdrawal of 
the Egyptian garrisons in the Soudan and to restore order in 
Khartoum, and whose position had now become very critical in 
consequence of the rapid spread of the Mahdist rebellion. 

On the 19th of September General Lord Wolseley inspected the 
regiment on Abdin Square, and expressed himself much pleased with 
the appearance of the men. 

On the 15th of November the Cameron Highlanders were placed 
under orders to proceed up the Nile to join the expedition, and, after 
being joined by the detachment from Port Said, under Major 
Chalmers, it left Boulac Dacroor station for Assioot on the 18th of 
that month. 

The following officers left Cairo with the regiment : 

Colonel J. M. Leith, C.B., Lieutenant-Colonel St. Leger, Majors 
Everett, Chalmers, and Money ; Brevet-Major Hunt ; Captain Smith ; 
Captain Halkett ; Lieutenants Urquhart, D. Davidson, Forbes, Scott- 
Elliot, Cavaye, Riach, Cameron, and McKerrell ; Major and Adjutant 
K. S. Baynes ; Quarter-Master Howard ; Paymaster, Major J. Brown \ 



182 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Surgeon Davies, and the Rev. D. Arthur ; Warrant-Officer, Sergeant- 
Major J. Emslie. 

Captain Napier and Lieutenants Malcolm, C. Davidson, Ewart and 
Findlay, had already proceeded up the Nile on various duties. 

The Regimental Reserve depot, under the command of Lieutenant 
R. W. Macleod, remained temporarily at Kasr-el-Nil barracks, Cairo. 

At Assioot the regiment was joined by " C " company, under 
Captain Napier, and it at once left by river for Assouan, the head- 
quarters, " A," " B," " C," and " D " companies embarking on barges 
Nos. 151 and 182, towed by the steamer Beherah, and " E," " F," " G," 
and " H " companies on barges Nos. 69 and 64, towed by the steamer 
Zaignet el Bahare. 

The following are the places at which the regiment stopped for the 
night during its voyage to Assouan : 

November 20th The Village of Abu Tig 

21st The Village of Tushba 

22nd Sohag 

23rd The Village of Masateh, iiear Girgeh 

24th Esbeh 

25th Keneh 

26th Luxor 

27th Esneh 

28th The Village of Gisr Voardil 

29th The Village of Aklit 

On the 30th of November the regiment reached Assouan (the first 
Cataract). Here Colonel Leith received orders that it was to proceed 
to Korosko to hold the desert road from that place to Abou-Hamad. 

On the 1st of December the regiment disembarked, and proceeded 
by train to Philae at the top of the first Cataract, where it again 
embarked for Korosko. 

The head-quarters, "F" and "G" companies embarked on the steamer 
Benha, towing barge No. 80 ; "A" and "C " companies, under Major 
Hunt, in sailing barge No. 112; "B" and " D " companies, under 
Captain Halkett, on sailing barge No. 14 ; " E " company (Major 
Money) on Dahabeah No. 103 ; and " H " company (Major Chalmers) 
on Dahabeah No. 84, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 183 

The sailing boats left that evening, and the steamer followed 
on the 2nd. 

The regiment arrived at Korosko on the 4th of December and 
bivouacked for the night. On the 5th the tents were landed and a 
camp pitched. 

Korosko is a small place, consisting of a few mud huts of the 
Ababdeh Arabs, and is important as being the northern extremity of 
the desert route to Abou Hamad and the point from which General 
Gordon had entered the Soudan. 

Colonel J. M. Leith, C.B., was now appointed commandant of the 
station in succession to Major Rundle of the Egyptian army, who 
was engaged in raising Arab levies from the Ababdeh tribes, with a 
view to opening the desert road in conjunction with the Cameron 

Highlanders. 

1885. 

On the 23rd of January, 1885, a draft of 31 rank and file reached 
Korosko from the Reserve depot at Cairo. 

On the 28th of January the sad news of the fall of Khartoum and the 
death of the heroic General Gordon was communicated to Colonel 
Leith by Lord Wolseley. The splendid efforts of the desert and river 
columns had been in vain, and they were ordered to fall back upon 
Korti. 

All anticipations of the Cameron Highlanders crossing to Abou 
Hamad and taking a more active part in the campaign were now 
closed, and the desert levies under Major Rundle were disbanded. 

On the 8th of February the following telegram was received by 
Colonel Leith from Major-General Sir Evelyn Wood, V.C., commanding 
the lines of communication : 

" Your battalion will spend the summer at Korosko ; commence at 
once to hut half a battalion with a view to health and comfort, and 
report progress when half is completed." 

From this it became evident that Lord Wolseley's army would 
summer in the Soudan and advance upon Khartoum in the autumn. 

On receipt of this order the regiment at once commenced to 
construct huts of mud and palm branches, 



184 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

On the 29th of February Major and Adjutant K. S. Baynes proceeded 
to Suakim on the staff of Sir Gerald Graham, V.C., K.C.B., who had 
been appointed to command the force designed to co-operate with the 
Nile Expedition. 

On the 8th of March a draft of 2 officers (Lieutenants Douglas- 
Hamilton and Hon. Andrew Murray) and 30 rank and file joined the 
regiment from the Nile reserve depot. 

On the 31st of March, to the great regret of all ranks, Colonel J. M. 
Leith, C.B., left the regiment to take up the appointment of assistant- 
adjutant-general of the Suakim field force. He was succeeded in 
command by Lieutenant-Colonel H. H. St. Leger. 

On the 7th of April Lord Wolseley arrived at Korosko and inspected 
the hutting in progress. 

" B," " C," and " D " companies occupied huts on the 20th of 
April, and by the middle of May the whole of the regiment was 
hutted. 

On the llth of May Major G. L. C. Money was appointed assistant- 
military-secretary to Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Stephenson, 
commanding the troops in Lower Egypt. 

On the 12th small pox appeared in the regiment, but prompt 
measures were taken for its suppression and the disease did not 
spread. 

On the 1st of July a draft, consisting of i sergeant and 61 reservists, 
under Captain Racket-Thompson, arrived at Korosko from Fort 
George ; these men had chiefly come from the 1st, 21st, 72nd, 78th, 
and 92nd regiments, and there were a few old 79th men. 

It had now been definitely decided to withdraw the Nile expedition, 
and accordingly a frontier field force, consisting of the 20th Hussars, 
West Kent, Stafford, and Yorkshire regiments, and the Cameron 
Highlanders, was formed, under the command of Major-General 
F. W. Grenfell, C.B., A.D.C., to hold the Soudan frontier. This force 
was disposed as follows : The West Kent regiment at Haifa ; the 
Cameron Highlanders at Korosko, and the remainder at Assouan. 

For its services in the Nile expedition the regiment received the 
royal authority to have the words "Nile, 1884-85" inscribed on its 
colours and appointments ; Major Everett was promoted to be 







79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 185 

lieutenant-colonel in the army, and every officer, non-commissioned 
officer, and man received the medal and " Nile " clasp (or clasp oaly- 
if already in possession of the medal). 

On the 17th of July the regiment was inspected by Colonel Leach, 
V.C., R.E., commanding the garrison at Korosko, who complimented 
all ranks on having maintained such a smart and soldier-like appear- 
ance under such disadvantageous circumstances. 

On the 6th of September the regiment was much grieved to hear of 
the death of Captain Halkett, which occurred in England. He had 
been invalided from the Nile suffering from fever. 

On the 29th of September a draft consisting of 3 subalterns 
(Lieutenants W. D. Ewart, Gordon, and MacFarlan), 1 sergeant, and 
17 rank and file, under the command of Major R. C. Annesley, joined 
the regiment from the Nile reserve depot. 

On the 5th of October a telegram was received from Major-General 
Grenfell, C.B., A.D.C., directing that the Cameron Highlanders should 
be held in readiness to proceed to Wady Haifa as soon as relieved, 
in consequence of intelligence received that the Soudan Arabs were 
advancing upon Akasheh and Wady Haifa. 

On the 10th of the same month the regiment was inspected on 
parade by Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Stephenson, K.C.B., who 
was inspecting the frontier stations. He complimented the regiment 
on its fine appearance and excellent conduct. 

On the 13th the 1st battalion of the Yorkshire regiment arrived at 
Korosko to relieve the regiment ; and as soon as the former had 
disembarked, the Cameron Highlanders embarked on three steamers 
towing barges. Four companies, under Lieutenant-Colonel Everett, 
embarked on the largest of these steamers, the SS. Messir, and the 
two smaller steamers were placed respectively in charge of Lieutenants 
Cameron and Hon. A. D. Murray. 

The regiment spent the night of the 14th at Ibrim island, the 15th 
at the temple of Aboo Simbel, and the 16th at the village of Eskeh. 

On the 17th it arrived at Wady Haifa and disembarked. Here 
orders were received for the right half battalion and head-quarters to go 
under canvas, and for the left half battalion, under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Everett, to proceed to the advanced outposts of Kosheh and Akasheh. 



186 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

In accordance with these orders " G " and " H " companies, under 
the command of Major Chalmers, left by train for Akasheh on the 
18th of October. From Akasheh they marched on 26 miles to 
Kosheh fort, which was reached on the 22nd. 

Kosheh was a small brick fort 113 miles to the south of Wady 
Haifa, and was the most advanced British post in the Soudan. 

On the 19th of October "E" and "F" companies, under the 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Everett, went by train to Akasheh, 
where he assumed command. 

On the 28th, 100 rank and file from the right half battalion were 
sent as a reinforcement to Akasheh, and 50 of them, under Lieutenant 
Hon. A. Murray, moved by whale-boat to Kosheh to join Major 
Chalmers. 

On the 2nd of November a draft of 2 sergeants and 156 rank and 
file, under the command of Lieutenant Scott-Elliot, arrived at Wady 
Haifa from the depot at Fort George. 

On the 9th of this month " D " company, under Major 
R. C. Annesley, was sent to Sarras, 37 railed/south of Haifa, to protect 
the railway to Akasheh. From Sarras a party was sent out, under 
Lieutenant Scott-Elliot, in search of some marauders who had been 
seen in the vicinity of the railway, and a party of 12 men, under 
Sergeant Alexander Mackenzie, was placed in a blockhouse at Mohrat 
Wells, 13 miles from Sarras. 

On the 7th of November Lieutenant-Colonel Everett moved with 
his two companies from Akasheh to Kosheh, where the whole of the 
left half battalion was now united. 

On the 17th of November a camel corps was formed at Wady 
Haifa ; 25 volunteers from the regiment, under Lieutenant Scott-Elliot, 
joined it, being designated the "Cameron Division of the Camel Corps." 

On the 19th of November the head-quarters and right half battalion, 
under Colonel St. Leger, moved to Akasheh, being joined at Sarras by 
" D " company. They bivouacked for the night at Akasheh and 
proceeded the following day by whale-boats to the Dal Cataract, and 
from thence marched to Firket, eight miles further on. 

On the 21st, in pursuance of orders, the head-quarters and right 
half battalion moved from Firket to Mograkeh, an old Arab fort in 



! 




v 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 187 

total ruins, which Colonel St. Leger had been directed to place in a 
state of defence with a view to keeping open the communications 
between Akasheh and Kosheh. 

Work was at once commenced, the old towers were loopholed, the 
walls cut down, and rendered defensible, and a zeriba was made round 
the most exposed sides. In the meantime Lieutenant-Colonel Everett 
and the left half battalion were working hard at the defences of 
Kosheh, where the trees were felled, the ground cleared, and a large 
zeriba constructed on the west bank of the Nile. 

It was known that the Soudanese army was approaching rapidly and 
might be expected before Kosheh in a few days. 

On the 25th, Brigadier-General Butler, C.B., A.D.C., arrived at 
Mograkeh, and directed that the right half battalion should move to 
Kosheh at once, on being relieved by the 3rd battalion of the Egyptian 
army. " A " company moved that afternoon and " B " company on 
the following morning, " C " and " D " companies remaining at 
Mograkeh until the arrival of the Egyptians. 

Early the following day news was received that a large body of the 
enemy had arrived at the pass of Attab, only six miles from Kosheh, 
and that an attack that night upon the fort was contemplated. Every 
preparation was made, and the regiment remained under arms through- 
out the night, but no attack came off. 

During the night " D " company was moved from Mograkeh, under 
Lieutenant D. Davidson, and was conveyed across the river to the 
zeriba on the west bank of the Nile. 

On the 28th the enemy, whose strength was estimated at 7,000 men, 
showed in great force on the hills above Amara, displaying many 
banners. In the evening " C " company, under Major Annesley, 
moved from Mograkeh to Kosheh on the arrival of the 3rd battalion 
of the Egyptian army. A small signalling party from the Cameron 
Highlanders was left at Mograkeh. 

The garrison of Kosheh now consisted of 1 troop of the 20th 
Hussars, 1 troop of Mounted Infantry, a few British and Egyptian 
Artillerymen, the Cameron Highlanders, and 100 men of the 9th 
Soudan battalion, under Major Archibald Hunter; 150 blacks from 
the same battalion, under Major Borrow, occupied the zeriba on the 



88 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

west bank. Mograkeh was held by the 3rd battalion of the Egyptian 
army, under Major Besant, and some of the Egyptian Camel Corps. 

The armed steamers Lotus and Shaban patrolled the river. 

On the 29th and 30th of November the mounted troops, under 
Lieutenant Legge of the 20th Hussars, exchanged shots with the 
enemy near Giniss, and the Lotus hotly engaged him along the banks 
near Attab. One Egyptian soldier was killed. 

On the 1st of December information was received that a force of 
the enemy had moved round to the rear, had torn up a mile of the 
railway between Ambigole and Akasheh, and had attacked the fortified 
post at Ambigole Wells. 

On the 3rd of December the Arabs made a reconnaissance to within 
700 yards of the fort, but the garrison did not open fire, hoping that 
they would commit themselves to an attack. 

The following day the Lotus again moved up stream and engaged 
the enemy at Giniss ; the Arabs returned her fire with musketry 
and artillery. 

In the evening the whole of the mounted troops at Kosheh and 
Mograkeh were ordered to leave immediately for Akasheh to assist in 
protecting the railway. 

On the 5th of December the enemy advanced on both banks of the 
river and occupied a ridge of sandhills on the west bank and the 
village of Absari, which was about 800 yards from Kosheh fort on 
the east bank. From this date the dervishes kept up an almost 
ceaseless fire of artillery and musketry upon the fort and zeriba, 
occasioning many casualties in the garrison. When it became evident 
that they did not mean to attack in earnest, but to harass and annoy 
the garrison with their fire, internal defences, traverses, magazines, and 
covered ways were constructed to protect the men as far as possible. 
The garrison was also divided into three watches, so that one-third was 
always available, night and day, to repel any sudden attack and to 
return the enemy's incessant fire. 

On the 9th " C " company, under Major Annesley, with 80 blacks, 
under Major Hunter, cleared and set fire to the village of Absari. 

On the llth the Cameron Highlanders had Captain Hacket- 
Thompson and four rank and file wounded. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 189 

At daybreak orrthe morning of the 12th about 3,000 of the enemy 
suddenly attacked Mograkeh fort. Three companies of the Cameron 
Highlanders were paraded at once to go to the assistance of the 
garrison, but their services were not required, as the 3rd battalion of 
the Egyptian army repulsed the attack with heavy loss to the Arabs. 
The Cameron Highlanders had two rank and file wounded. 

On the 16th of December "F" and "H" companies, under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Everett, were sent out at 6 a.m. to make a 
demonstration against the enemy occupying the village of Absari. As 
the companies approached the dervishes opened a heavy fire from the 
loopholed houses, which was vigorously replied to. Lieutenant Riach, 
with Lance-Sergeant Murray, Corporal Macrae, and Privates Gray and 
King, moving by the bank of the river, attacked a party of the enemy 
concealed behind some black rocks in the nullah between Kosheh 
and Absari, and killed fourteen of them. In doing this, Lieutenant 
Riach had a very narrow escape, as a bullet, fired by a dervish from the 
top of the rocks, passed through his helmet, removing some of his 
hair. Corporal Macrae was wounded in the hand. 

Having advanced close to the village the companies retired again 
under cover of the guns in the fort. 

In this reconnaissance the Cameron Highlanders had Major 
Chalmers (severely), Lieutenant W. G. Cameron (fatally), and four 
rank and file wounded. Major Archibald Hunter, 9th battalion 
Egyptian army, was also very dangerously wounded. 

The enemy kept up a heavy fire upon the fort throughout the day, 
nine of his shells bursting inside the works. 

On the 17th the Cameron Highlanders had one man (Private David 
McKenzie) killed and one man wounded. 

To the great regret of all ranks Lieutenant W. G. Cameron died of 
his wounds on the 19th, and the following regimental order was 
published referring to his death : 

" The Officer Commanding feels sure that all ranks will share his 
deep sorrow at the deaths of Lieutenant Cameron, Private McKenzie, 
and Private Farrington, of wounds ; and will sympathise with their 
bereaved relatives. In Lieutenant Cameron, the Cameron High- 



190 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

landers have lost a most promising and gallant young officer, whose 
zeal and readiness to perform any duty, however difficult or dangerous, 
will long be remembered by all who have served with him." 

The fort was again exposed to artillery fire on the morning of the 
20th and the regiment had 1 sergeant (Armourer-Sergeant H. 
Messenger) and 2 rank and file wounded. 

On the 22nd a reconnaissance was made by the mounted troops, 
who had again arrived at Mograkeh from Akasheh ; they were 
supported by " A " and " G " companies, under Major Hunt and 
Captain Napier. 

On the 24th the Cameron Highlanders had 1 corporal wounded ; on 
the 26th, 2 rank and file killed and 1 wounded ; on the 29th, 1 man 
killed and 1 wounded. 

On the 29th of December, 1885, Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick 
Stephenson arrived at Mograkeh with 4,000 British and Egyptian 
troops, and the investment of Kosheh, which had lasted 31 days, 
terminated. 

The following morning the Anglo-Egyptian force, under Lieutenant- 
General Stephenson, attacked and dispersed the dervishes at Giniss. 

The Cameron Highlanders and 9th Soudan battalion of the 
Egyptian army, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Everett, 
took the village of Absari at the point of the bayonet, and afterwards 
occupied and burnt the village of Giniss. All the enemy's standards, 
five guns, and his ammunition and nuggars fell into the hands of the 
British and Egyptians. 

In this engagement the Cameron Highlanders had 8 rank and file 
wounded. 

The regiment bivouacked for the night at Giniss, and on the 
morning of the 31st " D " and " E " companies, under Captains 
Hacket-Thompson and Urquhart, were sent to dislodge some 
dervishes who were still holding out in some houses near Kosheh ; 
this they accomplished without loss, returning the same evening to 
Giniss. 

The following is a complete list of casualties incurred by the 
regiment in the defence of Kosheh and the engagement at Giniss; 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



191 



Major N.G.Chalmers ............ Severely wounded 

Captain F. Hacket-Thompsoii ......... Wounded 

Lieutenant D. Davidson ............... Contusion 

W.G.Cameron ............ Died of wounds 

} H. Messenger .............. Severe contusion 

-** ............... WoUDded 

J.Reid ................. Wounded 

Drummer J. Thompson ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded 

Private T. Farrington ............... Died of wounds 

J. Howse .. ............ Severely wounded 

H. Mclntosh ............... Wounded 

D. Mathieson ........... Dangerously wounded 

D.Ramsay ............... Slightly wounded 

., C. Gray ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

W. Fletcher ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

E. Drinkwater ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded 

j. J.Stanley ... .. ... ... ... Twice wounded 

Cor D oral } J> Stewart .............. Severely wounded 

Private D. Mckenzie ............... Died of wounds 

Pioneer W. Anderson ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

Private J. McGruer ... ... ... ... ... Contusion 

J. Kennedy ........... Killed. 

J. McLaren ............... Killed 

C. Hughes ... ... ... ... ... Dangerously wounded 

D.Hogg .............. Killed 

W.Nathan ... .. ... ... ... Severely wounded 

., J. Smith ... ... .. ... ... Severely wounded 

W. Foulks ... .. ... ... ... Severely wounded 

,, J. Charters ... ... ... ... ., Severely wounded 

J. McShane ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

,, J. Redfern ... ... ... ... ... Slightly wounded 

T. Harris ... ... ... ... .. Slightly wounded 

D.Lowe ... ... ... ... ... Severely wounded 

Piper J. McDonald ............ Died of fever 

Private J.Stevenson ...... ........ Died of wounds 

There were also many casualties in the 9th battalion of the Egyptian 
army, and amongst the natives employed in the fort. 

1886. 



On the 1st of January the cavalry pursued the dervishes as far as 



192 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Absarat, and the Cameron Highlanders, forming part of the 2nd 
brigade, under Brigadier-General Huyshe C.B., advanced to Abri, 
fourteen miles beyond Kosheh. Here Sir Frederick Stephenson's 
force bivouacked for four days, waiting for orders from the British 
Government. 

On the 7th, all intention of re-occupying Dongola having been 
abandoned, the army returned to Kosheh, and on the 8th the 
Cameron Highlanders, having handed over the fort and works to 
the 106th Durham Light Infantry, resumed their march towards 
Akasheh. 

The regiment bivouacked on the night of the 8th at Sarkamatto, 
and on the morning of the 9th marched to the north end of Dal 
Cataract, where they embarked for Akasheh in whale-boats. 

On the llth of January the left half battalion, under the command 
of Major R. C. Annesley, moved by train from Akasheh to Wady 
Haifa, being followed the next day by the head-quarters and right half 
battalion. 

At Wady Haifa the regiment was met by a draft of 3 officers 
(Lieutenants C. Davidson, Findlay, and Lumsden), 1 sergeant, and 
194 rank and file, and after bivouacking for two nights it moved 
into the mud huts recently occupied by the South Staffordshire 
regiment. 

For the operations of the Soudan frontier field force, those officers, 
non-commissioned officers, and men, not already in possession of it, 
received the Egyptian war medal. Colonel St. Leger, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Everett, and Major Money were mentioned in Sir Frederick 
Stephenson's despatches and received the Distinguished Service order, 
and Sergeant-Major J. Emslie and Sergeant I. Healy (sergeant-major 
of the 9th Soudan battalion) were awarded the silver medal for 
distinguished conduct in the field. 

The 4th class of the order of the Osmanieh was conferred upon 
Majors N. G. Chalmers and Money by His Highness the Khedive. 

The following officers, non-commissioned officers, and men were 
brought favourably to the notice of the general officer commanding 
by Colonels St. Leger and Everett in their official reports ; 



'9TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 193 



Major R C. Annesley 
Major N. G. Chalmers 
Captain R. F. L. Napier 
Lieutenant D. Davidson 
Lieutenant M. S. Riach 
Quarter-Master Howard 
Lieutenant and Adjutant J. S. Ewart 
Rev. J. Robertson 
Sergeant-Major J. Emslie 
Colour-Sergeant James Morton 
Colour-Sergeant James Keys 
Colour-Sergeant James McNeil 



Colour-Sergeant Ilott 
Armourer-Sergeant Henry Messenger 
Lance-Sergeant William Murray 
Corporal Peter Binnie 
Corporal James Melville 
Lance- Corporal Colin Hutchison 
Lance-Corporal John Wakelen 
Lance-Corporal David Macrae 
Private Joseph Stevenson (died of wounds) 
Private Thomas Gray 
Private Robert King 
Private John Reilly 






On the 12th of February the regiment was inspected by Brigadier- 
General Butler, C.B., A.D.C., who expressed himself much pleased 
with its efficient state. 

On the 4th of April orders were received for the Cameron 
Highlanders to be held in readiness to proceed to Cairo, as the British 
Government had decided to hand over Wady Haifa to the Egyptian 
authorities, and to withdraw all British troops to Assouan and Cairo. 

On the 9th of April the right half battalion, under the command of 
Captain T. A. Mackenzie, left for Assouan in the stern wheelers Okmeh^ 
Waterlily, and Amara, and, on the return of these steamers to Wady 
Haifa, the head-quarters and left half battalion embarked. 

On the 23rd of April the left half battalion joined the right at 
Assouan, and the whole regiment went under canvas, with the excep- 
tion of " E " company, which proceeded on detachment to Assioot, 
under Captain Mackenzie. The most intense heat prevailed whilst 
the regiment was at Assouan, and several deaths occurred. 

On the 27th of April the regiment embarked for Cairo on board 
the SS. Mahmoudieh, towing two large troop barges. " C " company, 
under Major Annesley, remained behind for a few days to bring on 
the officers' horses. The following officers embarked with the 
regiment : 

Lieutenant-Colonel Everett ; Major Annesley ; Captain Hacket- 
Thompson ; Lieutenants Findlay, Douglas-Hamilton, Hon. A. D. 
Murray, W. D. Ewart, Gordon, Lumsden, Hon. J. Forbes-Sempill ; 
Lieutenant and Adjutant J. S. Ewart; Quarter-Master Howard; 

o 



194 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Paymaster, Captain Nettleship and Rev. J. Robertson; Warrant 
Officers, Sergeant-Major J. Emslie and Bandmaster Wakelen. 

During the voyage, halts for the night were made at Gebel Silsileh 
on the 27th, at Salaayeh on the 28th, at the village of Kamuleh on 
the 29th, at Deshneh on the 30th, at Betianeh on the 1st of May, 
and at Sohag on the 2nd of May. 

On the 3rd of May the Cameron Highlanders disembarked at 
Assioot, and proceeded the same night to Cairo by train, where they 
occupied the Kasr-el-Nil barracks, recently vacated by the 42nd 
Royal Highlanders. 

On arrival the regiment was joined by a draft of 1 corporal and 51 
rank and file, under the command of Lieutenant Forbes. 

" F " and " G " companies were at once sent on detachment to 
Abdin barracks, as there was not sufficient accommodation in Kasr- 
el-Nil for the whole regiment. 

On the 27th of May the Cameron Highlanders presented a standard 
on parade to the 9th Soudan battalion of the Egyptian Army, in 
recollection of the association of the two regiments in the defence of 
Kosheh. The standard was first trooped by the regiment, and it was 
then handed over by the Commanding Officer to a Guard of Honour 
of the 9th battalion. The whole of the Egyptian troops composing 
the Cairo garrison were present at this interesting ceremony, which 
took place in Abdin Square. 

On the 16th of June a party of invalids of the regiment, under 
Lieutenant Wolrige Gordon, proceeded to Cyprus for change of air. 

On the 13th of July " F" Company, under the command of Major 
Smith, proceeded to Assioot to relieve " E " company, which returned 
to Cairo. " F " company remained at this station until relieved by 
"G " company, under Captain Napier, on the 19th of October. 

During the month of July the regimental depot was moved from Fort 
George to Inverness, where the new barracks were now completed. 

On the 16th of October the Abdin detachment, under Brevet- 
Major Hunt, re-joined head -quarters at Kasr-el-Nil. 

On the 25th of November the regiment moved from Kasr-el-Nil to 
the Citadel, where it was joined by the company from Assioot. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 195 

Whilst at the Citadel it was inspected by Major-General Hales Wilkie, 
commanding the Cairo brigade, who was much pleased with the smart 
appearance of the battalion on parade, and with the cleanliness and 
neatness of the barrack rooms. 

On the 7th of December it marched from the Citadel to the camp 
at Abassiyeh for the annual course of musketry, leaving " E " 
company (Captain Racket-Thompson) in charge of the barracks and 
regimental baggage. 

" E " company moved into camp on the 24th of December, on 
being relieved by " A " company under Major Hunt. 

1887. 

On the 24th of January the Cameron Highlanders had the honour 
of being reviewed by His Royal Highness the Prince of Naples, the 
eldest son of the King of Italy (who was accompanied by Sir 
Frederick Stephenson and Staff, and many Foreign Officers). After 
the parade His Royal Highness visited the camp and the officers' mess 
tent ; he expressed himself highly pleased with all he saw. 

The regiment returned to the Citadel on the 2nd of February on 
the completion of the annual course of musketry, and occupied its 
original quarters. 

Whilst the regiment was at Abassiyeh Sergeant-Major John Emslie 
was presented, on a parade of all the troops in Cairo, with the silver 
medal for " Distinguished Conduct in the Field," conferred upon him 
for his gallant behaviour at the defence of Kosheh. 

On the 9th of February His Royal Highness the Prince of Naples 
again honoured the officers of the regiment with his presence at an 
" At Home " given by them in the Bijou Palace. He remained for 
some time, and appeared to take great interest in the sword dance 
and a reel which were performed by Pipe-Major W. McDonald 
and Pipers D. Campbell, Sharp, and Alan McKenzie, in the large 
reception room of the Palace. 

On the 4th of March the regiment received orders to be ready to 
embark for England at short notice, and on the llth of March it left 
Cairo by train for Alexandria, 



19b HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Amongst the many friends who came to the station to say farewell 
to the Cameron Highlanders were His Excellency Tonino Pasha, 
representing His Highness the Khedive, and the Italian military 
attache, who attended to mark the regard felt for the regiment by the 
Italian community. The same evening the regiment embarked, after 
a stay of four-and-a-half years in Egypt, on board H.M.S. Tamar 
and sailed at once for Malta. The following officers embarked with 
it : 

Colonel St. Leger, D.S.O., (commanding) ; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Everett, D.S.O. ; Colonel McCausland ; Major Hunt ; Captains 
Napier, Hacket-Thompson, Mackenzie, Urquhart, and D. Davidson ; 
Lieutenants Macleod, C. Davidson, Scott-Elliot, Riach, Findlay, 
McKerrell, Douglas-Hamilton, Hon. A. Murray, W. D. Ewart, 
Gordon, MacFarlan, Lumsden, Hon. J. Forbes-Sempill (Master of 
Sempill), and Egerton ; Quarter-Master Howard ; Lieutenant and 
Adjutant J. S. Ewart ; and Captain Nettleship (paymaster) ; Warrant 
Officers, Sergeant-Major J. Emslie, Bandmaster R. B. Wakelen. 

Before the departure of the regiment His Highness the Khedive 
conferred the 3rd class of the order of the Medjidie upon Lieutenant- 
Colonel Everett, D.S.O., the 4th class upon Captain Napier, and the 
5th class upon Lieutenant and Adjutant Ewart in recognition of their 
services at the engagement at Giniss. 

The regiment landed at Devonport (Millbay Pier) on the 26th of 
March, 1887, and occupied the South Raglan barracks. On the 1st 
of April a draft from the depot at Inverness, consisting of 1 subaltern 
(Lieutenant Scott), 2 sergeants, and 199 rank and file, under the 
command of Major A. Y. Leslie, joined the head-quarters at 
Devonport. 

In the beginning of May Sergeant Thomas Healy of the regiment, 
who had been acting as Sergeant-Major of the 9th Soudan battalion 
of the Egyptian army, in which capacity he had won the Silver Medal 
for distinguished conduct in the field at the engagement at Giniss, 
again greatly distinguished himself in the hand-to-hand fight with the 
dervishes at Sarras on the Soudan frontier. 

On this occasion he killed the celebrated dervish leader Nur 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 

Hamza, and gained possession of his sword and spear, receiving five 
wounds himself in the course of the action. 

Shortly after the arrival of the regiment in England it became 
known that it was in contemplation to convert the Cameron 
Highlanders into a 3rd battalion of the Scots Guards. 

As such a proposal was tantamount to a total extinction of the 
regiment, and the loss of its character as a Highland corps, the news 
was received with the greatest consternation by all ranks, and much 
indignation was felt and expressed in the town and county of Inver- 
ness and in the Highlands generally. 

Meetings protesting against the scheme were at once held by the 
Highland Society of London, the Town Council of Inverness, the 
Inverness Commissioners of Supply, and other influential bodies, with 
the result that, on the 17th of May, Lord Lovat was authorised by the 
Secretary of State for War to state that the proposed change would 
not take place, and that the question was as dead as if it had never 
been mooted. 

Amongst the many friends of the regiment who on this occasion 
exerted themselves to avert what was regarded by all interested in the 
Highland regiments as a calamity, may be mentioned : 

The Marquis of Lome, Lord Lovat, Lord Archibald Campbell, Mr. 
Cameron of Lochiel, the Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Mr. Forbes of 
Culloden, Mr. Grant of Glenmoriston, Mr. Davidson of Cantray, Mr. 
Macleod of Cadboll, Hon. Ivan Campbell, Mr. Macandrew, Provost 
of Inverness, Colonel Lumsden, Major Grant, Drumbuie, Major 
Kenneth Macleay, and almost every one connected with the district 
to which the regiment belongs. 

On the 14th of June the regiment furnished a Guard of Honour, 
under Captain Napier, consisting of the band, pipers, and 100 rank 
and file, with the Queen's colour, to receive the Crown Prince and 
Princess of Portugal on landing at Devonport. 

During this month the feelings of goodwill and cordiality prevailing 
between the two battalions of the Cameron Highlanders were shown 
in a marked manner by the officers making each other perpetual 
honorary members of their respective messes. 

In the month of July the regiment took part in the Jubilee Review 



198 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

at Aldershot, when 60,000 men marched past Her Majesty the Queen. 

The regiment embarked at Devonport on the 6th of July on board 
H.M.S. Tamar, 756 strong of all ranks, and proceeded to 
Portsmouth, where it landed and moved by train to Aldershot. At 
Aldershot it went under canvas on Church Plateau, in the North 
Camp, forming part of the 5th brigade of the 3rd division. 

The regiment was the only Highland regiment present at the 
review in the Long Valley on the 9th of July, and its appearance 
elicited the loudest applause from the enormous crowds present to see 
the march past. It returned to Portsmouth on the llth of July, and 
re-embarked on board H.M.S. Tamar', the next day it disembarked 
at Devonport and re-occupied its quarters in Raglan barracks. 

On the 16th of July Colonel St. Leger, D.S.O., retired from the 
command of the regiment, being succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Everett, D.S.O. 

" A " company (Major Hunt) and " B " company (Captain Mac- 
kenzie) went on detachment to Fort Staddon on the 13th of July to 
commence the annual course of musketry. 



SUCCESSION OF COLONELS OF THE 79iH CAMERON 
HIGHLANDERS FROM 1793 TO 1887. 

Major Alan Cameron - - August 17th, 1793 - Died March 9th, 1828. 
^^l^^^ 84 *^ 1828 April 10th, 1841. 

H<HM>Ura * le J> } April 27th, 1841 - June 28th, 1842. 



Lieutenant-General Sir James \ Ti]1 , lf , 1ftJ , to 71st 

-MT j 11 tr n -R f July 14th, 1842 -J Highlanders, 

Macdonnell, KC.B. | February 8th, 1849. 

Major-General James Hay, C.B. Feb. 8th, 1849 - Died Feb. 25th, 1854. 

Lieutenant -General W. H. \ Mftrch 24th 1854 . 1862> 

Sewell, U.r>. - - - J 

G SLu TB abl ! HU ? A ^} March 14th, 1862 - 1868. 

General J. P. Glencairn Camp- \ July mh) 186g , ^ mo> 

Major- General Henry Cooper,! Augugt 21stj 1870 

v JL>. ' J 

G neral Sir Alfred Horsford, "I March ^^ 1876 /Transferred to the 

General Sir John Douglas, G.C B. January 1st, 1879 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



199 



1st Batt. 



2nd 

> j> 
1st 



2nd 

1st 

2nd 

1st 

2nd 

1st 

2nd 
1st 



2nd 
1st 



SUCCESSION OF LIEUTENANT-COLONELS OF THE 
79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 

Alan Cameron - 
Honourable A. C. 
William Ashton 
Patrick Macdowall 
William Eden - 
Archibald McLean 
Philips Cameron 
John Murray 
Philips Cameron 
John Murray 
Robert Fulton 
Robert Fulton 
William Harvey 
William Harvey 
Neil Douuglas - 
Neil Douglas 
Nathaniel Cameron - 
Duncan MacDougall 
Robert Ferguson 
Andrew Brown 
John Carter, K.H. 
Honourable Laude 
Edmund James Elliot 
John Douglas 
Richard C. H. 
Thomas Bromhead Butt 
William C. Hodgson 
Richard M. Best 
Keith Ramsay Maitland 
George Murray Miller 
Edward W. Cuming 
John Macdonald Leith 
Simon, Lord Lovat, A. 
Henry Hungerford St, 
Edward Everett, D.S.O. 



- 17th August, 


1793. 


Fohnstone - 2nd May, 


1794. 


- 18th September, 


1794. 


1st November, 


1796. 


15th August, 


1798. 


3rd September, 


1801. 


. 19th April, 


1804. 


28th May, 


1807. 


- llth December, 


1806. 


28th May, 


1807. 


28th May ; 


1807. 


13th May, 


1811, 


30th May, 


1811. 


3rd December, 


1812. 


3rd December, 


1812. 


20th February, 


1813. 


Q 24th June, 


1813. 


ill 6th September, 


1833. 


13th March, 


1835. 




1841. 


29th October, 


1841. 


srdale Maule - - 14th June, 


1842. 


Lliot .... 24th December, 


1852. 


13th August, 


1854. 


dor, C.B. - - - 1st August, 


1857. 


1 Butt - - - 15th April, 


1859. 


on - - - - 10th July, 


1860. 


13th September, 


1864. 


itland - - - - 2nd March, 


1872. 


iller - - - - 19th October, 


1872. 


ng 6th August, 


1879. 


Leith let July, 


1881. 


it, A.D.C. - - 1st July, 


1881. 


d St, Leger 1st April, 


1885. 


D.S.O. .... 1st July, 


1887. 



200 



HISTORICAL RECORDS, ETC. 



The following officers were serving in the regiment when these 
records were completed : 

IST BATTALION. 

Li c;r> ^erett, D.S.O. 
Colonel 
Major 



W. H. McCausland 
A. Y. Leslie 
0= B. Gordon 

N. G. Chalmers 

G. L. C. Money, D.S.O. 

W. H. Smith 
J. M. Hunt 

Captain F. S. Chapman 

K. S. Baynes (Bt. -Major) 

R. F. L. Napier 

F. Bucket-Thompson 

T. A. Mackenzie 

H. H. L. Malcolm 
B. C, Urquhart 

D. F. Davidson 

Lieutenant R. W. Macleod 
C. F. H. Davidson 

G. E. Forbes 

A. Scott-Elliot 

G. R. Cavaye 
M. S. Riach 
C. Findlay 

A. de S. McKerrell 
A. F. Douglas-Hamilton 

Hon. A. D. Murray 

W. D. Ewart 
H. G. Wolrige- Gordon 
F. A. MacFarlan 
H. R. Lunisden 

., Hon. J. Forbes- Sempill 

(Master of Sempill) 
A. F. Egerton 

Adjutant J. S. Ewart (Lieutenant) 
Paymaster A. J. Nettleship (Captain) 
Quarter-Master W. Howard (Lieutenant) 
Sergeant-Major W. Young 

H. McLean (Depot) 

Bandmaster 11. B. B. Wakeleu 



Colonel 
Major 



Captain 



Lieutenant 



2ND BATTALION. 

S. Lord Lovat, A.D.C. 

J. A. Macdonald 

G. A. Duff 

G. R. McKessack 

H. L. Langford Brooke 

(Hon. Major) 
A. D. Mackintosh of 
Mackintosh (Hon. 
Major) 
C. J. Merry 
H. W. Kemble 
W. H. Garforth 
W. G. S. Menzies 
C. L. McKeuzie 
I. R. J. M. Grant 
C. Aytoun 
R. A. Patersou 
J. W. MacGillivray 
H. E. Boulton 
A. J. Campbell-Orde 
C. D. Stewart 
E. J. Stourton 
J. H. F. Radcliffe 
J. H. Younger 
J. McDonald 
W. R. D. Mackenzie 
JO. J. F. Potts- Chatto 
K. A. Fraser 
K. S. Baynes (Bt. -Major) 
Quarter- Master J. Emslie (Lieutenant) 
Medical Officer D. McFadyen (Surgeon- 
Major) 
Sergeant-Major A. D. Fraser 



2nd 
Lieutenant 

55 

Adjutant 



SERVICES OF THE OFFICERS. 

Compiled from the Annual Army Lists and other 
authentic sources. 



I 



ACKLAND. Robert Innes Ackland. Ensign, 17th of August, 1809: 
he was placed on half pay of the regiment in September, 1814; 
afterwards served in the 72nd regiment. He was present with 
the 79th at Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, and the Pyrenees. 

ADCOCK. Herbert Burrows Adcock. Ensign, 2nd of March, 1855 ; 
lieutenant, 17th of February, 1857 ; exchanged to 6th Foot, 
1857. 

ADDERLEY. Randolph Ralph Adderley. Exchanged as ensign to 
79th from 35th regiment, 21st of May, 1850. 

ALLEN. John Edward Allen. Was transferred to the 79th, as lieu- 
tenant, from the 92nd Highlanders, 19th of January, 1855. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders in the Crimea from the 
16th of August, 1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol, 
and assault of the 8th of September. (Medal with clasp and 
Turkish medal.) Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow, attack on the fort 
at Rooyah, actions at Allygunge, Bareilly, Shahjehanpore, 
capture of forts Bunniar and Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra 
at Fyzabad, capture of Rampore Kussia, and subsequent 
operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. 
(Medal with clasp.) Exchanged as major to the 71st Highland 
Light Infantry. 

ALLEYNE. Douglas Alleyne. Ensign, 23rd of February, 1855, 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Crimea from the 16th 



204 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of August until December, 1855, including the siege and fall of 
Sebastopol, and assault on the Redan on the 8th of September. 
(Medal with clasp and Turkish medal.) Served also with the 
79th in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the affair 
of Secundragunge near Allahabad, siege and capture of 
Lucknow, attack on the fort of Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, 
Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of forts Bunniar and 
Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, and acted as 
adjutant at the capture of Rampore Kussia, and during the 
subsequent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee 
rivers. (Medal with clasp.) Exchanged to the 37th Foot on 
the 27th of June, 1860; retired as lieutenant-colonel. 

ANDERSON. Allan Meyrick Anderson. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
25th of April, 1885. 

ANDERSON. Andrew Anderson, M.D. Appointed assistant-surgeon 
in the 79th on the 4th of February, 1808 ; was present with 
the 79th at the battles of Busaco and Fuentes d'Onor ; was 
transferred to the 61st regiment on the 25th of June, 1812, and 
was present at the battles of Salamanca and Pyrenees (silver 
medal with clasp), and at the siege of Burgos. 

ANDERSON. John Anderson, M.D. Appointed assistant-surgeon in 
the 79th on the 8th of May, 1840; transferred to the 22nd 
regiment in the same year. Died at sea. Served with the 
22nd regiment at the battle of Meeanee. (Medal.) 

ANDERSON. William Anderson. Ensign, 22nd of October, 1799; 
placed on half pay, 1802. Afterwards served in the 78th 
Highlanders. 

ANGUS. John Angus. Ensign, 1st of March, 1864; lieutenant, 8th 
of February, 1868 ; instructor of musketry, 4th of May, 1873. 
Exchanged to the 7th Fusiliers on the 27th of August, 1873. 
Served as paymaster of the 4th battalion Rifle Brigade in the 
Afghan war, in 1878-79. (Medal.) 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 205 

ANNESLEY. Reginald Carey Annesley. Ensign, 15th of January, 
1864; lieutenant, 29th of January, 1867. Served throughout 
Ashantee campaign, attached to the 42nd Black Watch in 
1873-74 ; was present at the battle of Amoaful (slightly wounded), 
the capture and destruction of Becquah, battle of Ordahsu, and 
capture of Coomassie. (Medal and clasp.) Also served 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force, 
1885-86, with the Cameron Highlanders ; was present in Kosheh 
during its investment by the Arabs, and at the engagement at 
Giniss. (Medal.) Retired in 1886 with the honorary rank of 
lieutenant-colonel. 

ANYSLEY. James Murray Anysley. Ensign, 21st of October, 1799 ; 
placed on half pay, 1802 ; captain, 26th of June, 1846. Retired, 
27th of October, 1848. 

ARBUTHNOTT. Honourable Sir Hugh Arbuthnott, K.C.B. General, 
20th of June, 1854; colonel of the 79th, 14th of March, 1862. 
He served in the campaign in Holland in 1799, at the bombard- 
ment of Copenhagen in 1801 and 1807, with the expedition to 
Sweden in 1808, and throughout the Peninsular war. He 
received a gold medal for Busaco, and a silver medal with two 
clasps for Corunna and Fuentes d'Onor. He died in 1868. 

ARBUTHNOTT. Thomas H. C. Arbuthnott. Ensign, 10th of February, 
1843. Retired, 6th of June, 1845. 

ARCHER. Anthony Archer. A volunteer from the 94th regiment; 
ensign, 14th of October, 1812. Died the same year. 

ARTHUR. Rev. David Arthur. Was chaplain to the 79th Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star.) Was also with the regiment during the 
Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 

ASHTON. William Ashton. Lieutenant-colonel, 18th of September, 
1794. Died in 1797, 



206 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

ASSIOTTI. Francis Assiotti. Exchanged from the 45th regiment ; 
lieutenant, 25th of March, 1805; went to the 27th regiment as 
captain, 15th of May, 1806. 

ATKINSON. Agit Atkinson. Appointed assistant-surgeon of the 79th 
from the Aberdeen Fencibles on the 14th of May, 1803. 
Served with the 79th in the Peninsula, and was drowned in the 
river Douro. 

AYTOUN. Chadwick Aytoun. Lieutenant in the 2nd battalion, 1st 
of July, 1881. 

AYTOUN. Robinson Aytoun. Appointed assistant-surgeon of the 
79th, 1st of May, 1806; transferred to the 13th Foot on the 
4th of February, 1808. Had a medal for Martinique. 

BAILEY. David Bailey. Ensign, llth of July, 1811. Died at Elvas, 
August, 1811, of a wound received at the battle of Albuhera. 

BAILLIE. Alexander Peter Baillie. Ensign, 14th of August, 1857 ; 
lieutenant, 4th of September, 1860; captain, llth of June, 
1867; half pay, 10th of April, 1869. 

BAILLIE. Matthew Baillie, M.D. Appointed assistant-surgeon in 
the 79th, 18th of January, 1827. Died at Belfast on the 6th 
of February, 1828. 

BALDOCK. John Baldock. Paymaster, 21st of July, 1798. Died in 
the Walcheren expedition in 1809. 

BALFOUR. Jeremiah Balfour. Ensign, 1st of October, 1812 ; lieu- 
tenant, 19th of May, 1814; placed on half pay of the regiment, 
25th of March, 1817. Died at Chatham on the 20th of 
September, 1822. 

BALFOUR. William Balfour. Lieutenant in the 79th from half 
pay, 26th of July, 1839; retired on the 14th of October, 1842. 

BANKES. William Meyrick Bankes, younger, of Letterewe. Major, 
2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881. Died in 1884. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 207 

BARNES. Sir Edward Barnes, G.C.B. Exchanged as lieutenant- 
colonel to the 79th from the 99th regiment, 17th of January L 

1800, and was appointed to the 46th regiment on the 23rd of 
April, 1807; major-general, 4th of June, 1813; lieutenant- 
general, 27th of May, 1825; general, 7th of June, 1831; 
colonel of the 31st regiment, 10th of October, 1834. Sir 
Edward served with the 79th in the Egyptian campaign in 

1801. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). Was present at 
the captures of Martinique, Guadaloupe, battles of Vittoria, 
Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Orthes. (Gold medal). He was 
adjutant-general at the battle of Waterloo, where he was very 
severely wounded. He died in London on the 31st of August, 
1848. 

BARNEWELL. Bartholemew Barnewell. Lieutenant in the 79th, 
22nd of October, 1799. Retired on half pay of the regiment, 
1800. Died on the 31st of August, 1848. 

BARWICK. James Barwick. Lieutenant, 26th of January, 1804; 
exchanged to the 14th Foot; became a major in 1830, and 
died in Canada. 

BATEMAN. Robert Bateman. Exchanged to 79th as paymaster, 
25th of April, 1824; went on half pay on the 16th of February, 
1829. Had previously served in Hanover in 1805, and was 
shipwrecked and made prisoner in the Texel. He was present 
at the attack on Buenos Ayres ; served in the Peninsula, and 
was severely wounded at the battle of Vittoria ; was also at the 
battle of Plattsburg, in America, in 1814. 

BAYNES. Kenneth Schalch Baynes. Lieutenant, 10th of September, 
1876. Served as adjutant of the Cameron Highlanders 
throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's 
star.) Served with the expedition to the Soudan in 1884, as 
assistant-military-secretary to Sir Gerald Graham, and was 



208 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

present in the engagements at El Teb and Tamaii. (Brought 
home the despatches, mentioned in despatches, brevet of 
major, two clasps.) Served in the Nile expedition of 1884-85 
as adjutant of the Cameron Highlanders, and staff officer at 
Korosko. (Clasp.) He also served in the campaign in the 
eastern Soudan in 1885 as deputy-assistant-adjutant and quarter- 
master-general, and was present in the engagement at Hasheen 
and at the destruction of Tamaii. (Mentioned in despatches, 
clasp.) 

BEATTIE. James Forbes Beattie. Appointed assistant-surgeon to the 
79th Highlanders, 20th of September, 1864. Transferred to the 
Army Medical Staff, 16th of December, 1871. 

BEATTIE. George Beattie, M.D. Appointed surgeon of the 79th, 
1st of March, 1810. Died at Langholm, Dumfries, 18th of 
August, 1837. 

BECKHAM. Thomas Beckham. Exchanged as lieutenant from the 
89th Foot, 30th of August, 1820. Placed on half pay of the 
regiment in 1821. Before joining the 79th Lieutenant Beckham 
served in the Peninsula with the 43rd regiment. 

BEDFORD. R. B. R. Bedford. Ensign, 19th of January, 1855; 
lieutenant, 9th of September, 1855. Retired from the service, 
10th of May, 1861. 

BELL. James Bell. Ensign, 3rd of March, 1854; lieutenant, 13th 
of August, 1854; captain, half pay, 4th of April, 1856. He 
served with the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battle of Balaclava, siege of Sebastopol, and 
expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with two clasps, 
and Turkish medal.) 

BELL. James Nicholas Bell. Appointed assistant-surgeon of the 
regiment, 1st of April, 1853; transferred to the 93rd High- 
landers, 1859, He served with the 79th Highlanders in the 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 209 

Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battle of Balaclava 
and siege of Sebastopol. (Medal with two clasps, and Turkish 
medal.) 

BERTRAM. Archibald Bertram. Transferred in 1795, as captain, 
from the 37th regiment ; exchanged as major on the 28th of 
February, 1805, to the 100th regiment. Lost at sea. He 
served with the 79th in Egypt in 1801. 

BEST. Richard Mordesley Best. Exchanged as brevet-colonel to 
the 79th on the 13th of September, 1864. Served previously 
in the Punjaub campaign of 1849 in the 10th Foot, and was 
present at the siege of Mooltan and the battle of Gujerat. 
(Slightly wounded in the leg. Medal with two clasps.) Became 
major-general on the 28th of October, 1868, and lieutenant- 
general on the 1st of July, 1881. 

BIRCH. Alexander John Colin Birch. Ensign, 2nd of March, 1855 ; 
lieutenant, 3rd of November, 1856. Went to Indian Staff 
Corps in 1865. 

BLACKBURN. Adam Gillies Blackburn. 2nd lieutenant, 13th of 
August, 1879; lieutenant, 16th of June, 1880. He served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Dangerously 
wounded, mentioned in despatches. Medal with clasp, 5th 
class of the Medjidie, and Khedive's star.) Retired in con- 
sequence of his wounds, which necessitated the amputation of 
his leg, on the 23rd of February, 1884. 

BOOTHBY. Robert Tod Boothby. Ensign, 31st of March, 1848. 

BORTHWICK. John Borthwick. Ensign, 6th of October, 1843. 
Retired, 20th of March, 1844. 

BORTHWICK. Robert Macgowan Borthwick. Ensign, 18th of 
January, 1857 ; lieutenant, 9th of April, 1861 ; captain, 2nd of 
March, 1872. Retired in 1879. 

P 



210 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

BOULTON. Harold Edwin Boulton. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 25th 
of July 1883. 

BOURKE. Sir Richard Bourke, K.C.B. Exchanged from the 46th 
regiment as brevet major 4th of January, 1810, and re- 
exchanged to half pay of Lowenstein's late levy on the 22nd of 
February, 1810. Served previously in the campaign in Holland 
in 1799 ; present in the actions of the 27th of August, 10th and 
19th of September, and 2nd and 6th of October; at the latter he 
received a severe wound through both jaws. Served in South 
America for fifteen months ; present at the actions near Monte 
Video, on the 19th and 20th of January, 1807; served in the 
expedition against Buenos Ayres in the same year. Became a 
general on the llth of November, 1851. 

BREBNER. John Brebner. Ensign from the 85th Foot, 15th of 
November, 1859 ; lieutenant, 31st of March, 1863. Retired in 
1869. 

BRITTAIN. Richard Brittain. Appointed paymaster of the 79th on 
the 1st of January, 1810. Died at Edinburgh on the 22nd of 
May, 1815. 

BROWN. Andrew Brown, C.B. Ensign, 8th of September, 1795; 
captain, 17th of September, 1803. Served as adjutant of the 
regiment in the Egyptian campaign in 1801. (Gold medal 
from Sultan Selim III.). Joined the 1st battalion of the 79th 
in the Peninsula in 1811 ; present at the battles of Fuentes 
d'Onor, Salamanca, Nivelle, Pyrenees, and Toulouse, and at 
the siege of Burgos. He was severely wounded at the battle 
of Quatre Bras. He became a lieutenant-colonel in 1830. and 
died at Derry in 1835. 

BROWN. Andrew Brown. Ensign, 26th of October, 1820; lieu- 
tenant, 17th of March, 1825; captain, 5th of April, 1831; 
major, 26th of May, 1838; lieutenant-colonel, 8th of June, 
1841, Exchanged to the 1st Foot on the 29th of October, 1841, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 211 

BROWN. Charles Brown. Ensign, 2nd of November, 1809; lieu- 
tenant, 9th of May, 1811. Lost a leg at the battle of Fuentes 
d'Onor, and retired upon full pay. 

BROWN. James Brown. Ensign, 31st of September, 1803; lieu- 
tenant, 22nd of April, 1805; appointed adjutant of the Perth 
Militia, 27th of February, 1808; afterwards head of the police 
at Edinburgh, where he died in 1832. 

BROWN. James Dudgeon Brown. Exchanged as lieutenant to the 
79th from the 3rd West India Regiment, 15th of November, 
1821; captain, 29th of July, 1824; was given an unattached 
majority, 18th of May, 1832. Died at Preston Kirk on the 
16th of December, 1851. Before entering the 79th he served 
in the campaign in Holland in 1814, and was present at the 
storming of Egmont-op-Zoom. 

BROWN. John Brown. Appointed paymaster of the regiment, 
March, 1884, and served with it in the Nile expedition of 
1884-85. (Medal and clasp.) Had previously served with the 
17th Lancers throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the affairs of Bulganak and Mackenzie's farm, battles 
of Alma, Balaclava (severely wounded and horse killed), and 
Tchernaya, and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with 
three clasps, and Turkish medal.) Served in the Central 
Indian campaign in 1858-59, and was present at the action of 
Burrode. (Medal.) Served as paymaster of the 17th Lancers 
in the Zulu war of 1879. (Medal.) 

BROWN. James Moray Brown. Ensign from the 84th regiment, 
2nd of November, 1866; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871. 
Retired in 1881. 

BROWN. Thomas Brown. Ensign, 23rd of October, 1806 ; lieu- 
tenant, 15th of December, 1807; captain, 20th of July, 1815; 
placed on the half pay of the regiment, 25th of February, 1816. 
He was present with the regiment at the siege of Copenhagen ; 



212 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

served in the Peninsula with the 79th, and was present at the 
battles of Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Pyrenees, Nivelle, 
Nive, and Toulouse ; at the action of Foz d'Aronce, and at the 
siege of Burgos. He was severely wounded at the battle of 
Quatre Bras. He received the silver medal with clasps, and 
the Waterloo medal. 

BROWN. Ebenezer Brown, M.D. Appointed assistant-surgeon in 
the 79th, 24th of December, 1796 ; transferred to the 30th 
regiment, April 4th, 1800. Died at Madras in 1828. 

BROWNE. Charles Francis Browne. Ensign, 15th of October, 1850. 

BRUCE. William Bruce, K. H. Exchanged as lieutenant to the 
79th from a veteran battalion, 26th of May, 1808 ; captain, 14th 
of March, 1811 ; exchanged to the 82nd regiment as a captain, 
10th of July, 1817. Served in the Peninsula, and was present 
at the battles of Albuhera, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse, the 
blockade of Pempeluna, and at the investment of Bayonne. 
He was severely wounded at the battle of Quatre Bras. He 
had the silver medal and clasps and the Waterloo medal. 
Retired as a colonel, llth of December, 1849, and died at the 
Grosvenor Hotel, London, in 1863. 

BUCHANAN. Alexander Buchanan (Powis). Ensign, 26th of May, 
1838; lieutenant, 21st of August, 1840. Retired on the 10th 
of February, 1843. 

BUCKNALL. Samuel Charles Lindsay Bucknall. Ensign, 21st of 
October, 1862; lieutenant, 15th of June, 1866. Retired in 
1878. 

BURNETT. William Burnett. Transferred as ensign from the 72nd 
regiment on the 23rd of July, 1803; re-transferred to the 18th 
Foot on the 19th of October, 1804. Died in 1812. 

BURKE. John Burke. Exchanged to the 79th as lieutenant on the 
3rd of July, 1799. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 213 

BURKE. John Burke. Ensign, 6th of July, 1804; lieutenant, 24th 
of April, 1805 ; transferred to the 38th regiment on the 26th~of- 
March, 1807. Retired on the 4th of January, 1810. 

BUSFIELD. John Busfield. Ensign, 30th of March, 1860; lieutenant, 
12th of May, 1863; captain, 16th of June, 1877. Retired in 
1880. 

BURRELL. William George Burrell. Appointed assistant-surgeon in 
the 79th on the 14th of December, 1809. Was present with 
the 79th at the battle of Waterloo. Transferred to the 5th 
Foot on the llth of January, 1816. Died in 1820. 

BUTLER. Thomas Lewis Butler. Captain, from the 72nd regiment, 
2nd of February, 1830. Retired on the 23rd of August, 1834. 

BUTT. Thomas Bromhead Butt. Ensign, 3rd of April, 1840; lieu- 
tenant, 2nd of August, 1842; captain, 2nd of April, 1847; 
Major, 17th of July, 1857; lieutenant-colonel, 26th of April, 
1859; colonel, 23rd of May, 1864; exchanged to the 86th 
regiment. He served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow, with the 79th 
Highlanders. (Brevet of lieutenant-colonel. Medal and clasp.) 

CALDER. James Calder. Lieutenant, 19th of April, 1804. He 
served with the 79th in the Peninsular war, and was wounded at 
the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. He died at Abrantes of fever, on 
the 25th of July, 1812. 

CAMERON. Sir Alan Cameron, K.C.B., of Erracht. Raised the 
regiment in 1793. Served with and commanded the regiment 
in the expedition to Holland in 1799, and was wounded at the 
battle of Egmont-op-Zee. In 1800 he served with the expedition 
to Ferrol and Cadiz, and afterwards throughout the whole of 
the Egyptian campaign in 1801. (Gold medal from Sultan 
Selim III.) In 1807 he served at the capture of Copenhagen, 
and in the following year he accompanied the expedition to 



2t4 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Sweden, under Sir John Moore, as a brigadier-general ; returning 
to England the same year he was ordered with the 79th to 
Portugal. He commanded a brigade at the battle of Talavera, 
where he had two horses shot under him (gold medal); and 
also at the battle of Busaco. On the 25th of July, 1810, he was 
promoted to major-general, and at the termination of the war 
he was nominated a K.C.B. On the 12th of August, 1819, he 
became a lieutenant-general. He died at Fulham on the 9th 
of March, 1828. 

CAMERON. Allan Cameron. Appointed lieutenant in the 79th, 17th 
of July, 1801, from the llth Foot. He served with the 79th in 
Egypt in 1801, and was wounded at the battle before Alexandria. 
(Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). He was transferred to 
the 8th Garrison battalion in 1806, and retired on half pay. 
Died at Perth in 1835. 

CAMERON. Allan Cameron. Ensign, 19th of April, 1805 ; lieutenant, 
30th of January, 1806 ; went on half pay in 1808, but was 
re-appointed to the 79th as paymaster in 1821. He exchanged 
to half pay of the 5th Foot on the 25th of April, 1824. Died 
at Clunes on the 13th of April, 1841. 

CAMERON. Alexander Cameron. Ensign, 5th of November, 1794; 
lieutenant, 6th of September, 1795. Served with the 79th in 
Holland in 1799, and was present at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee ; 
accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present 
at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan 
Selim III.). He served continuously with the 79th in the 
Peninsula until he was killed at the battle of Busaco in 1810. 

CAMERON. Alexander Cameron. Ensign, 29th of December, 1804 ; 
lieutenant, 25th of March, 1805; captain, llth of June, 1807. 
Retired in 1812, and died at sea whilst returning from the 
West Indies. 

CAMERON. Alexander Cameron. Ensign, 8th of April, 1806; lieu- 
tenant, 12th of May, 1807; captain and brevet-major, 21st of 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 215 

January, 1819. Died at Tobago in 1820. He served with the 
79th Highlanders at the bombardment of Copenhagen and 
throughout the Peninsular war, being wounded at the battles of 
Fuentes d'Onor and Toulouse ; he was also present at the battle 
of Quatre Bras, and commanded the remnant of the regiment 
at the close of the battle of Waterloo, where he was slightly 
wounded. (Brevet of major.) He was a son of Cameron of 
Scamadale, and nephew of Sir Alan Cameron. 

CAMERON. Alexander Cameron. Ensign, 17th of July, 1815; lieu- 
tenant, 7th of March, 1822; half pay, 29th of March, 1827. 
Died in the south of France on the 16th of January, 1832. 
Before being gazetted to the regiment he served with it as a 
volunteer at the battle of Quatre Bras > where he was wounded. 

CAMERON. Archibald Cameron. Ensign, 13th of January, 1814 ; 
lieutenant, 26th of July, 1815 ; exchanged to the 89th regiment, 
15th of February, 1821 ; half pay, 25th of July, 1821. Died on 
the 5th of March, 1824. He served with the regiment at the 
battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. He was a brother of 
Lieutenant Alexander Cameron, who commanded the regiment 
at the close of Waterloo. 

CAMERON. Charles Cameron. Ensign, 9th of April, 1826 ; lieu- 
tenant, 12th of February, 1828; exchanged to the 4th Foot on 
the llth of December, 1828; afterwards in the 78th High- 
landers. Retired on the 12th of July, 1839. 

CAMERON. Donald Cameron. Ensign, 4th of November, 1794; 
lieutenant, 2nd of September, 1795; captain, 3rd of September, 
1801 ; major, 30th of May, 1811. Retired on the 1st of April, 
1812. Died near Maidstone. He served with the regiment in 
Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle before Alexandria. 
(Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). He afterwards served 
in the Peninsula with the 79th. 

CAMERON. Donald Cameron. Ensign, 10th of April, 1806; lieu- 
tenant, 13th of May, 1807. He was present with the regiment 



216 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

at the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807, and was wounded 
in the attack on Cadiz on the 12th of February, 1810. He 
served in the Peninsular war with the 79th, and was severely 
wounded at Toulouse. He was also present at the battles of 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo, and died in July, 1815, of wounds 
received at Waterloo. 

CAMERON. Donald Cameron. Ensign, 4th of October, 1815; half 
pay, 25th of February, 1816. Retired from the service in 1829. 

CAMERON. Donald Cameron. Captain, 19th of August, 1793. He 
was one of the first officers appointed to the regiment by Sir 
Alan Cameron, K.C.B. Retired in 1796. 

CAMERON. Duncan Cameron, C.B. Appointed lieutenant, 2nd of 
November, 1796; captain, 19th of April, 1804; major, 29th of 
October, 1812; brevet-lieutenant-colonel, 12th of April, 1814. 
Retired on the 3rd of June, 1819. Died near Toronto, Upper 
Canada, on the 14th of October, 1842. He served with the 
79th Highlanders in Holland, and was present at the battle of 
Egmont-op-Zee ; accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801 ; 
and was present at the battle of Alexandria. (Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.) He was at the bombardment of Copen- 
hagen in 1807, and served continuously throughout the Penin- 
sular war. He was made a brevet-lieutenant-colonel for his 
conduct at the battle of Toulouse. He was very severely 
wounded at the battle of Quatre Bras, for which battle he was 
made a Companion of the Bath. 

CAMERON. Duncan Cameron. Ensign, 9th of November, 1799 ; 
lieutenant, 9th of December, 1802 ; captain, 25th of March, 1805. 

CAMERON. Duncan Cameron. Ensign, 19th of July, 1810; lieu- 
tenant, 2nd of April, 1812. He served with the 79th in the 
Peninsula. Was wounded at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor, and 
killed at Toulouse. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 217 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron, youngest son of Sir Alan. Lieutenant, 
25th of March, 1805; captain, 10th of April, 1806. He acted 
his father's aide-de-camp at the battle of Talavera, and died of 
fever at Lisbon, brought on by hardships and exposure during 
the campaign. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Ensign, 7th of April, 1804 ; lieutenant, 
25th of March, 1805; captain, 8th of April, 1811. Died at 
Erracht in 1813. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Ensign, 20th of May, 1806; lieutenant, 
14th of May, 1807. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Ensign, 16th of March, 1809; lieu- 
tenant, 29th of May, 1811. Served with the 79th continuously 
in the Peninsula, and was wounded at the battle of Toulouse. 
He was present at the battle of Quatre Bras, and was wounded 
at Waterloo. He died in Ireland in 1822 of brain fever. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Ensign, 26th of July, 1810; lieutenant, 
1st of October, 1812. He died of wounds received at the battle of 
Toulouse, and was buried in the same grave as Captain Purves, 
Captain John Cameron, and Lieutenant Duncan Cameron, all 
of the 79th Highlanders, in the citadel at Toulouse. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Appointed lieutenant from the 75th 
regiment, 31st of July, 1828; captain, 29th of March, 1839. 
Retired on the 21st of August, 1840. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron, known as " Eoghainn Mor," a younger 
brother of Sir Alan's. Was appointed captain and recruiting 
officer in Lochaber, 17th of August, 1793. He raised the first 
company of the 79th. 

CAMERON. Ewen Cameron. Lieutenant, 7th of June, 1794. Retired 
in 1796. 

CAMERON. Archibald Cameron. Ensign, 22nd of August, 1793, 
Retired in 1796. 



'218 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

CAMERON. Adam Cameron. Ensign, 6th of November, 1794; lieu- 
tenant, 5th of September, 1795. Retired in 1797. 

CAMERON. James Cameron. Ensign, 4th of September, 1805. 

CAMERON. James Cameron. Appointed lieutenant in the 79th from 
the 85th regiment, 25th of January, 1813. He was present at 
the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo, and died at Blandecque, 
France, in 1818. 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 7th of November, 1794; lieu- 
tenant, 5th of September, 1795. He served in Holland in 1799 
and was present at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. He accom- 
panied the 79th to Egypt in 1801, and was at the battle before 
Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 3rd November, 1799; lieu- 
tenant, 8th of December, 1802; exchanged to the 1st Foot as 
captain, and was killed at the storming of St. Sebastien, 
July, 1813. 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 21st of April, 1805; lieutenant, 
8th of April, 1806; captain, 13th January, 1814. Was killed 
at the battle of Toulouse. 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 23rd of April, 1805; lieutenant, 
12th of May, 1806; captain, 1st April, 1812, He served with 
the regiment in the Peninsula and at Quatre Bras, and was 
killed at the battle of Waterloo. 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 8th of April, 1806; lieutenant, 
llth of May, 1807; captain, 26th of May, 1814; exchanged to 
the 92nd Highlanders, and went on half pay, 21st of August, 
1835. He died in Jersey on the 2nd of February, 1851. He 
accompanied the Walcheren expedition and was present at the 
siege of Flushing. He served with the 79th throughout the 
Peninsular war and was present at the battles of Corunna, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 210 

Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, 
and Toulouse. (Silver medal with eight clasps.) 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Ensign, 17th of August, 1806; lieu- 
tenant, 13th of August, 1807; exchanged to the 4th Garrison 
battalion, 26th of May, 1808 ; half pay, 1815. He was present 
with the 79th at the bombardment of Copenhagen. 

CAMERON. John Campbell Cameron. Ensign, 12th of March, 1801 ; 
lieutenant, 29th of November, 1804. Retired on the 13th of 
June, 1811, and died of consumption in Scotland brought on 
by exposure. He accompanied the 79th to Egypt in 1801, and 
was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold Medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). He served in the Peninsula and com- 
manded the detachment of the 79th at the battle of Talavera, 
where he was taken prisoner by the French effecting his escape 
the same night. 

CAMERON. Kenneth Cameron, of Clunes, in Lochaber. Ensign, 
22nd of April, 1805; lieutenant, 10th of April, 1806; captain, 
18th of May, 1814; placed on half pay of the regiment on the 
25th of February, 1816, but returned on full pay the following 
year. Retired as major on the 7th of August, 1835. He served 
with the 79th Highlanders throughout the Peninsular war, and 
was present at the battles of Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, 
Salamanca, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. (Wounded.) He 
was adjutant of the regiment during the latter part of the war. 
In the affair of Foz d'Aronce Lieutenant Kenneth Cameron, 
who was in the light company, captured the colonel of the 39th 
French Infantry and took him a prisoner to head-quarters. He 
died in Canada on the 20th of June, 1872, aged 84, and there 
is a fine monument to his memory in the churchyard of Thorah, 
Ontario. 

CAMERON. Lachlan Maclean Cameron. Ensign, 13th of October, 
1812; lieutenant, 20th of May, 1814; half pay, 26th of Feb- 
ruary, 1829, He served with the regiment in the Peninsular 



220 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

war, and was present at the battles of Pyrenees, Nivelle, 
Orthes, and Toulouse. (Silver medal with four clasps.) He 
commanded a party of volunteers during the Canadian rebellion 
of 1838. 

CAMERON. Nathaniel Cameron, second son of Sir Alan. Ensign, 
6th of April, 1804; lieutenant, 25th of March, 1805; captain, 
9th of April, 1806; major, 1st of April, 1812; lieutenant- 
colonel, 24th of June, 1813; placed on half pay on the 25th of 
February, 1816. Retired in July, 1828. He commanded the 
second battalion of the 79th from the 24th of June, 1813, until 
placed on half pay. 

CAMERON. Philips Cameron, eldest son of Sir Alan. Appointed 
captain, 6th of June, 1794; major, 3rd of September, 1801; 
lieutenant-colonel, 19th of April, 1804. Served with the 79th 
in Holland in 1799, and was present at the battle of Egmont-op- 
Zee. He accompanied the regiment to Egypt, and was at the 
battle of Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 
He was present at the bombardment of Copenhagen, and 
proceeded with the 79th to Portugal. He commanded the 
regiment during the disastrous retreat to and at the battle of 
Corunna. (Gold Medal.) He died of wounds received at the 
battle of Fuentes d'Onor. 

CAMERON. Thomas Cochrane Cameron. Appointed lieutenant in 
the 79th from half pay, 8th of April, 1825. Placed on half pay 
again on the 1st of November, 1833. 

CAMERON. Nathaniel Cameron. Lieutenant, 8th of June, 1794. 
Retired in 1796. 

CAMERON. William Cameron. Ensign, 18th of April, 1805; lieu- 
tenant, 8th of April, 1806; captain, 17th of June, 1813. 
Placed on half pay on the 25th of February, 1816. He died at 
Camisky, near Fort William, on the 1st of September, 1834. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 221 

CAMERON. O'Kane Cameron. Ensign, 1st of November, 1797. 
Retired in 1798. 

CAMERON. Gordon Cameron. Lieutenant, 5th of November, 1794. 
Retired in 1797. 

CAMERON. William Gordon Cameron. Transferred as lieutenant to 
the Cameron Highlanders from the 4th Foot. He served with 
the regiment throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Medal 
with clasp.) Died of wounds received during the defence of 
Kosheh in the Soudan. 

CAMERON. Angus Cameron. Served as a sergeant with the 79th 
during the Peninsular war, and was appointed quarter-master on 
the 13th of February, 1812. He was present as quarter-master at 
the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. In 1841 he became 
paymaster of the Canadian Rifles, and died in Canada in 1845. 

CAMPBELL. Archibald Campbell. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800; 
exchanged to the 60th Rifles on the 12th of March, 1801. 

CAMPBELL. David Campbell. Appointed lieutenant in the 79th from 
the 67th regiment, 25th of March, 1824 ; transferred to the 91st 
Foot, 30th of July, 1829. 

CAMPBELL. Charles Campbell. Exchanged as a captain from the 94th 
Foot, 25th of August, 1809; placed on half pay of the regiment 
on the 12th of November, 1812. Died at Glasgow on the 6th of 
April, 1836. 

CAMPBELL. Donald Campbell. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800 ; lieu- 
tenant, 22nd of October, 1803; captain, 19th of April, 1804; 
major, 13th of January, 1814; placed on half pay of the 
regiment on the 25th of February, 1816; brevet-lieutenant- 
colonel, 22nd of July, 1830. Died at Bonar Bridge, Suther- 
landshire, on the 6th of December, 1844. He accompanied 
the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle 
before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 



900 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CAMPBELL. Archibald Campbell. Ensign, 24th of June, 1853. 
Retired in 1854. 

CAMPBELL. Donald Campbell. Ensign, 2nd of March, 1815; lieu- 
tenant, 26th of October, 1820; exchanged as a lieutenant to the 
20th regiment. Died at sea. 

CAMPBELL. George Campbell. Ensign, 26th of October, 1806. 

CAMPBELL. Henry Wotton Campbell. Ensign, 14th of April, 1843; 
lieutenant, 4th of July, 1845; captain, 22nd of October, 1852. 
Retired on the 26th of December, 1856. He served with the 
regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 
battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and 
the expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with clasps and 
Turkish medal, brevet of major, Knight of the Legion of 
Honour.) 

CAMPBELL. James Campbell. Captain, 5th of September, 1805; 
brevet-major, 12th of August, 1819; major, 31st of October, 
1826. Retired December, 1826 ; died of consumption. He 
served with the 79th in the Peninsula, at Quatre Bras, and 
at Waterloo, being wounded at the battles of Toulouse and 
Waterloo. 

CAMPBELL. James Campbell, K. H. Exchanged as a captain from 
the 91st Foot, 2nd of July, 1812; major, 3rd of June, 1819; 
lieutenant-colonel, 10th of July, 1824 ; exchanged to the 95th 
regiment on the 27th of September, 1831. Served during the 
Irish rebellion in 1798-99, wounded in the hand at Wilson's 
Hospital ; expedition to Hanover in 1805 ; Walcheren expedition 
in 1809. 

CAMPBELL. John Campbell. Ensign, 7th of October, 1807; lieu- 
tenant, 9th of November, 1809. Retired in January, 1814. 
Died at Campbeltown, Argyleshire. 

CAMPBELL. John Alexander Gavin Campbell. Ensign, 2nd of 
August, 1842; lieutenant, llth of April, 1845; exchanged to 



79lH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 223 

the 1st Foot on the 24th of July, 1846. He carried the Queen's 
Colour of the Breadlalbane Highlanders in 1842, when Her 
Majesty visited Taymouth. Became Earl of Breadalbane in 

1862. 

CAMPBELL. James Campbell. Ensign, 19th of May, 1814; appoint- 
ment cancelled on the 30th of November, 1815. 

CAMPBELL. Hon. Ivan Campbell. 2nd lieutenant from the High- 
land Borderers Militia, llth of October, 1879; lieutenant, 23rd 
of June, 1880. Served with the Cameron Highlanders through- 
out the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) 
Retired on the 22nd of August, 1884. 

CAMPBELL. Neil Campbell. Lieutenant, 8th of October, 1794; 
captain, 1st of November, 1796 ; half pay, 1800. 

CAMPBELL. Neil Campbell. Lieutenant from the 78th Highlanders, 
25th of March, 1805; captain, 8th of April, 1806. He served 
with the 79th in the Peninsula, at Quatre Bras, and at Waterloo. 
He was slightly wounded at Quatre Bras and mortally at the 
battle of Waterloo. He died in Brussels in October, 1815. 

CAMPBELL. Neil Campbell. Ensign, 22nd of February, 1855; lieu- 
tenant, 21st of September, 1855; captain, 30th of November, 
1866 ; brevet-major, 19th of April, 1880. Retired on a pension 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel on the 2 1st of July, 1880. 
He served with the 79th in the Crimea from the 16th of August, 
1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with 
clasp and Turkish medal.) Served in the Indian campaign of 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow, attack on 
the fort at Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahje- 
hanpore, capture of forts Bunniar and Mahomdie, passage of 
the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of Rampore Russia, and sub- 
sequent operations in Oude across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. 
(Medal with clasp.) Served on the north-west frontier of India 



224 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

against the Mohraund tribes, near Peshawur; present at the 
affairs of Michinie and Shubkudder. (Medal and clasp.) 

CAMPBELL. Archibald Campbell. Ensign, 16th of December, 1795. 
Retired in 1798. 

CAMPBELL. James Campbell. Appointed captain, 30th of December, 
1795. Retired in 1800. Was wounded at the battle of 
Egmont-op-Zee, where he commanded the Grenadier company. 

CAMPBELL. Walter Douglas Somerset Campbell, (Islay.) Ensign, 
15th of June, 1860; lieutenant, 7th of November, 1863; 
captain, 31st of October, 1877. Retired on the 12th of 
February, 1881. 

CAMPBELL. F. Pemberton Campbell. Ensign, 3rd of November, 
1854; lieutenant, 9th of March, 1855 ; transferred to the 83rd 
regiment, 1862. He served with the regiment in the Eastern 
campaign of 1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol 
and assault of the 8th of September. (Medal with clasp and 
Turkish medal.) Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

CAMPBELL. James Bell Campbell. Ensign from the Ceylon Rifle 
Regiment, 21st of September, 1855. Retired in 1859. 

CAMPBELL. George Campbell. Ensign, 29th of July, 1862. Retired 
in 1866. 

CAMPBELL. John Francis Glencairn Campbell. Major-general, 12th 
of November, 1860; colonel of the 79th, 12th of July, 1868. 
He commanded the 91st regiment throughout the whole of the 
Kaffir war of 1846-47. He died as a lieutenant-general in 1870. 

CAMPBELL-ORDE. Arthur J. Campbell-Orde, younger, of Kilmorey. 
Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 27th of October, 1883. 

CANT. David Cant. Ensign from quarter-master-sergeant, 10th of 
August, 1854; lieutenant, 8th of December, 1854; paymaster, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 225 

24th of June, 1856 ; major, 10th of August, 1869. Served with 
the 79th Highlanders throughout the Eastern campaign of 
1854-55, including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, the siege 
of Sebastopol, assault of the 18th of June, and expedition to 
Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps and Turkish 
medal.) Served with the 79th Highlanders in the Indian 
campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and capture of 
Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

CARDROSS, Henry. Lord Cardross. Ensign, 16th of March, 1832. 
Retired on the 27th of July, 1832. Died on the 21st of 
December, 1836. 

CAREY. Robert Carey. Ensign, 24th of November, 1803. 
CARMICHAEL. Peter Carmichael. Ensign, 19th of March, 1807. 

CARTAN. William Cartan. Ensign, 20th of July, 1815; lieutenant, 
12th of December, 1822; captain, 28th of August, 1838. 
Afterwards staff officer of pensioners at Belfast. 

CARTER. N. Carter. Ensign, 30th of May, 1811; exchanged to 
Staff Corps Cavalry, 13th of October, 1815. 

CASTLE. William Castle. Appointed paymaster of the 79th, 16th of 
February, 1829 ; left the regiment on the 19th of February, 1836. 

CATHCART. Hon. Charles Cathcart. 2nd lieutenant from the 82nd 
regiment, 12th of April, 1879. Died in London on the 21st of 
May, 1880. 

CAVAYE. George Ross Cavaye. 2nd lieutenant, 23rd of October, 
1880; lieutenant, 1st of July, 1881. Served with the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and 
Khedive's star.) He also served throughout the Nile expe- 
dition of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. (Clasp.) 
Served in the operation of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 
1885-86 with the Cameron Highlanders, and was present at 
Kosheh during the investment, and in the engagement at Giniss. 

Q 



226 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

CHALMERS. John Snodgrass Chalmers. Ensign, llth of April, 1845 ; 
lieutenant, 10th of April, 1849. Went to 36th regiment. 

CHALMERS. Norman Guthrie Chalmers. Ensign, llth of January, 
1867; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871 ; captain, 21st of July, 
1880; major, 21st of November, 1881. Served with the 
Cameron Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, 
and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with 
clasp and Khedive's star.) He also served throughout the 
Nile expedition of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. 
(Clasp.) Served in the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86 with the Cameron Highlanders, and was 
present at Kosheh during its investment, and at the recon- 
naissance on the 16th of December. (Severely wounded. 
Mentioned in despatches, and awarded the 4th class of the 
Osmanieh for active and distinguished service in the field in 
saving the life of Major Hunter, in doing which he was 
wounded.) 

CHAPMAN. Frederick Stovin Chapman. Exchanged as captain from 
the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers, 29th of October, 1881. Served 
with the Cameron Highlanders in the Egyptian war of 1882 
from the landing at Ismailia, and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) 

CHEETHAM. Isaac Cheetham. Ensign, 6th of August, 1811; lieu- 
tenant, 10th of December, 1812 ; appointed to the 40th regiment 
on the 17th of December, 1812. He had previously served in 
the 29th regiment. He was present at the battles of Roleia, 
Vimiera, Talavera, Busaco, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, 
Pyrenees, Orthes, and Toulouse. (Silver medal with ten clasps.) 

CHRISTIE. John Stedman Christie. Lieutenant, 19th of April, 1804 ; 
captain, 29th of May, 1811; exchanged to the 42nd High- 
landers. Died in Portugal. 

CHRISTIE. Napier Turner Christie. Exchanged as ensign from the 
93rd Highlanders, 18th of July, 1822; lieutenant, 10th of 
September, 1825; transferred to the llth regiment, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 227 

CHRISTIE. Robert Christie. Ensign, 20th of August, 1812; lieu- 
tenant, 18th of May, 1814; placed on half pay, 16th of April, 
1817. Retired in 1830. Served with the 79th in the Peninsula, 
and was present at the battles of the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, 
and Toulouse. 

CHURCHILL. Charles Henry Churchill. Exchanged as a captain 
from the 60th regiment on the 26th of July, 1833 ; appointed a 
lieutenant-colonel in the British Legion of Spain, 4th of August, 
1835. (K. St. F.). 

CLAY. Albert Newby Clay. Ensign, 7th of September, 1855; lieu- 
tenant, 1st of July, 1859; captain, 15th of June, 1866; major, 
4th of June, 1879. Retired on the 13th of April, 1881. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Indian campaign of 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow; attack on 
the fort of Rooyah ; actions of Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahje- 
hanpore ; capture of forts Bunniar and Mahomdie ; passage of 
the Gogra at Fyzabad ; capture of Rampore Kussia ; and 
subsequent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee 
rivers. (Medal and clasp.) 

CLEATHER. William B. Gordon Cleather. Ensign, 13th of October, 
1854; lieutenant, 9th of January, 1855; captain, 9th of April, 
1861 ; exchanged to the 47th regiment in 1863. He served 
with the 79th Highlanders in the Eastern campaign of 1855, 
including the siege and fall of Sebastopol and assault of the 8th 
of September. (Medal and clasp and Turkish medal.) Also 
in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and 
capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

CLEPHANE. Robert Douglas Clephane. Ensign, 8th of June, 1838; 
lieutenant, 18th of September, 1840; captain, llth of April, 
1845. He served in the Eastern campaign of 1854 and up to 
the 25th of June, 1855, with the 79th Highlanders including 
the battles of Alma and Balaclava ; siege of Sebastopol ; assault 



228 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

on the 18th of June; expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. 
(Medal with three clasps, brevet of lieutenant-colonel, and the 
Sardinian and Turkish medals.) 

COCKBURN. James Cockburn. Ensign, 12th of February, 1828; 
lieutenant, 23rd of August, 1833; captain, 8th of June, 1838; 
half pay, 21st of February, 1840. 

COCKBURN. Wemyss Thomas Cockburn. Ensign, 21st of August, 
1849; exchanged to the 35th regiment in 1850. 

COCKELL. George Cockell. Appointed assistant-surgeon to the 79th, 
25th of June, 1801 ; transferred to the 13th regiment in 1808. 

COOKSEY. Walter C. Cooksey. Ensign, 7th of August, 1799; lieu- 
tenant, 3rd of September, 1801 ; captain, 30th April, 1807. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders in the Egyptian campaign 
of 1801, and was present at the battle of Alexandria. (Gold 
medal from Sultan Selim III.). Carried the regimental 
colour at the attack on Ferrol. Served with the 79th in the 
Peninsula, and was killed on picquet near Almeida in 1811. 

COOPER. Henry Cooper. Major-general, 9th of November, 1862; 
colonel of the 79th, 21st of August, 1870. He served with the 
45th regiment in the Kaffir war of 1846-47. (Medal.) Transferred 
as colonel to the 45th Foot on the 17th of March, 1876. 

CORBALLIS. James Frederick Corballis. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
18th of October, 1884; appointed to the 18th Royal Irish in 

1887. 

CORNES. John Cornes. Quarter-master of the 53rd regiment, 25th 
of June, 1841 ; paymaster of the 79th Highlanders, 5th of 
November, 1847. He was present at the battles of Aliwal and 
Sobraon, and at the action of Buddiwal. (Wounded. Mentioned 
in despatches.) He served with the 77th regiment in the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battle of Alma and 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 229 

the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with clasp and Turkish 
medal.) He went on half pay on the 24th of June, 1856. 

COTTER. William Pomeroy Cotter. Ensign, 21st of October, 1799; 
left the regiment in 1800. 

COURTNEY. George Courtney. Ensign, 21st of May, 1814; placed 
on half pay on the 16th of March, 1816; afterwards in the 97th 
regiment. 

COWAN. Thomas Cowan. Ensign, 19th of October, 1812; lieu- 
tenant, 26th of May, 1814; half pay, 1821. 

CRAWFORD. John Crawford. Ensign, 25th of June, 1812. Appoint- 
ment cancelled on the 9th of December, 1812. 

CRAWFORD. Alexander Speirs Crawford. Ensign, 18th of May, 
1814; lieutenant, 27th of July, 1815. Served with the 79th at 
the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. (Slightly wounded.) 
Half pay, 25th of February, 1816. 

CRAWFORD. William J. M. Crawford. Ensign, 25th of August, 1854 ; 
lieutenant, 9th of February, 1855; captain, 23rd of October, 
1860; exchanged to the 24th regiment in 1862. He served 
with the 79th Highlanders in the Eastern campaign of 1855, 
including the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with clasp 
and Turkish Medal.) Also in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

CROMBIE. Thomas Crombie. Ensign, 12th of August, 1824; lieu- 
tenant, 8th of February, 1826; captain, 18th of May, 1832; 
exchanged to the 60th regiment. 

CROZIER. Burrard Rawson Crozier. Transferred as a captain from 
the 46th regiment on the 29th June, 1881 ; exchanged to the 
Royal Scots Fusiliers on the 29th of October, 1881. 

CRUIKSHANK. William Cruikshank, M.D. Appointed assistant- 
surgeon to the 79th, 26th of October, 1830; left the regiment 
in 1836. 



230 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

CRUIKSHANKS. Alexander Cruikshanks. Quarter-master, 12th of" 
October, 1838. Retired on half pay on the llth of May, 1849. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders at the bombardment of 
Copenhagen in 1807; expedition to Sweden in 1808; Walcheren 
expedition ; present at the siege of Flushing ; expedition to 
Cadiz. He served in the Peninsula with the 79th ; was taken 
prisoner by the French at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor, and 
was wounded at Toulouse. He was present with the regiment 
at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. He was in 
possession of the silver war medal, with clasps for Busaco, 
Fuentes d'Onof, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. 

CRUTCHLEY. Robert J. Logan Crutchley. Captain from the 24th 
regiment, 1862 ; went to Indian Staff Corps in 1865. 

CUMING. Edward William Cuming. Ensign, 24th of July, 1846; 
lieutenant, 31st of March, 1848 ; captain, 8th of October, 1854 ; 
major, 2nd of March, 1872 ; placed on retired pay, 1st of July, 
1881. He served with the 79th Highlanders throughout the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma and 
Balaclava; siege and fall of Sebastopol; assaults of the 18th of 
June and the 8th of September; expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, 
and Turkish medal.) 

CUNNINGHAME. William Cunninghame. Ensign, 26th of June, 1846; 
lieutenant, 31st of December, 1847; captain, 13th of August, 
1854. Retired in 1857. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
in the Eastern campaign of 1854 up to the 26th of November, 
also from January to the 9th of February, 1855, including the 
battles of Alma and Balaclava and siege of Sebastopol. (Medal 
with three clasps, and Turkish medal.) 

CURRIE. Henry Currie. Captain, from the 74th Highlanders, 10th 
of March, 1869. Retired as major on half pay on the 8th of 
December, 1877. 



79'J'II CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 231 

DALZELL. Robert Harris Carnwath Dalzell. Ensign, 15th of June, 
1866 ; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871 ; captain, 10th ol 
April, 1880 ; Major, 21st of November, 1881. Retired in 1886. 

DAVIDSON. Charles Frederick Herbert Davidson. 2nd lieutenant, 
23rd of October, 1880 ; lieutenant, 1st of July, 1881. Served 
with the Cameron Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 
1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Served in the expedition to 
the Soudan in 1884, with the Gordon Highlanders, and was 
present at the engagements of El-Teb and Tamaii. (Two clasps.) 
Also served throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85, on 
special service as transport officer, and took part in the 
operations of the desert column. (Clasp.) Served with the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1886 with the Cameron 
Highlanders. 

DAVIDSON. Duncan Francis Davidson, younger, of Desswood. 2nd 
lieutenant, 23rd of October, 1880 ; lieutenant, 1st of July, 1881 ; 
captain, 1st of December, 1886. Served with the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star.) Also served throughout the Nile expedition 
of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. (Clasp.) Served 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
of 1885-86 with the Cameron Highlanders, and was present 
at Kosheh during its investment (slightly wounded), at the 
reconnaissance on the 16th of December, and in the engage- 
ment at Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches.) 

DAVIDSON. Sinclair Davidson. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800 ; 
lieutenant, 31st of March, 1804 ; Captain, 14th of February, 
1811. He served with the 79th in the Egyptian campaign of 
1801, and was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold 
medal from Sultan Selim III.). Served throughout the 
Peninsular war, with the 79th, until he died of wounds received 
at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. 



232 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

DAWSON. John Dawson. Captain, 6th of November, 1801. 
Drowned o/i passage from Harwich to Landguard Fort, 18th of 
April, 1807, with all the detachment under his command. 

DEANS. James Deans. Ensign, 13th of October, 1815; exchanged 
to the 92nd Highlanders in 1820. 

DEMPSTER. James Carrol Dempster. Appointed assistant-surgeon 
to the 79th, 15th of January, 1841. Appointed to the 33rd 
regiment, 23rd of September, 1845. 

DOBIE. William Alexander Dobie. Ensign, 6th of April, 1855 ; 
transferred to the 1st West India regiment as lieutenant, 24th 
of February, 1857. 

DOIG. Alexander Doig. Appointed assistant-surgeon, 21st of June, 
1864 ; medical department, 1874. 

DORAN. William Doran. Exchanged as Major to the 79th, 22nd of 
February, 1810. Retired as lieutenant-colonel, 31st of January, 
1811. 

DOUGAL. S. B. Dougal. Ensign, 14th of September, 1855. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Indian Mutiny cam- 
paign of 1858-59, and was present at the capture of Lucknow. 
(Medal with clasp.) He was killed in action, 6th of November, 
1863, in India, during the Umbeyla campaign, whilst attached 
to the 71st Highlanders. 

DOUGLAS. Charles John Cathcart Douglas. 2nd lieutenant from 
the 74th Highlanders, 5th of October, 1878 ; exchanged to the 
31st regiment, 6th of December, 1879. 

DOUGLAS. John Douglas. Ensign, 25th of June, 1829 ; lieutenant, 
25th of October, 1833; captain, llth of May, 1839; exchanged 
to the llth Light Dragoons. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 233 

DOUGLAS. John Douglas. Ensign, 13th of March, 1835 ; lieutenant, 
26th of May, 1838 ; captain, 15th of June, 1842. Retired the 
14th of November, 1842. 

DOUGLAS. Sir John Douglas, G. C. B., of Glenfinart, Argyleshire. 
Ensign, 6th of September, 1833 ; lieutenant, 18th of July, 
1836; captain 8th of June, 1841; major, 24th of December, 
1852 ; lieutenant-colonel, 13th of August, 1854 ; colonel, 1st of 
August, 1857 ; major-general, 23rd of August, 1877 ; general, 
30th of January, 1880 ; full colonel commanding the 79th 
Highlanders 1st of January, 1879. He served throughout the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, in command of the 79th High- 
landers, including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege of 
Sebastopol, assault of the 18th of June, and expedition to Kertch 
and Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, C.B., Sardinian and 
Turkish medals, and 4th class of the Medjidie.) Served in the 
Indian campaign of 1857-59 ; commanded the Infantry in the 
action of Secundra ; commanded a brigade during the siege of 
Lucknow, taking the Residency, Iron bridge, Great Imambara, 
and several other important positions ; afterwards commanded 
the Infantry of the Azimghur Field Force, and was present in the 
action at Tigra, taking of Azimghur, pursuit of Koer Sing, actions 
at Azimghur, Munnear, Sheoporeghat, and various operations in 
and around Jugdespore and the jungles, and pursuit to Buxar. 
On the 15th of June, 1858, he was appointed to command the 
troops in the Azimghur and Jaunpore districts, and on the 25th 
of June to the command of the disturbed districts of Behar, 
Dinapore, Ghazepore, and Shahabad, and was constantly 
engaged in pursuing the rebels during the hot and wet seasons ; 
took the field after the rains, defeated the rebels at Karisath, 
and drove them into the jungle ; took Judgespore, pursued 
and drove the rebels into the Kymore hills, killing 1,200; 
campaign of Kymore hills ; and successful night attack at 
Salya Duhar. On the 15th of January, 1859, appointed to 
command the troops in Palamow and Chota Nagpore, and was 
engaged in pursuing the rebels in Palamow. (Frequently 



234 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

mentioned in despatches, thanked by the Governor-General 
of India, brevet of colonel, K.C.B. medal with clasp.) 

DOUGLAS. Sir Neil Douglas, K.C.B., K.C. H. Ensign, 28th of January, 
1801 ; lieutenant, 16th of July, 1802 ; captain, 19th of April, 
1804; major, 31st of January, 1811 ; lieutenant-colonel, 3rd of 
December, 1812 ; colonel and aide-de-camp to the King, 27th 
of May, 1825; major-general, 10th of January, 1837; governor 
of Edinburgh Castle, 17th of February, 1837 ; lieutenant- 
general, 9th of November, 1846 ; colonel, 78th Highlanders, 
20th of December, 1851. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
at the bombardment of Copenhagen ; expedition to Sweden 
in 1808 ; Walcheren expedition and siege of Flushing. He 
accompanied the expedition to Cadiz. Served with the 79th 
Highlanders in the Peninsula, succeeding to the command of the 
regiment, on the 20th of February, 1813. He was present at 
the battles of Corunna, Busaco, (twice wounded) Pyrenees, 
Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. He commanded the 79th 
Highlanders in the Waterloo campaign, and was severely 
wounded at the battle of Quatre Bras. He had the gold 
medal and clasps for the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse, 
and the silver war medal and clasps for Corunna and Busaco, 
He was also in possession of the silver Waterloo medal, cross of 
the 4th class of the order of St. Vladimir, and cross of Knight 
Companion of Maria Theresa. 

DOUGLAS-HAMILTON. Angus Falconer Douglas-Hamilton. Lieu- 
tenant, 23rd of August, 1884. He served with the regiment 
during the latter part of the Nile expedition in 1885. (Medal 
with clasp). Served throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, was present at Kosheh during 
its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 

DRYSDALE. Andrew Knox Drysdale. Appointed assistant-surgeon, 
to the 79th, November, 1854; surgeon, 10th of May, 1864. 
Died 10th of September, 1869 He served with the 79th 
Highlanders in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 235 

battles of Alma and Balaclava, and the siege of Sebastopol. 
(Medal with three clasps, and Turkish medal.) Served in the 
Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and fall of 
Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

DUFF. Alexander Garden Duff, of Hatton Castle. Captain 
in the 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881 ; major, 28th of Vlay, 

1882. 

DUFF. Garden Duff. Ensign, 28th of December, 1855 ; lieutenant, 
28th of October, 1859 ; exchanged to the 70th regiment, 
1860. He served with the 79th in the Indian campaign of 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal 
and clasp.) 

DUNDAS. Thomas Dundas. Ensign, 10th of November, 1837 ; 
lieutenant, 21st of February, 1840 ; transferred to the 22nd 
regiment. 

DURANT. Celestine George Durant. Lieutenant from the 94th 
regiment, 8th of December, 1854. Retired in 1859. 

EDEN. William Eden. Appointed major in the regiment, 16th 
of December, 1795 ; lieutenant-colonel, 15th of August, 1798 ; 
exchanged to the 84th regiment, llth of December, 1806. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in Holland, and was present 
at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. Accompanied the 79th 
Highlanders to Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle 
before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 

EGAN. Michael Egan. Appointed surgeon to the 79th, 7th of 
December, 1797. He served with the regiment in Holland 
and Egypt, 1801, and was wounded at the battle before 
Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). He died in 
Belgium. 

EGERTON. Arthur Frederick Egerton. Lieutenant, 27th of October, 
1886. 



236 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

ELLIOT. Edmund James Elliot. Ensign, 1831 ; lieutenant, 10th of 
October, 1834; captain, 3rd of April, 1840; major, 12th of 
April, 1844 ; succeeded as lieutenant-colonel to command the 
regiment 24th of December, 1852. He died of cholera at 
Givrakla, near Varna, 12th of August, 1854. 

ELPHINSTONE. Honourable Y. D. Elphinstone (Master of Elphin- 
stone.) Lieutenant in the 2nd battalion, 22nd of November, 
1884. Retired in 1886. 

EMSLIE. John Emslie. Quarter-Master, 2nd battalion, 13th of April, 
1887. He served with the Cameron Highlanders throughout 
the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle 
of Tel-el- Kebir ; (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star) also 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) He 
served with the regiment throughout the operations of the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force of 1885-86, was present at Kosheh 
during its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 
(Mentioned in despatches, silver medal for distinguished 
conduct in the field.) 

EVERETT. Edward Everett. Ensign, 1st of March, 1855; lieuten- 
ant, 14th of September, 1855 ; captain, 2nd of May, 1865 ; 
major, 1st of July, 1881 ; lieutenant-colonel, 15th of June, 1885. 
Served in the Crimea with the 79th Highlanders after the fall of 
Sebastopol. Served with the 79th Highlanders in the Indian 
campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and capture of Luck- 
now, attack on the fort of Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, 
Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of Forts Bunniar 
and Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of 
Rampore Kussia, and subsequent operations in Oude across 
the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Mentioned in despatches, 
medal and clasp.) Served throughout the Nile expedition of 
1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. (Mentioned in 
despatches, brevet of lieutenant-colonel, medal and clasp.) 
Served throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 237 

Force in 1885-86, and was present in Kosheh during its invest- 
ment, commanded the reconnaissance of the 16th of December, 
and the right attack, consisting of the Cameron Highlanders 
and the 9th Soudanese, on the village of Kosheh in the 
engagement at Giniss. (D.S.O., mentioned in despatches, 3rd 
class of the Medjidie.) Lieutenant-Colonel commanding the 
regiment, July 1st, 1887. 

EWART. John Spencer Ewart. Lieutenant, 22nd of October, 1881. 
Served with the Cameron Highlanders throughout the Egyptian 
war of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. 
(Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also served throughout 
the Nile expedition of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. 
(Clasp.) Served throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86 as adjutant of the Cameron 
Highlanders, was staff-officer at Kosheh during its investment, 
and was present at the engagement at Giniss. (Mentioned in 
despatches, 5th class of the Medjidie.) 

EWART. Walter Douglas Ewart. Lieutenant, 7th of February, 1885. 
Served throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86 with the Cameron Highlanders, was present 
in Kosheh during its investment, and the engagement at Giniss. 
(Medal.) 

FAIRRIE. William McCormick Fairrie. Ensign, 30th of May, 1845 ; 
lieutenant, 9th of June, 1846. Retired in 1846. 

FERGUSON. Charles Robert Kennett Ferguson. Ensign, 14th of 
January, 1862 ; lieutenant, 22nd of August, 1865. Retired the 
12th of May, 1875. 

FERGUSON. Arthur George Ferguson. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st 
of July, 1881 ; appointed to the Rifle Brigade, 16th of May, 
1883. 

FERGUSON. James Ferguson. Ensign, 22nd of July, 1832 ; 
lieutenant, 7th of August, 1835 ; captain, 18th of September, 
1840 ; major, 25th of August, 1846. Died at Givrakla, near 
Varna, Turkey, 1854. 



238 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

FERGUSON. Robert Ferguson, of Raith. Ensign, 24th of February, 
1820, in the 43rd regiment; exchanged as major to the 79th, 
23rd of March, 1827; lieutenant-colonel, 13th of March, 1835. 
Retired the 8th of June, 1841. 

FERGUSON. Robert Ferguson. Ensign, 25th of October, 1833 ; 
lieutenant, 8th of July, 1837; captain, 28th of December, 1841. 
Died in 1847. 

FERGUSON. Sir Ronald Crawford Ferguson, G. C. B., of Raith. 
Ensign, 53rd regiment, 3rd of April, 1790 ; general, 22nd of 
July, 1830 ; appointed full colonel of the 79th, 24th of March, 
1828. Died the 10th of April, 1841. He served in Flanders in 
1793, and was present at the siege of Valenciennes and Dunkirk, 
and at the defence of Newport. (Severely wounded.) In 1796 
he accompanied the expedition for the capture of the Cape of 
Good Hope, and in 1800 served with the force sent under Sir 
James Palt for the purpose of attacking Ferrol and Cadiz. In 
1805 he was appointed to the command of the Highland 
Brigade in the expedition of Sir David Baird, for the re-capture 
of the Cape of Good Hope, in which service he highly 
distinguished himself. In 1808 he was promoted to major- 
general, and commanded a brigade in the Peninsula at the 
battles of Roleia and Vimiera. (Thanked by both Houses of 
Parliament, and granted a gold medal by George III.). In 
1815 he was nominated a K.C.B., and subsequently given the 
Grand Cross of the Order. 

FERGUSSON. Archibald Fergusson. Ensign, 6th of June, 1845; 
lieutenant, 26th of June, 1846 ; exchanged to the 16th regiment. 

FERGUSSON. James Fergusson, C.B. Appointed as a major to the 
79th from the 43rd regiment, 3rd of December, 1812. Appointed 
to the 85th regiment, 25th of January, 1813. Had previously 
served in the 18th regiment. He served in the Walcheren 
expedition in 1809 and throughout the Peninsular war. He 
was present at the battles of Vimiera, Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 239 

d'Onor; sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz; battles of 
Salamanca, Nivelle, Nive ; passage of the Bidassoa ; and actions 
at Pombal, Redinha, Miranda de Corvo, Foz d'Aronce, Sabugal, 
and San Munoz. He was five times wounded. (Gold medal 
for Badajoz, and the silver war medal with eight clasps.) 

FINDLAY. Charles Findlay. Lieutenant, 12th of March, 1884, from 
the Gordon Highlanders. Served throughout the Nile expedition 
of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. (Medal with clasp.) 
Also served with the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1886. 

FITZGERALD. Massey FitzGerald. Ensign, 30th of June, 1823; 
lieutenant, 25th of June, 1829; half pay, 7th of July, 1837. 

FORBES. Alexander Forbes. Ensign, 28th of September, 1809; 
lieutenant, 8th of August, 1811 ; captain, 18th of March, 1825; 
major, 7th of August, 1835; half pay, 25th of May, 1838. 
Died in Canada, 30th of March, 1851. He served with the 
79th in the Peninsula, and was present at the battles of Nivelle 
and Nive, also throughout the Waterloo campaign, being 
slightly wounded at Waterloo. He had the silver war medal 
with two clasps. 

FORBES. Granville Eardley Forbes. 2nd lieutenant, 23rd of October, 
1880; lieutenant, 1st of July, 1881. Served throughout the 
Nile expedition in 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. 
(Medal with clasp.) 

FORBES. Hon. John Forbes. Exchanged as a lieutenant to the 79th 
1st of November, 1833, and died two years afterwards. 

FORBES. Michie Forbes. Ensign, 81st of December, 1830 : 
exchanged to the 35th regiment, 18th of May, 1833. 

FORBES. Peter Forbes. Quarter-master, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 
1881. Retired in 1887. Served with the 71st Highlanders in 
the Eastern campaign of 1855, including the siege and fall of 



240 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Sebastopol and expedition to Kertch. (Medal with clasp and 
Turkish medal.) Served also in the Indian campaign of 1858, 
including the actions of Kooneh, Deapoza, and Gowlowlee, and 
capture of Galpee and Gwalior. (Medal with clasp.) Served 
in the Umbeyla campaign with the 71st Highlanders. (Medal 
and clasp.) 

FORBES-GORDON. Arthur Newton Forbes-Gordon, of Rayne. Ensign, 
12th of May, 1863 ; lieutenant, llth of January, 1867 ; captain, 
13th of July, 1878. Retired, 15th of March, 1879. Adjutant, 
from the 26th of July, 1876, to the 13th of July, 1878. 

FORBES-SEMPILL. Hon. John Forbes-Sempill, Master of Sempill. 
Lieutenant, 6th of January, 1886. Served in the operations of 
the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1886 with the Cameron 
Highlanders. 

FORD. John Ford, Ensign, 25th of May, 1809 ; lieutenant, 30th ot 
May, 1811 ; exchanged to the 3rd West India Regiment, 15th 
of November, 1821. He served in the expeditions to Walcheren 
and Cadiz ; also with the 79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, 
being present at the battles of Fuentes d'Onor, Nivelle, Nive, 
and Toulouse. (Silver medal with four clasps.) 

FORREST. William Forrest (now Sir William Forrest, Bart., of 
Comiston). Ensign, 14th of October, 1842; lieutenant, 30th 
of May, 1845. Retired, 1st of October, 1850. 

FOWLER. Henry Day Fowler. Appointed assistant-surgeon, 19th of 
December, 1845 ; exchanged to the 8th regiment in 1850. 

ERASER. Archibald Fraser. Ensign, 24th of April, 1805 ; lieutenant, 
23rd of October, 1806. Served with the 79th Highlanders in 
the Peninsula, and was wounded at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. 
He died of fever at Castel Branco, Portugal, 1 5th of September, 
1811. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 241 

FRASER. James Fraser. Ensign, 30th of April, 1807 ; lieutenant, 
16th of March. 1809 ; captain, 3rd of June, 1819. Retired on 
the 2nd of February, 1830. Died on the 29th of May, 1849. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders throughout the Peninsular 
and Waterloo campaigns, being severely wounded at the battles 
of Toulouse and Quatre Bras. 

FRASER. Malcolm Fraser. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800; lieutenant, 
9th of February, 1804 : captain, 29th of November, 1810. 
Died in 1822. He served with the 79th Highlanders throughout 
the Peninsular and Waterloo campaigns. He was slightly 
wounded at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor, and severely at the 
battle of Quatre Bras. 

FRASER. William Wemyss Fraser. Ensign, 29th of November, 1815 ; 
half pay, 25th of February, 1816. 

FRASER. Keith Fraser. 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd battalion, 12th 
of February, 1887. 

FRASER-TYTLER. Edward Fraser-Tytler, of Aldourie. Lieutenant, 
2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881 ; captain, 24th of August, 1882. 
Retired in 1887. 

FRASER-TYTLER. William Fraser-Tytler. Lieutenant, 1st of July, 
1881. Retired in 1884. 

FREME. James Herbert Freme. Ensign, 19th of October, 1849 ; 
lieutenant, 3rd of March, 1854 ; captain, 29th of December, 
1854. Retired in 1856. He served with the regiment in the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma and 
Balaclava and the siege of Sebastopol. (Medal with three 
clasps, and Turkish medal.) 

FULTON. Robert Fulton. Appointed captain in the 79th, 10th of 
July, 1800; major, 25th of March, 1805; lieutenant-colonel, 
28th of May, 1807. Retired on the 3rd of December, 1812. 
Died near Lochwinnoch, Ayrshire, in 1851. He served with 

R 



242 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the 79th Highlanders in the expedition to Egypt in 1801. 
(Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). Was present at the 
bombardment of Copenhagen ; commanded the 79th High- 
landers in the Peninsula from the 2nd of September, 1811, 
until the 20th of February, 1813, including the battle of 
Salamanca, for which he was granted a gold medal. 

FULTON. Robert Fulton. Ensign, 12th of February, 1825 ; lieu- 
tenant, 9th of December, 1826; captain, 16th of March, 1832. 
Died at Paisley. 

GAISFORD. Thomas Gaisford. Appointed lieutenant from the 22nd 
regiment on the 4th of January, 1841 ; captain, 4th of July, 
1845. Retired in 1846. 

GARFORTH. William H. Garforth. Captain, 2nd battalion, 1st of 
July, 1881. 

GARSIA. Christopher Garsia. Ensign, 23rd of March, 1858 ; lieu- 
tenant, llth of October, 1859; exchanged to the 89th regiment 
in 1864. 

GAWNE. Edward Gawne. Ensign, 16th of January, 1855 ; lieutenant, 
9th of March, 1855. Retired in 1859. 

GORDON. C. Van R. Conway Gordon. Ensign, 12th of January, 
1855; lieutenant, 4th of May, 1855; captain, 3rd of April, 
1860 ; went to the Bengal Staff Corps on the 22nd of March, 
1869. 

GORDON. Lawrence Gordon. Ensign, 29th of May, 1818; exchanged 
to the 89th regiment on the 13th of December, 1821. 

GORDON. John Henry Gordon. Ensign, 28th of December, 1841. 
Retired on the 13th of October, 1843. 

GORDON. George James Gordon. Ensign, 2nd of February, 1830; 
lieutenant, 18th of July, 1834 ; captain, 21st of February, 1840, 
Retired on the 29th of January, 1841, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 243 

GORDON. Orr Boswell Gordon. Ensign, 4th of July, 1865 ; lieu- 
tenant, 17th of February, 1869 ; captain, 19th of October, 1879; 
major, 1st of July, 1881 ; adjutant from the 13th of July, 1878, 
to 18th of October, 1879. Served with the Cameron High- 
landers in the Egyptian war of 1882, and, as divisional baggage- 
master on the staff of Lieutenant-General Hamley from Ismailia 
to Cairo. Was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal 
with clasp and Khedive's star.) 

GRAEME. Patrick James Frederick Graeme, of Inchbrakie. Ensign, 
19th of February, 1870; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871. 
Retired in 1875. 

GRAHAM. John Graham. Lieutenant, 6th of June, 1794. Retired 
in 1797. 

GRAHAM. William Graham. Ensign, 24th of August, 1793 ; lieu- 
tenant, 24th of June, 1795. Retired in 1799. 

GRAHAM. Archibald Graham. Lieutenant, 24th of August, 1795. 
Retired in 1795. 

GRAHAM. Oliver Graham. Ensign, 12th of April, 1844; lieutenant, 
14th of November, 1845. Retired in 1850. 

GRANT. Charles Irwin Grant. Ensign, 18th of July, 1834 ; exchanged 
to the 50th regiment, 10th of November, 1837. 

GRANT. Ewen Grant. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881. 
Retired in 1883. 

GRANT. Francis Augustus Grant. Ensign, llth of June, 1847; 
lieutenant, 26th of July, 1850. Died of cholera before Sebas- 
topol, October, 1854. 

GRANT. Hugh Grant. Ensign, 5th of September, 1805; lieutenant, 
30th of April, 1807. Served with the 79th Highlanders in the 
Peninsula, and died of wounds received at the siege of Burgos 
in 1812, 



244 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

GRANT. Ian Robert James Murray Grant, of Glenmoriston and Moy. 
2nd lieutenant, 17th of April, 1880 ; lieutenant, 1st of July, 
1881 ; resigned his commission on the 6th of October, 1886. 
Served with the Cameron Highlanders throughout the Egyptian 
war of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. 
(Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Served with the Nile 
expedition in 1884. Is now a captain in the 2nd battalion. 

GRANT. John Grant. Appointed surgeon, 10th of July, 1846. 

GRANT. Robert W. E. Grant, of Kincorth. Lieutenant, 2nd bat- 
talion, 1st of July, 1881. Retired in 1884. 

GRANT. William Grant. Appointed assistant- surgeon, 25th of 
December, 1825 ; exchanged to the 10th regiment in 1826. 

GRAVES. William Graves. Ensign, 7th of December, 1809. 
Retired in 1810. 

GREENHILL-GARDYNE. Norman Charles Greenhill-Gardyne. Lieu- 
tenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881. Appointed to the 
Gordon Highlanders in 1885. 

GUNNING. Matthew Gunning. Ensign, 8th of August, 1799 lieu- 
tenant, 4th of September, 1801 ; exchanged to the 92nd 
Highlanders the same year. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
in the expedition to Ferrol in 1800, and accompanied the 92nd 
Highlanders to Egypt in 1801. 

HALKETT. Wedderburn Conway Halkett (eldest son of Sir Arthur 
Halkett, Bart., of Pitfirrane, Fife). 2nd lieutenant, 16th of 
February, 1878; lieutenant, 17th of December, 1879; captain, 
20th of February, 1884. He served with the Cameron High- 
landers during the Nile expedition of 1884-85. Was invalided, 
and died on the 23rd of August, 1885. 

HALL. James Hall. Ensign, 21st of February, 1811 ; lieutenant, 
14th of October, 1812; half pay, March, 1815, 



79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 245 

HAMILTON. Andrew Hamilton. Joined the 79th from the Canadian 
Fencibles as lieutenant, 25th of March, 1805 ; exchanged to 
the 72nd regiment on the 26th of December, 1805. He was 
afterwards in the Peninsula with the 23rd Light Dragoons. 

HAMILTON. Peter D. Hamilton. Exchanged to the 79th, as captain, 
from the 39th regiment, 14th of February, 1799. He left the 
regiment in 1800. 

HAMILTON. Robert Hamilton. Lieutenant, 29th of April, 1795; 
captain, 24th of May, 1799 ; major, 25th of April, 1805 ; 
exchanged to the 78th Highlanders, 21st of April, 1808. Died 
in Canada. He served with the 79th Highlanders in Egypt in 
1801, and was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold 
medal from Sultan Selim III.). 

HAMILTON. William Finlay Hamilton. Ensign, 21st of August, 
1840; lieutenant, 14th of October, 1842. Retired on the 
30th of May, 1845. 

HAMILTON. T. A. Hamilton. Quarter-master, 14th of March, 1811. 
Died in Portugal, 28th of December, 1812. 

HANBURY. John M. Hanbury. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of 
July, 1881. Retired in 1883. 

HARKNESS. Thomas Harkness. Ensign, 6th of June, 1811 ; lieu- 
tenant, 25th of June, 1812. Died same year. 

HARRISSON. Charles Milne Harrisson. Ensign, 3rd of November, 
1846 ; lieutenant, 29th of October, 1848. Retired in 1855. 

HARRISON. Francis Joseph Harrison. Ensign, 30th of July, 1847; 
lieutenant, 1st of October, 1850. Died in the Crimea. 

HARRISON. George Alexander Harrison. Ensign, 23rd of November, 
1852 ; lieutenant, 8th of August, 1854; captain, 13th of July, 
1855 ; placed on half pay on the 10th of November, 1856 ; re- 
appointed to the regiment, and retired in 1866. 



246 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

HARRISON. George Harrison. Ensign, 10th of December, 1812 ; 
lieutenant, 2nd of March, 1815 ; half pay, 25th of March, 1817. 
Drowned at sea, 1819. Served with the 79th in the Peninsula 
and at the battles of Waterloo and Quatre Bras. 

HART. William Neville Hart. Appointed captain in the 79th High- 
landers, 17th of September, 1794. Left the regiment in 1796. 

HARVEY. William Maundy Harvey. Appointed major in the 79th 
Highlanders from the 1st West India Regiment, 27th of 
February, 1806 ; lieutenant-colonel, 30th of May, 1811 ; colonel, 
1st of January, 1812. He died on passage home from the 
Peninsula, 10th of June, 1813. He was present at the battle of 
Albuhera and at the storming of Badajos. 

HAY. James Hay, C.B. Major-general, 23rd of November, 1841 ; 
Colonel of the 79th, 8th of January, 1849. He served with the 
16th Lancers in the Peninsula, and was present at the passage 
of the Douro, battles of Talavera, Fuentes d'Onor, Vittoria, and 
Nive, the siege of Burgos, and actions of Sabugal, Rediuha, 
and Foz d'Aronce. (Gold medal for Nive.) He commanded 
the 16th Lancers at the battle of Waterloo. (Very severely 
wounded, C.B., and silver medal.) Died in 1855. 

HAYWARD. George J. Whitaker Hay ward. Ensign, 12th of January, 
1859; lieutenant, 24th of March, 1863. Retired in 1865. 
Murdered in Cashmere. 

HICKS. Raymond Hicks. Appointed lieutenant, 12th of March, 
1796. Left the regiment in 1798. 

HILL. Andrew Hill. Ensign, 31st of December, 1847 ; exchanged 
to the 22nd regiment. 

HODGSON. William Chauval Hodgson. Ensign, 18th of September, 
1840; lieutenant, 10th of February, 1843; captain, llth of 
June, 1847 ; major, 2nd of August, 1857 ; lieutenant-colonel, 
10th of July, 1860; colonel, 10th of July, 1865. He served 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 247 

with the Cameron Highlanders in the Eastern campaign of 
1854-55, including the battles of Alma and Balaclava; expedi- 
tion to Kertch and Yenikale ; siege and fall of Sebastopol ; 
and assaults of the 18th of June and 8th of September. (Medal 
with three clasps, brevet of major, Knight of the Legion of 
Honour, 5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish medal.) 
Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege 
and capture of Lucknow ; attack on the fort at Rooyah ; actions 
at Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore ; capture of forts 
Bunniar and Mahomdie ; passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad ; 
capture of Rampore Kussia ; and subsequent operations in 
Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) 
Died at Parkhurst in 1873, whilst in command of the regiment. 

HOLE. George Hole. Ensign, 5th of September, 1795. Left the 
regiment in 1798. 

HOLFORD. Henry Price Holford. Ensign, 7th of March, 1856 ; 
went to the 10th Hussars in 1859. He served with the 79th 
Highlanders in the Indian campaign of 1858, including the siege 
and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

HOLMES. Arthur L'Estrange Holmes. Lieutenant from the 7th 
Hussars, 18th of September, 1865; captain, 15th of December, 
1869 ; transferred to Bengal Staff Corps, 26th of July, 1870. 

HORSFORD. Sir Alfred Horsford, G.C.B. Colonel commanding the 
79th, 17th of March, 1876 ; general, 1st of October, 1877 ; 
colonel commanding the rifle brigade, 21st of November, 1880. 
Served with the rifle brigade in the Kaffir war of 1846-47, and 
commanded the 1st battalion in that of 1852-53. (Medal and 
brevet of lieutenant-colonel.) Also commanded the 1st bat- 
talion in the Eastern campaign of 1854, including the battles 
of Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman, and siege of Sebastopol. 
(Medal with four clasps, C.B., Sardinian and Turkish medals, 
and 5th class of the Medjidie.) Served in the Indian campaign 
of 1857-59 ; commanded 3rd battalion rifle brigade at the 



248 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

battle of Cawnpore on the 6th of December, 1857 (wounded) ; 
commanded a brigade from February, 1858, to the end of the 
war, and was present throughout the Oude campaign ; com- 
manded the infantry at the battle of Nawabgunge ; in February, 
1859, was left in command of the Oude and Nepaul frontier, 
and on one occasion took sixteen guns in an engagement in 
Nepaul against the rebels. (Medal with clasp, and K.C.B.) 

HOWARD. William Howard. Quarter-master, 20th of April, 1878. 
He served with the regiment in the latter part of the Indian 
Mutiny campaign. Served throughout the Egyptian war of 1882 
with the Cameron Highlanders, and was present at the battle 
of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star). Also 
served throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force with the Cameron Highlanders in 1885-86, and was 
present in Kosheh during its investment, and at the engagement 
at Giniss. 

HOWKINS. Theophilus Robert Howkins. Ensign, 28th of February, 
1855 ; lieutenant, 7th of December, 1865. He served with the 
regiment in the Eastern campaign in 1855, including the siege 
and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with clasp and Turkish medal.) 

HUGHES. Paul Hughes. Ensign, 12th of March, 1818 : exchanged 
to the 93rd Highlanders, 18th of July, 1822. 

HUME. Arthur Hume. Ensign, 29th of July, 1859 ; lieutenant, 29th 
of July, 1862 ; captain, 29th of July, 1871 ; half pay, 31st of 
October, 1874. He was adjutant from 1862 to 1871. 

HUME. J. Robert Hume, M.D., C.B. Appointed surgeon of the 
79th, 25th of March, 1805; staff-surgeon, 17th of August, 1809. 
Served with the 79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, and was 
present at the battles of Corunna, Barrosa, Salamanca, Vittoria, 
Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and Toulouse. (Medal with 
ten clasps.) He was also present as deputy-inspector of 
hospitals at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. (Medal.) 



79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 249 

HUNT. Andrew Hunt. Ensign, 22nd of February, 1840; lieutenant, 
15th of June, 1842 ; captain, 25th of August, 1846 ; major, 12th. 
of December, 1854 ; half pay, 7th of September, 1855. He 
served with the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battle of Alma, expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale, and siege of Sebastopol. (Medal with two clasps, 
5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish medal.) 

HUNT. James Maitland Hunt. Sub-lieutenant, 12th of January, 
1873; lieutenant, 12th of February, 1874; captain, 12th of 
February, 1881 ; brevet-major, 18th of November, 1882 ; 
major, 1st of December, 1886. He served with the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in des- 
patches, brevet of major, medal with clasp, 4th class of the 
Medjidie, and Khedive's star.) Also served throughout the 
Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served throughout the 
operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86 with 
the Cameron Highlanders, and was present at Kosheh during 
its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 

HUTTON. Alfred Hutton. Ensign, 31st of May, 1859; lieutenant, 
14th of January, 1862 ; went to 7th Hussars in 1864. 

IMLACH. James Imlach. Ensign, 2nd of April, 1806; lieutenant, 
10th of May, 1807 ; exchanged to a Cape regiment in 1808. 

IMLACH. William Imlach. Ensign, 20th of February 1796 ; lieu- 
tenant, 3rd of October, 1799; Captain, 14th of April, 1805. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders in Holland in 1799, and 
was present at Egmont-op-Zee. He accompanied the regiment 
to Egypt in 1801, and was at the battle before Alexandria. 
(Gold Medal from Sultan Selim III.). He was present with 
the regiment at the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807, and 
served with it in the Peninsula. He was killed at the battle of 
Fuentes d'Onor on the 3rd of May, 1811. 



250 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

INNES. Peter Innes. Lieutenant from the 42nd Highlanders, 9th of 
July, 1803; captain 4th of September, 1805. Half pay 20th 
of November, 1816. He served with the 79th Highlanders in 
the Peninsula, being wounded at Toulouse, and at the battles 
of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. He died at Tunnach, near 
Wick, on the 19th of April, 1822. 

ISHAM. Thomas Isham. Ensign, 1st of August, 1826 ; lieutenant, 
16th of March, 1832 ; captain, 26th of May, 1838 ; major 14th 
of June, 1842. Retired on the 12th of April, 1844. 

JAMESON. Robert Jameson. Quarter-master, llth of May, 1849. 
He served with the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, expedition to 
Kertch and Yenikale, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and assaults 
of the 18th of June and the 8th of September. (Medal with 
three clasps, Sardinian and Turkish Medals.) Appointed 
quarter-master, Depot Battalion, Fort George, 1857. 

JAMIESON. Lachlan Foster Jamieson. Ensign, 2nd December, 1859; 
lieutenant, 28th of October, 1864 ; went to the 7th Hussars in 
1865. 

JOHNSON. William Johnson. Appointed captain, 13th of May, 1795. 
He left the regiment in 1799. 

JOHNSTON. George Johnston. Lieutenant from the 68th regiment, 
27th of April, 1827 ; captain, 10th of October, 1834. 

JOHNSTONE. Hon. A. C. Johnstone. Lieutenant-colonel, 2nd of 
May, 1794. He left the regiment in 1798. 

JOHNSTONE. Charles Johnstone. Ensign, 14th of September, 1820; 
exchanged to the 69th regiment in 1823. 

JOHNSTONE. John Johnstone. Appointed captain, 7th of June, 
1794. He left the regiment in 1796, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



251 



JONES. Thomas Sheridan Gore Jones. Lieutenant from the 37th 
regiment, 1860. He was killed in action in 1863 in the . 
Umbeyla campaign, whilst doing duty as a Volunteer with the 
71st Highlanders. He had previously served with the 37th in 
the Indian campaign of 1857-58. (Medal.) 

KEMBLE. Horace William Kemble. Captain, 2nd battalion, 1st of 
July, 1881. 

KENNEDY. Ewen Kennedy. Ensign 3rd of October, 1811 ; lieu- 
tenant, 25th of February, 1813. He served with the regiment 
at Quatre Bras, and was killed at Waterloo. 

KENNEDY. James Frederick Shaw Kennedy. Ensign, 1st of 
February, 1869 ; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871. Retired 
on the 1st of February, 1873. 

KERR. William James Kerr. Ensign, 15th of May, 1857. Resigned 
his commission in 1859. 

KILGOUR. Patrick Kilgour. Appointed assistant-surgeon, 17th of 
January, 1855. He served with the 79th in the Indian 
campaign of 1858, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. 
(Medal and clasp.) 

KYNOCK. John Kynock. Ensign, 15th of November, 1810 ; lieu- 
tenant, 13th of June, 1811. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
in the Peninsula, being wounded at Toulouse. He became 
adjutant of the regiment, and was killed at the battle of Quatre 
Bras. 

LANCE. William Henry Lance. Ensign, 7th of July, 1825 ; lieu- 
tenant, 2nd of February, 1830 ; captain, 7th of August, 1835. 
Retired on the 18th of September, 1840. 

LANGFORD- BROOKE. H. L. B. Langford- Brooke. Captain, 2nd 
battalion, 1st of July, 1881 ; honorary major, llth of August, 
1882. Formerly served in the 60th Rifles. 



252 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

LANGLEY. Frederick Langley. Exchanged as a captain from the 
82nd regiment, 10th of July, 1817. Half pay on the 17th of 
June, 1819. 

LAWRIE. Andrew Lawrie. Captain from the 61st regiment, 19th of 
April, 1804 ; major, 4th of October, 1810. He served with 
the 79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, and was killed at the 
siege of Burgos on the 22nd of September, 1812. 

I AWRIE. Francis R. Hastings Lawrie. Exchanged as captain to the 
79th, from the llth Light Dragoons, 15th of November, 1839. 

LEADER. Thomas Leonard Leader. Exchanged from the 1st Foot 
as captain, 24th July, 1846. Retired on half pay in 1848. 
Served in the campaign of 1844-45 in the Southern Concan 
Country. 

LEAPER. William Leaper. Ensign, 29th of April, 1807; lieutenant, 
15th of December, 1808; captain, 12th of December, 1822. 
Half pay on the 6th of October, 1825. Died in 1835. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Waterloo campaign, 
and was severely wounded at the battle of Quatre Bras. 

LEITH. John Macdonald Leith. Ensign, 17th of March, 1854 ; 
lieutenant, 6th of October, 1854 ; captain, 15th of May, 1857 ; 
major, 31st of October, 1877 ; brevet-lieutenant-colonel, 30th of 
December, 1878 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st July, 1881 ; colonel, 
31st of December, 1882. Placed on half pay on the 30th of 
June, 1885. He served in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55 
with the 79th Highlanders, including the battle of Balaclava, 
siege and fall of Sebastopol, assaults of the 18th of June and 
the 8th of September, and expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. 
(Medal with two clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish 
medal.) Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59 with the 
regiment, including the siege and capture of Lucknow, attack 
on the Fort of Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, Bareilly, and 
Shahjehanpore, capture of Forts Bunniar and Mahomdie, 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 2*53 

passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of Rampore Kussia, 
and subsequent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and 
Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) Commanded the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, 
C.B., Medal with clasp, 3rd class of the Medjidie, and 
Khedive's star.) He commanded the Cameron Highlanders 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85 (clasp), and was 
assistant-adjutant-general of the Force in the Eastern Soudan 
in 1885. (Clasp). 

LENON. Arthur Lenon. Ensign, 2nd of July, 1861. Retired in 
1864. 

LESLIE. Archibald Young Leslie, of Kininvie. Transferred as 
captain from the 23rd Fusiliers on the 18th of December, 
1875 ; major, 1st of July, 1881. 

LESLIE. Kewan Izod Leslie. Ensign, 21st of March, 1811 ; lieu- 
tenant, 1st of April, 1812 ; captain, 18th of October, 1815 ; 
half pay on the 25th of March, 1817. He served with the 79th 
Highlanders in the Peninsula and Waterloo campaigns, and 
was wounded at the siege of Burgos. (Silver medal for 
Peninsula and Waterloo.) 

LINDSAY. S. Charles Lindsay. Ensign, 21st of October, 1862. 
Retired in 1863. 

LITHGOW. Stewart Aaron Lithgow, C.B., M.D., D.S.O. Appointed 
surgeon to the 79th Highlanders on the 20th of October, 1869. 
Surgeon-major in the army, 1st of March, 1873. He served 
with the 75th regiment during the Indian campaign of 1857-59, 
and was present at the action of Budleekeserai ; siege and 
capture of Delhi ; actions of Bolunshuhur, Agra, Allygur, 
Akrabad, and Kanoy ; relief of Lucknow by Lord Clyde, and 
affairs at Dilkoosha and Alumbagh. (Medal with two clasps.) 
Served throughout the Nile expedition in 1884-85, as principal 



254 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

medical officer on the lines of communication. (Mentioned in 
despatches, C.B., Medal with clasp.) Also served with the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, including the engage- 
ment at Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches, D.S.O.). 

LOUTH. Randal P. O., Lord Louth. Ensign, 12th of December, 
1851 ; lieutenant, 17th of June, 1858; exchanged to the 24th 
regiment in 1861. 

LOVAT. Simon, Lord Lovat, A.D.C. Lieutenant-colonel-comman- 
dant of the Highland Light Infantry Militia, 10th of December, 
1855; colonel commanding the 2nd battalion Cameron 
Highlanders, 1st of July, 1881. 

LUMSDEN. Hugh Robert Lumsden, younger, of Pitcaple. Lieu- 
tenant, 18th of November, 1885. Served with the Cameron 
Highlanders in the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1886. (Medal.) 

LUNDY. Edward Louis Lundy. Appointed assistant-surgeon in the 
79th, 7th of April, 1854 ; went to the 64th regiment in 1855. 
He served with the regiment during the Eastern campaign of 
1854-55, including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege 
of Sebastopol (wounded in the trenches on the 29th of July, 
1855), and expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with 
three clasps, and Turkish medal.) 

MACANDREW. Henry Y. M. Macandrew. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
6th of August, 1884. 

MACBEAN. Charles MacBean. Lieutenant, 7th of October, 1807. 

MACDONALD. James Macdonald. Lieutenant from the 21st Foot, 
29th of March, 1827; captain, 6th of December, 1833. Retired 
on the 29th of December, 1837. 

MACDONALD. John Andrew Macdonald, of Glenaladale. Major, 
2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881, 









79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 255 

MACDONELL. Sir James Macdonell, K,C.B. } K.C.H. Ensign, 25th 
of January, 1796. Became lieutenant-general, 23rd of Novem- 
ber, 1841 ; colonel of the 79th Highlanders, 14th of July, 1842. 
He was present at the battles of Maida, Salamanca, Vittoria, 
Nivelle, and Nive. (Silver medal with 4 clasps.) He com- 
manded the Coldstream Guards at Waterloo, and was celebrated 
for having, with the assistance of Sergeant Graham of that 
regiment, closed the gates of Huguomont upon the French. 
He was selected by the Duke of Wellington to receive a legacy 
of ,500, left by the Rev. Mr. Norcross of Framlingham, 
Suffolk, " to the bravest man in England," which legacy was 
shared, at his own request, with Sergeant Graham. 

MACDONELL. Ronald T. Macdonell. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
28th of October, 1882. 

MACDONNELL. Allan Macdonnell. Ensign, 2nd of April, 1812 ; 
lieutenant, 6th of January, 1814 ; captain, 26th of November, 
1830. Retired on the 18th of July, 1834. He served with the 
regiment in the Peninsula, and was present at the battles of the 
Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. (Wounded.) 

MACDONNELL. Alexander Michael Macdonnell. Ensign, 28th of 
May, 1812; lieutenant, 13th of January 1814. Retired on 
the 26th of July, 1815. 

MACDOUGALL. Colin Macdougall. Captain from the 42nd High- 
landers, 7th of September, 1815 ; half pay on the 25th of 
February, 1816. 

MACDOUGALL. Patrick Leonard MacDougall (now General Sir 
Patrick Leonard MacDougall, K.C.M.G.) Ensign, 8th of July, 
1836; lieutenant, llth of May, 1839; exchanged to the 36th 
regiment. He was employed on particular service in the 
Crimea, acting on the Quarter-Master-General's staff to the 
Kertch expedition, and at the siege of Sebastopol. (Medal 
with clasp, and Turkish medal.) 



256 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

MAcDouGALL. Sir Duncan MacDougall, K.C.B. Major from the 
85th regiment, 16th of July, 1830; lieutenant-colonel, 6th of 
September, 1833. Retired on the 13th of March, 1835; 
colonel of the 9th regiment of the' British Legion in Spain, in 
1835. Retired from Spanish service in 1836. Sir Duncan 
served in the Peninsula, and was present at the battles of 
Salamanca, (severely wounded,) Nivelle, and Nive, and at the 
assault on St. Sebastien. (Medal and four clasps.) He was 
also in possession of a war medal for service with the Legion 
of Spain. 

MACFADYEN. Duncan MacFadyen. Surgeon, 2nd battalion, 1st 
of July, 1881. 

MACFARLAN. Frederick Alexander MacFarlan. Lieutenant, 20th 
of May, 1885. He served with the regiment throughout the 
operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, and 
was present at Kosheh during its investment, at the recon- 
naissance on the 16th of December, and at the engagement at 
Giniss. (Medal.) 

MACGILLIVRAY. John William MacGillivray, of Dunmaglass. Lieu- 
tenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881. 

MACINTOSH. Alexander Fisher Macintosh, K.H. Exchanged as 
a captain to the 79th from the 60th regiment, 17th June, 1819 ; 
went on half pay, October, 1821. He was afterwards from 
half pay in the 93rd Highlanders. He had served in the 
Peninsula from 1812 to 1814, including the retreat from 
Madrid to Salamanca, actions at Alba-de-Formes and San 
Munos, action at Hormasa before Burgos, investment of Pam- 
peluna, and action at Tarbes. 

MACKAY. Henry Mackay. Ensign, 18th of June, 1841 ; lieutenant, 
llth of April, 1844 ; adjutant, 19th of June, 1851, Retired on 
half pay in 1854, 



79'1'H CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 



257 



MAC KAY. Robert Mackay. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800 ; appointed 
to a reserve battalion on the 24th of November, 1803. He 
accompanied the 79th Highlanders to Egypt in 1801, and was 
present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 

MACKAY. Robert Mackay. Ensign, 8th of June, 1807 ; lieutenant, 
llth of May, 1809; captain, 2nd of April, 1812; half pay on 
the 9th of October, 1817. Died in 1826. He served with the 
regiment in the ^South of France in 1814, and during the 
Waterloo campaign, being wounded at Quatre Bras. 

MACKENZIE. Alexander Mackenzie. Ensign, 30th of November, 
1815 ; half pay on the 25th of February, 1816. 

MACKENZIE. Colin Charles Mackenzie, younger, of Kilcoy. Ensign 
from the 78th Highlanders, 16th of September, 1868 ; lieutenant, 
28th of October, 1871. He died at Gibraltar, 1880. 



MACKENZIE. John Mackenzie. Ensign, 24th of December, 1812 ; 
lieutenant, 16th of July, 1815. Half pay on the 26th of March, 
1817. 

MACKENZIE. James Dixon Mackenzie (now Sir James Mackenzie, 
Bart., of Findon.) Ensign, 10th of April, 1855; promoted 
lieutenant of the 1st West India regiment, 7th of November, 
1856. 

MACKENZIE. Poynty Mackenzie. Ensign, 8th of April, 1825. Retired 
in September, 1830. 

MACKENZIE. Dr. R. J. Mackenzie. Proceeded to Turkey and the 
Crimea as a volunteer in 1854, and was attached to the 79th 
Highlanders, being present with the regiment at the battle of 
Alma. He died of cholera on the heights of the Belbec, on 
the 25th of September, 1854. 



258 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

MACKENZIE. Thomas Arthur Mackenzie, younger, of Ord. Lieu- 
tenant from the 42nd Highlanders, 18th of August, 1880 ; 
captain, 16th of January, 1885. He served with the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star.) He served with the Cameron Highlanders 
with the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1886. 

MACKENZIE. William R. Dalziel Mackenzie. Lieutenant in the 2nd 
battalion, 10th of April, 1886. 

MACKESSACK. George Ross Mackessack. Captain in the 2nd bat- 
talion, 1st of July, 1881. 

MACKESY. William Henry Mackesy. Ensign, llth of August, 1854; 
lieutenant, 8th of December, 1854 ; captain, 6th of December, 
1859. Went to Indian Staff Corps, 1st October, 1860. He 
served with the regiment in the Eastern campaign from July, 
1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol and assault 
of the 8th of September. Acted as assistant engineer to the 
Highland Brigade. (Medal with clasp, and Turkish medal.) 
Also acted as assistant field engineer in the Indian campaign of 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal 
and clasp.) 

MACKINTOSH. Alford D. Mackintosh, of Mackintosh. Captain, 
2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881. Was formerly adjutant of 
the 71st Highlanders. 

MACLACHLAN. Daniel Maclachlan, M.D. Assistant surgeon, 21st 
of February, 1828; half pay on the 8th of May, 1840. 

MACLAINE. John Maclaine. Ensign, 25th of November, 1808. 
transferred to the 73rd regiment on the 10th of January, 1809. 

MACLEAN. John Maclean. The first surgeon of the regiment. 
Appointed on the 17th of August, 1793. He retired from the 
regiment in 1798, 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 259 

MACLEAN. John Maclean. Ensign, 9th of April, 1806. He left the 
regiment the same year. 

MACLEAN. John Maclean. Ensign, llth of December, 1806; 
lieutenant, 17th of December, 1807. Retired on the 28th of 
July, 1814. 

MACLEOD. Hugh Tilgham Macleod. Ensign, 26th of June, 1867 ; 
lieutenant, 1st of November, 1871. Retired on the 14th of 
February, 1872. 

MACLEOD. Roderick Willoughby Macleod, younger, of Cadboll. 
2nd lieutenant, 25th of October, 1880 ; lieutenant, 1st of July, 
1881. He served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian 
campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. 
(Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Served in the opera- 
tions of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86 with the 
Cameron Highlanders ; was present at Kosheh during its 
investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 

MACNEAL. Hector MacNeal. Ensign, 14th of September, 1838 ; 
lieutenant, 29th of January, 1841 ; captain, llth of November, 
1845. Retired on the 2nd of April, 1847. 

MACNEILL. Malcolm MacNeill. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, llth of 
February, 1882. Appointed to the 5th Lancers on the 5th of 
December, 1883. 

MACPHERSON. Evan MacPherson. Major from the 92nd High- 
landers, 24th of June, 1813 ; half pay on the 25th of February, 
1816. 

:RA. Sir John Macra, K.C.B. Ensign, 17th of April, 1805 ; 
lieutenant, 5th of September, 1805 ; exchanged to the 27th 
regiment on the 23rd of December, 1812 ; became colonel in 
1837 ; and died at Bruiach, Inverness-shire, in 1847. He served 
with the 79th at the bombardment of Copenhagen, expedition 
to Sweden under Sir John Moore, in the retreat to and battle 
at Corunna, in the expedition to Walcheren, and at the siege of 
Flushing. He was also in the Mahratta wars, 1817-19, 



260 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

MADDOCK. William Haddock. Lieutenant from the 29th regiment, 
21st of April, 1808; captain, 12th of October, 1815. Died 
in 1814, while on half pay. He served with the regiment in 
the Waterloo campaign and was severely wounded at Quatre 
Bras. 

MAINWARING. William Arthur Mainwaring. Ensign, 14th of June, 
1842 ; lieutenant, 12th of April, 1844 ; captain, 27th of October, 
1848. Retired in 1852. 

MAITLAND. Adam Maitland. Ensign, 9th of June, 1846 ; lieutenant, 
llth of June, 1847. He died in the Crimea. 

MAITLAND. Sir Alexander G. Maitland, Bart. Ensign, 8th of July, 
1838. Retired on the 22nd of February, 1840. 

MAITLAND. Keith Ramsay Maitland. Ensign, 4th of July, 1845 ; 
lieutenant, 25th of August, 1846 ; captain, 24th of December, 
1852 ; major, 16th of March, 1860 ; lieutenant-colonel, 2nd of 
March, 1872 ; half pay on the 19th of October, 1872. He 
served in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55 with^the regiment, 
including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, and siege and fall 
of Sebastopol (medal with three clasps and Turkish medal). 
Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege 
and capture of Lucknow, attack on the fort at Rooyah, actions 
at Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of forts 
Bunniar and Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, 
capture of Rampore Kussia, and subsequent operations in 
Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers, (medal with clasp, 
brevet of major). Served with the Sikhim field force in 1861 
(mentioned in despatches.) 

MAITLAND. Pelham Maitland. Ensign, 18th of July, 1815; half 
pay, llth of July, 1816. 

MAITLAND. Thomas Maitland. Ensign, 23rd of August, 1844; 
retired, 27th of June, 1845. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 261 

MALCOLM. Henry Huntly Leith Malcolm. Lieutenant from the 
42nd Highlanders, 29th of September. 1880 ; Captain, 24th of 
May, 1885. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882 and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir wounded (medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) 
Served throughout the Nile expedition in 1884-85 on special 
service as staff-captain (clasp.) 

MALL. Alexander Mall. Appointed captain, 3rd of June, 1795 ; 
retired 1797. 

MANNERS. Robert Manners. Ensign, llth of August, 1825; 
transferred to 50th regiment, 31st of December. 1830. Re- 
joined 79th in 1831 ; captain, [8th of July, 1837. Retired on 
the 3rd of April, 1840. 

MARJORIBANKS. Coutts Marjoribanks. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
1st of July, 1881. Retired in 1883. 

MARSHALL. John Marshall. Exchanged as captain from the 91st 
regiment on the 6th of October, 1825. Retired on half pay 
on the 15th of January, 1829. He had served with the 91st 
at the action of Lugo, the battles of Vimiera and Corunna, 
expedition to Walcheren, battles of Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, 
and Orthes (severely wounded), investment of Bayonne, and 
siege of Pampeluna. (Wounded. Medal with seven clasps.) 

[ARSHALL. William Marshall. Ensign, 7th of November, 1799 ; 
lieutenant, 25th of June, 1803; captain, 19th of July, 1810; 
major, 29th of July, 1824 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st of January, 
1838. Retired on the 17th of September, 1839. He accom- 
panied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present at the 
battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 
He served throughout the Peninsular war, and was present at 
the battles of Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, 
Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. (Wounded. Silver war medal 



262 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

and eight clasps.) Also served throughout the Waterloo cam- 
paign and was severely wounded at the battle of Quarte Bras. 
(Right arm amputated. Waterloo medal.) 

MATHIESON. David Mathieson. Ensign, 28th of July, 1814 ; lieu- 
tenant, 12th of March, 1818; Retired on half pay on the 
28th of June, 1836. 

MAULE. Honourable Fox Maule. Ensign, 3rd of June, 1819 ; 
lieutenant, 29th of July, 1824 ; captain, 8th of April, 1826. 
Retired on the 5th of April, 1831. 

MAULE. Honourable Lauderdale Maule. Captain from the 95th 
regiment, 21st of August, 1835; major, llth of May, 1839; 
lieutenant-colonel, 14th of June, 1842. He commanded the 
regiment from the 14th of June, 1842, to the 24th of December, 
1852. He died in Turkey in 1854, whilst on the staff of the 
Eastern army as assistant-adjutant-general. 

MAXWELL. William Craig Maxwell. Ensign, 18th of May, 1832 ; 
lieutenant, 13th of March, 1835; captain, 2lst of August, 1840; 
exchanged the same year to the 95th regiment. 

Me ARTHUR. Charles Me Arthur. Ensign, 9th of November, 1809 ; 
lieutenant, 17th of October, 1811 ; appointed to second veteran 
battalion, 24th of February, 1820. Died at Inverness on the 
25th of November, 1846. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
in the Walcheren expedition as a Volunteer. Served with the 
regiment in the Peninsula, being present at the battles of Nivelle, 
Nive, and Toulouse (wounded). He also served with the 79th 
at Quatre Bras and Waterloo (wounded.) 

McARTHUR. John Me Arthur. Ensign, 26th of May, 1814 ; lieu- 
tenant, 30th of November, 1815. Drowned on passage from 
Dover to Calais, 17th of December, 1817, whilst proceeding to 
join the army of occupation in France. 






79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 263 

MCARTHUR. John McArthur. Quarter-master, 20th of June, 1799; 
paymaster, 21st of November, 1811 ; left the regiment, 16th of 
July, 1821. Died at Perth. He served with the 79th High- 
landers at the battles of Waterloo and Quatre Bras, 

McBARNET. Alexander Cockburn McBarnet, of Torridon. Lieu- 
tenant from the 16th Foot, 20th of October, 1846 ; captain, 
10th of March, 1854; major, 20th of July, 1858. He served 
with the 79th Highlanders throughout the Eastern campaign 
of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege 
and fall of Sebastopol, assault of the 18th of June and 8th of 
September, expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with 
three clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish Medal.) 
Served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege 
and capture of Lucknow. (Brevet of Major. Medal with clasp.) 
Lieutenant-colonel, unattached, 25th of April, 1865. 

MCBARNET. Donald Hay McBarnet. Ensign, 21st of January, 
1853; lieutenant, llth of August, 1854; captain, 7th of 
September, 1855 ; half pay on the 10th of November, 1856. 
He served with the regiment during the Eastern campaign of 
1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol, assaults of the 
18th of June and the 8th of September, and expedition to 
Kertch and Yenikale, wounded on the 24th of August in the 
trenches. (Medal and clasp, and Turkish medal.) 

MCBARNET. William McBarnet. Ensign, 24th of April, 1805 ; lieu- 
tenant, 1st of January, 1807; captain, 19th of May, 1813. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, and died on 
the 17th of April, 1814, of wounds received at the battle of 
Toulouse. 

McBEAN. William McBean. Ensign, 19th of July, 1815; half 
pay on the 28th of May, 1818. 

McBEATH. George McBeath. Ensign, 24th of July, 1800 ; trans- 
ferred to the 89th regiment in 1801, 



264 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

McCALL. William McCall. Ensign, 29th of March, 1839; lieu- 
tenant, 8th of June, 1841 ; captain, 14th of November, 1841 ; 
major, 12th of December, 1845 ; brevet-lieutenant-colonel, 2nd 
of November, 1855 ; half pay on the 5th of August, 1857; He 
served with the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, expedition to 
Kertch and Yenikale, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and assaults 
of the 18th of June and the 8th of September. (Medal with 
three clasps, brevet of lieutenant-colonel, Knight of the 
Legion of Honour, 5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish 
Medal.) 

McCALLUM. James Dalgleish Kellie McCallum. Ensign, 26th of 
May, 1865; lieutenant, 7th of May, 1868; adjutant, llth of 
August, 1874. Retired in 1876. He served throughout the 
second phase of the Ashantee war in 1874, attached to the 42nd 
Highlanders, and was present at the battle of Amoaful, capture 
of Becquah, battle of Ordahsu, and capture of Coomassie, 
(Medal and clasp.) 

MCCAUSLAND. William Henry McCausland. Ensign, 24th of Feb- 
ruary, 1857 ; lieutenant, 16th of March, 1860 ; captain, 29th 
of January, 1867 ; major, 1st July, 1881 ; brevet lieutenant- 
colonel, 18th of November, 1882; colonel, 18th of November, 
1886. He served with the regiment in the Indian campaign in 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow, attack on 
the Fort of Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, Bareilly, Shahjehan- 
pore, capture of Forts Bunniar and Mahomdie, passage of 
the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of Rampore Kussia, and subse- 
quent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. 
(Medal with clasp.) Served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el- 
Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, brevet of lieutenant-colonel, 
medal with clasp, 4th class of the Osmanieh, and Khedive's 
star.) 

MCCLEVERTY. Robert McCleverty. Captain, from the 94th regiment, 
15th of December, 1840. Died on the 6th of March, 1845. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 265 

McCRAw. Donald McCraw. Ensign, 16th of December, 1795. He 
left the regiment in 1799. 

MCCRUMMEN. Patrick McCrummen. Lieutenant from the Canadian 
Fencibles, 21st of January, 1804 ; captain, 30th of May, 1811 ; 
half pay in 1815. He served with the 79th Highlanders in the 
Peninsular war, and was wounded at Cadiz in 1810. 

McDoNAGH. Matthew McDonagh. Ensign, 5th of October, 1815 ; 
half pay on the 25th of February, 1816. 

MCDONALD. Angus McDonald. Ensign, 1st of January, 1807 ; 
lieutenant, 17th of March, 1808. He served with the 79th 
Highlanders in the Peninsula, and died of wounds received at 
the siege of Burgos. 

MCDONALD. Colin McDonald. Ensign, 20th of April, 1796. He 
left the regiment in 1799. He served with the regiment 
in Holland, and was wounded at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. 

MCDONALD. Donald McDonald. Ensign, 6th of June, 1854 ; 
lieutenant, 1st of December, 1854; captain, 17th of July, 
1857. Died in India in 1871. He served with the regiment 
in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the siege and 
fall of Sebastopol, and assault of the 8th of September. 
(Medal and clasp, and Turkish medal.) Served also in the 
Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and capture of 
Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

MCDONALD. John McDonald. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, llth of 
July, 1885. 

MCDONNELL. Alexander McDonnell. Lieutenant, 18th of August, 
1793. He left the regiment in 1795. 

McDouGALL. Duncan McDougall. Ensign, 16th of July, 1816; 
lieutenant, 3rd of June, 1819 ; captain, 8th of July, 1834. 
Retired on the 28th of September, 1841. 



266 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

McDowALL. Patrick McDowall. He was appointed captain in the 
79th, 18th of August, 1793; major, 31st of January, 1794; 
lieutenant-colonel, 1st of November, 1796. He accompanied 
the regiment to Holland in 1799, and was present at the battle 
of Egmont-op-Zee. He died at Rosetta in 1801 of wounds 
received at the battle before Alexandria on the 13th of March. 

McDowALL. Samuel McDowall. Appointed lieutenant, 28th of 
October, 1795 ; captain, 3rd of October, 1799 ; retired on the 
8th of June, 1809. He served with the 79th Highlanders 
in Holland in 1799, and was present at the battle of Egmont- 
op-Zee. He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, 
and was present at the battle before Alexandria, and at the 
engagement at Rhamaneih. (Wounded. Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). He was present with the regiment at the 
bombardment of Copenhagen. He died in 1819 in the West 
Indies. 

McGiBBON. Colin McGibbon. Ensign, 7th of August, 1811; lieu- 
tenant, 24th of December, 1812. He died in 1815, whilst 
still serving with the regiment. 

McGiLL. William McGill. Ensign, 5th of November, 1854 ; lieu- 
tenant, 9th of March, 1855; quarter-master, 14th of November, 
1856. He served in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including 
the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege and fall of Sebastopol, 
assaults of the 18th of June and the 8th of September, and 
expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, 
5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish medal.) He served in 
the Indian campaign of 1858-59 with the regiment, including 
the siege and capture of Lucknow (medal and clasp) ; placed 
on half pay on the 16th of March, 1867. Died in 1886. 

McGiLLiVRAY. William McGillivray. Assistant surgeon, 8th of 
December, 1804 ; half pay in 1805. 

MCGREGOR. Hugh McGregor. Ensign, 9th February, 1804 ; lieu- 
tenant, 25th of March, 1805; captain, 1 7th of August, 1806; 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 267 

exchanged to the 91st regiment in 1812. He served with the 
79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, and was present at the 
battle of Salamanca. (Silver medal with clasp.) 

McGwiRE. Armoric Russell McGwire. Ensign, llth of May, 1855 ; 
resigned his commission in 1859. 

MCINTOSH. ^Eneas Mclntosh. Lieutenant-colonel from the 85th 
regiment, 30th of May, 1811. He died at Ardgowan, 5th of 
January, 1814. He served with the 79th Highlanders in the 
Peninsula, and was present at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. 

MclNTYRE. Alexander Mclntyre. Ensign, 26th of October, 1804 ; 
lieutenant, 25th of April, 1805; captain, 12th of November, 
1812 ; half pay, 15th of May, 1817. 

MclNTYRE. David Mclntyre. Ensign, 3rd of September,^ 1805 ; 
exchanged to the 91st regiment, and was killed at the battle of 
Nivelle. 

MclNTYRE. Duncan Mclntyre. Served in the regiment during the 
year 1807. 

MclNTYRE. Peter Mclntyre. Quarter-master, 22nd of May, 1806; 
half pay, 14th of March, 1811. Died at Fort William. 

MCKENZIE. Colin L. McKenzie, of Braelangwell and St. Martin's. 
Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881 ; captain, 26th of 
August, 1882. 

MCKERRELL, Augustus de Segur McKerrell. Lieutenant, 23rd of 
August, 1884. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Medal with clasp.) Served 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86 ; was present at Kosheh during its investment, at 
the reconnaissance on the 16th of December, and in the 
engagement at Giniss. 



268 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

McKiNNON. John McKinnon. Quarter-master, 25th of March, 
1805; half pay, 21st of May, 1806. 

MCLEAN. Alan McLean. Ensign, 9th of December, 1812; lieu- 
tenant, 28th of July, 1814 ; half pay, 25th of March, 1817. He 
served with the regiment in the Peninsula, and was wounded at 
the battle of Toulouse. Died about 1820. 

MCLEAN. Alexander McLean. Ensign, 31st of December, 1803 ; 
lieutenant, 23rd of April, 1805 ; captain, 15th of October, 1812 ; 
half pay, 1816. Died in South Uist in 1843. 

MCLEAN. Archibald McLean. Captain from the Argyle Highlanders, 
5th of June, 1794; major, 1st of November, 1796; lieutenant- 
colonel, 3rd of November, 1801. Retired in 1807. He served 
as second in command of the regiment in the campaign in 
Holland in 1799, and was present at the battle of Egmont-op- 
Zee. He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and 
was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold Medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 

McLEAN. Archibald McLean. Captain-lieutenant and first adjutant 
of the regiment, 17th of August, 1793. He left the regiment 
in 1794. 

McLEAN. Archibald McLean. Lieutenant, 17th ot August, 1793 ; 
captain-lieutenant, 8th of October, 1794. He left the regiment 
the same year. 

McLEAN. Donald McLean. Ensign, 21st of August, 1793; lieu- 
tenant, 1st of December, 1794. He left the regiment in 1797. 

McLEAN. Charles James McLean. Ensign, 17th of June, 1813; 
lieutenant, 18th of July, 1815 ; half pay, llth of July, 1816. 
He was present with the regiment at the battles of Quatre Bras 
and Waterloo. 

McLEAN. Colin McLean. Ensign, 20th of August, 1793. He left 
the regiment in 1795. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 269 

McLEOD. Martin McLeod. Lieutenant from the 27th regiment, 
18th of September, 1816 ; half pay, 25th of March, 1817. He 
had served at the battles of Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and Toulouse 
with the 27th regiment. (Silver medal with four clasps.) 

McLEOD. Norman McLeod. Ensign, 27th of July, 1815; half pay, 
8th of March, 1821. 

McMuNN. Robert Andrew McMunn, M.D. Appointed surgeon to 
the 79th, 18th of September, 1840. He left the regiment on 
the 7th of July, 1846. He served at the bombardment of 
Antwerp. 

McMuRDO. Charles Edward McMurdo. Ensign, 17th of Novem- 
ber, 1854 ; lieutenant, 9th of March, 1855 ; captain, 1st of 
December, 1865. He served with the regiment in the Eastern 
campaign of 1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol, 
and the assault of the 8th of September. (Medal and clasp 
and Turkish medal.) He served in the Indian campaign of 
1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal 
and clasp.) Went to the Royal Canadian Rifles. 

McNAiR. John Miller McNair. Ensign, 18th of August, 1854; 
lieutenant, 9th of February, 1855; captain, 10th of July, 1860; 
exchanged to the 5th Lancers, but returned to the regiment as 
paymaster. He served in the Eastern campaign with the 79th 
Highlanders from the 16th of August, 1855, including the siege 
and fall of Sebastopol, and the assault of the 8th of September. 
(Medal with clasp and Turkish medal). He also served in the 
Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and capture of 
Lucknow, attack on the fort at Rooyah, actions of Allygunge, 
Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of forts Bunniar and 
Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of 
Rampore Kussia, and subsequent operations in Oude across the 
Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp). He accom- 
panied the Cameron Highlanders to Egypt in 1882 as paymaster. 
(Medal and Khedive's star.) 

MCNEIL. David McNeil. Ensign, 1799. Retired in 1800, 



270 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

McNEiL. Donald McNeil. Ensign, 16th of December, 1795; lieu- 
tenant, 14th of November, 1796 ; captain, 10th of March, 1804 ; 
major, 25th of July, 1811. He joined the Portuguese army in 
1813. He accompanied the 79th to Holland in 1799, and was 
wounded at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. He served with the 
regiment in Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle before 
Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). Was 
present at the bombardment of Copenhagen, and took part in 
the expedition to Sweden under Sir John Moore. He served 
throughout the Peninsular war, and was present at the battles of 
Corunna, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and 
Toulouse. (Medal with seven clasps.) 

McNEiLL. John McNeill. Lieutenant, 23rd of April, 1805 ; captain, 
29th of October, 1812. Died in 1825. 

McPHEE. Donald McPhee. Ensign, 15th of December, 1808 ; 
lieutenant, 29th of November, 1810; half pay on the 2nd of 
June, 1819. He served in the regiment at the bombardment 
of Copenhagen, with the expedition to Walcheren, and in the 
Peninsular and Waterloo campaigns. He was present at the 
battles of Corunna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse, 
and was wounded at Quatre Bras. 

McPHEE. Alexander McPhee. Ensign, 30th of November, 1815; 
half pay on the 25th of February, 1816. 

MCPHERSON. Duncan McPherson. Ensign, 8th of October, 1807 ; 

lieutenant, 19th of July 1810. He served with the regiment 

in the Peninsula, was wounded at Toulouse, and was killed at 
the battle of Waterloo. 

McViCAR. Charles McVicar. Lieutenant, 27th of March, 1794; 
left the regiment in 1795. 

MENZIES. William G. S. Menzies, of Culdares. Captain, 2nd bat- 
tation, 1st of July, 1881, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 271 

MERRY. Charles James Merry. Captain, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 
1881. 

METCALFE. Thomas Levet Metcalfe. Ensign, 5th of August, 1799; 
lieutenant, 23rd of May, 1800 ; captain, 25th of April, 1805 ; 
appointed to the 6th Veteran Battalion, 22nd of April, 1813. 
He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was 
present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 

METHUEN. Charles Lucas Methuen. Ensign, 1st of April, 1863 ; 
lieutenant, 30th November, 1866. Retired on the 16th of July, 
1873. 

MIERS. Capel Henry Miers. Captain from the Canadian Rifles, 5th 
of May, 1869 ; major, 1st of July, 1881. Retired on the 15th 
of August, 1883. 

MILLBANK. Frederick Millbank. Ensign, 29th of December, 1837 ; 
lieutenant, 3rd of April, 1840. Retired on the 2nd of August, 
1842. 

MILLER. George Murray Miller, C.B. Ensign, 30th of January, 1846 ; 
lieutenant, 2nd of April, 1847; captain, 4th of August, 1854; 
major, 2nd of May, 1865; lieutenant-colonel, 4th of June, 1870. 
He is now a major-general. He commanded the regiment from 
1873 to 1878. He served in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, and siege of 
Sebastopol. (Medal with three clasps, and Turkish medal.) 
Also served in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the 
siege and capture of Lucknow. (Severely wounded through the 
body.) Present also at the capture of Rampore Kussia and 
subsequent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee 
rivers. (Mentioned in despatches, brevet of major, medal and 
clasp.) Served on the North West Frontier of India against the 
Mohmunds in 1864. (Medal.) 

MILLOWAY. Charles P. Milloway. Ensign, 14th of April, 1804; half 
pay in 1805, 



"2 I 2 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

MITCHELL John Mitchell. Captain from the 19th Light Dragoons, 
8th of April, 1825 ; major, 1st of June, 1826 ; half pay on the 
10th of January, 1837. He had served with the 1st Foot in 
the Walcheren expedition, and at the siege of Flushing. He was 
also in the Peninsula with the 1st Foot, and was present at the 
battles of Busaco and Fuentes d'Onor, and at the action of 
Sabugal. (Medal with two clasps.) 

MONEY. Gordon Lorn Campbell Money. Ensign, 8th of February, 
1868 ; lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871 ; adjutant of the 
regiment from the 19th of December, 1879, to the 17th of 
August, 1880; captain, 18th of August, 1880; major, 1st of 
February, 1884. He served in the Nile expedition in 1884-85 
with the Cameron Highlanders. (Medal and clasp.) Also 
served throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force of 1885-86, as assistant-military-secretary to Sir F. 
Stephenson, K.C.B., and was present at the engagement at 
Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches, D.S.O., Fourth class of 
Osmanieh.) 

MOORSOM. William Scarth Moorsom. Ensign, 27th of February, 
1823 ; exchanged to the 7th Fusiliers, 1825. 

MORLEY. George Lyddon Morley. Ensign, 21st of September, 
1860 ; went to commissariat "department on the 30th of June, 
1865. 

MORRISON. Charles Morrison. Appointed chaplain to the regiment, 
22nd of June, 1858. Retired on the 7th of November, 1871. 
He served with the regiment in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and 
clasp.) 

MORRISON. John Whiteford Morrison. Ensign, 26th of August, 
1807 ; lieutenant, 17th of August, 1809 ; appointed to the 9th 
Veteran battalion, 20th of October, 1820. He served with the 
regiment in the expedition to Sweden in 1808 with Sir John 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 273 

Moore, in the expedition to Walcheren, and the siege of 
Flushing. He was also in the Peninsular war with the 79th, 
and was present at the battles of Corunna and Salamanca and 
at the siege of Burgos. (War medal with two clasps.) 

MOSTYN. George T. B. Mostyn. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st oi 
July, 1881. Retired in 1882. 

MUNRO. William Munro. Ensign, 10th of October, 1834; lieutenant, 
27th of December, 1837 ; captain, 14th of June, 1842. Retired 
in 1854. 

MURRAY. Alexander Bruce Murray. Ensign, 18th of March, 1859 ; 
lieutenant, 10th of May, 1861 ; captain, 5th of April, 1872. 
Retired with the rank of major on the 29th of September, 
1880. 

MURRAY. Hon. Andrew David Murray. Lieutenant, 24th of Decem- 
ber, 1884. He served with the regiment during the latter part 
of the Nile expedition in 1885. (Medal with clasp.) Served 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86 with the Cameron Highlanders, was present at 
Kosheh during its investment, and at the engagement at 
Giniss. 

MURRAY. Henry Murray. Ensign, 1st of June, 1841 ; lieutenant, 

^23rd of August, 1843; captain, 12th of December, 1851. 
Retired in 1857. He served with the regiment in the Eastern 
campaign of 1855, including the siege and fall of Sebastopol, 
and expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with clasp 
and Turkish medal.) 



MURRAY. Henry Augustus Murray. Ensign, 29th of March, 1844 ; 
lieutenant, llth of November, 1845. Retired on the 31st of 
December, 1847. 



MURRAY. Lord James Murray, K.C.H. Major in the 79th, from 
the 10th Light Dragoons, 25th of March, 1805. Retired on 

T 



274 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the 20th of February, 1806. Colonel and A.D.C. to the King, 
4th of June, 1813. Created Baron Glenlyon, 17th of July, 1821. 
Died in 1837. 

MURRAY. Sir John Murray, Bart., K.C.H. Ensign, 24th of October, 
1788, in the 3rd Foot Guards ; exchanged as colonel to the 79th, 
llth of December, 1806; appointed to command the Royal 
Regiment of Malta, 23rd of February, 1808. Became full 
general on the 27th of May, 1825. He served in Flanders, and 
was present at the attack on the French lines at Famars, at the 
siege of Valenciennes and Dunkirk, battle of Maubeuge, actions 
at Cambresis and Tournay. He was present at the capture of the 
Cape of Good Hope. He commanded the army against 
Scindiah and Holkar. Also commanded the King's German 
Legion, under Sir John Moore, in Portugal. 

MYLNE. Thomas Mylne. Ensign, 1799 ; lieutenant, 28th of March, 
1800; captain, 24th of April, 1805; Major, 18th of June, 
1815. Retired in 1821. Died at Edinburgh in 1832. He 
accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present 
at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan 
Selim III.). He was present at the bombardment of Copen- 
hagen and in the expedition to Walcheren. He served in the 
Peninsula and was wounded at Toulouse ; was also present at 
the battle of Quatre Bras, where he was again severely wounded. 

NAPIER. Sir Robert Napier, Bart., of Milliken. Ensign, 7th of 
August, 1835; lieutenant, 14th of September, 1838; captain 
12th of April, 1844. Retired on the 9th of June, 1846. 

NAPIER. Robert F. L. Napier, son of Sir Robert Napier. Lieutenant, 
29th of November, 1876 ; captain, 14th of July, 1883. He 
served with the regiment throughout the Nile expedition of 
1884-85. (Medal and clasp.) Also served throughout the 
operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86 ; was 
present at Kosheh during its investment, and at the engagement 
at Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches, 5th class of the Medjidie.) 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 275 

NASH. John Nash. Ensign, 18th of November, 1813 ; lieutenant, 
19th of July, 1815 ; half pay, 25th of March, 1817. He served- 
with the 79th at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. 
(Wounded.) 

NETTLESHIP. Arthur John Nettleship. Appointed paymaster, 9th of 
March, 1885. He served with the Cameron Highlanders 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86. (Medal.) 

NEWHOUSE. Charles B. Newhouse. Ensign, 6th of April, 1825 ; 
lieutenant, 1st of August, 1826. Retired on the 25th of June, 
1829. 

NEWPORT. Simon George Newport. Captain from the 39th regiment, 
6th of June, 1857. Died in India. 

O'CONNOR. Ogle Nisbett O'Connor. Ensign, 15th of October, 1812 ; 
lieutenant, 1st of August, 1826 ; retired, 25th of June, 1829. 

OLDHAM. Henry Hugh Oldham. Captain from the 48th regiment, 
31st of October, 1871 ; major, 1st of July, 1881 ; lieutenant- 
colonel, half pay, 1st of July, 1886. He served with the China 
expeditionary force of 1860, and was present at the actions of 
Sinhoo and Tangku, assault and capture of the North Taku fort, 
and surrender of Pekin. (Medal with two clasps.) Served in 
the Cossyah and Jynteah campaign in 1863. (Mentioned 
in despatches.) 





ORDE. Robert Francis Orde. Ensign, 23rd of August, 1833 ; he 
left the regiment in 1835. 



ORR. Alexander Orr. Ensign, 1806 ; lieutenant, 16th of December, 

k!807 ; drowned, 1809, at the Isle of Wight. 



PALMER. Thomas Palmer. Lieutenant, 30th of May, 1800; retired 
1802. He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and 
was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 



276 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

PATERSON. Robert Arthur Paterson. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
1st of July, 1881. 

PEACOCK. Samuel Peacock, M.D. Appointed surgeon, 79th High- 
landers, 24th of May, 1821 ; retired 1824. 

PERCIVAL. Philip Percival. Ensign, 16th of August, 1850 ; lieu- 
tenant, 6th of June, 1854; captain, 27th of March, 1855; 
major, 1st of April, 1870 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st of October, 
1877; colonel, 19th of October, 1878. He served with the 
79th in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles 
of Alma and Balaclava, siege of Sebastopol, assault of the 18th 
of June, expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with 
three clasps, and Turkish medal.) He served with the regiment 
in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege and 
capture of Lucknow, attack on the fort of Rooyah, actions of 
Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of forts Bunniar 
and Mahomdie, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, capture of 
Rampore Kussia, and subsequent operations in Oude, across 
the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) 

PERSTON. David Perston, M.D. Appointed assistant surgeon, 18th 
of October, 1810; surgeon, 17th of February, 1825; went to 
the 4th Light Dragoons. He served with the regiment in the 
Peninsula, and was present at the action of Foz d'Aronce, at the 
siege of Burgos, and at the battle of Salamanca. (Silver war 
medal with clasp.) He was also present with the regiment at 
the battles of Quatre-Bras and Waterloo. 

PETERS. William Bird Peters. Ensign, 21st of April, 1796 ; retired 
1797. 

PETRIE. Alexander Petrie. Lieutenant, 5th of September, 1795 ; 
captain, 26th of October, 1796 ; major, 28th of May, 1807 ; 
lieutenant-colonel, llth of May, 1811 ; retired in 1812 ; died in 
1844 at Bath. He served with the 79th in Holland in 1799, and 
was present at the battle of Egtnont-op Zee. He accompanied 
the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 277 

before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). He 
served with the 79th in the Peninsula, and was present in the 
retreat to Corunna, and at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. (Gold 
medal.) 

POTTS-CHATTO. Denis Potts-Chatto. 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd 
battalion, 29th of January, 1887. 

FOWLING. John Fowling. Ensign, 29th of May, 1811 ; lieutenant, 
15th of October, 1812; died, December, 1815, of wounds 
received at the battle of Waterloo. 

PURVES. Patrick Purves. Lieutenant, 23rd of July, 1807 ; captain, 
28th of October, 1810. He was killed at the battle of 
Toulouse, 10th of April, 1814. 

PROBYN. John Langford Probyn. 2nd lieutenant, 5th of October, 
1878 ; resigned his commission, 25th of February, 1880. 

QUIN. George Quin. Ensign, llth of December, 1858; lieutenant 
from the Rifle Brigade, 26th of April, 1859 ; retired in 1872. 

RADCLIFFE. Joseph H. Francis Radcliffe. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
Uth of February, 1885. 

RAWDON. John Dawson Rawdon. Ensign, 12th of December, 1822. 
Transferred to Coldstream Guards 1823. 

REEVE. Thomas John Reeve. Ensign, llth of May, 1839; lieu- 
tenant, 28th of December, 1841 ; captain, 9th of June, 1846 ; 
retired in 1851. 

REID. George Alexander Caradoc Reid, of Shandwick. Lieutenant, 
20th of November, 1875 ; captain, 19th of September, 1881 ; 
retired in 1883. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 

RIACH. Malcolm Stewart Riach. Lieutenant from the 69th regi- 
ment, 23rd of January, 1883. He served with the Cameron 



278 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Highlanders throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. 
(Medal with clasp.) Also served throughout the operations 
of the Soudan Frontier Field Force, 1885-86, and was present 
at Kosheh during its investment, at the reconnaissance on the 
1 6th of December, and was staff officer at Kosheh during the 
engagement at Giniss. 

RIACH. William Alexander Riach. Ensign, 27th of October, 1811 ; 
lieutenant, 17th of June, 1813 ; captain, 7th of April, 1825 ; 
major, 28th of June, 1838; retired, 15th of June, 1842 ; died 
at Perth in 1843. He served with the regiment in the Peninsula, 
and was present with the army covering the siege of Badajos, 
at the battle of Salamanca, occupation of Madrid, siege of 
Burgos, campaigns of 1811-12-13. (Silver war medal and 
clasp.) He also served with the regiment in the Waterloo 
campaign, and was severely wounded at Quatre Bras. 
He was present with the army of occupation in France in 
1815-16-17. (Waterloo medal.) 

RIDDELL. Henry James K. H. Riddell. Major from the 50th 
regiment, 21st of April, 1808. Exchanged to quarter-master- 
general's staff, 4th of February, 1810. He was present at the 
bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807. 

RIDSDALE. George Ridsdale. Appointed surgeon, 9th of September, 
1813; half pay, 1817. He was present with the regiment at 
the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. 

ROBERTSON. Alexander Robertson. Ensign, 15th of July, 1809; 
lieutenant, 4th of July, 1811 ; half pay, 1816. Died at Wick, 
23rd of March, 1844. He served with the regiment in the 
Peninsula, and was present at the battle of the Nive. 

ROBERTSON. Fulton Robertson. Ensign, 5th of January, 1809 ; 
lieutenant, 21st of February, 1811 ; half pay, 25th of January, 
1817. He served with the regiment in the Peninsula, and was 
present at the battles of Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, (severely 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 279 

wounded) Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. (Silver war 
medal and six clasps). He was also present at the battles of- 
Waterloo and Quatre Bras. (Medal.) 

ROBERTSON. James Robertson. Ensign, 6th of January, 1814 ; 
lieutenant, 20th of July, 1815 ; half pay, 25th of February, 
1816. He served with the regiment in the Peninsula, and was 
present at the battles of Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, and 
Salamanca. (Medal with four clasps.) He also served in the 
Waterloo campaign, and was severely wounded at Quatre Bras. 

ROBERTSON. James Robertson. Ensign, 29th of February, 1841 ; 
lieutenant, 14th of April, 1843 ; retired, July, 1849. 

ROBERTSON. Rev. James Robertson. He served as chaplain to the 
regiment throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86, was present at Kosheh during its investment, 
at the reconnaissance of the 16th of December, and at the 
engagement at Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches. Medal.) 

ROBERTSON. Thomas Gilzcan Robertson. Ensign, 27th of June, 
1845; retired 1846. 

ROBERTSON. William Buxton Robertson. Ensign, 16th of March, 
1855 ; lieutenant, 16th of June, 1857 ; went to the 25th King's 
Own Borderers in 1860. 

ROBINSON. Samuel Robinson. Ensign, 16th of March, 1808; 
lieutenant, 29th of June, 1809 ; retired, 25th of June, 1812. 

ROMILLY. Frederick Romilly. Captain from the 90th regiment, 
24th of August, 1834 ; exchanged to the Scot Fusilier Guards, 
25th of September, 1835. 

ROOKE. Charles Rooke. Captain from the 3rd Foot Guards, 25th of 
September, 1835 ; retired, 3rd of June, 1838. 

ROSE. William Rose. Captain, 17th of November, 1796 ; major, 
26th of January, 1797; retired in 1799. 



280 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Ross. Allan Theophilus Ross. Captain from half pay, 29th regiment, 
29th of January, 1882 ; placed on half pay, 5th of January, 
1884. 

Ross. Patrick Ross. Lieutenant, 20th of June, 1798 ; exchanged 
to 69th regiment in 1803. Killed at the storming of Java, 1811. 
He served with the 79th Highlanders in Egypt, and was present 
at the battle before Alexandria. (Severely wounded, right arm 
amputated. Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). 

ROWLEY. Henry Frederick Rowley. Ensign, 9th of April, 1861 ; 
went to the 78th Highlanders, 26th of May, 1865. 

RUSE. John Ruse. Lieutenant from Cape regiment, 28th of April, 
1808; he died in 1809. 

SCOBELL. William Leaper Scobell. Ensign, 7th of December, 1826 ; 
lieutenant, 18th of May, 1832 ; retired, 25th of October, 1833. 

SCOT. Thomas Goldie Scot, M.D. Appointed assistant-surgeon, 
23rd of September, 1845; surgeon, 18th of February, 1853; 
surgeon-major, 14th of December, 1861 ; retired on half pay 
as deputy-inspector-general, 7th of June, 1867. He served with 
the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 
battle of Alma and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal 
with two clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, and Turkish medal.) 
Served also in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the 
siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

SCOTT. Alexander James Corse Scott. Ensign, 26th of January, 
1866. Transferred to Bengal Staff Corps, 14th of December, 
1869. 

SCOTT. John Scott. Ensign, 27th of October, 1848. 

SCOTT. William Scott (afterwards Sir William Scott, Bart., of 
Ancrum). Captain from 34th regiment, 21st of July, 1848 ; 
retired in 1854. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 281 

SCOTT. William Angel Scott. 2nd lieutenant from 31st regiment, 
6th of December, 1879; lieutenant, 21st of July, 1880~; 
resigned his commission, 13th of November, 1884. He served 
with the regiment in the Egyptian campaign of 1882. (Medal 
and Khedive's star.) He served in the Soudan expedition of 
1884 as A.D.C. to Major-General Sir Gerald Graham, V.C., 
K.C.B., and was present at the actions of El-Teb and Tamaii. 
(Mentioned in despatches, two clasps.) 

SCOTT-ELLIOT. Adam Scott-Elliot. 2nd lieutenant, 23rd of October, 
1880 ; lieutenant, 1st of July, 1881. He served throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el- 
Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also served 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 
1885-86, in command of the Cameron division of the camel 
corps, and was present at the engagement at Giniss. 

SCOVELL. George Thomas Scovell. Ensign, 6th of June, 1854 ; 
lieutenant, 8th of October, 1854 ; captain, 16th of June, 1857 ; 
retired in 1868. He served with the regiment in the Indian 
campaign of 1858, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. 
(Medal with clasp.) 

SEDLEY. Frederick Sedley. Captain from 5th Lancers, 9th of May, 
1871 ; exchanged to 48th foot, 1st of November, 1871. He 
served in the China war of 1860. (Medal and two clasps.) 

SEWELL. William Henry Sewell, C.B. Major-general, 9th of 
November, 1846; colonel of 79th, 21st of March, 1854. He 
served on the staff in the Peninsula, and was present at the battles 
of Corunna, Talavera, and Busaco ; sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo, 
Badajos, and San Sebastien ; battles of Nivelle, Nive, and the 
sorties from Bayonne ; battles of Orthes and Toulouse. (Had 
six horses killed under him in various actions. Medal with ten 
clasps.) 

SHAW. James Thomas Shaw. Captain, 2nd battalion, 1st of July 
1881. Retired in 1887. 



282 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

SHORT. John Short, M.D. Appointed surgeon to the 79th, 25th of 
March, 1824 ; transferred to 24th regiment, 23rd of April, 1835. 
He had served previously in the Peninsular and American 
wars. 

SIMPSON. William Simpson. Quarter-master, 16th of March, 1867. 
Retired on the 19th of April, 1878. He served in the Eastern 
campaign with the regiment in 1854-55, including the battles of 
Alma and Balaclava, expedition to Kertch and Yenikale, siege 
and fall of Sebastopol, and assaults of the 18th of June and the 
8th of September. (Medal with three clasps, and Turkish 
medal.) Also in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including 
the siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

SINCLAIR. Archibald Sinclair. Quarter-master, 25th of February, 
1813 ; lieutenant in 3rd veteran battalion, 31st of August, 1815. 
He served with the regiment in the Peninsula. 

SINCLAIR. Hon. James Sinclair. Captain from the 95th regiment, 
8th of April, 1825; exchanged to 92nd Highlanders, 2nd of 
February, 1826. 

SINCLAIR. John Sinclair. Ensign, 1 9th of November, 1803; lieu- 
tenant, 14th of March, 1805; captain, 4th of July, 1811. He 
served with the 79th Highlanders in the Peninsula, and was 
slightly wounded at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor. He died on 
the 17th of June, 1815, of wounds received at Quatre Bras. 

SKENE. Charles Skene. Ensign, 12th of April, 1833; lieutenant, 
6th of November, 1835; captain, 29th of January, 1841. 
Retired on the 4th of July, 1845. 

SMITH. Astley Campbell Smith. Captain from 25th regiment, 29th 
of January, 1841. Retired on the 4th of July, 1845. 

SMITH. George Smith. Ensign, 23rd of March, 1855 ; lieutenant 
from the 72nd regiment, 2nd of November, 1855. Retired in 
1859. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 283 

SMITH. Haskett Smith. Ensign, 29th of May, 1835 ; lieutenant, 
8th of June, 1838 ; captain, 14th of April, 1843. Retired orr 
the llth of November, 1845. 

SMITH. William Haskett Smith. Ensign, 9th of February, 1870; 
lieutenant, 28th of October, 1871 ; captain, 29th of September, 
1880; major, 9th of February, 1885. He served throughout 
the Nile expedition of 1884-85 with the Cameron Highlanders. 
(Medal with clasp.) Also served in the operations of the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force with the regiment in 1885-86, and 
was present at Kosheh during its investment, at the reconnais- 
sance of the 16th of December, and at the engagement at 
Giniss. 

SMYTH. John Stewart Smyth. Ensign, 10th of September, 1825 ; 
lieutenant, 5th of April, 1831 ; captain, 29th of December, 
1837. Retired on the 14th of April, 1843. 

SMYTHE. David Murray Smythe, younger, of Methven. Sub- 
lieutenant, 8th of May, 1872; lieutenant, 8th of May, 1874. 
Retired in 1878. 

SODEN. Ambrose Soden. Appointed lieutenant, 31st of May, 1795 ; 
captain, llth of January, 1797; superseded, 17th of Septem- 
ber, 1803. He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, 
and was present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal 
from Sultan Selim III.). 

SODEN. John Smith Soden. Assistant-surgeon, 26th of June, 1800; 
resigned, 16th of April, 1803. He accompanied the 79th 
Highlanders to Egypt in 1801, and was present at the battle 
before Alexandria. (Gold medal from Sultan Selim III.). Also 
served in the expedition to Ferrol. 

STEELE. Thomas Steele. Appointed captain, 3rd of September, 
1795 ; retired in 1797. 

STEPNEY. Herbert Herbert Stepney. Ensign, 29th of July, 1862 ; 
lieutenant, 5th of August, 1864; resigned his commission in 

1868. 



284 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



STEVENSON. Henry Halford Stevenson. Ensign, 29th of June, 1849 ; 
lieutenant, 24th of December, 1852; captain, 29th of December, 
1854; brevet major, 20th of July, 1858; half pay, 23rd of 
October, 1860. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma 
and Balaclava, siege and fall of Sebastopol, assaults of the 18th 
of June and 8th of September, expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, 
Sardinian and Turkish medals.) Served in the Indian campaign 
of 1^58-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow; 
served as brigade-major from February, 1858, to the close of 
the campaign. (Frequently mentioned in despatches, brevet of 
major, medal and clasp.) 

STEWART. Charles Duncan Stewart, of Brin. Lieutenant, 2nd 
battalion, 8th of March, 1884. 

STEWART. Francis Stewart, of Lesmurdie. Appointed major, 9th 
of August, 1799 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st of January, 1800; half 
pay, 17th of February, 1800. 

STEWART. P. Duncan Stewart. Lieutenant, 17th of August, 1793 ; 
captain, 1st of December, 1794. Retired in 1799. 

STEWART. Robert Stewart. Ensign, 13th of July, 1855 ; lieutenant, 
17th of June, 1859 ; adjutant, 18th of February, 1859 ; retired 
in 1863. He served with the regiment in the Indian campaign 
of 1858-59, including the siege and capture of Lucknow. 
(Medal and clasp.) 

ST. LEGER. Henry Hungerford St. Leger, D.S.O. Major from the 
71st Highlanders, February, 1881 ; lieutenant-colonel, 1st of 
July, 1881 ; colonel, 1st of July, 1885. Retired on the 1st of 
July, 1887. He served with the 80th regiment in the Indian 
campaign of 1858-59, and was present at the action of 
Gowlowlie and the capture of Calpee. (Medal and clasp.) 
He served throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, with the 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 285 

Cameron Highlanders, and was present at the battle of Tel-el- 
Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Served: 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Com- 
manded the Cameron Highlanders throughout the operations of 
the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, was commandant 
at Kosheh during its investment, and was present at the 
engagement at Giniss. (Mentioned in despatches, D.S.O.). 

STOURTON. Edward G. Stourton. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 16th 
of April, 1884. 

STREET. Henry Jardine Street. Ensign, 14th of November, 1845 ; 
lieutenant, 3rd of November, 1846 ; exchanged to 34th regiment, 
21st of July, 1848. 

STRONACH. Alexander Stronach. Ensign, 19th of April, 1796 ; 
Retired in 1799. 

STUART. Eustace Robertson Burnett Stuart, of Crichie. Lieutenant 
from the 7th Fusiliers, 27th of August, 1873. Retired on the 
14th of April, 1875. 

STUART. John Stuart. Appointed lieutenant, 19th of November, 
1795; went to 95th Rifles, 27th of August, 1800; and served 
with them in Egypt and in the Peninsula. 

SULLIVAN. William Sullivan. Major from the 8th Garrison Battalion, 
23rd of April, 1807. Retired on the 4th of October, 1810. 

SUTHERLAND. George Sutherland. Ensign, 3rd of November, 1797; 
lieutenant, 27th of September, 1798; transferred to the 71st 
Highlanders, 8th of December, 1804, and died in Walcheren in 
1809. He served with the 79th Highlanders in Holland in 
1799, and was present at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. He 
accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present 
at the battle before Alexandria. (Wounded. Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 

SUTHERLAND. Robert Sutherland. Lieutenant from the Staff Corps 
Cavalry, 20th of April, 1815; half pay, 25th of February, 1816. 



286 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

TAYLOR. Sir Richard C. H. Taylor, K.C.B. Ensign, llth of 
December, 1835; lieutenant, 29th of March, 1839; captain, 
23rd of August, 1844; major, 8th of August, 1854; lieutenant- 
colonel, 12th of December, 1854; colonel, 21st of May, 1858; 
major-general, 6th of March, 1868 ; lieutenant-general, 1st of 
October, 1877 ; general, 1st of April, 1883. He served with 
the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 
battles of Alma and Balaclava, and siege and fall of Sebastopol. 
(Medal with three clasps, 5th class of the Medjidie, Sardinian 
and Turkish medals.) He commanded the 79th Highlanders 
from February to November, 1858, in the Indian campaign, 
including the siege and capture of Lucknow, and commanded 
a brigade in Oude from November, 1858, to January, 1859. 
(Mentioned in despatches, C.B., brevet of colonel, medal and 
clasp.) 

THARPE. John Tharpe. Ensign, 20th of May, 1814; lieutenant, 
15th of October, 1815 ; half pay, 25th of January, 1816. 

THOMSON. Thomas Thomson. Appointed chaplain, 17th of August, 
1793. Retired in 1797. 

THOMSON. William Seaman Thomson. Ensign, 31st of May, 1859; 
appointed to Scots Greys, 12th of June, 1860. 

THOMPSON. Frederick Hacket Thompson. 2nd lieutenant, 6th of 
August, 1879; lieutenant, 22nd of May, 1880; captain, 20th of 
February, 1884. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian war of 1882 as transport officer, and was present at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) 
Served also throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier 
Field Force in 1885-86, was present at Kosheh during its 
investment (wounded), and at the engagement at Giniss. 

THOMPSON. John Thompson. Ensign, 31st of October, 1811 ; 
lieutenant, 18th of November, 1813 ; half pay, 27th of January, 
1820. He served with the regiment in the Peninsula, and was 
slightly wounded at the battle of Nivelle ; also at the battles of 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo, 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 287 

TOWNSHEND. Lee Porcher Townshend. Ensign from the 54th 
regiment, 23rd of May, 1822 ; lieutenant, 7th of April, 1825-; 
captain, unattached, in 1826. 

TRAVERS. Sir R. Travers, C.B., K.C.M.G. Captain from the 112th 
regiment, 3rd of July, 1799 ; appointed to the 95th Rifles, 25th 
of August, 1800. He served with the 79th Highlanders in 
Holland, and was present at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee, also 
in the expedition to Ferrol. (Wounded in the head.) He 
afterwards served with great distinction, and received gold 
medals for Maida, Roleia, and Vimiera. He became a major- 
general on the 27th of May, 1825, and died in 1834 at Cork. 

TURNER. Augustus Henry Turner. Ensign, 24th of May, 1861 ; 
lieutenant, 4th of July, 1865 ; transferred to the Bengal Staff 
Corps, 7th of May, 1868. 

TURNER. Francis Charles Turner. Ensign, 9th of July, 1852 ; lieu- 
tenant, 6th of June, 1854 ; captain, 15th of June, 1855 ; 
exchanged to the 39th regiment in 1859. He served with the 
79th Highlanders in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including 
the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege and fall of Sebastopol, 
and the assault of the 8th of September. (Medal with three 
clasps and Turkish medal.) Also served with the regiment in 
the Indian campaign of 1858-59, and was present at the siege 
and capture of Lucknow. (Medal and clasp.) 

URQUHART. Beauchamp Colclough Urquhart, younger, of Meldrum. 
2nd lieutenant, 14th of January, 1880; lieutenant, 12th of 
February, 1881 ; captain, 2nd of November, 1885. He served 
with the regiment in the Egyptian war of 1882, from the landing 
at Ismailia, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. 
(Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Also served throughout 
the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served with the 
regiment throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier 
Field Force in 1885-86, was present at Kosheh during its invest- 
ment and at the engagement at Giniss. 



288 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

URQUHART. John Urquhart. Appointed lieutenant, 20th of Augus , 
1793 ; captain-lieutenant and captain, 2nd of September, 1795. 
Retired in 1797. 

WALBEOFFE. Thomas Wilkins Walbeoffe. Ensign, 29th of March, 
1810; lieutenant, 13th of October, 1812; half pay, 25th of 
December, 1815. 

WALKER. Arthur Walker. Ensign, 9th of March, 1855 ; lieutenant, 
16th of June, 1857 ; captain, 20th of February, 1866 ; half pay, 
llth of January, 1867. He served throughout the Indian 
campaign of 1858-59 as aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General 
Douglas, including the operations across the Goomtee ; siege 
and capture of Lucknow, and subsequent operations on the 
march to the relief of Azimghur. (Mentioned in despatches. 
Medal with clasp.) 

WAUGH. Gilbert Waugh. Captain, 17th of August, 1793. Retired 
in 1795. 

WEBB. John Wynne Webb. Ensign, 15th of March, 1808 ; lieu- 
tenant, 20th of July, 1810; captain, 23rd of September, 1813; 
transferred to the 3rd Veteran Battalion in 1815. Died in 
1845. He served with the regiment in the expedition to 
Sweden under Sir John Moore ; also in the Walcheren expedi- 
tion, at the siege of Flushing, defence of Cadiz, and action 
at Sancti Pietri. He served with the 79th in the Peninsula, 
and was present at the passage of the Coa ; actions of Zobral, 
Sabugal, Foz d'Aronce ; battles of Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes 
d'Onor (severely wounded), Salamanca (three times wounded) ; 
and at the siege of Badajos. At these two latter he was doing 
duty with the Portuguese troops. (Silver war medal and five 
clasps.) 

WEBSTER. James Webster. Ensign, 2nd of April, 1847; lieutenant, 
12th of October, 1849. Retired in 1854. 

WELD. Edmund Weld. Assistant-surgeon from the Elgin Fencibles, 
16th of April, 1803. Went to the 67th regiment, 19th of July, 
1806 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 289 

WIGHT. James Wight. Ensign, 12th of October, 1815 ; half pay, 
25th of February, 1816. 

WILLIAMSON. James Williamson. Lieutenant from the 42nd High- 
landers, 25th of March, 1805 ; captain, 8th of June, 1809 ; 
exchanged to the 94th regiment, and was killed at Ciudad 
Rodrigo in 1812. 

WIMBERLEY. Douglas Wimberley. Ensign, 24th of May, 1855 ; 
lieutenant, 30th of June, 1857 ; adjutant, 18th of June, 1858. 
Retired on the 12th of May, 1863. He served with the 
regiment in the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the siege 
and capture of Lucknow. (Medal with clasp.) 

WoLRiGE-GoRDON. Henry Gordon Wolrige-Gordon (Esslemont.) 
Lieutenant, 6th of May, 1885. He served with the regiment 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86. Was present at Kosheh during its investment, 
and at the engagement at Giniss. (Medal.) 

WOLRIGE-GORDON. Walter Gordon Wolrige-Gordon (Esslemont.) 
Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 1st of July, 1881 ; appointed to the 
Black Watch, 3rd of October, 1883, and served with it in 
Egypt and the Soudan. 

WOOD. Albert Charles Wood. Ensign, 19th of March, 1859; lieu- 
tenant, 2nd of July, 1861 ; went to the 8th Hussars in 1864. 

WOOD. David Wood, M.D. Assistant-surgeon, 3rd of June, 1805; 
transferred to the 57th regiment, 3rd of November, 1808. 

WOOD. William Thomas Wood. Ensign, 15th of June, 1842; lieu- 
tenant, 23rd of August, 1844 ; exchanged to the 20th regiment 
in 1845. 

WYVILL. Richard Augustus Wyvill. Captain, 1st of October, 1795 ; 
major in the 7th West India Regiment, 3rd of March, 1804. 
He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was 
present at the battle before Alexandria. (Gold medal from 
Sultan Selim III.). 



290 HISTORICAL RECORDS, ETC. 

WYATT. James Henry Wyatt. Ensign, 20th of September, 1844 ; 
lieutenant, 26th of June, 1846 ; captain, 3rd of August, 1855; 
half pay in 1855. 

YOUNG. George Frederick Young. Ensign, 30th of June, 1865; 
transferred to the Bengal Staff Corps, 19th of February, 1870. 

YOUNG. James Young. Ensign, from sergeant-major, and adjutant, 
2nd of October, 1854 ; lieutenant, 9th of February, 1855 ; 
captain, llth of May, 1860. Retired in 1860. He served with 
the regiment in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 
battles of Alma and Balaclava, expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and assaults of the 
18th of June and the 8th of September. (Medal with three 
clasps, Knight of the Legion of Honour, and Turkish medal.) 
Also served in the Indian campaign of 1858, including the 
siege and capture of Lucknow. (Medal with clasp.) 

YOUNG, John Crawford Young. Captain from the 91st regiment, 
9th of October, 1817; major, 6th of September, 1833; half 
pay, 10th of May, 1839. He had previously served with the 
91st regiment throughout the Peninsular war, being present at 
the battles of Roleia, Vimiera, Corunna, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, 
and Toulouse. (Medal with seven clasps.) 

YOUNGER. John Henderson Younger. Lieutenant, 2nd battalion, 
2nd of May, 1885. 



0f t\it Warrant firm. 



CAMPBELL. Joseph Campbell. Joined on the 31st of July, 1857, 
and became sergeant-major 18th of April, 1878. Served with 
the regiment during the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858. 
(Medal.) Was sergeant-major of the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle 
of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, silver medal for 
distinguished conduct in the field, medal and clasp, and 
Khedive's star.) Is now adjutant of the Perth (Western Aus- 
tralia) Volunteers. Is in possession of the silver medal for 
long service and good conduct. 

"RASER. Alexander Donald Fraser. Appointed colour-sergeant in 
the Highland Light Infantry Militia from the Scots Guards on 
the 7th of December, 1880, and became sergeant-major of the 
2nd battalion Cameron Highlanders, 1st of April, 1885. 

MACDONALD. James Ronald Macdonald. Became bandmaster on 
the 13th of September, 1872. Served with the regiment in 
Egypt from 1883 to 1885. Is in possession of the silver medal 
for long service and good conduct. Is now inspecting band- 
master of the Egyptian Army. 

MCLEAN. Hugh McLean. Became warrant officer on the 1st of 
July, 1881, and is now sergeant-major at the depot at Inverness. 
Is in possession of the silver medal for long service and good 
conduct. 



292 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

WAKELEN. Richard B. B. Wakelen. Joined on the 21st of March, 
1873, and became bandmaster 1st of November, 1885. Served 
with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, 
and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with 
clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also served with the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1886. 

YOUNG. William Young. Joined on the 28th of November, 1867, 
and became sergeant-major 13th of April, 1887. Served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in des- 
patches, silver medal for distinguished conduct in the field, 
medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also served with the 
regiment throughout the Nile Expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86, was present in Kosheh during its investment, 
and at the engagement at Giniss. Is in possession of the silver 
medal for long service and good conduct. 



The following are a few of those whose honourable 
and distinguished services in the ranks of the 79th 
Cameron Highlanders have contributed so much to 
the credit of the Regiment, and the Committee regret 
that they are unable to extend the roll further. 



BRAND. George Brand. Joined on the 5th of November, 1877, 
and became colour-sergeant 1st of January, 1884. Served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star.) Also served with the regiment throughout 
the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 

BROWN. David Brown. Transferred from the Foot Guards as drum- 
major on the 1st of February, 1851. Served with the regiment 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 293 

throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the 
battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege of Sebastopol, assaults of 
the 18th of June and the 8th of September, and the expedition 
to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, and Turkish 
medal.) Also served throughout the Indian Mutiny campaign 
of 1858-59, including the engagement at Secundragunge, siege 
and capture of Lucknow, actions at Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, 
and Shahjehanpore, capture of Mahomdie, storming of Ram- 
pore Kussia, passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, and subsequent 
operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. 
(Medal with clasp.) Discharged on the 6th of October, 1863. 

BUNYAN. Thomas Bunyan. Joined in April, 1838, and became 
sergeant-major in October, 1854. Served as sergeant-major 
of the regiment throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, 
including the battles of Alma and Balaclava, siege of Sebas- 
topol, assaults of the 18th of June and the 8th of September, 
and expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. ^Silver medal for 
distinguished conduct in the field, medal with three clasps, and 
Turkish medal.) Also served throughout the Indian Mutiny 
campaign of 1858-59, including the engagement at Secundra- 
gunge, siege and capture of Lucknow, actions of Allygunge, 
Rooyah, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, and the capture of 
Mahomdie. (Medal with clasp.) Discharged in June, 1859. 
Is now chief warder of the Tower of London. 

CAMERON. John Cameron. Joined on the 10th of August, 1878, 
and became colour-sergeant 16th of July, 1887. Served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, 
and Khedive's star.) Also served with the regiment in the Nile 
expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 

CHAPMAN. Francis Chapman. Joined on the llth of August, 1869, 
and became quarter-master-sergeant 1st of December, 1883. 
Served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 
1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Wounded. 



294 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also throughout the 
Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served with the regiment 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86. Was present in Kosheh during its investment, and 
at the engagement at Giniss. 

EWING. John Ewing. Joined on the 26th of May, 1879, and 
became colour-sergeant in July, 1886. Served with the regi- 
ment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star.) Also throughout the Nile expedition of 
1884-85. (Clasp.) Served with the regiment throughout the 
operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. 
vVas present in Kosheh during its investment, and at the 
engagement at Giniss. 

FINLAY. Robert Finlay. Joined on the 6th of July, 1868, and 
became pioneer-sergeant 9th of March, 1875 ; canteen sergeant, 
1885. Served with the 42nd Black Watch in the Ashantee 
campaign. (Medal.) Served with the Cameron Highlanders 
throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at the 
battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 
Also throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served in the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86. Is in possession of the silver medal for long 
service and good conduct. 

FLETCHER. John Fletcher. Joined on the 20th of April, 1811, and 
became sergeant in 1816. Served with the 79th in the Pen- 
insular war, and was present at the battles of the Pyrenees, 
Nivelle, Nive and Toulouse. (Silver medal with four clasps.) 
Also throughout the campaign in Holland in 1815, being 
present at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. (Waterloo 
medal.) Discharged on the 8th of March, 1837. Died in 
1872. 

FLETCHER. William Forman Fletcher. Joined and became armourer- 
sergeant on the 9th of December, 1847. Served with the 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 295 

regiment throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including 
the battles of Alma and Balaclava, and the siege of Sebastopol. 
(Medal with three clasps, and Turkish medal.) Also throughout 
the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858-59, including the engage- 
ment at Secundragunge, siege and capture of Lucknow, actions 
of Allygunge, Rooyah, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, capture of 
Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Kussia, passage of the Gogra 
at Fyzabad, and subsequent operations in Oude, across the 
Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) Died at Rawul 
Pindeeon the llth of April, 1864. 

FLETCHER. William Fletcher (son of Armourer-Sergeant Fletcher). 
Became cook-sergeant on the 8th of March, 1876. Served 
with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign in 1882, 
and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with 
clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also throughout the Nile expe- 
dition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served with the regiment through- 
out the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 
1885-86. Was present in Kosheh during its investment, and 
at the engagement at Giniss. 

GRANT. John Macgregor Grant. Served as pipe-major of the regi- 
ment throughout the Egyptian war of 1882, and was present at 
the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Died of cholera on Mokkattam 
heights in July, 1883. 

GUNN. Donald Gunn. Joined the 79th in 1808, and served with 
the regiment throughout the Peninsular war, being present at 
the battles of Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Pyrenees, Nivelle, 
Nive and Toulouse, and at the siege of Burgos. At the battle 
of Toulouse he was three times wounded re-joining his com- 
pany twice after his wounds had been dressed. On the third 
occasion he was carried off the field by his wife, Jean Gunn, 
whose courageous behaviour in dressing the wounds of other 
soldiers was especially taken notice of by the Duke of Welling- 
ton. Mrs. Gunn was with the regiment with her husband in 



296 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

almost every battle and engagement in which it took part. She 
lived to be upwards of ninety-eight years of age, and died in 
Edinburgh about a year ago. 

GUNN. William Gunn (son of Private Donald Gunn). Became 
sergeant in May, 1843. Served with the regiment throughout 
the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma 
and Balaclava and the siege of Sebastopol. (Medal with three 
clasps, French war medal, and Turkish medal.) Was in poses- 
sion of the silver medal for long service and good conduct. 
He was discharged in July, 1857, and died in July, 1883. 

GUNN. William Gunn (son of Sergeant William Gunn). Became 
colour-sergeant on the 8th of July, 1879. Served with the 
regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, 
medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 

GUNN. Donald Gunn (grandson of Private Donald Gunn). Served 
as a sergeant in the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Dangerously wounded. 
Mentioned in^despatches, silver medal for distinguished conduct 
in the field, medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 

HEALY. Thomas Healy. Became sergeant on the 1st of March, 
1881. Served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian cam- 
paign of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. 
(Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also with the Egyptian 
army throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served as sergeant-major of the 9th Soudan battalion of the 
Egyptian army throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. Was present in Kosheh 
during its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. (Silver 
medal for distinguished conduct in the field.) Also at the 
action at Sarras in May, 1887. (Mentioned in despatches. 
Five times wounded.) 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 297 

HENDERSON. David Henderson. Joined on the llth of December, 
1812, and served with the 79th in the Peninsula, and through- 
out the Waterloo campaign, being present at the battles of 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo. 

HENDERSON. Thomas Henderson (son of Private David Henderson). 
Sergeant on the 20th of June, 1850 ; colour-sergeant, 1st of 
June, 1852. Served with the regiment throughout the Eastern 
campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma and 
Balaclava and the siege of Sebastopol. (Medal with three 
clasps, and Turkish medal.) Is in possession of the silver 
medal for meritorious service and the silver medal for long 
service and good conduct. Discharged on the 20th of January, 
1860. Served, after leaving the 79th, for eighteen years with 
the Royal Perth Militia. 

HENDERSON. David Henderson (son of Colour-Sergeant Thomas 
Henderson). Joined on the 3rd of June, 1871, and became 
colour-sergeant 1st of July, 1886. Served with the regiment 
throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present 
at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's 
star.) Also throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served as sergeant-major of the British Camel Corps throughout 
the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, 
and was present at the engagement at Giniss. (Mentioned in 
general orders.) 

HEWITT. Kennedy Hewitt. Joined on the 6th of June, 1876, 
and became sergeant -instructor of musketry 18th of April, 
1887. He served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian 
campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el- 
Kebir. (Wounded. Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 

KNIGHT. James Knight. Joined on the 14th of February, 1854, 
and became colour-sergeant 1st of January, 1860 ; quarter- 
master-sergeant, 15th of January, 1867 ; canteen steward, 16th 
of February, 1875. Served with the regiment throughout the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma 



298 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

and Balaclava, siege of Sebastopol, assaults of the 18th of June 
and the 8th of September, and the expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale. (Medal with three clasps, and Turkish medal.) Also 
served throughout the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858-59, 
including the engagement at Secundragunge, siege and capture 
of Lucknow, actions of Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shah- 
jehanpore, capture of Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Russia, 
passage of the Gogra at Fyzabad, and subsequent operations in 
Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) 
Served with the 79th in the North-west Frontier campaign in 
1863. (Medal.) Served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882. (Medal and Khedive's star.) 
Also throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) He 
left the regiment in 1885. Is in possession of the silver medal 
for long service and good conduct. Quarter-Master-Sergeant 
Knight had the honour of being presented to Her Majesty the 
Queen at the ceremony of depositing the old colours of the 
79th at Osborne House on the 22nd of April, 1873. 

MACALISTER. George Norman Macalister. Joined on the 24th of 
November, 1881, and became colour-sergeant 21st of March, 
1886. Served in the campaign in the Eastern Soudan in 1884, 
and was present at the actions of El Teb and Tamaii. (Medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Served with the regiment 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Also in 
the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. 

MACDONALD. Donald Macdonald. Joined on the 13th of November, 
1866, and became orderly room sergeant 13th of April, 1887. 
Served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 
1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal 
with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 

MACDONALD. Colin Macdonald. Was appointed ensign and town 
major of Montreal, from sergeant-major, 30th of January, 1835. 

MACDONALD. Alexander Macdonald. Was appointed cornet in the 
Land Transport Corps from sergeant, 2nd of February, 1856. 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 299 

MACKENZIE. John Mackenzie. Joined on the 8th of August, 1854, 
and became sergeant 19th April, 1855 ; orderly room sergeant. 
8th of October, 1858; paymaster-sergeant, 21st of February, 
1870. Transferred to the Royal Perth Rifles on the 1st of 
July, 1875. Is now quarter-master-sergeant of the 3rd battalion 
Royal Highlanders. Served with the 79th throughout the 
Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the siege and fall of 
Sebastopol and assaults of the 18th of June and the 8th of 
September. (Medal with clasp, and Turkish medal.) Also 
throughout the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858-59, including 
the engagement at Secundragunge, siege and capture of Luck- 
now, actions of Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, 
capture of Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Kussia, passage 
of the Gogra at Fyzabad, and subsequent operations in Oude, 
across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Thanked by Colonel 
Taylor, C.B., commanding the 79th, for conspicuous conduct 
at Lucknow. Medal with clasp.) Is in possession of the silver 
medal for long service and good conduct. Quarter-Master- 
Sergeant Mackenzie had the honour of being presented to Her 
Majesty the Queen at the ceremony of depositing the old colours 
of the 79th at Osborne House on the 22nd of April, 1873. 

McCABE. John McCabe. Joined on the 14th of February, 1879, 
and became colour-sergeant 30th of April, 1885. Served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882. 
(Medal and Khedive's star.) Also throughout the Nile expe- 
dition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served with the regiment through- 
out the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 
1885-86. Was present in Kosheh during its investment, and 
at the engagement at Giniss. 

McDAvm. George McDavid. Became pioneer-sergeant on the 1st 
of April, 1887. Served with the 91st Highlanders throughout 
the Zulu campaign of 1879 (medal and clasp), and with the 
Cameron Highlanders throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. Was present in Kosheh 
during its investment and at the engagement at Giniss. (Medal.) 



300 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

MCDONALD. William Mcdonald. Joined on the 27th of October, 1876, 
and became pipe-major, 2nd of August, 1883. He served with 
the regiment throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85 
(medal with clasp) and throughout the operations of the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. Was present in Kosheh 
during its investment and at the engagement at Giniss. 

MclNTOSH. Masterton Mclntosh. Joined the regiment from the 
Inverness Fencible Highlanders on the 1st of November, 1799. 
He accompanied the regiment to Egypt in 1801, and was present 
at the battle before Alexandria. He served with the 79th 
throughout the Peninsular war, being brought favourably to the 
notice of Lord Wellington for his bravery at the storming of 
Burgos. He served as sergeant-major of the regiment through- 
out the campaign of 1815, being present at the battles of 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo. 

MclNTOSH. Donald Mclntosh. Served with the 79th as a sergeant 
in the Peninsular war, and was promoted to a commission in the 
88th regiment for his conspicuous bravery at the battle of 
Fuentes d'Onor. 

MclNTYRE. Duncan Mclntyre. Was appointed quarter-master in 
the Land Transport Corps from quarter-master-sergeant, 3rd of 
March, 1856. 

MCKENZIE. Donald McKenzie. Served as a sergeant with the 
regiment in the Peninsula, and was recommended for a 
commission by Lord Wellington for his bravery at the storming 
of Burgos, where he was dangerously wounded. 

MCKENZIE. John McKenzie. Served with the regiment in the Wal- 
cheren expedition in 1809. Served throughout the Peninsular 
war with the 79th, being present at the attack on Cadiz, battles 
of Busaco, Foz d'Aronce, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Pyrenees, 
Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse. He was promoted to corporal for 
his bravery at the battle of the Pyrenees, He volunteered for 
the " Forlorn Hope " in the projected attack on the French 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 301 

position at Trocadero on the 16th of March, 1810. He again 
volunteered for the " Forlorn Hope " at the storming of Burgos, 
and was actually the first man to enter the horn-work, being 
lifted over the palisades by Sergeant Masterton Mclntosh of the 
79th. He served with the regiment throughout the campaign 
in Holland in 1815, being present at the battles of Quatre Bras 
and Waterloo. He received a bayonet wound through his left 
arm at the storming of Burgos, a bullet in his ancle at the battle 
of Toulouse, and at Waterloo he was bayoneted in the thigh 
and received a severe contusion on the right shoulder from a 
piece of a shell, which tore the wing off his jacket. He left 
the regiment in Canada. 

McLAGGAN. Robert McLaggan. Joined on the 22nd of September, 
1875, colour-sergeant, 20th of April, 1885; paymaster-sergeant, 
10th of July, 1887. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Also 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served 
with the regiment throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, was present in Kosheh during 
its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 

MCLAREN. John McLaren. Colour-sergeant on the 9th of May, 1877. 
He served with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign 
of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Men- 
tioned in despatches, medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 
Also served throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Is in possession of the silver medal for long service and good 
conduct. 

MCMURRAY. Alexander McMurray. Joined on the 18th of February, 
1876, and became drum-major, 12th of June, 1884. He 
served with the regiment in the Egyptian campaign of 1882, 
from the landing at Ismailia, and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Also 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served 



302 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

with the regiment throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, was present in Kosheh during 
its investment, and at the engagement at Giniss. 

McNEiL. James McNeil. Joined on the 9th of February, 1875, and 
became colour-sergeant, 12th of July, 1882. He served with 
the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and 
was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in 
despatches, medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Also 
throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served 
with the regiment throughout the operations of the Soudan 
Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, was present in Kosheh during 
its investment, at the reconnaissance on the 16th of December, 
and at the engagement at Giniss. 

McPHERSON. Alexander McPherson. Joined on the 31st of July, 
1840, and became sergeant, 31st of May, 1854. He served, 
attached to the light cavalry brigade, throughout the Eastern 
campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of Alma, Balaclava, 
Inkerman, and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. (Medal with 
four clasps and Turkish medal.) He served with the 79th 
throughout the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858-59, including 
the engagement at Secundragunge, siege and capture of Lucknow, 
actions at Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, 
capture of Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Kussia, passage of 
the Gogra at Fyzabad, and subsequent operations in Oude, across 
the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) Discharged, 
4th of October, 1864. Is in possession of the silver medal for 
long service and good conduct. Is now burgh officer for Paisley 
and sheriff officer for Renfrewshire. 

MESSENGER. Henry C. Messenger. Appointed armourer-sergeant 
on the 3rd of July, 1882. Served with the regiment through- 
out the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Medal and Clasp.) Also 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in charge of machine guns. Was present in Kosheh during its 
investment (slightly wounded) and at the engagement at Giniss. 




79lTI CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 303 

MORTON. James Morton. Became colour-sergeant on the 7th of 
April, 1880. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of Tel- 
el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp and Khedive's star.) Also through- 
out the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Served throughout 
the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86, 
was present in Kosheh during its investment, and at the 
engagement at Giniss. 

NEWELL. John Newell. Became colour-sergeant on the 17th of 
March, 1874 ; afterwards quarter-master-sergeant, and now 
canteen steward, at the depot at Inverness. He served with the 
regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was 
present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir, (Mentioned in despatches, 
medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) Is in possession of the 
silver medal for long service and good conduct. 

RANKIN. Robert Rankin. Joined on the 10th of March, 1854 ; 
colour-sergeant, 9th of May, 1863 ; sergeant-major, 16th of 
March, 1867. Died at Kamptee on the 17th of March, 1871. 
He served with the regiment throughout the Eastern campaign of 
1854-55,'including the battle of Balaclava, siege of Sebastopol, 
assaults of the 18th of June and the 8th of September, and 
expedition to Kertch and Yenikale. (Medal with two clasps 
and Turkish medal.) Also served with the 79th throughout 
the Indian Mutiny campaign of 1858-59, including the engage- 
ment at Secundragunge, siege and capture of Lucknow, 
actions of Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, 
capture of Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Kussia, passage 
of the Gogra at Fyzabad, and subsequent operations in Oude, 
across the Gogra and Raptee rivers. (Medal with clasp.) 
Served in the North West Frontier campaign against the 
Mohmunds in 1863. (Entitled to a medal.) 

ROBERTSON. John Robertson. Became master tailor on the 29th 
of October, 1876. Served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882. (Medal and Khedive's star.) 



304 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Also throughout the Nile expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) 
Served with the regiment throughout the operations of the 
Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. Was present in 
Kosheh during its investment and at the engagement at Giniss. 

Ross. William J. Ross. Joined on the 6th of April, 1874, and 
became colour-sergeant 15th of September, 1885. He served 
with the regiment throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882, 
and was present at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with 
clasp and Khedive's star.) Served throughout the Nile expe- 
dition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Also served with the regiment 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86 ; was present in Kosheh during its investment, at 
the reconnaissance on the 16th of December, and at the engage- 
ment at Giniss. 

SMITH. Peter Smith. Joined on the 28th of June, 1854, and 
became colour-sergeant 12th of April, 1861. Served with the 
regiment during the Eastern campaign of 1855, and was present 
at the siege of Sebastopol, assaults of the 18th of June and 
the 8th of September, and the expedition to Kertch and 
Yenikale. (Medal with clasp, and Turkish medal.) Also served 
throughout the Indian campaign of 1858-59, including the 
engagement at Secundragunge, siege and capture of Lucknow, 
actions of Rooyah, Allygunge, Bareilly, and Shahjehanpore, 
capture of Mahomdie, storming of Rampore Kussia, and sub- 
sequent operations in Oude, across the Gogra and Raptee 
rivers. (Medal with clasp.) Is in possession of the silver medal 
for long service and good conduct. He was discharged on the 
31st of August, 1875, and is now employed as an overseer at 
the Forth bridge works. 

SWEENEY. James Sweeney. Joined the regiment on the 2nd of 
November, 1869, and became paymaster-sergeant on the 9th of 
March, 1875; staff clerk, 6th of July, 1887. He served, 
attached to the Black Watch, throughout the Ashantee cam- 
paign of 1873, including the battle of Amoaful, capture and 



79TH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. 305 

destruction of Becquah, battle of Ordahsu, and capture gf 
Coomassie. (Medal with clasp.) Served with the Cameron 
Highlanders throughout the Egyptian campaign of 1882. 
(Medal and Khedive's star.) Served throughout the Nile 
expedition of 1884-85. (Clasp.) Also served with the regiment 
throughout the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force 
in 1885-86. 

SYME. Stephen Syme. Joined the regiment on the 1st of September, 
1877, from the 42nd Black Watch, and became sergeant on 
the 15th of May, 1883. Served with the Blach Watch 
throughout the Ashantee campaign of 1873, including the 
battle of Amoaful, capture and destruction of Becquah, battle 
of Ordahsu, and capture of Coomassie. (Medal and clasp.) 
He served with the Cameron Highlanders throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle of 
Tel-el-Kebir. (Mentioned in despatches, appointed lance- 
sergeant for conspicuous gallantry, medal with clasp, and 
Khedive's star.) Served throughout the Nile expedition of 
1884-85. (Clasp.) Also served with the regiment throughout 
the operations of the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1885-86. 
Was present at Kosheh during its investment and at the 
engagement at Giniss. 

TEMPLEMAN. Thomas Templeman. Joined in 1873; colour- 
sergeant, 1st of August, 1882. Is now quarter-master-sergeant 
at the depot. He served with the regiment throughout the 
Egyptian campaign of 1882, and was present at the battle 
of Tel-el-Kebir. (Medal with clasp, and Khedive's star.) 



\v 



APPENDIX. 



Roll of officers, non-commissioned officers, and men who were 
killed in action or died of wounds or disease in Egypt and the 
Soudan, 1882-87. 



Sergeant William MoPherson ... Died at Ismailia 

Private Alexander Denniston Killed at Tel-el-Kebir 

George Rugg ... ,. 

JohnHyslop 
William Simon 
George Crawford ... ... ... ... ,. 

, Patrick Kenny .. ... . ... ... ., 

Thomas King ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

Donald Cameron ... ... ... ... ., 

Robert Browii .. ... ... ... 

,, William Smith 

James Pollock ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

Alexander Patterson ... ... ... ... ., ,, 

William Bodel 

Corporal William Cattanach ... ... ... .. Died of wounds 

Private David Murray ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

Alexander Murray ... ... ... ... 

r William McKenzie ... ... ... ... ,, ., 

Duncan McLeod ... ... ... ... Died at Cairo 

,, James Ireland ... ... ... ... ,, 

., William Semple ... ... .. ... ,, 

David Urquhart ... ... ... ... ,, ., 

David Thow , 

Thomas McCabe ... 

John Reeves ... ... ... ... ... ., ., 

Michael Dodd 



308 



APPENDIX. 



Private 



Lance- \ 
Corporal J 

Private 



Pipe-Major 
Private 



Corporal 
Private 



Colour- \ 
Sergeant / 


Private 



Lieutenant 
Private 



Piper 

Captain 

Private 



William Robertson 
Michael Naughton ... 

William Brown 

James Wilson 

Robert Glen 

John Smith 
James Cameron 
Thomas Dodds 
Michael Carrigan 
William Morrison .. 
Hugh McKay ... 
John Macgregor Grant 
John Grant 

Robert McRae 

John McLaggan 
James Bridge 
Charles Roberts 

William Gow 

John Hamilton 

Robert Mills 

Gregor Cattanach 
Donald McGillivray 
Donald McKenzie 

William Hatch 

Andrew McEwen Gray 

John Wells 

James Trimble 

Thomas Gollan 

William Cawte 
Thomas Farrington 
William Gordon Cameron 
David McKenzie ... 
John Kennedy 
John McLaren 
David Hogg 
Alexander McDonald 
Wedderburn Con way Halkett. 
Joseph Stevenson ... 
Alexander McLeod 
Alexander Addie 
John McGregor 



Died at Cairo 

Invalided ; died on passage home 

)> >j > 

Died at Cairo 



Died of cholera 



Died at Cairo 

:> 

Invalided ; died in England 

)> 

Died at Cairo 
Died at Assioot 
Died at Alexandria 

j> 

Died at Korosko 



Died at Wady Haifa 
Died at Alexandria 
Died of wounds 



Killed at Kosheh 



Died at Kosheh 
Invalided ; died in England 
Died of wounds 
Died at Wady Haifa 



Private 

Lance- 1 
Sergeant f 

Private 



Drummer 
Private 



Lance- \ 
Corporal / 

Sergeant 

Corporal 

Private 

Boy 

Private 




John Bennet ... 
Arthur Hartley 

Charles Murray 
William Davidson 
Thomas Clelland 
John Qagan 
William Pridgeon 
William Robinson 
James McLeod 
Henry Hall 
William Elliot ... 
Hugh Craig 
James Slater 
James Kennedy 

Walter Smith ... 

James Guthrie 
James Douglas ... 
Alexander Kelly 
William Rolls ... 
James McCourt 

Peter Queen 
William Maben 



APPENDIX. 309 
Died at Wady Haifa 



Drowned at Kostamneh, Upper Nile 
Died at Assioot 
Killed by a fall from a train 
Died at Assouan 

Died at Cairo 



(Killed by a fall from a train at 
\ Boulac Dacroor 

Died at Cairo. 



A. H. SWISS, " BREMNER " PRINTING WORKS, FORK STREET, DEVONPORT, 



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